Dell Inspiron 1520 English Manuels -> Accéder au site Dell -> Accéder aux CODES PROMO et Bons de réduction Dell -> Voir d'autres manuels Dell Revenir à l'accueil

 

 

 

Inspiron 1520
 
 
 
 
 
Owner's Manual    
 
 More Languages
 
 
 
Service Manual (English Only)    
 
 
 
 
Setup Diagram    
 
 More Languages
-> Commander sur Dell.com, Cliquez ici

 

Autres manuels :

Dell

[TXT]

 Dell-Latitude-D630-M..> 10-May-2013 11:17  4.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Precision-690-M..> 10-May-2013 11:16  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Latitude-E6400-..> 10-May-2013 11:16  3.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Precision-M40-M..> 10-May-2013 11:15  3.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Precision-360-M..> 10-May-2013 11:15  4.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R320-..> 10-May-2013 11:14  4.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Precision-450-M..> 10-May-2013 11:13  4.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Intel-Active-Ma..> 10-May-2013 11:13  4.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-OptiPlex-755-Ma..> 10-May-2013 11:12  5.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerVault-NX30..> 10-May-2013 11:12  5.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Precision-M4500..> 10-May-2013 11:10  6.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-OptiPlex-SX280-..> 10-May-2013 11:10  6.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Latitude-E6400-..> 10-May-2013 10:30  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-T100-..> 10-May-2013 10:22  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-270s-Man..> 10-May-2013 10:21  3.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Precision-T7600..> 10-May-2013 10:21  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Precision-M4400..> 10-May-2013 10:20  3.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Precision-M4700..> 10-May-2013 10:20  3.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Precision-M4600..> 10-May-2013 10:19  3.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Precision-390-M..> 10-May-2013 10:19  2.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Precision-610-M..> 10-May-2013 10:18  2.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Manuel-d-utilis..> 10-May-2013 10:18  2.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Precision-M20-M..> 10-May-2013 10:17  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Guide-d-utilisa..> 10-May-2013 10:17  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Precision-370-M..> 10-May-2013 10:16  3.2M 

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-T100-..> 10-May-2013 10:22  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-270s-Man..> 10-May-2013 10:21  3.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Precision-T7600..> 10-May-2013 10:21  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Precision-M4400..> 10-May-2013 10:20  3.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Precision-M4700..> 10-May-2013 10:20  3.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Precision-M4600..> 10-May-2013 10:19  3.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Precision-390-M..> 10-May-2013 10:19  2.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Precision-610-M..> 10-May-2013 10:18  2.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Manuel-d-utilis..> 10-May-2013 10:18  2.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Precision-M20-M..> 10-May-2013 10:17  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Guide-d-utilisa..> 10-May-2013 10:17  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Precision-370-M..> 10-May-2013 10:16  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Latitude-E6400-..> 10-May-2013 10:16  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-XPS-M1210-Owner..> 08-May-2013 10:57  2.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Windows-8-Manue..> 08-May-2013 10:54  5.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R815-..> 08-May-2013 10:52  4.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-1521-M..> 08-May-2013 10:51  2.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R900-..> 08-May-2013 10:50  3.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-270-Manu..> 08-May-2013 10:50  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-XPS-630-Manuels..> 08-May-2013 10:49  3.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-XPS-M1730-Manue..> 08-May-2013 10:49  3.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-200-Manu..> 08-May-2013 10:48  4.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-410-Manu..> 08-May-2013 10:48  4.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-1700-Man..> 08-May-2013 10:47  4.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-m301z-..> 08-May-2013 10:47  4.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Studio-Slim-Man..> 08-May-2013 10:45  5.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R620-..> 08-May-2013 08:46  4.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R200-..> 08-May-2013 08:46  2.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-640M-M..> 08-May-2013 08:46  3.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-600m-M..> 08-May-2013 08:45  2.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Studio-Desktop-..> 08-May-2013 08:44  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-1000-Man..> 08-May-2013 08:44  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-15-Int..> 08-May-2013 08:44  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Alienware-Area-..> 08-May-2013 08:43  3.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-DR4000-Manuels.htm 08-May-2013 08:43  3.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Alienware-M15x-..> 08-May-2013 08:42  3.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Latitude-XT2-Ma..> 08-May-2013 08:42  3.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Latitude-E5520-..> 08-May-2013 08:41  3.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-OptiPlex-745-Ma..> 08-May-2013 08:40  3.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-1525-M..> 08-May-2013 08:40  3.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-One-23..> 08-May-2013 08:39  4.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-One-23..> 08-May-2013 08:39  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-510m-M..> 08-May-2013 08:38  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-Duo-Ma..> 08-May-2013 08:38  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-1550-Man..> 08-May-2013 08:37  3.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Precision-T5600..> 08-May-2013 08:37  3.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Dimension-8300-..> 07-May-2013 22:03  2.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Latitude-Cpi-Ma..> 07-May-2013 22:01  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Alienware-Area-..> 07-May-2013 22:01  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Latitude-D620-M..> 07-May-2013 22:00  2.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-1950-..> 07-May-2013 22:00  2.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Precision-T5600..> 07-May-2013 21:30  3.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R720x..> 07-May-2013 21:26  3.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-500m-M..> 07-May-2013 21:26  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R815-..> 07-May-2013 21:25  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Alienware-M15x-..> 07-May-2013 21:25  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-3450-Man..> 07-May-2013 21:24  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R610-..> 07-May-2013 21:24  2.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-3750-Man..> 07-May-2013 21:23  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Studio-1555-15-..> 07-May-2013 21:23  3.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Manuel-de-maint..> 07-May-2013 21:22  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Latitude-E6420-..> 07-May-2013 21:22  3.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-1520-M..> 07-May-2013 21:21  2.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Aztech-MDP3900-..> 07-May-2013 21:21  2.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-M905-..> 07-May-2013 21:21  2.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-400SC..> 07-May-2013 21:21  2.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Precision-M4500..> 07-May-2013 21:20  2.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vizioncore-Manu..> 07-May-2013 21:20  2.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-1520-2..> 07-May-2013 21:19  2.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Guide-Utilisate..> 07-May-2013 21:19  2.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R510-..> 07-May-2013 21:18  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Manuel-d-Utilis..> 07-May-2013 21:18  2.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-300-M..> 06-May-2013 19:33  4.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Lifecycle-Contr..> 06-May-2013 19:32  4.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerVault-110T..> 06-May-2013 19:31  4.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-620-Ma..> 06-May-2013 19:10  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Dimension-5100-..> 06-May-2013 19:10  3.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Manuels-et-docu..> 06-May-2013 19:09  3.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Manuels-et-docu..> 06-May-2013 19:09  3.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-1130-Dell-1130n..> 06-May-2013 18:42  3.1M

Dell-Controleurs-RAID-Dell-PowerEdge-PERC-H310-H710-H710P-et-H810-Guide-d-utilisation

Dell-Laser-MFP-Dell-3333dn-et-3335dn-Guide-de-l-utilisateur

Dell-PowerVault-DL-Backup-to-Disk-Appliance-Powered-by-Symantec-Backup-Exec-Guide-d-utilisation

Dell-XPS-015-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerVault-NX3300-Guide-de-mise-en-route

Dell-INSPIRON-GUIDE-DE-REFERENCE

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerVault-Network-Attached-Storage-NAS-Guide-de-depannage

Dell-Commutateur-de-consoles-2161DS-Dell-Guide-de-l-utilisateur-d-OSCAR-et-du-materiel

Dell-PowerEdge-T420-Guide-de-mise-en-route

Dell-PowerEdge-C8000XD-Manuel-du-proprietaire-du-materiel

Dell-OptiPlex-755-Guide-d-utilisation

Dell-Matrices-de-stockage-Dell-PowerVault-MD3200i-et-MD3220i-Guide-de-deploiement

Dell-Latitude-E5400-et-E5500-Guide-de-configuration-et-de-reference-rapide

Dell-Set-Up-Your-Computer

Dell-Manuel-du-proprietaire-du-Dell-XPS-M1730-Manuel

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-M620-Manuel-du-proprietaire-Manuel

Dell-PowerEdge-C410x-Getting-Started-With-Your-System

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-SUSE-Linux-Enterprise-Server-10-Instructions-d-installation

Dell-Utilitaires-de-gestion-du-Dell-OpenManage-Baseboard-Management-Controller-Version%204.6-Guide-d-utilisation

Dell-OpenManage-Server-Administrator-Guide-d-installation-de-la-version-7.1

Dell-Systeme-Dell-DR4000-Guide-de-l-administrateur

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge%20Red-Hat-Enterprise-Linux-6-x86_64-x86-Instructions-d-installation-et-informations-importantes

Dell-Integrated-Dell-Remote-Access-Controller-7-iDRAC7-Version-1.20.20-Guide-d-utilisation

Dell-Management-Plug-In-pour-VMware-vCenter-Version-1.5-Guide-d-utilisation

Dell-Projecteur-7700FullHD-Dell-Guide-de-l-utilisateur

Dell-Projecteur-Dell-1420X-1430X-Guide-d-utilisation

Dell-FluidFS-NAS-Solutions-Guide-de-l-administrateur

Dell-PowerEdge-Express-SSD-PCIe-Flash-Guide-d-utilisation

Dell-Update-Packages-DUP-Version-7.0-Guide-d-utilisation

Dell-PowerEdge-R720-et-R720xd-Guide-de-mise-en-route-Manuel

Dell-PowerEdge-R320-Guide-de-mise-en-route

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-R510-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Precision-M4400-Guide-de-configuration-et-de-reference-rapide

Dell-Matrices-de-stockage-SCSI-Dell-EqualLogic-PS-Series-a-clusters-de-basculement-Microsoft-Windows-Server-Guide-d-installation-et-de-depannage-du-materie

Dell-PowerEdge-C410x-Guide-de-mise-en-route-du-systeme

Dell-Moniteur-a-ecran-plat-Dell-U2713HM-Guide-d-utilisation

Dell-Moniteur-a-Dell-P1913-P1913S-P2213

Dell-Guide-de-l-utilisateur-du-moniteur-Dell-E1913S-E1913-E2213

Dell-Systems-Service-and-Diagnostics-Tools-Version-7.0-Guide-d-installation-rapide

Dell-Moniteur-a-Dell-S2740L-Guide-d-utilisation

Dell-INSPIRON-GUIDE-DE-CONFIGURATION

Dell-Dimension-Serie-8300

Dell-PowerEdge-R820-Guide-de-mise-en-route

Dell-PowerEdge-C8000-Manuel-du-proprietaire-du-materiel-manuel

Dell-OpenManage-Server-Administrator-Version-7.1-Guide-d-utilisation

Dell-PowerEdge-M1000e-M915-M910-M820-M710HD-M710-M620-M610x-M610-M520-et-M420-Guide-de-mise-en-route

Dell-OpenManage-Server-Administrator-Version-7.0-Guide-d-installation

Dell-Inspiron-15R-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerVault-NX3200-Guide-de-mise-en-route

Dell-PowerEdge-RAID-Controller-PERC-S110-Guide-d-utilisation

Dell-FluidFS-NAS-Solutions-Guide-de-mise-en-route

Dell-Micrologiciel-Dell-Chassis-Management-Controller-Version-4-1-Guide-d-utilisation

Dell-PowerVault-MD3260-3260i-3660i-3660f-3060e-Storage-Arrays-Guide-de-mise-en-route

Dell-Vostro-470-Manuel-du-proprietaire

/Dell-Systeme-Dell-PowerVault-NX3500-Guide-de-l-administrateur

Dell-Latitude-E6420-XFR-Guide-technique

Dell-Guide-de-l-utilisateur-du-moniteur-S2240M-S2340M

Dell-Systemes-Dell-DR4000-Manuel-du-proprietaire-manuel

Dell-PowerEdge-T320-Guide-de-mise-en-route

Dell-Precision-Workstation-T3600-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Systemes-Dell-DR4000-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-PowerEdge-R420-Guide-de-mise-en-route

Dell-PowerEdge-C8220-Manuel-du-proprietaire-du-materiel-manuel

Dell-Vostro-470-Owner-s-Manual

Dell-Projecteur-Dell-M110-Guide-de-l-utilisateur

Dell-Upgrading-to-BackupExec-2012-PowerVault-DL-Backup-to-Disk-Appliance

Dell-PowerVault-NX3300-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-PowerConnect-5500-Series-CLI-Reference-Guide

Dell-Matrices-de-stockage-Dell-PowerVault-MD3260-Series-Guide-de-deploiement

Dell-Inspiron-One-2020-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-XPS-14-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-1900-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-M620-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-PowerEdge-R815-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-PowerEdge-R720-and-R720xd-Owner-s-Manual

Dell-Micrologiciel-Dell-Chassis-Management-Controller-Version-4.0-Guide-d-utilisation

Dell-Inspiron-17R-Manuel-du-proprietaire-Manuel

Dell-Inspiron-One-2020-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-C5220-Manuel-du-proprietaire-du-materiel

Dell-Inspiron-660s-Manuel-du-proprietaire-manuel

Dell-PowerEdge-R820-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Vostro-270-Manuel-du-proprietaire-manuel

Dell-Systeme-Dell-PowerEdge-C6220-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Inspiron-14R-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Guide-de-l-Utilisateur-de-l-Ecran-Large-Dell-IN1940MW

Dell-Moniteur-a-Dell-S2440L-Guide-d-utilisation

Dell-Alienware-X51-Owner-s-Manual

Dell-ALIENWARE-M17x-MOBILE-MANUAL

Dell-Emplacement-des-cavaliers-de-la-carte-systeme-des-systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-R310-Mise-a-jour-des-informations

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-6950-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Alienware-M17x-R4-Owner-s-Manual

Dell-XPS-13-Owner-s-Manual

Dell-HBA-SAS-Dell-PowerEdge-6-Gb-s-et-Internal-Tape-Adapter-Guide-d-utilisation

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-R910-Mise-a-jour-des-informations

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-T610-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-R420-Manuel-du-proprietaire

/Dell-PowerEdge-R905-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Imprimantes-laser-Dell-2350d-et-Dell-2350dn

Dell-XPS-430-Guide-de-reference-rapide

Dell-PowerEdge-RAID-Controller-PERC-H700-et-H800-Guide-d-utilisation

Dell-Lifecycle-Controller-2-Version-1.00.00-User-s-Guide

Dell-OpenManage-Server-Administrator-Version-7.0-Guide-d-utilisation

Dell-Solutions-NAS-Dell-FluidFS-Manuel-du-proprietaire-Manue

Dell-Guide-de-l-utilisateur-Dell-V525w

Dell-XPS-13-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Adaptateurs-Brocade-Manuel-d-installation-et-de-reference

Dell-FluidFS-NAS-Solutions-NX3600-NX3610-Guide-de-deploiement

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-T410-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Latitude-ST-Manuel-du-proprietaire-Manuel

Dell-OptiPlex-360-Guide-de-configuration-et-de-reference-rapide

Dell-PowerEdge-R810-Manuel-du-proprietaire-du-materiel

Dell-Guide-d-installation-des-systemes-Dell-PowerVault-Modular-Disk-3000

Dell-Imprimante-laser-Dell-2230d-Guide-de-l-utilisateur

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-C6105-Manuel-du-proprietaire-du-materiel

Dell-Imprimante-personnelle-a-jet-d-encre-Dell-J740-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-2130cn-IMPRIMANTE-LASER-COULEUR

Dell-Guide-d-utilisation-de-la-station-de-travail-Dell-Precision-T3400

Dell-1235cn-Imprimante-Multifonction-Mode-d-emploi

Dell-Vostro-1310-1510-1710-et-2510-Guide-de-configuration-et-de-reference-rapide

Dell-Guide-d-utilisation-APC-Smart-UPS-750VA-1000VA-1500VA-100-120-230-V-CA-2U-Montage-en-baie-Onduleur

Dell-Guide-d-utilisation-Modele-TL24iSCSIxSAS%201Gb-iSCSI-a-SAS

Dell-Imprimantes-laser-Dell-1130-et-Dell-1130n

Dell-Precision-M6400-Guide-de-configuration-et-de-reference-rapide

Dell-M770mm-Color-Monitor-Quick-Set-up

Dell-Carte-de-gestion-reseau-AP9617-AP9618-AP9619-Manuel-d-installation-et-de-demarrage-rapide

Dell-Projecteur-Dell-1410X-Guide-d-utilisation

Dell-Imprimante-couleur-Dell-1350cnw

Dell-Manuel-d-utilisation-Dell-Inspiron-M5040-15-N5040-15-N5050-Manuel

Dell-Manuel-de-maintenance-Dell-Inspiron-620

Dell-3D-VISION-MANUEL-D-UTILISATION

Dell-Inspiron-600m-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-R805-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-R900-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-2970-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-C6145-Manuel-du-proprietaire-du-materiel

Dell-Inspiron-660s-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-P513w-User-s-Guide-Francais-manuel

Dell-Inspiron-660-manuels

Dell-Serveur-de-sauvegarde-sur-disque-Dell-PowerVault-DL-optimise-par-CommVault-Simpana-Guide-d-utilisation

Dell-P513w-User-s-Guide-Guide-de-l-utilisateur-manuel

Dell-Precision-Workstation-T1650-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-ALIENWARE-M17x-MANUEL-DE-L-ORDINATEUR-PORTABLE

Dell-Manuel-du-proprietaire-de-Dell-PowerEdge-M905-M805-M600-et-M605

Dell-Inspiron-One-2330-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Dimension-1100-B110-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Vostro-270-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-T320-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Station-de-travail-mobile-Dell-Precision-M4700-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-XPS-8500-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-1230c-Imprimante-laser-couleur-mode-d-emploi-Manuel

Dell-Client-Management-Manuel

Dell-Studio-XPS-Setup-Guide-Manue

Dell-Adaptateur-hote-Dell-PCIe-SCSI-Ultra320-monocanal-Guide-d-utilisation-Manuel

Dell-INSPIRON-DUO-SETUP-GUIDE-Manuel

Dell-INSPIRON-DUO-GUIDE-DE-CONFIGURATION-Manuel

Dell-Guide-de-l-utilisateur-Dell-Inspiron-M4040-14-N4050-Manuel

Dell-Guide-de-l-administrateur-de-Dell-PowerVault-705N-Manuel

Dell-Vostro-420-220-220s-Guide-de-Configuration-et-de-Reference-Rapide-Manuel

Dell-Matrices-de-stockage-Dell-PowerVault-MD3660f-Series-Guide-de-deploiement-Manuel

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerVault-Network-Attached-Storage-NAS-Guide-de-l-administrateur-Manuel

Dell-Latitude-D430-Guide-d-utilisation-Manuel

Dell-Studio-XPS-Guide-de-configuration-Manuel

Dell-PowerEdge-C410x-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Precision-Workstation-T1650-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-R300-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Systemes%20-Dell%20PowerEdge-T110-II-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Vostro-200-Manuel-du-proprietaire-Mini-Tower

Dell-Inspiron-531-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-ALIENWARE-MANUEL-DE-L-ORDINATEUR-DE-BUREAU-Francais

Dell-PowerEdge-R520-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Projecteur-Dell-1201MP-Manuel-d-utilisation

Dell-PowerEdge-R910-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Dimension-C521-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-T605-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Mobile-Jamz

Dell-Inspiron-530-Series-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Vostro-3460-Manuels

Dell-OPENMANAGE-POWER-CENTER-1.1-Guide-d-utilisation

Dell-PowerVault-MD3660f-Storage-Arrays-Manuels

Dell™ Ekran Yöneticisi Kullanıcı Kılavuzu

Dell-PowerEdge-R620-Guide-de-mise-en-route

Dell-PowerEdge-R520-Guide-de-mise-en-route

DELL-POWERVAULT-MD1200-et-MD1220-TECHNICAL-GUIDEBOOK

Console-de-gestion-multi-onduleurs-Dell-Manuel-de-l-utilisateur-pour-l-installation-et-la-configuration

DELL-OPTIPLEX580-TECHNICAL-GUIDEBOOK-INSIDE-THE-OPTIPLEX-580

Dell-Inspiron-1720-manuels

Dell-PowerEdge-R720-et-R720xd-Guide-de-mise-en-route

Dell-Vostro-1540-1550-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Latitude-E5430-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell™ S2240L/S2340L Monitör Kullanıcı Kılavuzu

Dell PowerEdge Sistemleri İçin Microsoft Windows Server 2012 Önemli Bilgiler Kılavuzu

Dell-Guide-de-l-utilisateur-du-moniteur-Dell-S2240L-S2340L

Dell™ S320/S320wi Projektör Kullanım Kılavuzu

Dell-%20Vostro-270-Manuels

Dell-Vostro-3460-Manuel-du-proprietaire-Francais

Dell-Inspiron-9200-Manuel-de-l-utilisateur

Dell-Inspiron-2600-et-2650-Manuel-de-l-utilisateur

Dell-Axim-X30-Manuel-de-l-utilisateur

Dell-Vostro-2520-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Inspiron-1721-Manuel

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-T710-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Precision-Workstation-T5600-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Solutions-NAS-Dell-FluidFS-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-C5220-Manuel-du-proprietaire-du-materiel

Dell-Dimension-3000-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-PowerEdge-R210-Technical-Guide

Dell-Inspiron-Manuels

Dell-Manuel-du-proprietaire-du-Dell-Vostro-1700

Dell-Clavier-sans-fil-et-souris-Dell-KM713-Manuel-de-l'utilisateur

Dell-Systeme-de-navigation-GPS-Dell-Manuel-de-l'utilisateur

Dell-Logiciel-de-gestion-de-l-onduleur-Manuel-de-l-utilisateur-pour-l-installation-et-la-configuration

Dell-Demarrage-rapide-du-moniteur-couleur-M990

Dell-Manuel-de-l-utilisateur-de-la-station-de-travail-Dell-Precision-370

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-2800-Guide-d-installation-et-de-depannage

Dell-Manuel-de-l-utilisateur-du-systeme-Dell-OptiPlex-SX280

Dell-Vostro-1440-1450-Manuel-de-l-utilisateur

Dell-Photo-Printer-540-Guide-de-l-utilisateur

Dell-Streak-7-Francais-Manuel-de-l-utilisateur

Dell-Venue-Pro-Manuel-de-l-utilisateur

Dell-Imprimante-laser-personnelle-Dell-P1500-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-PowerEdge-C5125-Manuel-du-proprietaire-du-materiel

Dell-Latitude-D630-Manuels

Dell-Vostro-400-Manuel-du-proprietaire-Mini-Tower

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-T100-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-OptiPlex-9010-7010-compact-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-PowerVault%20NX3200-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Inspiron-1200-et-2200-Manuel-de%20l-utilisateur

Dell-Vostro-1540-1550-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Inspiron-8600-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-PowerVault-Baie-de-stockage-MD1120-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Dimension-E521-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Inspiron-9100-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Vostro-3360-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-T300-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-XPS-One-2710-manuel-d-utilisation

Dell-Inspiron-1150-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Latitude-E5530-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Inspiron-660-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Acceder-au-site-Dell

Dell-Manuel-du-proprietaire-des-Dell-Latitude-E6420-et-E6420-ATG-Francais

Dell-OptiPlex-9010-Tout-en-un-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Vostro-3560-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-T110-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-server-poweredge-m710-tech-guidebook_fr

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-R420-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Latitude-5420-E5420-E5420m-Manuel-de-l-utilisateur

Dell-Latitude-E6320-Manuel-de-l-utilisateur

Dell-Systemes-Dell-Inspiron-8200-Manuel-de-l-utilisateur-Francais

Dell-server-poweredge-r610-tech-guidebook_fr

Dell-server-poweredge-t710-technical-guide-book_fr

Dell-server-poweredge-m1000e-tech-guidebook_fr

Dell-server-poweredge-m610-tech-guidebook_fr

Dell-poweredge-r210-technical-guidebook-en_fr

Dell-MANUEL-ALIENWARE-M15x-MOBILE-Manuel-de-l-utilisateur

Dell-Axim-X51-X51v-Manuel-de-l-utilisateur

Dell-Beats-By-dr.dre-Manuel-et-Garantie

Dell-Dimension-3100C-Manuel-du-proprietaire

 

Dell-Precision-Workstation-T3600-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Vostro-200-Manuel-du-proprietaire-Slim-Tower

Dell-ALIENWARE-MANUEL-DE-L-ORDINATEUR-DE-BUREAU

Dell-OPENMANAGE-POWER-CENTER-1-1-Guide-d-utilisation

Dell-Vostro-360-Proprietaire-du-manuel

Dell-Dimension-3100C-Manuel-du-proprietaire

AlienwareArea-51Area-51ALX

Dell-Ordinateurs-de-Bureau-PC-Portables-Netbooks/AlienwareAurora-R3

AlienwareAurora-R4

lienwareAuroraAuroraALXAurora-R2

Chassis-RAID-Dell-PowerVault-MD3000i-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Axim-X50-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Axim-X51-X51v-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Baie-de-stockage-Dell-PowerVault-MD1000-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Boîtier-Dell-PowerEdge-M1000e-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Clavier-Axim-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Dimension-3100-E310-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Dimension-9200-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Dimension-E520-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Imprimante-laser-Dell-1100-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Imprimante-laser-de-groupe-de-travail-Dell-M5200-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Imprimante-laser-monochrome-Dell-5330dn-Mode-d-emploi

Dell-Imprimante-laser-multifonction-Dell-1600n-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Inspiron-13z-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Inspiron-17R-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Inspiron-530s-Manuel-d-utilisation

Dell-Inspiron-530s-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Inspiron-700m-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Inspiron-1100-Manuel-d-utilisation

Dell-Inspiron-1525-1526-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Inspiron-5100-et-5150-Manuel-d-utilisation

Dell-Inspiron-9300-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Inspiron-9400-E1705-Manuel-du-proprietaire

http://www.audentia-gestion.fr/Dell-Ordinateurs-de-Bureau-PC-Portables-Netbooks/Dell-Laser-Printer-1700-1700n-Manuel-du-proprietaire.htm

Dell-Laser-Printer-1710-1710n-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Laser-Printer-3100cn-manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Latitude-ST-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Latitude-XT3-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Liste-des-manuels-et-de-la-documentation-Dell

Dell-MANUEL-ALIENWARE-M11x-MOBILE-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-MANUEL-ALIENWARE-M15x-MOBILE

Dell-MANUEL-D-ALIENWARE-M17x-MOBILE-francais

Dell-MANUEL-D-ALIENWARE-M17x-MOBILE

Dell-Manuel-d-utilisation-Dell-Inspiron-M5040-15-N5040-15-N5050

Dell-Manuel-d-utilisation-du-Dell-XPS-420

Dell-Manuel-de-l-Utilisateur-Dell-Latitude-E6220

Dell-Manuel-de-l-Utilisateur-Dell-Latitude-E6520

Dell-Manuel-de-l-utilisateur-Dell-Latitude-E6320

Dell-Manuel-de-maintenance-Dell-Inspiron-N5110

Dell-Manuel-du-proprietaire-Dell-Vostro-1500

Dell-Manuel-du-proprietaire-Dell-XPS-M1330

Dell-Manuel-du-proprietaire-des-Dell-Latitude-E6420-et-E6420-ATG

Dell-Manuel-du-proprietaire-du-Dell-Inspiron-1721

Dell-Manuel-du-proprietaire-du-Dell-XPS-M1730

Dell-Manuel-du-proprietaire-du-Dell-XPS-One

Dell-Matrices-de-stockage-Dell-PowerVault-MD3260i-Series-Guide-de-deploiement

Dell-Matrices-de-stockage-Dell-PowerVault-MD3660i-Series-Guide-de-deploiement

Dell-Photo-All-In-One-Printer-944-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Photo-All-In-One-Printer-964-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Photo-All-In-One-Printer%20942-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Photo-Printer-720-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-PowerEdge-C8220-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-PowerEdge-R620-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-PowerVault-MD3260-3260i-3660i-3660f-3060e-Storage-Arrays-Guide-de-l-administrateur

Dell-PowerVault-MD3260-3260i-3660i-3660f-3060e-Storage-Arrays-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-PowerVault-NX400-Guide-de-mise-en-route

Dell-Precision-Workstation-T7600-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Streak-7-Manuel-de-l-utilisateur

Dell-Streak-Manuel-d-utilisation

Dell-Systemes-Dell-Inspiron-4150-Manuel-de-l-utilisateur

Dell-Systemes-Dell-Inspiron-8200-Manuel-de-l-utilisateur

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-1950-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-M420-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-R210-II-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-R410-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-R710-Manuel-du-proprietaire%20-Manuel-d-utilisation

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-T310-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-T420-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-T620-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerVault-NX400-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Tout-en-un-Dell-Photo-924-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Vostro-360-Proprietaire-du-manuel

Dell-Vostro-3750-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Vostro-V131-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-XP-M1530-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-XPS-630i-Manuel-du-proprietair

Dell-moniteur-D1920-Manuel-du-proprietaire

DellDimension1100Series

Imprimante-Dell-Photo-All-In-One-Printer-922-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Imprimante-laser-de-groupe-de-travail-Dell-S2500-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Imprimante-personnelle-Dell-AIO-A960-Manuel-du-proprietaire

alienwareX51

Dell-Manuel-de-l-Utilisateur-Dell-Latitude-E6220

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-T420-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Systemes-Dell-Inspiron-4150-Manuel-de-l-utilisateur

Dell-Streak-Manuel-d-utilisation

Dell-Manuel-du-proprietaire-du-Dell-XPS-M1730

Dell-Photo-All-In-One-Printer-944-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Manuel-du-proprietaire-du-Dell-XPS-One

Dell-Clavier-Axim-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-R410-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Manuel-d-utilisation-Dell-Inspiron-M5040-15-N5040-15-N5050

Dell-Manuel-de-maintenance-Dell-Inspiron-N5110

Dell-Inspiron-1100-Manuel-d-utilisation

Dell-Imprimante-laser-de-groupe-de-travail-Dell-M5200-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Photo-Printer-720-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Imprimante-laser-Dell-1100-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Manuel-du-proprietaire-Dell-Vostro-1500

Dell-XP-M1530-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Inspiron-530s-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-R710-Manuel-du-proprietaire-Manuel-d-utilisation

Dell-Inspiron-5100-et-5150-Manuel-d-utilisation

Dell-Manuel-de-l-Utilisateur-Dell-Latitude-E6520

Dell-MANUEL-D-ALIENWARE-M17x-MOBILE

Dell-Manuel-de-l-utilisateur-Dell-Latitude-E6320

Dell-Laser-Printer-3100cn-manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Inspiron-530s-Manuel-d-utilisation

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-1950-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Manuel-du-proprietaire-des-Dell-Latitude-E6420-et-E6420-ATG

Dell-Imprimante-laser-monochrome-Dell-5330dn-Mode-d-emploi

Dell-PowerVault-MD3260-3260i-3660i-3660f-3060e-Storage-Arrays-Guide-de-l-administrateur

Dell-PowerVault-NX400-Guide-de-mise-en-route

Dell-Matrices-de-stockage-Dell-PowerVault-MD3260i-Series-Guide-de-deploiement

Dell-PowerEdge-C8220-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-MANUEL-ALIENWARE-M11x-MOBILE-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerEdge-M420-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Systemes-Dell-PowerVault-NX400-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-PowerVault-MD3260-3260i-3660i-3660f-3060e-Storage-Arrays-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Matrices-de-stockage-Dell-PowerVault-MD3660i-Series-Guide-de-deploiement

Dell-Laser-Printer-1700-1700n-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Inspiron-9400-E1705-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Tout-en-un-Dell-Photo-924-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Laser-Printer-1710-1710n-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Dimension-3100-E310-Manuel-du-proprietaire

Dell-Inspiron-1525-1526-Manuel-du-proprietaire

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R815-..> 08-May-2013 10:52  4.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-1521-M..> 08-May-2013 10:51  2.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R900-..> 08-May-2013 10:50  3.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-270-Manu..> 08-May-2013 10:50  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-XPS-630-Manuels..> 08-May-2013 10:49  3.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-XPS-M1730-Manue..> 08-May-2013 10:49  3.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-200-Manu..> 08-May-2013 10:48  4.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-410-Manu..> 08-May-2013 10:48  4.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-1700-Man..> 08-May-2013 10:47  4.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-m301z-..> 08-May-2013 10:47  4.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Studio-Slim-Man..> 08-May-2013 10:45  5.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Windows-8-Manue..> 08-May-2013 10:45  5.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R620-..> 08-May-2013 08:46  4.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R200-..> 08-May-2013 08:46  2.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-640M-M..> 08-May-2013 08:46  3.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-600m-M..> 08-May-2013 08:45  2.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Studio-Desktop-..> 08-May-2013 08:44  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-1000-Man..> 08-May-2013 08:44  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-15-Int..> 08-May-2013 08:44  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Alienware-Area-..> 08-May-2013 08:43  3.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-DR4000-Manuels.htm 08-May-2013 08:43  3.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Alienware-M15x-..> 08-May-2013 08:42  3.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Latitude-XT2-Ma..> 08-May-2013 08:42  3.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Latitude-E5520-..> 08-May-2013 08:41  3.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-OptiPlex-745-Ma..> 08-May-2013 08:40  3.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-1525-M..> 08-May-2013 08:40  3.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-One-23..> 08-May-2013 08:39  4.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-One-23..> 08-May-2013 08:39  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-510m-M..> 08-May-2013 08:38  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-Duo-Ma..> 08-May-2013 08:38  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-1550-Man..> 08-May-2013 08:37  3.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Precision-T5600..> 08-May-2013 08:37  3.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Dimension-8300-..> 07-May-2013 22:03  2.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Latitude-Cpi-Ma..> 07-May-2013 22:01  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Alienware-Area-..> 07-May-2013 22:01  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Latitude-D620-M..> 07-May-2013 22:00  2.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-1950-..> 07-May-2013 22:00  2.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Precision-T5600..> 07-May-2013 21:30  3.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R720x..> 07-May-2013 21:26  3.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-500m-M..> 07-May-2013 21:26  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R815-..> 07-May-2013 21:25  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Alienware-M15x-..> 07-May-2013 21:25  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-3450-Man..> 07-May-2013 21:24  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R610-..> 07-May-2013 21:24  2.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-3750-Man..> 07-May-2013 21:23  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Studio-1555-15-..> 07-May-2013 21:23  3.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Manuel-de-maint..> 07-May-2013 21:22  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Latitude-E6420-..> 07-May-2013 21:22  3.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-1520-M..> 07-May-2013 21:21  2.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Aztech-MDP3900-..> 07-May-2013 21:21  2.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-M905-..> 07-May-2013 21:21  2.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-400SC..> 07-May-2013 21:21  2.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Precision-M4500..> 07-May-2013 21:20  2.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vizioncore-Manu..> 07-May-2013 21:20  2.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-1520-2..> 07-May-2013 21:19  2.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Guide-Utilisate..> 07-May-2013 21:19  2.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R510-..> 07-May-2013 21:18  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Manuel-d-Utilis..> 07-May-2013 21:18  2.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-300-M..> 06-May-2013 19:33  4.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Lifecycle-Contr..> 06-May-2013 19:32  4.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerVault-110T..> 06-May-2013 19:31  4.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-620-Ma..> 06-May-2013 19:10  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Dimension-5100-..> 06-May-2013 19:10  3.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Manuels-et-docu..> 06-May-2013 19:09  3.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Manuels-et-docu..> 06-May-2013 19:09  3.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-1130-Dell-1130n..> 06-May-2013 18:42  3.1M  

[TXT]

 Code-Promo-Dell.htm     04-Feb-2013 09:17  1.0M  

[TXT]

 Sony-NV-U83N-Manuels..> 02-Feb-2013 09:00  5.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Sansa-Clip-MP3-..> 27-Nov-2012 09:15  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-TSi-500-TSi-400..> 27-Nov-2012 09:15  1.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-3360-Man..> 27-Nov-2012 09:10  2.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-5100-e..> 27-Nov-2012 09:09  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 27-Nov-2012 09:09  3.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-1815dn-Manuel ..> 27-Nov-2012 09:09  3.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerVault-MD32..> 27-Nov-2012 09:08  1.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Multifunktionsp..> 27-Nov-2012 09:07  2.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerVault-MD32..> 27-Nov-2012 09:07  2.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-1150-M..> 27-Nov-2012 09:07  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-C8220..> 27-Nov-2012 09:07  2.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 27-Nov-2012 09:06  2.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerVault-MD32..> 27-Nov-2012 09:06  1.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 27-Nov-2012 07:42  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Matrices-de-sto..> 27-Nov-2012 07:40  3.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-D..> 27-Nov-2012 07:40  3.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Console-de-gest..> 27-Nov-2012 07:40  3.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Logiciel-de-ges..> 27-Nov-2012 07:26  2.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-MANUEL-ALIENWAR..> 27-Nov-2012 07:20  2.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Axim-X51-X51v-M..> 27-Nov-2012 07:18  2.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Dimension-9150-..> 27-Nov-2012 07:07  2.3M  

[TXT]

 Lien-Manuels-Utilisa..> 19-Nov-2012 07:12   92K  

[TXT]

 Dell-XPS-600-francai..> 19-Nov-2012 06:29  2.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-XPS-430-francai..> 19-Nov-2012 06:24  1.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-XPS-420-francai..> 18-Nov-2012 21:25  3.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-XPS-410-Anglais..> 18-Nov-2012 21:25  3.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Dimension-9200C..> 18-Nov-2012 21:03  3.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Dimension-1000-..> 18-Nov-2012 20:57  2.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Alienware-Auror..> 18-Nov-2012 20:49  2.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Alienware-Area-..> 18-Nov-2012 20:45  1.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Alienware-Area-..> 18-Nov-2012 20:44  1.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Alienware-Area-..> 18-Nov-2012 20:44  1.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Alienware-Auror..> 18-Nov-2012 20:44  1.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Alienware-Auror..> 18-Nov-2012 20:43  2.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Alienware-Auror..> 18-Nov-2012 20:43  2.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-OpenManage-Remo..> 14-Nov-2012 22:12  4.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-OpenManage-Serv..> 14-Nov-2012 22:12  5.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Media-Center-Gu..> 14-Nov-2012 22:11  1.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 14-Nov-2012 21:42  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-E-Legacy-Extend..> 14-Nov-2012 21:40  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Dimension-XPS-M..> 14-Nov-2012 21:39  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Adaptateurs-Del..> 14-Nov-2012 21:39  3.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Axim-X3-Guide-d..> 14-Nov-2012 21:38  3.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Guide-d-utilisa..> 14-Nov-2012 21:38  4.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-OpenManage-Serv..> 14-Nov-2012 21:38  3.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Latitude-D531-G..> 14-Nov-2012 21:36  4.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Latitude-D430-G..> 14-Nov-2012 21:36  4.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-1501-M..> 14-Nov-2012 21:06  5.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-D..> 14-Nov-2012 21:05  2.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Guide-d-utilisa..> 14-Nov-2012 21:05  3.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-T110-..> 14-Nov-2012 21:04  3.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Guide-d-utilisa..> 14-Nov-2012 21:03  4.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-XPS-M1710-Manue..> 14-Nov-2012 21:03  4.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Ordinateurs-por..> 14-Nov-2012 21:02  4.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Studio-GUIDE-DE..> 14-Nov-2012 21:01  5.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-1420-M..> 14-Nov-2012 21:01  5.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 14-Nov-2012 21:00  2.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Latitude-D830-G..> 14-Nov-2012 20:59  2.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 14-Nov-2012 20:59  2.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Dimension-1100-..> 14-Nov-2012 12:08  3.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-One-23..> 14-Nov-2012 12:08  3.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Manuel-de-maint..> 14-Nov-2012 12:07  3.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Photo-All-in-On..> 14-Nov-2012 12:06  4.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Carte-de-gestio..> 14-Nov-2012 12:05  4.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 14-Nov-2012 12:05  4.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-XPS-M1710-Manue..> 13-Nov-2012 09:56  3.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-6400-E..> 13-Nov-2012 08:20  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 13-Nov-2012 08:19  3.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-1300-B..> 13-Nov-2012 08:19  3.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-OptiPlex-9010-7..> 13-Nov-2012 08:18  1.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Laser-Printer-5..> 13-Nov-2012 08:18  1.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-XPS-710-H2C-Man..> 13-Nov-2012 08:18  2.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-1520-M..> 13-Nov-2012 08:17  2.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-1721-M..> 13-Nov-2012 08:17  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-One-23..> 13-Nov-2012 08:16  3.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-XPS-M2010-Manue..> 13-Nov-2012 08:16  3.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-1000-M..> 13-Nov-2012 08:15  3.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-8500-G..> 13-Nov-2012 08:14  4.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-640M-E..> 13-Nov-2012 08:13  4.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Axim-X50-Manuel..> 13-Nov-2012 08:12  4.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-300m-G..> 13-Nov-2012 08:12  2.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-XPS-Ge..> 13-Nov-2012 08:11  2.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-5160-M..> 13-Nov-2012 08:11  2.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-8600-G..> 13-Nov-2012 08:11  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerVault-DL20..> 13-Nov-2012 08:11  2.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Imprimante-pers..> 13-Nov-2012 08:10  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-410-Guid..> 12-Nov-2012 17:26  2.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Manuel-de-l-Uti..> 12-Nov-2012 17:07  2.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Dimension-serie..> 12-Nov-2012 17:07  1.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-xps-13-l321x_se..> 12-Nov-2012 17:00  1.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-XPS-13-Manuel-d..> 12-Nov-2012 16:59  1.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Manuel-de-maint..> 12-Nov-2012 16:59  2.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-2600-e..> 12-Nov-2012 16:59  2.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerVault-NX33..> 12-Nov-2012 16:58  2.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Pave-Tactile-Sa..> 12-Nov-2012 16:58  2.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-poweredge-r520-..> 12-Nov-2012 16:58  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-5423-O..> 12-Nov-2012 16:57  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-3500-P..> 12-Nov-2012 16:57  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-3000-S..> 12-Nov-2012 16:56  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-270-Owne..> 12-Nov-2012 16:56  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-server-poweredg..> 12-Nov-2012 16:56  2.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-C6220..> 12-Nov-2012 16:55  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-2145cn-Impriman..> 12-Nov-2012 16:55  3.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Dimension-Serie..> 12-Nov-2012 16:54  3.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PERC-6-i-PERC-6..> 12-Nov-2012 16:53  4.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Configuration-d..> 12-Nov-2012 16:53  4.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-MANUEL-ALIENWAR..> 12-Nov-2012 16:51  2.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-ALIENWARE-M18x-..> 12-Nov-2012 16:51  2.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-MANUEL-DE-L-ORD..> 12-Nov-2012 16:51  2.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Carte-de-Gestio..> 06-Nov-2012 18:45  2.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Studio-XPS-1640..> 06-Nov-2012 18:40  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Studio-XPS-GUID..> 06-Nov-2012 18:40  2.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Storage-Center-..> 06-Nov-2012 11:43  3.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-T300-..> 06-Nov-2012 07:33  2.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Manual-del-prop..> 06-Nov-2012 07:33  2.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Manual-del-prop..> 06-Nov-2012 07:32  2.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-Syste..> 06-Nov-2012 07:32  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R710-..> 06-Nov-2012 07:31  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-S2440L-Monitor-..> 06-Nov-2012 07:31  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-P1913-P1913S-P2..> 06-Nov-2012 07:31  2.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-U2713HM-Flat-Pa..> 06-Nov-2012 07:30  2.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-U2713HM-Flat-Pa..> 06-Nov-2012 07:30  2.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-E1913S-E1913-E2..> 06-Nov-2012 07:29  2.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Latitude-ST-Kul..> 06-Nov-2012 07:29  2.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R310-..> 06-Nov-2012 07:29  2.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Storage-Center-..> 06-Nov-2012 07:29  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Latitude-XT3-Ow..> 06-Nov-2012 07:28  1.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Manuel-de-maint..> 06-Nov-2012 07:28  1.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-3450-Man..> 06-Nov-2012 07:27  1.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-14z-N4..> 06-Nov-2012 07:27  2.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Module-de-venti..> 06-Nov-2012 07:27  2.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Matrices-de-sto..> 06-Nov-2012 07:26  2.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Points-d-acces-..> 06-Nov-2012 07:26  2.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Guide-de-l-util..> 05-Nov-2012 18:31  4.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Boitiers-de-sto..> 05-Nov-2012 18:14  1.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Studio-One-GUID..> 05-Nov-2012 18:14  1.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-1310-151..> 05-Nov-2012 18:14  1.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 05-Nov-2012 18:13  1.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Modules-optique..> 05-Nov-2012 18:13  1.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R900-..> 05-Nov-2012 18:13  2.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Latitude-E6520-..> 05-Nov-2012 18:13  2.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-2900-..> 05-Nov-2012 18:12  2.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Point-d-acces-D..> 05-Nov-2012 18:12  2.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-B1260dn-Mode-d-..> 05-Nov-2012 18:11  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-B1160-Dell-B116..> 05-Nov-2012 18:11  2.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-OpenManage-Serv..> 05-Nov-2012 18:10  3.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-T310-..> 05-Nov-2012 18:10  3.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R410-..> 05-Nov-2012 18:09  3.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-Guide-..> 05-Nov-2012 18:08  1.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Guide-de-soluti..> 05-Nov-2012 17:29  3.8M  

[TXT]

 Adaptateurs-Brocade-..> 05-Nov-2012 15:05  3.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R415-..> 05-Nov-2012 15:01  1.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerVault-MD-S..> 05-Nov-2012 15:01  1.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-2950-..> 05-Nov-2012 15:01  1.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R710-..> 05-Nov-2012 15:00  1.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Server-PRO-Mana..> 05-Nov-2012 15:00  2.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerVault-NX20..> 05-Nov-2012 15:00  2.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerVault-MD11..> 05-Nov-2012 15:00  2.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-SAS-RAID-Storag..> 05-Nov-2012 14:59  2.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Imprimante-lase..> 05-Nov-2012 14:59  2.2M  

[TXT]

 IOGEAR-Guide-d-insta..> 05-Nov-2012 14:58  2.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-MANUEL-ALIENWAR..> 05-Nov-2012 14:58  2.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Guide-d-install..> 05-Nov-2012 14:58  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-600m-M..> 05-Nov-2012 14:57  2.6M  

[TXT]

 Planification-du-dep..> 05-Nov-2012 14:57  3.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vizioncore-vRep..> 05-Nov-2012 14:57  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Server-Deployme..> 05-Nov-2012 14:56  3.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Latitude-XT2-XF..> 05-Nov-2012 14:54  3.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Deploiement-de-..> 05-Nov-2012 12:15  2.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Setting-up-Your..> 05-Nov-2012 12:15  2.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerQuest-Data..> 05-Nov-2012 12:15  2.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Controleurs-Del..> 05-Nov-2012 12:14  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 05-Nov-2012 12:14  2.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Guide-de-demarr..> 05-Nov-2012 12:13  2.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Guide-de-config..> 05-Nov-2012 12:13  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Guide-d-utilisa..> 05-Nov-2012 12:12  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-1250c-Color-Pri..> 05-Nov-2012 12:12  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-XPS-600-Manuel-..> 05-Nov-2012 12:11  3.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Imprimante-lase..> 05-Nov-2012 12:11  3.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 05-Nov-2012 12:10  3.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Photo-All-In-On..> 05-Nov-2012 12:10  3.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Studio-XPS-Setu..> 05-Nov-2012 12:09  1.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-XPS-13-Kullanı..> 05-Nov-2012 12:09  1.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-XPS-13-Chinois-..> 05-Nov-2012 12:08  1.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-XPS-13-Arabe-Ma..> 05-Nov-2012 12:08  1.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Setting-up-Your..> 05-Nov-2012 10:08  1.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Setting-up-Your..> 05-Nov-2012 10:08  1.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vizioncore-vCon..> 05-Nov-2012 10:08  2.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Cartes-controle..> 05-Nov-2012 10:08  2.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Guide-de-l-util..> 05-Nov-2012 09:06  1.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Bandotheques-De..> 05-Nov-2012 09:03  2.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-S320-S320wi-Pro..> 05-Nov-2012 09:02  1.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-RAID-..> 05-Nov-2012 09:02  2.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Matrices-de-sto..> 05-Nov-2012 09:02  2.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vizioncore-vRan..> 05-Nov-2012 09:01  2.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Cartes-d-extens..> 05-Nov-2012 09:01  2.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Guide-technique..> 05-Nov-2012 09:00  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Onduleur-en-Bai..> 05-Nov-2012 09:00  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Matrices-de-sto..> 05-Nov-2012 08:59  3.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Setting-up-Your..> 05-Nov-2012 08:59  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 05-Nov-2012 08:58  4.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Guide-d-utilisa..> 05-Nov-2012 08:58  4.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-M5200-Carte-de-..> 05-Nov-2012 07:58  1.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-XPS-L412z-Manue..> 05-Nov-2012 07:38  2.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-XPS-GUIDE-DE-CO..> 05-Nov-2012 07:38  2.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Studio-XPS-8100..> 05-Nov-2012 07:38  2.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-XPS-One-GUIDE-D..> 05-Nov-2012 07:37  2.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-INSPIRON-Setup-..> 05-Nov-2012 07:32  2.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-14R-M4..> 05-Nov-2012 07:32  2.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-XPS-M1210-Owner..> 05-Nov-2012 07:32  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-6000-M..> 05-Nov-2012 07:31  2.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Guide-de-l-util..> 05-Nov-2012 07:31  3.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PERC-6-i-PERC-6..> 05-Nov-2012 07:31  3.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Adaptateurs-Del..> 05-Nov-2012 07:30  3.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Guide-d-utilisa..> 05-Nov-2012 07:29  4.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-DX-Object-Stora..> 04-Nov-2012 11:04  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-T620-..> 04-Nov-2012 11:04  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Guide-d-install..> 04-Nov-2012 11:03  2.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Dimension-XPS-G..> 04-Nov-2012 11:03  3.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Latitude-E6500-..> 04-Nov-2012 11:02  3.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-Expan..> 04-Nov-2012 11:02  3.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Matrices-de-sto..> 04-Nov-2012 11:01  3.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Matrices-de-sto..> 04-Nov-2012 11:01  3.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerVault-Data..> 04-Nov-2012 11:00  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerVault-Encr..> 04-Nov-2012 10:41  2.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-APC-Smart-UPS-A..> 04-Nov-2012 10:41  2.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerVault-Data..> 04-Nov-2012 10:41  2.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerVault-Data..> 03-Nov-2012 21:47  2.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-EqualLogic-Stor..> 03-Nov-2012 21:47  2.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Latitude-E4300-..> 03-Nov-2012 21:46  2.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Matrices-de-sto..> 03-Nov-2012 21:46  2.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-OptiPlex-755-Gu..> 03-Nov-2012 21:12  5.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-C8000..> 03-Nov-2012 18:23  2.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-T420-..> 03-Nov-2012 18:19  2.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Commutateur-de-..> 03-Nov-2012 18:19  2.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-INSPIRON-GUIDE-..> 03-Nov-2012 18:16  2.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 03-Nov-2012 18:15  2.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-XPS 15-Manuel-d..> 03-Nov-2012 18:15  2.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerVault-DL-B..> 03-Nov-2012 18:12  2.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Laser-MFP-Dell-..> 03-Nov-2012 18:12  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Controleurs-RAI..> 03-Nov-2012 18:11  3.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-Expre..> 03-Nov-2012 18:11  1.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-FluidFS-NAS-Sol..> 03-Nov-2012 18:10  2.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Projecteur-Dell..> 03-Nov-2012 18:10  1.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Projecteur-7700..> 03-Nov-2012 18:09  2.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Management-Plug..> 03-Nov-2012 18:09  2.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Integrated-Dell..> 03-Nov-2012 18:09  3.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 03-Nov-2012 18:08  2.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systeme-Dell-DR..> 03-Nov-2012 18:08  3.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-OpenManage-Serv..> 03-Nov-2012 18:07  3.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Utilitaires-de-..> 03-Nov-2012 18:06  3.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 03-Nov-2012 18:06  3.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-C410x..> 03-Nov-2012 18:05  4.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 03-Nov-2012 18:05  4.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Manuel-du-propr..> 03-Nov-2012 18:04  4.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Set-Up-Your-Com..> 03-Nov-2012 18:04  4.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Latitude-E5400-..> 03-Nov-2012 18:02  4.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Matrices-de-sto..> 03-Nov-2012 18:02  4.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Dimension-Serie..> 03-Nov-2012 18:01  5.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-INSPIRON-GUIDE-..> 03-Nov-2012 11:09  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Moniteur-a-Dell..> 03-Nov-2012 11:09  3.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systems-Service..> 03-Nov-2012 11:08  3.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Guide-de-l-util..> 03-Nov-2012 11:07  3.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Moniteur-a-Dell..> 03-Nov-2012 11:07  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Moniteur-a-ecra..> 03-Nov-2012 11:06  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-C410x..> 03-Nov-2012 11:06  3.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Matrices-de-sto..> 03-Nov-2012 11:05  3.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Precision-M4400..> 03-Nov-2012 11:05  1.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 03-Nov-2012 11:04  1.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R320-..> 03-Nov-2012 11:04  1.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R720-..> 03-Nov-2012 11:04  2.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Update-Packages..> 03-Nov-2012 11:04  1.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Micrologiciel-D..> 03-Nov-2012 08:46  2.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-FluidFS-NAS-Sol..> 03-Nov-2012 08:45  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-RAID-..> 03-Nov-2012 08:44  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 03-Nov-2012 08:44  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-15R-Ma..> 03-Nov-2012 08:43  3.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-OpenManage-Serv..> 03-Nov-2012 08:43  3.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-M1000..> 03-Nov-2012 08:42  3.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-OpenManage-Serv..> 03-Nov-2012 08:42  3.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-C8000..> 03-Nov-2012 08:30  2.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R820-..> 03-Nov-2012 08:30  2.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-C8220..> 03-Nov-2012 08:29  2.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R420-..> 03-Nov-2012 08:29  2.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-D..> 03-Nov-2012 08:28  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Precision-Works..> 03-Nov-2012 08:28  2.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-T320-..> 03-Nov-2012 08:27  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-D..> 03-Nov-2012 08:27  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Guide-de-l-util..> 03-Nov-2012 08:27  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Latitude-E6420-..> 03-Nov-2012 08:27  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systeme-Dell-Po..> 02-Nov-2012 18:07  3.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-470-Manu..> 02-Nov-2012 18:07  3.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerVault-MD32..> 02-Nov-2012 18:07  3.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-XPS-14-Manuel-d..> 02-Nov-2012 17:36  3.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-One-20..> 02-Nov-2012 17:23  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Matrices-de-sto..> 02-Nov-2012 17:22  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerConnect-55..> 02-Nov-2012 17:22  3.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerVault-NX33..> 02-Nov-2012 17:21  1.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Upgrading-to-Ba..> 02-Nov-2012 17:21  1.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Projecteur-Dell..> 02-Nov-2012 17:20  1.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-470-Owne..> 02-Nov-2012 17:20  1.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-14R-Ma..> 02-Nov-2012 17:20  2.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systeme-Dell-Po..> 02-Nov-2012 17:20  2.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-270-Manu..> 02-Nov-2012 17:19  2.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R820-..> 02-Nov-2012 17:19  2.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-660s-M..> 02-Nov-2012 17:18  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 02-Nov-2012 17:18  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-17R-Ma..> 02-Nov-2012 17:17  2.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Micrologiciel-D..> 02-Nov-2012 16:35  2.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R720-..> 02-Nov-2012 16:34  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R815-..> 02-Nov-2012 16:34  3.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 02-Nov-2012 16:33  3.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 02-Nov-2012 16:33  1.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R905-..> 02-Nov-2012 16:32  2.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 02-Nov-2012 16:32  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 02-Nov-2012 16:32  2.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 02-Nov-2012 16:31  2.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-HBA-SAS-Dell-Po..> 02-Nov-2012 16:31  2.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-XPS-13-Owner-s-..> 02-Nov-2012 16:30  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Alienware-M17x-..> 02-Nov-2012 16:30  3.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 02-Nov-2012 16:29  3.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Emplacement-des..> 02-Nov-2012 16:29  3.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-ALIENWARE-M17x-..> 02-Nov-2012 16:28  3.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Alienware-X51-O..> 02-Nov-2012 16:28  3.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Moniteur-a-Dell..> 02-Nov-2012 16:27  3.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Guide-de-l-Util..> 02-Nov-2012 16:27  3.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 02-Nov-2012 11:45  2.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-FluidFS-NAS-Sol..> 02-Nov-2012 11:24  1.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Latitude-ST-Man..> 02-Nov-2012 11:23  3.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-OptiPlex-360-Gu..> 02-Nov-2012 11:23  3.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Adaptateurs-Bro..> 02-Nov-2012 11:22  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-XPS-13-Manuel-d..> 02-Nov-2012 11:22  2.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Guide-de-l-util..> 02-Nov-2012 11:21  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Solutions-NAS-D..> 02-Nov-2012 11:21  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-OpenManage-Serv..> 02-Nov-2012 11:20  3.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Lifecycle-Contr..> 02-Nov-2012 11:20  3.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-RAID-..> 02-Nov-2012 10:08  2.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-XPS-430-Guide-d..> 02-Nov-2012 10:08  2.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Imprimantes-las..> 02-Nov-2012 10:07  2.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Imprimantes-las..> 02-Nov-2012 10:07  2.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Guide-d-utilisa..> 02-Nov-2012 10:06  2.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Guide-d-utilisa..> 02-Nov-2012 10:06  2.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-1310-151..> 02-Nov-2012 10:06  2.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-1235cn-Impriman..> 02-Nov-2012 10:06  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Guide-d-utilisa..> 02-Nov-2012 10:05  3.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-2130cn-IMPRIMAN..> 02-Nov-2012 10:05  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Imprimante-pers..> 02-Nov-2012 09:44  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 02-Nov-2012 09:44  3.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Imprimante-lase..> 02-Nov-2012 09:44  2.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Guide d-install..> 02-Nov-2012 09:43  2.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R810-..> 02-Nov-2012 09:43  2.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-660s-M..> 02-Nov-2012 09:42  2.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 02-Nov-2012 09:42  2.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 02-Nov-2012 09:41  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 02-Nov-2012 09:41  3.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 02-Nov-2012 09:40  3.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-600m-M..> 02-Nov-2012 09:40  3.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-3D-VISION-MANUE..> 02-Nov-2012 09:39  1.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Manuel-de-maint..> 02-Nov-2012 09:39  1.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Manuel-d-utilis..> 02-Nov-2012 09:38  1.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Imprimante-coul..> 02-Nov-2012 09:38  1.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Projecteur-Dell..> 02-Nov-2012 09:38  2.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-M770mm-Color-Mo..> 02-Nov-2012 09:37  2.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Precision-M6400..> 02-Nov-2012 09:37  2.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Manuel-du-propr..> 01-Nov-2012 19:14  2.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 01-Nov-2012 19:02  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-270-Manu..> 01-Nov-2012 19:02  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-ALIENWARE-M17x-..> 01-Nov-2012 19:00  2.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Precision-Works..> 01-Nov-2012 18:46  3.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-P513w-User-s-Gu..> 01-Nov-2012 18:46  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Serveur-de-sauv..> 01-Nov-2012 18:42  1.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-660-ma..> 01-Nov-2012 18:42  2.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-P513w-User-s-Gu..> 01-Nov-2012 18:42  2.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Studio-XPS-Guid..> 01-Nov-2012 18:41  2.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Latitude-D430-G..> 01-Nov-2012 18:41  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 01-Nov-2012 18:41  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Matrices-de-sto..> 01-Nov-2012 18:40  1.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-420-220-..> 01-Nov-2012 18:40  2.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Guide-de-l-admi..> 01-Nov-2012 18:39  2.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Guide-de-l-util..> 01-Nov-2012 18:39  2.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-INSPIRON-DUO-GU..> 01-Nov-2012 18:38  2.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-INSPIRON-DUO-SE..> 01-Nov-2012 18:38  2.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Adaptateur-hote..> 01-Nov-2012 18:38  2.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Studio-XPS-Setu..> 01-Nov-2012 18:38  2.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Client-Manageme..> 01-Nov-2012 18:37  2.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-1230c-Imprimant..> 01-Nov-2012 18:37  2.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-XPS-8500-Manuel..> 01-Nov-2012 18:36  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Station-de-trav..> 01-Nov-2012 18:36  2.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-530-Se..> 29-Oct-2012 07:41  1.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Mobile-Jamz.htm    29-Oct-2012 07:41  1.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 29-Oct-2012 07:41  2.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Dimension-C521-..> 29-Oct-2012 07:41  1.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R910-..> 29-Oct-2012 07:40  2.6M  

[TXT]

 Projecteur-Dell-1201..> 29-Oct-2012 07:40  2.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R520-..> 29-Oct-2012 07:39  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-ALIENWARE-MANUE..> 29-Oct-2012 07:39  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-531-Ma..> 29-Oct-2012 07:38  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-200-Manu..> 29-Oct-2012 07:38  2.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes -Dell ..> 29-Oct-2012 07:37  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 29-Oct-2012 07:37  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-C410x..> 29-Oct-2012 07:36  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Latitude-E5430-..> 26-Oct-2012 17:29  1.6M  

[TXT]

 Console-de-gestion-m..> 26-Oct-2012 14:51  3.3M  

[TXT]

 DELL-POWERVAULT-MD12..> 26-Oct-2012 14:50  3.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R520-..> 26-Oct-2012 14:50  3.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R620-..> 26-Oct-2012 14:49  3.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Ekran-Yönetici..> 26-Oct-2012 14:49  3.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerVault-MD36..> 26-Oct-2012 14:48  2.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerVault-MD36..> 26-Oct-2012 14:48  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-OPENMANAGE-POWE..> 26-Oct-2012 14:47  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-3460-Man..> 26-Oct-2012 14:47  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-3460-Man..> 26-Oct-2012 14:46  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell- Vostro-270-Man..> 26-Oct-2012 14:46  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-S320-S320wi-Pro..> 26-Oct-2012 14:45  2.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Guide-de-l-util..> 26-Oct-2012 14:45  2.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-Siste..> 26-Oct-2012 14:44  1.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-S2240L-S2340L-M..> 26-Oct-2012 14:44  1.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-1540-155..> 26-Oct-2012 14:44  2.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R720-..> 25-Oct-2012 18:33  2.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-1720-m..> 25-Oct-2012 18:32  2.9M  

[TXT]

 DELL-OPTIPLEX580-TEC..> 25-Oct-2012 18:32  2.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Manuel-du-propr..> 25-Oct-2012 18:31  3.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-Manuel..> 25-Oct-2012 18:31  3.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R210-..> 25-Oct-2012 18:30  3.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Dimension-3000-..> 25-Oct-2012 18:30  3.5M  

[TXT]

 Systemes-Dell-PowerE..> 25-Oct-2012 18:29  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Solutions-NAS-D..> 25-Oct-2012 18:29  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Precision-Works..> 25-Oct-2012 12:10  2.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 25-Oct-2012 12:10  2.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-1721-M..> 25-Oct-2012 12:09  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-2520-Man..> 25-Oct-2012 12:09  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Axim-X30-Manuel..> 25-Oct-2012 12:08  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-2600-e..> 25-Oct-2012 12:08  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-9200-M..> 25-Oct-2012 12:07  3.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Imprimante-lase..> 25-Oct-2012 12:07  2.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Venue-Pro-Manue..> 25-Oct-2012 12:06  2.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Streak-7-Franca..> 25-Oct-2012 12:06  2.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Photo-Printer-5..> 25-Oct-2012 12:06  2.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-1440-145..> 25-Oct-2012 12:05  2.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Manuel-de-l-uti..> 25-Oct-2012 12:05  2.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 25-Oct-2012 12:05  3.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Manuel-de-l-uti..> 25-Oct-2012 12:04  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Demarrage-rapid..> 25-Oct-2012 12:04  2.4M  

[TXT]

 Dellâ„¢ Logiciel-de..> 25-Oct-2012 12:03  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systeme-de-navi..> 25-Oct-2012 12:02  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Clavier-sans-fi..> 25-Oct-2012 12:02  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-1200-e..> 25-Oct-2012 09:48  2.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerVault NX32..> 25-Oct-2012 09:48  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-OptiPlex-9010-7..> 25-Oct-2012 09:48  2.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 25-Oct-2012 09:47  2.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-400-Manu..> 25-Oct-2012 09:47  2.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Latitude-D630-M..> 25-Oct-2012 09:46  2.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-C5125..> 25-Oct-2012 09:46  2.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-660-Ma..> 24-Oct-2012 09:15  2.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Latitude-E5530-..> 24-Oct-2012 09:15  2.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-1150-M..> 24-Oct-2012 09:15  2.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-XPS-One-2710-ma..> 24-Oct-2012 09:14  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 24-Oct-2012 09:14  3.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-9100-M..> 24-Oct-2012 09:13  2.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Dimension-E521-..> 24-Oct-2012 09:12  2.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerVault-Baie..> 24-Oct-2012 09:12  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-8600-M..> 24-Oct-2012 09:11  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-OptiPlex-9010-T..> 24-Oct-2012 07:54  2.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Dimension-3100C..> 24-Oct-2012 07:42  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Beats-By-dr.dre..> 24-Oct-2012 07:42  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Axim-X51-X51v-M..> 24-Oct-2012 07:42  2.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-MANUEL-ALIENWAR..> 24-Oct-2012 07:41  2.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-poweredge-r210-..> 24-Oct-2012 07:41  2.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-server-poweredg..> 24-Oct-2012 07:40  2.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-server-poweredg..> 24-Oct-2012 07:40  2.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-server-poweredg..> 24-Oct-2012 07:39  2.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-server-poweredg..> 24-Oct-2012 07:39  2.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-I..> 24-Oct-2012 07:39  2.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Latitude-E6320-..> 24-Oct-2012 07:38  2.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Latitude-5420-E..> 24-Oct-2012 07:38  2.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-server-poweredg..> 24-Oct-2012 07:37  1.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 24-Oct-2012 07:37  2.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-3560-Man..> 24-Oct-2012 07:37  1.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Manuel-du-propr..> 24-Oct-2012 07:36  2.2M  

[TXT]

 Acceder-au-site-Dell..> 24-Oct-2012 06:36  1.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-360-Prop..> 19-Oct-2012 07:42  1.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-OPENMANAGE-POWE..> 19-Oct-2012 07:41  1.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-ALIENWARE-MANUE..> 19-Oct-2012 07:41  2.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-200-Manu..> 19-Oct-2012 07:41  2.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Precision-Works..> 19-Oct-2012 07:41  2.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Streak-7-Manuel..> 18-Oct-2012 17:13  2.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 18-Oct-2012 17:13  3.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Manuel-du-propr..> 18-Oct-2012 17:13  2.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-MANUEL-D-ALIENW..> 18-Oct-2012 17:12  3.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-9300-M..> 18-Oct-2012 17:12  3.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-I..> 18-Oct-2012 17:11  3.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-R620-..> 18-Oct-2012 17:11  3.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Manuel-d-utilis..> 18-Oct-2012 17:10  3.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Precision-Works..> 18-Oct-2012 17:09  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-13z-Ma..> 18-Oct-2012 17:09  3.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 18-Oct-2012 17:08  3.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 18-Oct-2012 17:08  2.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Boîtier-Dell-P..> 18-Oct-2012 17:07  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Manuel-du-propr..> 18-Oct-2012 17:07  3.1M  

[TXT]

 DELLmanuelsutilisate..> 18-Oct-2012 17:06   12M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-5100-e..> 18-Oct-2012 17:05  4.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Manuel-de-l-Uti..> 18-Oct-2012 17:04  4.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-MANUEL-D-ALIENW..> 18-Oct-2012 17:03  4.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Manuel-de-l-uti..> 18-Oct-2012 17:02  3.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Laser-Printer-3..> 18-Oct-2012 17:02  3.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-530s-M..> 18-Oct-2012 17:01  3.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Liste-des-manue..> 18-Oct-2012 17:01  3.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-530s-M..> 18-Oct-2012 17:00  3.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-V131-Man..> 18-Oct-2012 16:59  3.4M  

[TXT]

 DellDimension1100Ser..> 18-Oct-2012 16:59  3.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Vostro-3750-Man..> 18-Oct-2012 16:58  3.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 18-Oct-2012 16:58  3.4M  

[TXT]

 Imprimante-personnel..> 18-Oct-2012 16:57  3.4M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-17R-Ma..> 18-Oct-2012 16:56  3.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerVault-NX40..> 18-Oct-2012 16:56  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Manuel-du-propr..> 18-Oct-2012 16:55  3.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Matrices-de-sto..> 18-Oct-2012 16:55  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Dimension-9200-..> 18-Oct-2012 16:54  3.2M  

[TXT]

 AlienwareAurora-R3.htm  18-Oct-2012 16:54  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Axim-X50-Manuel..> 18-Oct-2012 16:53  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Imprimante-laser-de-..> 18-Oct-2012 16:53  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Axim-X51-X51v-M..> 18-Oct-2012 16:52  3.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 18-Oct-2012 16:52  3.2M  

[TXT]

 AlienwareAuroraAuror..> 18-Oct-2012 16:51  3.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-MANUEL-ALIENWAR..> 18-Oct-2012 16:51  3.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerEdge-C8220..> 18-Oct-2012 16:50  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Dimension-E520-..> 18-Oct-2012 16:50  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Chassis-RAID-Dell-Po..> 18-Oct-2012 16:49  3.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-XPS-630i-Manuel..> 18-Oct-2012 16:49  3.0M  

[TXT]

 AlienwareAurora-R4.htm  18-Oct-2012 16:48  2.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Photo-All-In-On..> 18-Oct-2012 16:48  2.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-700m-M..> 18-Oct-2012 16:47  2.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-I..> 18-Oct-2012 16:47  2.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Manuel-du-propr..> 18-Oct-2012 16:46  2.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Photo-Printer-7..> 18-Oct-2012 16:46  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerVault-MD32..> 18-Oct-2012 16:45  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Photo-All-In-On..> 18-Oct-2012 16:45  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Manuel-du-propr..> 18-Oct-2012 16:44  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Imprimante-lase..> 18-Oct-2012 16:44  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-moniteur-D1920-..> 18-Oct-2012 16:43  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 18-Oct-2012 16:43  2.8M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Latitude-XT3-Ma..> 18-Oct-2012 16:42  2.7M  

[TXT]

 AlienwareArea-51Area..> 18-Oct-2012 16:42  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Imprimante-lase..> 18-Oct-2012 16:41  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Baie-de-stockag..> 18-Oct-2012 16:41  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Streak-Manuel-d..> 18-Oct-2012 16:40  2.7M  

[TXT]

 Imprimante-Dell-Phot..> 18-Oct-2012 16:39  2.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 18-Oct-2012 16:39  2.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Clavier-Axim-Ma..> 18-Oct-2012 16:38  2.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Latitude-ST-Man..> 18-Oct-2012 16:38  2.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 18-Oct-2012 16:38  2.5M  

[TXT]

 alienwareX51.htm        18-Oct-2012 16:37  2.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Manuel-du-propr..> 18-Oct-2012 16:37  2.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Systemes-Dell-P..> 18-Oct-2012 16:36  2.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Imprimante-lase..> 18-Oct-2012 16:36  2.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Photo-All-In-On..> 18-Oct-2012 16:35  2.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Manuel-de-maint..> 18-Oct-2012 16:35  2.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Manuel-d-utilis..> 18-Oct-2012 16:35  2.3M  

[TXT]

 Dell-PowerVault-MD32..> 18-Oct-2012 16:34  2.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-XP-M1530-Manuel..> 18-Oct-2012 16:34  2.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-1100-M..> 18-Oct-2012 16:33  2.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-MANUEL-ALIENWAR..> 18-Oct-2012 16:33  2.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Matrices-de-sto..> 18-Oct-2012 16:33  2.1M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-9400-E..> 18-Oct-2012 16:32  2.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Imprimante-lase..> 18-Oct-2012 16:32  1.9M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Laser-Printer-1..> 18-Oct-2012 16:32  1.6M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Inspiron-1525-1..> 18-Oct-2012 16:31  1.5M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Tout-en-un-Dell..> 18-Oct-2012 16:31  1.2M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Laser-Printer-1..> 18-Oct-2012 16:31  1.0M  

[TXT]

 Dell-Dimension-3100-..> 18-Oct-2012 16:31  906K 

www.dell.com | support.dell.com Dell™ Inspiron™ 1520 Owner’s Manual Model PP22LNotes, Notices, and Cautions NOTE: A NOTE indicates important information that helps you make better use of your computer. NOTICE: A NOTICE indicates either potential damage to hardware or loss of data and tells you how to avoid the problem. CAUTION: A CAUTION indicates a potential for property damage, personal injury, or death. ____________________ Information in this document is subject to change without notice. © 2007 Dell Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction in any manner whatsoever without the written permission of Dell Inc.is strictly forbidden. Trademarks used in this text: Dell, the DELL logo, Inspiron, Wi-Fi Catcher, and Dell MediaDirect are trademarks of Dell Inc.; Intel is a registered trademark and Core is a trademark of Intel Corporation; Microsoft, Windows, and Windows Vista are either trademarks or registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries; Blu-ray Disc is a trademark of the Blu-ray Disc Association; Bluetooth is a registered trademark owned by Bluetooth SIG, Inc. and is used by Dell under license. Other trademarks and trade names may be used in this document to refer to either the entities claiming the marks and names or their products. Dell Inc. disclaims any proprietary interest in trademarks and trade names other than its own. Model PP22L October 2007 P/N UX862 Rev. A03Contents 3 Contents Finding Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 1 About Your Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Determining Your Computer’s Configuration . . . . . . 21 Front View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Left Side View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Right Side View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Back View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Bottom View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 2 Setting Up Your Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Connecting to the Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Setting Up Your Internet Connection . . . . . . . . 36 Transferring Information to a New Computer . . . . . 37 Windows Easy Transfer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Setting Up a Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Printer Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Connecting a USB Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . 384 Contents Power Protection Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Surge Protectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Line Conditioners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Uninterruptible Power Supplies . . . . . . . . . . 40 3 Using the Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Adjusting Brightness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Using a Projector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Making Images and Text Look Bigger or Sharper . . . 41 Microsoft® Windows® XP . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Windows Vista® . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Using Both a Monitor and Your Computer Display . . . 43 Microsoft Windows XP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Windows Vista . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Setting Display Resolution and Refresh Rate . . . . . . 44 Microsoft Windows XP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Windows Vista . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 4 Using the Keyboard and Touchpad . . . . . 47 Numeric Keypad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Key Combinations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 System Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Display Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Power Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Microsoft® Windows® Logo Key Functions . . . . 49 Dell™ QuickSet Key Combinations . . . . . . . . . 49 Adjusting Keyboard Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . 49Contents 5 Touch Pad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Customizing the Touch Pad . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 5 Using a Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Battery Performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Checking the Battery Charge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Dell QuickSet Battery Meter . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Microsoft® Windows® Battery Meter . . . . . . . 55 Charge Gauge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Low-Battery Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Conserving Battery Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Power Management Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Standby and Sleep Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Hibernate Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 Configuring Power Management Settings . . . . . . . 58 Accessing Power Options Properties . . . . . . . 58 Charging the Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Replacing the Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Storing a Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 6 Using Multimedia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Playing Media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Playing Media Using Dell Travel Remote (Optional) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 636 Contents Copying CD, DVD, and Blu-ray Disc™ (BD) Media . . . 64 How to Copy a CD, DVD, or BD . . . . . . . . . . . 64 Using Blank CD, DVD, and BD Media . . . . . . . 65 Helpful Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 Adjusting the Volume . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 Adjusting the Picture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Using Dell MediaDirect™ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Connecting Your Computer to a TV or Audio Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 S-Video and Standard Audio . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 S-Video and S/PDIF Digital Audio . . . . . . . . . 73 Composite Video and Standard Audio . . . . . . . 75 Composite Video and S/PDIF Digital Audio . . . . 77 Component Video and Standard Audio . . . . . . 79 Component Video and S/PDIF Digital Audio . . . . 81 Enabling the Display Settings for a TV . . . . . . . 84 7 Using ExpressCards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 ExpressCard Blanks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 Installing an ExpressCard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 Removing an ExpressCard or Blank . . . . . . . . . . . 89 8 Using the Memory Card Reader . . . . . . . 91 Memory Card Blanks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 Installing a Memory Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 Removing a Memory Card or Blank . . . . . . . . . . . 92Contents 7 9 Setting Up and Using Networks . . . . . . . 93 Connecting a Network or Broadband Modem Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 Setting Up a Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 Windows XP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 Windows Vista . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 Wireless Local Area Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 What You Need to Establish a WLAN Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 Checking Your Wireless Network Card . . . . . . 95 Setting Up a New WLAN Using a Wireless Router and a Broadband Modem . . . . 96 Connecting to a WLAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 Mobile Broadband (or Wireless Wide Area Network) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 What You Need to Establish a Mobile Broadband Network Connection . . . . . . . . . 100 Checking Your Dell Mobile Broadband Card . . . . 100 Connecting to a Mobile Broadband Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 Enabling/Disabling the Dell Mobile Broadband Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102 Dell Wi-Fi Catcher™ Network Locator . . . . . . . . . 102 10 Securing Your Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 Security Cable Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 Passwords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 If Your Computer Is Lost or Stolen . . . . . . . . . . . 1058 Contents 11 Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 Dell Technical Update Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 Dell Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 Dell Support Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 Dell Support 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112 Dell PC Tune-Up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 Dell PC CheckUp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 Dell Network Assistant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 DellConnect. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114 Drive Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114 Optical drive problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 Hard drive problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 E-Mail, Modem, and Internet Problems . . . . . . . . . 117 Error Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119 ExpressCard Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124 IEEE 1394 Device Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124 Keyboard Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 External Keyboard problems . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 Unexpected characters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126 Lockups and Software Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . 127 The computer does not start . . . . . . . . . . . . 127 The computer stops responding . . . . . . . . . . 127 A program stops responding or crashes repeatedly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127 A program is designed for an earlier Microsoft® Windows® operating system . . . . . 127 A solid blue screen appears . . . . . . . . . . . . 128Contents 9 Dell MediaDirect problems . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 Other software problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129 Memory Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 Network Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131 Mobile Broadband (Wireless Wide Area Network [WWAN]) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131 Power Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132 Printer Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 Scanner Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134 Sound and Speaker Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 No sound from integrated speakers . . . . . . . . 135 No sound from external speakers . . . . . . . . . 135 No sound from headphones . . . . . . . . . . . . 136 Touch Pad or Mouse Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136 Video and Display Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 If the display is blank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 If the display is difficult to read . . . . . . . . . . 138 If only part of the display is readable . . . . . . . 139 Drivers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 What Is a Driver? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 Identifying Drivers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140 Reinstalling Drivers and Utilities . . . . . . . . . . 140 Troubleshooting Software and Hardware Problems in the Microsoft® Windows® XP and Microsoft Windows Vista® Operating Systems . . . . 143 Restoring Your Operating System . . . . . . . . . . . . 144 Using MicrosoftWindows System Restore . . . . 14510 Contents Starting System Restore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145 Using Dell™ PC Restore and Dell Factory Image Restore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147 Using the Operating System Media . . . . . . . . 150 12 Adding and Replacing Parts . . . . . . . . . 153 Before You Begin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153 Recommended Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153 Turning Off Your Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 Before Working Inside Your Computer . . . . . . . 154 Hard Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156 Removing the Hard Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 Replacing the Hard Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158 Returning a Hard Drive to Dell . . . . . . . . . . . 158 Optical Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 Removing the Optical Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 Replacing the Optical Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 Hinge Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 Removing the Hinge Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 Replacing the Hinge Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161 Keyboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161 Removing the Keyboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 Replacing the Keyboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163 Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163 Removing the DIMM A Memory Module . . . . . . 163 Replacing the DIMM A Memory Module . . . . . 165 Removing the DIMM B Memory Module . . . . . . 166 Replacing the DIMM B Memory Module . . . . . 167Contents 11 Subscriber Identity Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169 Wireless Mini Cards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170 Removing a WLAN Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170 Replacing a WLAN Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 Removing a Mobile Broadband or WWAN Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173 Replacing a WWAN Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176 Removing a WPAN Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177 Replacing a WPAN Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 Flash Cache Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 Removing the FCM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 Replacing the FCM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 Internal Card With Bluetooth® Wireless Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180 Removing the Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180 Replacing the Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181 Coin-Cell Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181 Removing the Coin-Cell Battery . . . . . . . . . . 181 Replacing the Coin-Cell Battery . . . . . . . . . . 182 13 Dell™ QuickSet Features . . . . . . . . . . . 183 14 Traveling With Your Computer . . . . . . . 185 Identifying Your Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185 Packing the Computer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185 Travel Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186 Traveling by Air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18612 Contents 15 Getting Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187 Obtaining Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187 Technical Support and Customer Service . . . . . 188 DellConnect. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 Online Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 AutoTech Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189 Automated Order-Status Service . . . . . . . . . 189 Problems With Your Order. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189 Product Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189 Returning Items for Warranty Repair or Credit . . . . . 190 Before You Call . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 Contacting Dell . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192 16 Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193 A Appendix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203 Using the System Setup Program . . . . . . . . . . . . 203 Viewing the System Setup Screen . . . . . . . . . 204 System Setup Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204 Commonly Used Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204 Cleaning Your Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206 Computer, Keyboard, and Display . . . . . . . . . 206 Touch Pad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 207 Mouse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 207 Media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 208Contents 13 Dell Technical Support Policy (U.S. Only) . . . . . . . 208 Definition of "Dell-Installed" Software and Peripherals 209 Definition of "Third-Party" Software and Peripherals 209 FCC Notice (U.S. Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209 FCC Class B. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209 Macrovision Product Notice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 210 Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22914 ContentsFinding Information 15 Finding Information NOTE: Some features may be optional and may not ship with your computer. Some features may not be available in certain countries. NOTE: Additional information may ship with your computer. What Are You Looking For? Find It Here • A diagnostic program for my computer • Drivers for my computer • Device documentation • Notebook System Software (NSS) Drivers and Utilities Media Documentation and drivers are already installed on your computer. You can use the Drivers and Utilities media to reinstall drivers (see "Reinstalling Drivers and Utilities" on page 140) or run the Dell Diagnostics (see "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107). Readme files may be included on your Drivers and Utilities media to provide last-minute updates about technical changes to your computer or advanced technical-reference material for technicians or experienced users. NOTE: Drivers and documentation updates can be found at support.dell.com.16 Finding Information • Warranty information • Terms and Conditions (U.S. only) • Safety instructions • Regulatory information • Ergonomics information • End User License Agreement Dell™ Product Information Guide • How to set up my computer Setup Diagram NOTE: See the setup diagram that came with your computer. • How to remove and replace parts • Specifications • How to configure system settings • How to troubleshoot and solve problems Microsoft Windows XP and Windows Vista® Help and Support Center 1 Click Start→Help and Support→ Dell User and System Guides→ System Guides. 2 Click the User’s Guide for your computer. • Service Tag and Express Service Code • Microsoft® Windows® Product Key Service Tag and Microsoft Windows Product Key These labels are located on your computer. • Use the Service Tag to identify your computer when you use support.dell.com or contact support. NOTE: If your operating system is Windows XP, this label might look different. • Enter the Express Service Code to direct your call when contacting support. NOTE: As an increased security measure, the newly designed Microsoft Windows license label incorporates a "security portal," which looks like a missing portion of the label, to discourage removal of the label. What Are You Looking For? Find It HereFinding Information 17 • Solutions — Troubleshooting hints and tips, articles from technicians, online courses, and frequently asked questions • Community — Online discussion with other Dell customers • Upgrades — Upgrade information for components, such as the memory, hard drive, and operating system • Customer Care — Contact information, service call and order status, and warranty and repair information • Service and support — Service call status, support history, service contract, and online discussions with support • Dell Technical Update Service — Proactive e-mail notification of software and hardware updates for your computer • Reference — Computer documentation, details on my computer configuration, product specifications, and white papers • Downloads — Certified drivers, patches, and software updates • Notebook System Software (NSS) — If you reinstall the operating system on your computer, you should also reinstall the NSS utility. NSS automatically detects your computer and operating system, and installs the updates appropriate for your configuration, providing critical updates for your operating system and support for Dell 3.5-inch USB floppy drives, Intel® processors, optical drives, and USB devices. NSS is necessary for correct operation of your Dell computer. Dell Support Website — support.dell.com NOTE: Select your region or business segment to view the appropriate support site. To download Notebook System Software: 1 Go to support.dell.com, select your country/region, and then click Drivers & Downloads. 2 Enter your Service Tag or product model, and then click Go. 3 Select your operating system and language, and then click Find Downloads, or under Downloads Search, search for the keywordNotebook System Software. NOTE: The support.dell.com user interface may vary depending on your selections. What Are You Looking For? Find It Here18 Finding Information • Software upgrades and troubleshooting hints — Frequently asked questions, hot topics, and general health of your computing environment Dell Support Utility The Dell Support Utility is an automated upgrade and notification system installed on your computer. This support provides real-time health scans of your computing environment, software updates, and relevant self-support information. Access the Dell Support Utility from the icon on the taskbar. For more information, see "Dell Support Center" on page 111. • How to use Windows XP or Windows Vista • How to work with programs and files • How to personalize my desktop Microsoft Windows XP and Windows Vista Help and Support Center 1 Click Start→Help and Support. 2Type a word or phrase that describes your problem and click the arrow icon. 3 Click the topic that describes your problem. 4 Follow the instructions on the screen. • Information on network activity, the Power Management Wizard, hotkeys, and other items controlled by Dell QuickSet Dell QuickSet Help To view Dell QuickSet Help, right-click the Dell QuickSet icon in the Windows notification area. For more information on Dell QuickSet, see "Dell™ QuickSet Features" on page 183. What Are You Looking For? Find It HereFinding Information 19 • How to reinstall my operating system Operating System Media The operating system is already installed on your computer. To reinstall your operating system, use one of the following methods: • Microsoft Windows System Restore— Microsoft Windows System Restore returns your computer to an earlier operating state without affecting data files. • Dell PC Restore — Dell PC Restore returns your computer to its original operating state. Dell PC Restore may not ship with your computer. • Operating System Installation Media — If you received operating system media with your computer, you can use it to restore your operating system. For more information, see "Restoring Your Operating System" on page 144. After you reinstall your operating system, use the Drivers and Utilities media to reinstall drivers for the devices that came with your computer. Your operating system product key label is located on your computer. NOTE: The color of your operating system installation media varies according to the operating system you ordered. What Are You Looking For? Find It Here20 Finding InformationAbout Your Computer 21 About Your Computer Determining Your Computer’s Configuration Based on selections that you made when purchasing your computer, your computer has one of several different video controller configurations. To determine your computer’s video controller configuration: 1 Click Start , and then click Help and Support. 2 Under Pick a Task, click Use Tools to view your computer information and diagnose problems. 3 Under My Computer Information, select Hardware. From the My Computer Information - Hardware screen, you can view the type of video controller installed in your computer, as well as the other hardware components.22 About Your Computer Front View 1 camera indicator (optional) 2 camera (optional) 3 display latch 4 display 5 power button 6 keyboard 7 device status lights 8 touch pad 9 consumer IR 10 media control buttons 11 touch pad buttons 12 Dell MediaDirect™ button 13 keyboard status lights 14 digital array microphones 4 5 13 3 6 12 8 7 14 1 2 11 10 9About Your Computer 23 CAMERA INDICATOR — Indicates that the camera is on. Based on configuration selections you made when ordering your computer, your computer may not include a camera. CAMERA — Built-in camera for video capture, conferencing, and chat. Based on configuration selections you made when ordering your computer, your computer may not include a camera. DISPLAY LATCH — Keeps the display closed. DISPLAY — For more information about your display, see "Using the Display" on page 41. POWER BUTTON — Press the power button to turn on the computer or exit a power management mode (see "Power Management Modes" on page 56). NOTICE: To avoid losing data, turn off your computer by performing a Microsoft® Windows® operating system shutdown rather than by pressing the power button. If the computer stops responding, press and hold the power button until the computer turns off completely (may take several seconds). KEYBOARD — For more information about the keyboard, see "Using the Keyboard and Touchpad" on page 47. 24 About Your Computer DEVICE STATUS LIGHTS The blue lights located to the right of the keyboard indicate the following: Power light – Turns on when you turn on the computer, and blinks when the computer is in a power management mode. Hard drive activity light – Turns on when the computer reads or writes data. NOTICE: To avoid loss of data, never turn off the computer while the light is flashing. Battery status light – Turns on steadily or blinks to indicate battery charge status. WiFi status light – Turns on when wireless networking is enabled. To enable or disable wireless networking, use the wireless switch (see "wireless switch" on page 27).About Your Computer 25 If the computer is connected to an electrical outlet, the light operates as follows: – Solid blue: The battery is charging. – Flashing blue: The battery is almost fully charged. – Off: The battery is adequately charged. If the computer is running on a battery, the light operates as follows: – Off: The battery is adequately charged (or the computer is turned off). – Flashing amber: The battery charge is low. – Solid amber: The battery charge is critically low. TOUCH PAD — Provides the functionality of a mouse (see "Touch Pad" on page 50). TOUCH PAD BUTTONS — Use these buttons much like the buttons on a mouse when you use the touch pad to move the cursor on the display (see "Touch Pad" on page 50). MEDIA CONTROL BUTTONS — Control CD, DVD, Blu-ray Disc™ (BD), and Media Player playback. Bluetooth® status light – Turns on when a card with Bluetooth wireless technology is enabled. NOTE: The card with Bluetooth wireless technology is an optional feature. The light turns on only if you ordered the card with your computer. For more information, see the documentation that came with your card. To turn off only the Bluetooth wireless technology functionality, right-click the icon in the notification area, and then click Disable Bluetooth Radio. To quickly enable or disable all wireless devices, use the wireless switch (see "wireless switch" on page 27). Mute the sound. Play the previous track. Turn the volume down. Play the next track. Turn the volume up. Stop. Play or pause. 26 About Your Computer DELL MEDIADIRECT™ BUTTON — Press the Dell MediaDirect button to launch Dell MediaDirect (see "Using Dell MediaDirect™" on page 68). KEYBOARD STATUS LIGHTS The blue lights located above the keyboard indicate the following: DIGITAL ARRAY MICROPHONES — Built-in microphone for conferencing and chat. Turns on when the numeric keypad is enabled. Turns on when the uppercase letter (caps lock) function is enabled. Turns on when the scroll lock function is enabled. 9 AAbout Your Computer 27 Left Side View SECURITY CABLE SLOT — Lets you attach a commercially available antitheft device to the computer (see "Security Cable Lock" on page 103). WIRELESS SWITCH — When enabled through Dell QuickSet, this switch can scan for a wireless local area network (WLAN) in your vicinity. You can also use it to rapidly turn off or on any wireless devices such as WLAN cards and internal cards with Bluetooth wireless technology (see "Dell Wi-Fi Catcher™ Network Locator" on page 102). 1 security cable slot 2 wireless switch 3 Wi-Fi Catcher light 4 air vents 5 audio connectors 6 ExpressCard slot 1 off Disables wireless devices. 2 on Enables wireless devices. 3 momentary Scans for WLAN networks (see "Dell Wi-Fi Catcher™ Network Locator" on page 102). 4 Wi-Fi Catcher light • Flashing green: Searching for networks • Solid green: Strong network found • Solid yellow: Weak network found • Flashing yellow: Error • Off: No signal found 1 2 56 3 4 1 2 3 428 About Your Computer CAUTION: Do not block, push objects into, or allow dust to accumulate in the air vents. Do not store your computer in a low-airflow environment, such as a closed briefcase, while it is running. Restricting the airflow can damage the computer or cause a fire. AIR VENTS — The computer uses an internal fan to create airflow through the vents, which prevents the computer from overheating. The computer turns the fan on when the computer gets hot. Fan noise is normal and does not indicate a problem with the fan or the computer. AUDIO CONNECTORS EXPRESSCARD SLOT — Supports one ExpressCard. The computer ships with a plastic blank installed in the slot. For more information, see "Using ExpressCards" on page 87. Attach headphones to the connector. Attach a microphone to the connector.About Your Computer 29 Right Side View OPTICAL DRIVE — For more information about the optical drive, see "Using Multimedia" on page 61. EJECT BUTTON — Press the eject button to open the optical drive. 8-IN-1 MEMORY CARD READER — Provides a fast and convenient way to view and share digital photos, music, and videos stored on a memory card. The computer ships with a plastic blank installed in the slot. The 8-in-1 memory card reader reads the following digital memory cards: • Secure Digital (SD) memory card • SDIO card • MultiMediaCard (MMC) • Memory Stick • Memory Stick PRO • xD-Picture Card • Hi Speed-SD • Hi Density-SD IEEE 1394 CONNECTOR — Connects devices supporting IEEE 1394 high-speed transfer rates, such as some digital video cameras. 1 battery status light 2 hard drive activity light 3 power light 4 optical drive 5 eject button 6 8-in-1 memory card reader 7 IEEE 1394 connector 8 video connector (VGA) 9 network connector (RJ-45) 10 USB connectors (2) 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 2 330 About Your Computer VIDEO CONNECTOR NETWORK CONNECTOR (RJ-45) USB CONNECTORS Back View Connects video devices, such as a monitor. Connects the computer to a network. The two lights next to the connector indicate status and activity for wired network connections. For information on using the network adapter, see the device user’s guide supplied with your computer. Connect USB devices, such as a mouse, keyboard, or printer. 1 S-video TV-out connector 2 USB connectors (2) 3 AC adapter connector 4 battery 5 modem connector (RJ-11) 1 2 3 4 5About Your Computer 31 S-VIDEO TV-OUT CONNECTOR USB CONNECTORS AC ADAPTER CONNECTOR — Attaches an AC adapter to the computer. The AC adapter converts AC power to the DC power required by the computer. You can connect the AC adapter with your computer turned on or off. CAUTION: The AC adapter works with electrical outlets worldwide. However, power connectors and power strips vary among countries. Using an incompatible cable or improperly connecting the cable to the power strip or electrical outlet may cause fire or equipment damage. NOTICE: When you disconnect the AC adapter cable from the computer, grasp the connector, not the cable itself, and pull firmly, but gently to help prevent damage to the cable. Connects your computer to a TV. Also connects digital audio-capable devices using the TV/digital audio adapter cable. Connect USB devices, such as a mouse, keyboard, or printer. 32 About Your Computer MODEM CONNECTOR (RJ-11) Bottom View Connect the telephone line to the modem connector. For information on using the modem, see the online modem documentation supplied with your computer. 1 left speaker 2 memory module/coin-cell battery compartment 3 consumer IR 4 right speaker 5 wireless mini card compartment 6 battery 7 battery charge/health gauge 8 battery-bay latch releases (2) 9 fan 10 hard drive 2 3 4 10 7 1 6 8 9 5About Your Computer 33 LEFT SPEAKER — To adjust the volume of the integrated speaker, press the volume control buttons or the mute button. MEMORY MODULE/COIN-CELL BATTERY COMPARTMENT — Compartment that contains the DIMM B memory module and the coin-cell battery. For additional information, see "Adding and Replacing Parts" on page 153. CONSUMER IR — Infrared sensor for the Dell Travel Remote. RIGHT SPEAKER — To adjust the volume of the integrated speaker, press the volume control buttons or the mute button. WIRELESS MINI CARD COMPARTMENT — Compartment for WLAN, WWAN, or WPAN Mini Cards (see "Wireless Mini Cards" on page 170). BATTERY — When a battery is installed, you can use the computer without connecting the computer to an electrical outlet (see "Using a Battery" on page 53). BATTERY CHARGE/HEALTH GAUGE — Provides information on the battery charge (see "Checking the Battery Charge" on page 54). BATTERY-BAY LATCH RELEASES — Releases the battery (see "Replacing the Battery" on page 59 for instructions). FAN — The computer uses a fan to create airflow through the vents, which prevents the computer from overheating. The computer turns the fan on when the computer gets hot. Fan noise is normal and does not indicate a problem with the fan or the computer. HARD DRIVE — Stores software and data.34 About Your ComputerSetting Up Your Computer 35 Setting Up Your Computer Connecting to the Internet NOTE: ISPs and ISP offerings vary by country. To connect to the Internet, you need a modem or network connection and an Internet service provider (ISP). Your ISP will offer one or more of the following Internet connection options: • DSL connections that provide high-speed Internet access through your existing telephone line or cellular telephone service. With a DSL connection, you can access the Internet and use your telephone on the same line simultaneously. • Cable modem connections that provide high-speed Internet access through your local cable TV line. • Satellite modem connections that provide high-speed Internet access through a satellite television system. • Dial-up connections that provide Internet access through a telephone line. Dial-up connections are considerably slower than DSL, cable, and satellite modem connections. • Wireless Wide Area Network (WWAN) or Mobile Broadband technology provides a connection to the Internet using cellular technology at broadband rates. • Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) connections use high-frequency radio waves to communicate. Typically, a wireless router is connected to the broadband cable or DSL modem that broadcasts the Internet signal to your computer. If you are using a dial-up connection, connect a telephone line to the modem connector on your computer and to the telephone wall jack before you set up your Internet connection. If you are using a DSL, cable, or satellite modem connection, contact your ISP or cellular telephone service for setup instructions.36 Setting Up Your Computer Setting Up Your Internet Connection To set up an Internet connection with a provided ISP desktop shortcut: 1 Save and close any open files, and exit any open programs. 2 Double-click the ISP icon on the Microsoft® Windows® desktop. 3 Follow the instructions on the screen to complete the setup. NOTE: If you are having problems connecting to the Internet, see "E-Mail, Modem, and Internet Problems" on page 117. If you cannot connect to the Internet, but have successfully connected in the past, the ISP may have a service outage. Contact your ISP to check the service status, or try connecting again later. NOTE: Have your ISP information ready. If you do not have an ISP, the Connect to the Internet wizard can help you obtain one. If you do not have an ISP icon on your desktop or if you want to set up an Internet connection with a different ISP: 1 Save and close any open files, and exit any open programs. 2 Click Start , and then click Control Panel. 3 Under Network and Internet, click Connect to the Internet. The Connect to the Internet window appears. 4 Click either Broadband (PPPoE), Wireless, or Dial-up, depending on how you want to connect: • Choose Broadband if you will use a DSL modem, cable TV modem, or satellite modem. • Choose Wireless if you will use a wireless connection through a WLAN card. • Choose Dial-up if you will use a dial-up modem or ISDN. NOTE: If you do not know which type of connection to select, click Help me choose or contact your ISP. 5 Follow the instructions on the screen and use the setup information provided by your ISP to complete the setup.Setting Up Your Computer 37 Transferring Information to a New Computer You can transfer the following types of data from one computer to another: • E-mail messages • Toolbar settings • Window sizes • Internet bookmarks Use one of the following methods for transferring data: • Windows Easy Transfer wizard, an Easy Transfer Cable, and a USB port • Over a network • Removable media, such as a writable CD Windows Easy Transfer 1 Click Start →All Programs→Accessories→System Tools→Windows Easy Transfer. 2 In the User Account Control dialog box, click Continue. 3 Click Next. 4 Click Start a new transfer or Continue a transfer in progress. 5 Follow the instructions in the Windows Easy Transfer wizard. Setting Up a Printer NOTICE: Complete the operating system setup before you connect a printer to the computer. See the documentation that came with the printer for setup information, including how to: • Obtain and install updated drivers. • Connect the printer to the computer. • Load paper and install the toner or ink cartridge. For technical assistance, refer to the printer owner's manual or contact the printer manufacturer. 38 Setting Up Your Computer Printer Cable Your printer connects to your computer with a USB cable. Your printer may not come with a printer cable, so if you purchase a cable separately, ensure that it is compatible with your printer and computer. If you purchased a printer cable at the same time you purchased your computer, the cable may arrive in the computer’s shipping box. Connecting a USB Printer NOTE: You can connect USB devices while the computer is turned on. 1 Complete the operating system setup if you have not already done so. 2 Attach the USB printer cable to the USB connectors on the computer and the printer. The USB connectors fit only one way. 1 USB connector on computer 2 USB connector on printer 3 USB printer cable 3 2 1Setting Up Your Computer 39 3 Turn on the printer, and then turn on the computer. If the Add New Hardware Wizard window appears, click Cancel. 4 Click Start , and then click Network. 5 Click Add a printer to start the Add Printer Wizard. NOTE: To install the printer driver, see "Reinstalling Drivers and Utilities" on page 140 and the documentation that came with your printer. 6 Click Add a local printer or Add a network, wireless, or Bluetooth printer. 7 Follow the instructions in the Add Printer Wizard. Power Protection Devices Several devices are available to protect against power fluctuations and failures: • Surge protectors • Line conditioners • Uninterruptible power supplies (UPS) Surge Protectors Surge protectors and power strips equipped with surge protection help prevent damage to your computer from voltage spikes that can occur during electrical storms or after power interruptions. Some surge protector manufacturers include warranty coverage for certain types of damage. Carefully read the device warranty when choosing a surge protector. A device with a higher joule rating offers more protection. Compare joule ratings to determine the relative effectiveness of different devices. NOTICE: Most surge protectors do not protect against power fluctuations or power interruptions caused by nearby lightning strikes. When lightning occurs in your area, disconnect the telephone line from the telephone wall jack and disconnect your computer from the electrical outlet. Many surge protectors have a telephone jack for modem protection. See the surge protector documentation for modem connection instructions. NOTICE: Not all surge protectors offer network adapter protection. Disconnect the network cable from the network wall jack during electrical storms.40 Setting Up Your Computer Line Conditioners NOTICE: Line conditioners do not protect against power interruptions. Line conditioners are designed to maintain AC voltage at a fairly constant level. Uninterruptible Power Supplies NOTICE: Loss of power while data is being saved to the hard drive may result in data loss or file damage. NOTE: To ensure maximum battery operating time, connect only your computer to a UPS. Connect other devices, such as a printer, to a separate power strip that provides surge protection. A UPS protects against power fluctuations and interruptions. UPS devices contain a battery that provides temporary power to connected devices when AC power is interrupted. The battery charges while AC power is available. See the UPS manufacturer documentation for information on battery operating time and to ensure that the device is approved by Underwriters Laboratories (UL).Using the Display 41 Using the Display Adjusting Brightness When a Dell™ computer is running on battery power, you can conserve power by setting the display brightness to the lowest comfortable level. • Press and the up-arrow key to increase brightness on the integrated display only (not on an external monitor). • Press and the down-arrow key to decrease brightness on the integrated display only (not on an external monitor). NOTE: Brightness key combinations only affect the display on your portable computer, not monitors or projectors that you attach to your portable computer or docking device. If your computer is connected to an external monitor and you try to change the brightness level, the Brightness Meter may appear, but the brightness level on the external device does not change. Using a Projector When you start the computer with an external device attached (such as an external monitor or projector) and turned on, the image may appear on either the computer display or the external device. Press to switch the video image between the display only, the external device only, or the display and the external device simultaneously. Making Images and Text Look Bigger or Sharper NOTE: If you change the display resolution from the current settings, the image may appear blurry or text may be hard to read if you change the resolution to one not supported by your computer and display. Before you change any of the display settings, make a note of the current settings so you can change back to the previous settings if you need to. You can enhance the legibility of text and change the appearance of images on the screen by adjusting display resolution. As you increase resolution, items appear smaller on the screen. In contrast, lower resolution causes text 42 Using the Display and images to appear larger and can benefit people with vision impairments. To display a program at a specific resolution, both the video card and the display must support the program, and the necessary video drivers must be installed. NOTE: Use only the Dell-installed video drivers, which are designed to offer the best performance with your Dell-installed operating system. If you choose a resolution or color palette that is higher than the display supports, the settings adjust automatically to the closest supported values. To set the display resolution and refresh rate for your display, perform the steps in the following section that corresponds to the operating system your computer is using. Microsoft® Windows® XP 1 Click Start→Settings→Control Panel. 2 Under Pick a category, click Appearance and Themes. 3 Under Pick a task..., click the area you want to change, or under or pick a Control Panel icon, click Display. 4 In the Display Properties window, click the Settings tab. 5 Try different settings for Color quality and Screen resolution. NOTE: As the resolution increases, icons and text appear smaller on the screen. Windows Vista® 1 Click the Windows Vista Start button , and click Control Panel. 2 Under Appearance and Personalization, click Adjust screen resolution. 3 In the Display Settings window, under Resolution, slide the slide bar to the left or right to decrease/increase the screen resolution. 4 Click How do I get the best display? for further instructions. If the video resolution setting is higher than that supported by the display, the computer enters pan mode. In pan mode, the entire video image cannot be displayed at one time, and the taskbar that usually appears at the bottom of the desktop may no longer be visible. To view the parts of the video image that are not visible, you can use the touch pad or track stick to move (or pan) the image up, down, left, and right. NOTICE: You can damage an external monitor by using an unsupported refresh rate. Before adjusting the refresh rate on an external monitor, see the user’s guide for the monitor.Using the Display 43 Using Both a Monitor and Your Computer Display You can attach an external monitor or projector to your computer and use it as an extension of your display (known as dual independent display or extended desktop mode). This mode allows you to use both screens independently and drag objects from one screen to the other, effectively doubling the amount of viewable work space. To use extended desktop mode, perform the steps in the following section that corresponds to the operating system your computer is using. Microsoft Windows XP 1 Connect the external monitor, TV, or projector to the computer. 2 Click Start→Settings→Control Panel. 3 Under Pick a category, click Appearance and Themes. 4 Under Pick a task..., click the area you want to change, or under or pick a Control Panel icon, click Display. 5 In the Display Properties window, click the Settings tab. NOTE: If you choose a resolution or color palette that is higher than the display supports, the settings adjust automatically to the closest supported values. For more information, see your operating system documentation. 6 Click the monitor 2 icon, click the Extend my Windows desktop... check box, and then click Apply. 7 Change Screen Area to the appropriate sizes for both displays and click Apply. 8 If prompted to restart the computer, click Apply the new color setting without restarting and click OK. 9 If prompted, click OK to resize your desktop. 10 If prompted, click Yes to keep the settings. 11 Click OK to close the Display Properties window.44 Using the Display To disable dual independent display mode: 1 Click the Settings tab in the Display Properties window. 2 Click the monitor 2 icon, uncheck the Extend my Windows desktop onto this monitor option, and then click Apply. If necessary, press to bring the screen image back to the computer display. Windows Vista 1 Click the Windows Vista Start button , and click Control Panel. 2 Under Appearance and Personalization, click Adjust screen resolution. 3 In the Display Settings window, click the monitor 2 icon, click the Extend the desktop onto this monitor check box, and then click Apply. 4 Click OK to close the Display Settings window. To disable extended desktop mode: 1 In the Display Settings window, click the Settings tab. 2 Click the monitor 2 icon, uncheck the Extend the desktop onto this monitor option, and then click Apply. Setting Display Resolution and Refresh Rate NOTE: If you change the display resolution from the current settings, the image may appear blurry or text may be hard to read if you change the resolution to one not supported by your computer and display. Before you change any of the display settings, make a note of the current settings so you can change back to the previous settings if needed. You can enhance the legibility of text and change the appearance of images on the screen by adjusting display resolution. As you increase resolution, items appear smaller on the screen. In contrast, lower resolution causes text and images to appear larger and can benefit people with vision impairments. To display a program at a specific resolution, both the video card and the display must support the program, and the necessary video drivers must be installed. NOTE: Use only the Dell-installed video drivers, which are designed to offer the best performance with your Dell-installed operating system.Using the Display 45 If you choose a resolution or color palette that is higher than the display supports, the settings adjust automatically to the closest supported values. To set the display resolution and refresh rate for your display, perform the steps in the following section that corresponds to the operating system your computer is using. Microsoft Windows XP 1 Click Start→Settings→Control Panel. 2 Under Pick a category, click Appearance and Themes. 3 Under Pick a task..., click the area you want to change, or under or pick a Control Panel icon, click Display. 4 In the Display Properties window, click the Settings tab. 5 Try different settings for Color quality and Screen resolution. NOTE: As the resolution increases, icons and text appear smaller on the screen. Windows Vista 1 Click the Windows Vista Start button and click Control Panel. 2 Under Appearance and Personalization, click Adjust screen resolution. 3 In the Display Settings window, under Resolution, move the slide bar to the left or right to decrease or increase the screen resolution. NOTE: For additional instructions, click How do I get the best display?46 Using the DisplayUsing the Keyboard and Touchpad 47 Using the Keyboard and Touchpad Numeric Keypad The numeric keypad functions like the numeric keypad on an external keyboard. Each key on the keypad has multiple functions. The keypad numbers and symbols are marked in blue on the right of the keypad keys. To type a number or symbol, hold down and press the desired key. • To enable the keypad, press . The light indicates that the keypad is active. • To disable the keypad, press again. numeric keypad 948 Using the Keyboard and Touchpad Key Combinations System Functions Display Functions Battery Power Management Opens the Task Manager window. Displays icons representing all currently available display options (display only, external monitor or projector only, both display and projector, etc). Highlight the desired icon to switch the display to that option. and up-arrow key Increases brightness on the integrated display only (not on an external monitor). and down-arrow key Decreases brightness on the integrated display only (not on an external monitor). Displays the Dell™ QuickSet Battery Meter (see "Dell QuickSet Battery Meter" on page 54). Activates a power management mode. You can reprogram this keyboard shortcut to activate a different power management mode using the Advanced tab in the Power Options Properties window (see "Power Management Modes" on page 56).Using the Keyboard and Touchpad 49 Microsoft® Windows® Logo Key Functions Dell™ QuickSet Key Combinations If Dell QuickSet is installed, you can use other shortcut keys for functions such as the Battery Meter or activating power management modes. For more information about Dell QuickSet key combinations, right-click the QuickSet icon in the notification area, and then click Help. Adjusting Keyboard Settings To adjust keyboard operation, such as the character repeat rate: 1 Click Start , and then click Control Panel. 2 Click Hardware and Sound. 3 Click Keyboard. Windows logo key and Minimizes all open windows. Windows logo key and Restores all minimized windows. This key combination functions as a toggle to restore minimized windows following the use of the Windows logo key and combination. Windows logo key and Starts Windows Explorer. Windows logo key and Opens the Run dialog box. Windows logo key and Opens the Search Results dialog box. Windows logo key and Opens the Search Results-Computer dialog box (if the computer is connected to a network). Windows logo key and Opens the System Properties dialog box.50 Using the Keyboard and Touchpad Touch Pad The touch pad detects the pressure and movement of your finger to allow you to move the cursor on the display. Use the touch pad and touch pad buttons as you would use a mouse. • To move the cursor, lightly slide your finger over the touch pad. • To select an object, lightly tap once on the surface of the touch pad or use your thumb to press the left touch pad button. • To select and move (or drag) an object, position the cursor on the object and tap twice on the touch pad. On the second tap, leave your finger on the touch pad and move the selected object by sliding your finger over the surface. • To double-click an object, position the cursor on the object and tap twice on the touch pad or use your thumb to press the left touch pad button twice. 1 touch pad 2 silk screen depicting scrolling capabilities 1 2Using the Keyboard and Touchpad 51 Customizing the Touch Pad You can use the Mouse Properties window to disable the touch pad or adjust the touch pad settings. 1 Click Start , and then click Control Panel. 2 Click Hardware and Sound. 3 Click Keyboard. 4 In the Mouse Properties window: • Click the Device Select tab to disable the touch pad. • Click the Touch Pad tab to adjust touch pad settings. 5 Click OK to save the settings and close the window.52 Using the Keyboard and TouchpadUsing a Battery 53 Using a Battery Battery Performance NOTE: For information about the Dell warranty for your computer, see the Product Information Guide or separate paper warranty document that shipped with your computer. For optimal computer performance and to help preserve BIOS settings, operate your Dell™ portable computer with the main battery installed at all times. One battery is supplied as standard equipment in the battery bay. NOTE: Because the battery may not be fully charged, use the AC adapter to connect your new computer to an electrical outlet the first time you use the computer. For best results, operate the computer with the AC adapter until the battery is fully charged. To view battery charge status, place the mouse cursor over the battery icon in the Windows notification area. NOTE: Battery operating time (the time the battery can hold a charge) decreases over time. Depending on how often the battery is used and the conditions under which it is used, you may need to purchase a new battery during the life of your computer. NOTE: It is recommended that you connect your computer to an electrical outlet when writing to media. Battery operating time varies depending on operating conditions. Operating time is significantly reduced when you perform operations including, but not limited to, the following: • Using optical drives. • Using wireless communications devices, ExpressCards, memory cards, or USB devices. • Using high-brightness display settings, 3D screen savers, or other powerintensive programs such as complex 3D graphics applications. • Running the computer in maximum performance mode (see "Power Management Modes" on page 56 for information about accessing Windows Power Options Properties or Dell QuickSet, which you can use to configure power management settings).54 Using a Battery You can check the battery charge before you insert the battery into the computer. You can also set power management options to alert you when the battery charge is low. CAUTION: Using an incompatible battery may increase the risk of fire or explosion. Replace the battery only with a compatible battery purchased from Dell. The battery is designed to work with your Dell computer. Do not use batteries from other computers with your computer. CAUTION: Do not dispose of batteries with household waste. When your battery no longer holds a charge, call your local waste disposal or environmental agency for advice on disposing of a lithium-ion battery (see "Battery Disposal" in the Product Information Guide). CAUTION: Misuse of the battery may increase the risk of fire or chemical burn. Do not puncture, incinerate, disassemble, or expose the battery to temperatures above 65°C (149°F). Keep the battery away from children. Handle damaged or leaking batteries with extreme care. Damaged batteries may leak and cause personal injury or equipment damage. Checking the Battery Charge You can check the battery charge on your computer using any one of the following methods: • Dell QuickSet Battery Meter • Microsoft Windows battery meter icon located in the notification area • Battery charge/health gauge located on the battery • Low-battery warning pop-up window Dell QuickSet Battery Meter To view the Dell QuickSet Battery Meter: • Double-click the Dell QuickSet icon in the taskbar, and then click Battery Meter or • Press The Battery Meter displays the status, battery health, charge level, and charge completion time for the battery in your computer. For more information about QuickSet, right-click the QuickSet icon, and then click Help.Using a Battery 55 Microsoft® Windows® Battery Meter The battery meter indicates the remaining battery charge. To check the battery meter, double-click the icon in the notification area. Charge Gauge By either pressing once or pressing and holding the status button on the battery charge gauge, you can check: • Battery charge (check by pressing and releasing the status button) • Battery health (check by pressing and holding the status button) The battery operating time is largely determined by the number of times it is charged. After hundreds of charge and discharge cycles, batteries lose some charge capacity—or battery health. Therefore, a battery can show a status of charged, but maintain a reduced charge capacity (health). Check the Battery Charge To check the battery charge, press and release the status button on the battery charge gauge to illuminate the charge indicator lights. Each light represents approximately 20 percent of the total battery charge. For example, if the battery has 80 percent of its charge remaining, four of the lights are on. If no lights are on, the battery has no charge. Check the Battery Health NOTE: You can check battery health in one of two ways: by using the charge gauge on the battery, as described below, and by using the Battery Meter in Dell QuickSet. For information about QuickSet, right-click the QuickSet icon in the notification area, and then click Help. To check the battery health using the charge gauge, press and hold the status button on the battery charge gauge for at least 3 seconds to illuminate the health indicator lights. Each light represents incremental degradation. If no lights appear, the battery is in good condition, and more than 80 percent of its original charge capacity remains. If five lights appear, less than 60 percent of the charge capacity remains, and you should consider replacing the battery (see "Battery" on page 198 for more information about the battery operating time).56 Using a Battery Low-Battery Warning NOTICE: To avoid losing or corrupting data, save your work immediately after a low-battery warning, then connect the computer to an electrical outlet. If the battery runs completely out of power, Sleep state begins automatically. A pop-up window warns you when the battery charge is approximately 90 percent depleted. The computer enters Sleep state when the battery charge is at a critically low level. You can change the settings for the battery alarms in Dell QuickSet or the Power Options window (see "Power Management Modes" on page 56). Conserving Battery Power To conserve battery power on your portable computer, do any of the following: • Connect the computer to an electrical outlet when possible; battery life is largely determined by the number of times the battery is used and recharged. • Configure the power management settings using either Dell QuickSet or Microsoft Windows Power Options to optimize your computer’s power usage (see "Power Management Modes" on page 56). • Use the Sleep power state when you leave the computer unattended for long periods of time (see "Standby and Sleep Mode" on page 56). Power Management Modes Standby and Sleep Mode Standby mode (sleep mode in Microsoft Windows Vista®) conserves power by turning off the display and the hard drive after a predetermined period of inactivity (a time-out). When the computer exits standby or sleep mode, it returns to the same operating state it was in before entering standby or sleep mode. NOTICE: If your computer loses AC and battery power while in standby or sleep mode, it may lose data. To enter standby mode in Windows XP, click Start→Turn off computer→ Stand by. To enter sleep mode in Windows Vista, click the Windows Vista Start button , and then click Sleep.Using a Battery 57 Depending on how you set the power management options in the Power Options Properties window or the QuickSet Power Management Wizard, you may also use one of the following methods: • Press the power button. • Close the display. • Press . To exit standby or sleep mode, press the power button or open the display, depending on how you set the power management options. You cannot make the computer exit standby or sleep mode by pressing a key or touching the touch pad. Hibernate Mode Hibernate mode conserves power by copying system data to a reserved area on the hard drive and then completely turning off the computer. When the computer exits hibernate mode, it returns to the same operating state it was in before entering hibernate mode. NOTICE: You cannot remove devices or undock your computer while your computer is in hibernate mode. Your computer enters hibernate mode if the battery charge level becomes critically low. To enter hibernate mode in Windows XP, click the Start button, click Turn off computer, press and hold , and then click Hibernate. To enter hibernate mode in Windows Vista, click the Windows Vista Start button , and then click Hibernate. Depending on how you set the power management options in the Power Options Properties window or the QuickSet Power Management Wizard, you may also use one of the following methods to enter hibernate mode: • Press the power button. • Close the display. • Press . NOTE: Some ExpressCards may not operate correctly after the computer exits hibernate mode. Remove and reinsert the card (see "Removing an ExpressCard or Blank" on page 89), or simply restart (reboot) your computer.58 Using a Battery To exit hibernate mode, press the power button. The computer may take a short time to exit hibernate mode. You cannot make the computer exit hibernate mode by pressing a key or touching the touch pad. For more information on hibernate mode, see the documentation that came with your operating system. Configuring Power Management Settings You can use Dell QuickSet or Windows Power Options to configure the power management settings on your computer. • For information on how to use the Dell QuickSet Power Management wizard, right-click the QuickSet icon in the notification area, click Help, and then select Power Management. Accessing Power Options Properties Windows XP Click Start→Control Panel→Performance and Maintenance, and then click Power Options Windows Vista Click the Windows Vista Start button , click Control Panel, click System and Maintenance, and then click Power Options. Charging the Battery NOTE: Charge time is longer with the computer turned on. You can leave the battery in the computer for as long as you like. The battery’s internal circuitry prevents the battery from overcharging. When you connect the computer to an electrical outlet or install a battery while the computer is connected to an electrical outlet, the computer checks the battery charge and temperature. If necessary, the AC adapter then charges the battery and maintains the battery charge. If the battery is hot from being used in your computer or being in a hot environment, the battery may not charge when you connect the computer to an electrical outlet.Using a Battery 59 The battery is too hot to start charging if the battery light flashes alternately blue and amber. Disconnect the computer from the electrical outlet and allow the computer and the battery to cool to room temperature, then connect the computer to an electrical outlet to continue charging the battery. For more information about resolving problems with a battery, see "Power Problems" on page 132. Replacing the Battery CAUTION: Using an incompatible battery may increase the risk of fire or explosion. Replace the battery only with a compatible battery purchased from Dell. The battery is designed to work with your Dell computer. Do not use batteries from other computers with your computer. CAUTION: Before performing these procedures, turn off the computer, disconnect the AC adapter from the electrical outlet and the computer, disconnect the modem from the wall connector and the computer, and remove any other external cables from the computer. NOTICE: You must remove all external cables from the computer to avoid possible connector damage. NOTICE: If you choose to replace the battery with the computer in Sleep state, you have up to 1 minute to complete the battery replacement before the computer shuts down and loses any unsaved data. To remove the battery: 1 If the computer is connected to a docking device (docked), undock it. See the documentation that came with your docking device for instructions. 2 Ensure that the computer is turned off. 3 Turn the computer over. 4 Slide and click the battery release latches to keep them open. 5 Slide the battery out of the bay.60 Using a Battery To replace the battery, follow the removal procedure in reverse order. Storing a Battery Remove the battery when you store your computer for an extended period of time. A battery discharges during prolonged storage. After a long storage period, recharge the battery fully (see "Charging the Battery" on page 58) before you use it. 1 battery 2 battery release latches (2) 1 2Using Multimedia 61 Using Multimedia Playing Media NOTICE: Do not press down on the optical drive tray when you open or close it. Keep the tray closed when you are not using the drive. NOTICE: Do not move the computer while playing media. 1 Press the eject button on the front of the drive. 2 Place the disc, label side up, in the center of the tray and snap the disc onto the spindle. 3 Push the tray back into the drive. To format media for storing or copying data, see the media software that came with your computer. NOTE: Ensure that you follow all copyright laws when copying media.62 Using Multimedia A CD player includes the following basic buttons: A DVD player includes the following basic buttons: For more information on playing media, click Help on the media player (if available). Play Move backward within the current track Pause Move forward within the current track Stop Go to the previous track Eject Go to the next track Stop Restart the current chapter Play Fast forward Pause Fast reverse Advance a single frame while in pause mode Go to the next title or chapter Continuously play the current title or chapter Go to the previous title or chapter EjectUsing Multimedia 63 Playing Media Using Dell Travel Remote (Optional) The Dell Travel Remote is designed to control Dell Media Direct and Windows Vista Media Center. It can work only with specified computers. For more details, refer to the Dell Support website at support.dell.com. To play media using Dell Travel Remote: 1 Install a coin-cell battery into your remote control. 2 Launch Windows Vista® Media Center from Start →Programs. 3 Use the remote control buttons to play media. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 14 13 12 11 10 17 15 18 1664 Using Multimedia Copying CD, DVD, and Blu-ray Disc™ (BD) Media This section applies only to computers that have a DVD+/-RW drive or a BD-RE drive. NOTE: Ensure that you observe all copyright laws when copying media. NOTE: The types of optical drives offered by Dell may vary by country. The following instructions explain how to make an exact copy of a CD, DVD, or BD using Roxio Creator. You can also use Roxio Creator for other purposes, such as creating music CDs from audio files stored on your computer or backing up important data. For help, open Roxio Creator, and then press . The DVD drives and BD drives installed in Dell computers do not support HD-DVD media. For a list of supported media formats, see "Using Blank CD, DVD, and BD Media" on page 65. How to Copy a CD, DVD, or BD NOTE: BD media can only be copied to other BD media. NOTE: Copying a BD-R to BD-RE will not produce an exact copy. NOTE: Most commercial DVDs and BDs have copyright protection and cannot be copied using Roxio Creator. 1 Click Start →All Programs→ Roxio Creator→Projects→Copy. 2 Under the Copy tab, click Copy Disc. 1 Infrared Transmitter 2 Arrow Up 3 OK/Enter/Select 4 Arrow Right 5 Arrow Down 6 Play/Pause 7 Forward 8 Skip Forward 9 Stop 10 Skip Back 11 Reverse 12 Back 13 Arrow Left 14 Mute 15 Volume Down 16 Page Down 17 Volume Up 18 Page UpUsing Multimedia 65 3 To copy the CD, DVD, or BD: • If you have one optical drive, insert the source disc into the drive, ensure that the settings are correct, and then click the Copy Disc button to continue. The computer reads your source disc and copies the data to a temporary folder on your computer hard drive. When prompted, insert a blank disc into the drive and click OK. • If you have two optical drives, select the drive into which you have inserted your source disc and click the Copy Disc button to continue. The computer copies the data from the source disc to the blank disc. Once you have finished copying the source disc, the disc that you have created automatically ejects. Using Blank CD, DVD, and BD Media DVD-writable drives can write to both CD and DVD recording media. BD-writable drives can write to CD, DVD and BD recording media. Use blank CD-Rs to record music or permanently store data files. After creating a CD-R, you cannot write to that CD-R again (see the Sonic documentation for more information). Use a blank CD-RW if you plan to erase, rewrite, or update information on that disc later. Blank DVD+/-R or BD-R media can be used to permanently store large amounts of information. After you create a DVD+/-R or BD-R, you may not be able to write to that disc again if the disc is finalized or closed during the final stage of the disc creation process. Use blank DVD+/-RW or BD-RE media if you plan to erase, rewrite, or update information on that disc later. CD-Writable Drives Media Type Read Write Rewritable CD-R Yes Yes No CD-RW Yes Yes Yes66 Using Multimedia DVD-Writable Drives BD-Writable Drives Helpful Tips • Use Microsoft® Windows® Explorer to drag and drop files to a CD-R or CD-RW only after you start Roxio Creator and open a Creator project. • Do not burn a blank CD-R or CD-RW to its maximum capacity; for example, do not copy a 650-MB file to a blank 650-MB CD. The CD-RW drive needs 1–2 MB of the blank space to finalize the recording. Media Type Read Write Rewritable CD-R Yes Yes No CD-RW Yes Yes Yes DVD+R Yes Yes No DVD-R Yes Yes No DVD+RW Yes Yes Yes DVD-RW Yes Yes Yes DVD+R DL Yes Yes No DVD-R DL Yes No No Media Type Read Write Rewritable CD-R Yes Yes No CD-RW Yes Yes Yes DVD+R Yes Yes No DVD-R Yes Yes No DVD+RW Yes Yes Yes DVD-RW Yes Yes Yes DVD+R DL Yes Yes No DVD-R DL Yes No No BD-R Yes Yes No BD-RE Yes Yes YesUsing Multimedia 67 • Use CD-Rs to burn music CDs that you want to play in regular stereos. CD-RWs do not play in most home or car stereos. • Music MP3 files can be played only on MP3 players or on computers that have MP3 software installed. • Use a blank CD-RW to practice CD recording until you are familiar with CD recording techniques. If you make a mistake, you can erase the data on the CD-RW and try again. You can also use blank CD-RWs to test music file projects before you record the project permanently to a blank CD-R. • You cannot create audio DVDs with Roxio Creator. • Commercially available DVD players used in home theater systems may not support all available DVD formats. For a list of formats supported by your DVD player, see the documentation provided with your DVD player or contact the manufacturer. • Commercially available BD players used in home theater systems may not support all available BD formats. For a list of formats supported by your BD player, see the documentation provided with your BD player or contact the manufacturer. • See the Roxio website at www.sonic.com or the Blu-ray Disc™ Association website at blu-raydisc.com for additional information. Adjusting the Volume NOTE: When the speakers are muted, you do not hear the media playing. 1 Right-click the volume icon in the notification area. 2 Click Open Volume Mixer. 3 Click and drag the bar to slide it up or down to increase or decrease the volume. For more information on volume control options, click Help in the Volume Mixer window. The Volume Meter displays the current volume level, including mute, on your computer. Either click the QuickSet icon in the notification area and select or deselect Disable On Screen Volume Meter, or press the volume control buttons to enable or disable the Volume Meter on the screen.68 Using Multimedia Adjusting the Picture If an error message notifies you that the current resolution and color depth are using too much memory and preventing media playback, adjust the display properties. Windows XP 1 Click Start→Control Panel→Appearance and Themes. 2 Under Pick a task..., click Change the screen resolution. 3 Under Screen resolution, click and drag the bar to reduce the resolution setting. 4 In the drop-down menu under Color quality, click Medium (16 bit) and click OK. Windows Vista® 1 Click the Windows Vista Start button , click Control Panel, and then click Appearance and Personalization. 2 Under Personalization, click Adjust Screen Resolution. The Display Properties window appears. 3 Under Resolution: click and drag the bar to reduce the resolution setting. 4 In the drop-down menu under Colors:, click Medium (16 bit). 5 Click OK. Using Dell MediaDirect™ Dell MediaDirect is an instant-on multimedia playback mode for digital media. Press the Dell MediaDirect button, located on the hinge cover, to launch Dell MediaDirect. If the computer is turned on or in standby or sleep mode If you press the Dell MediaDirect button while the computer is turned on or in standby (Windows XP) or sleep (Windows Vista) mode, either Windows Media Center Manager or Dell Media Experience launches, depending on your system setup. If both applications are present, Windows Media Center Manager launches.Using Multimedia 69 If the computer is turned off or in hibernate mode When your computer is turned off or in hibernate mode, you can press the Dell MediaDirect button to start the computer and automatically launch the Dell MediaDirect application. NOTE: You cannot reinstall Dell MediaDirect if you voluntarily reformat the hard drive. You need the installation software to reinstall Dell MediaDirect. Contact Dell for assistance (see "Contacting Dell" on page 192). For more information on using Dell MediaDirect, use the Help menu in the Dell MediaDirect application. Connecting Your Computer to a TV or Audio Device NOTE: Video and audio cables for connecting your computer to a TV or other audio device may not be included with your computer. Cables and TV/digital audio adapter cables are available for purchase from Dell. Your computer has an S-video TV-out connector that, together with a standard S-video cable, a composite video adapter cable, or a component video adapter cable (available from Dell), enable you to connect the computer to a TV. 1 Dell MediaDirect button 170 Using Multimedia Your TV has either an S-video input connector, a composite video-input connector, or a component video-input connector. Depending on what type of connector is available on your TV, you can use a commercially available S-video cable, composite video cable, or component video cable to connect your computer to your TV. 1 S-video TV-out connector 2 S-video connector 1 S-video TV-out connector 2 composite video adapter 3 S/PDIF digital audio connector 4 composite video-output connector 5 S-video connector 1 S-video TV-out connector 2 component video adapter 3 S/PDIF digital audio connector 4 Pr (red) component video-output connector 5 Pb (blue) component videooutput connector 6 Y (green) component video-output connector 1 2 5 4 3 1 2 5 4 3 1 2 6Using Multimedia 71 If you want to connect your computer to a TV or audio device, it is recommended that you connect video and audio cables to your computer in one of the following combinations: • S-video and standard audio • Composite video and standard audio • Component-out video and standard audio NOTE: See the diagrams at the beginning of each subsection to help you determine which method of connection you should use. When you finish connecting the video and audio cables between your computer and your TV, you must enable your computer to work with the TV. See "Enabling the Display Settings for a TV" on page 84 to ensure that the computer recognizes and works properly with the TV. Additionally, if you are using S/PDIF digital audio, see "Enabling S/PDIF Digital Audio" on page 84. S-Video and Standard Audio 1 audio connector 2 S-video TV-out connector 1 272 Using Multimedia 1 Turn off the computer and the TV and/or audio device that you want to connect. NOTE: If your TV or audio device supports S-video but not S/PDIF digital audio, you can connect an S-video cable directly to the S-video TV-out connector on the computer (without the TV/digital audio adapter cable). 2 Plug one end of the S-video cable into the S-video output connector on the computer. 3 Plug the other end of the S-video cable into the S-video input connector on your TV. 4 Plug the single-connector end of the audio cable into the headphone connector on your computer. 5 Plug the two RCA connectors on the other end of the audio cable into the audio input connectors on your TV or other audio device. 6 Turn on the TV and any audio device that you connected (if applicable), and then turn on the computer. 7 See "Enabling the Display Settings for a TV" on page 84 to ensure that the computer recognizes and works properly with the TV. 1 standard S-video cable 2 standard audio cable 1 2Using Multimedia 73 S-Video and S/PDIF Digital Audio 1 S-video TV-out connector 2 composite video adapter 1 composite video adapter 2 S-video cable 3 S/PDIF digital audio cable 1 2 1 2 374 Using Multimedia 1 Turn off the computer and the TV and/or the audio device that you want to connect. 2 Connect the composite video adapter to the S-video TV-out connector on your computer. 3 Plug one end of the S-video cable into the S-video output connector on the composite video adapter. 4 Plug the other end of the S-video cable into the S-video input connector on the TV. 5 Plug one end of the S/PDIF digital audio cable into the digital audio connector on the composite video adapter cable. 6 Plug the other end of the S/PDIF digital audio cable into the audio input connector on your TV or audio device. 7 Turn on the TV, turn on any audio device that you connected (if applicable), and then turn on the computer. 8 See "Enabling the Display Settings for a TV" on page 84 to ensure that the computer recognizes and works properly with the TV. 1 composite video adapter 2 S-video cable 1 composite video adapter 2 S/PDIF digital audio cable 1 2 1 2Using Multimedia 75 Composite Video and Standard Audio 1 audio input connector 2 S-video TV-out connector 3 composite video adapter 1 composite video adapter 2 composite video cable 3 standard audio cable 2 1 3 1 2 376 Using Multimedia 1 Turn off the computer and the TV and/or audio device that you want to connect. 2 Connect the composite video adapter to the S-video TV-out connector on your computer. 3 Plug one end of the composite video cable into the composite videooutput connector on the composite video adapter. 4 Plug the other end of the composite video cable into the composite videoinput connector on the TV. 5 Plug the single-connector end of the audio cable into the headphone connector on the computer. 6 Plug the two RCA connectors on the other end of the audio cable into the audio input connectors on your TV or other audio device. 7 Turn on the TV, turn on any audio device that you connected (if applicable), and then turn on the computer. 8 See "Enabling the Display Settings for a TV" on page 84 to ensure that the computer recognizes and works properly with the TV. 1 composite video adapter 2 composite video cable 2 1Using Multimedia 77 Composite Video and S/PDIF Digital Audio 1 S-video TV-out connector 2 composite video adapter 1 composite video adapter 2 composite video cable 3 standard audio cable 1 2 1 2 378 Using Multimedia 1 Turn off the computer and the TV and/or audio device that you want to connect. 2 Connect the composite video adapter to the S-video TV-out connector on the computer. 3 Plug one end of the composite video cable into the composite video-input connector on the composite video adapter. 4 Plug the other end of the composite video cable into the composite videoinput connector on the TV. 5 Plug one end of the S/PDIF digital audio cable into the S/PDIF audio connector on the composite video adapter. 6 Plug the other end of the digital audio cable into the S/PDIF input connector on your TV or other audio device. 7 Turn on the TV, turn on any audio device that you connected (if applicable), and then turn on the computer. 8 See "Enabling the Display Settings for a TV" on page 84 to ensure that the computer recognizes and works properly with the TV. 1 composite video adapter 2 composite video cable 1 composite video adapter 2 S/PDIF digital audio cable 2 1 1 2Using Multimedia 79 Component Video and Standard Audio 1 S-video TV-out connector 2 component video adapter 1 component video adapter 2 component video cable 3 standard audio cable 1 2 1 2 380 Using Multimedia 1 Turn off the computer and the TV and/or audio device that you want to connect. 2 Connect the component video adapter to the S-video TV-out connector on your computer. 3 Plug all three ends of the component video cable into the component video-output connectors on the component video adapter. Make sure that the red, green, and blue colors of the cable match the corresponding adapter ports. 4 Plug all three connectors from the other end of the component video cable into the component video-input connectors on the TV. Make sure that the red, green, and blue colors of the cable match the colors of the TV input connectors. 5 Plug the single-connector end of the audio cable into the headphone connector on the computer. 6 Plug the two RCA connectors on the other end of the audio cable into the audio input connectors on your TV or audio device. 7 Turn on the TV, turn on any audio device that you connected (if applicable), and then turn on the computer. 8 See "Enabling the Display Settings for a TV" on page 84 to ensure that the computer recognizes and works properly with the TV. 1 component video adapter 2 component video cable 1 2Using Multimedia 81 Component Video and S/PDIF Digital Audio 1 S-video TV-out connector 2 component video adapter 1 282 Using Multimedia 1 Turn off the computer and the TV and/or audio device that you want to connect. 2 Connect the component video adapter to the S-video TV-out connector on the computer. 3 Plug all three ends of the component video cable into the component video-output connectors on the component video adapter. Make sure that the red, green, and blue colors of the cable match the corresponding adapter ports. 1 component video adapter 2 component video cable 3 standard audio cable 1 2 3Using Multimedia 83 4 Plug all three connectors from the other end of the component video cable into the component video-input connectors on the TV. Make sure that the red, green, and blue colors of the cable match the colors of the TV input connectors. 5 Plug one end of the S/PDIF digital audio cable into the S/PDIF audio connector on the component video adapter. 6 Plug the other end of the digital audio cable into the S/PDIF input connector on your TV or other audio device. 7 Turn on the TV, turn on any audio device that you connected (if applicable), and then turn on the computer. 8 See "Enabling the Display Settings for a TV" on page 84 to ensure that the computer recognizes and works properly with the TV. 1 component video adapter 2 component video-output connectors 3 component video cable 1 component video adapter 2 S/PDIF digital audio cable 1 3 2 2 184 Using Multimedia Enabling S/PDIF Digital Audio 1 Double-click the speaker icon in the Windows notification area. 2 Click the Options menu and then click Advanced Controls. 3 Click Advanced. 4 Click S/PDIF Interface. 5 Click Close. 6 Click OK. Enabling the Display Settings for a TV NOTE: To ensure that the display options appear correctly, connect the TV to the computer before you enable the display settings. Windows XP 1 Click the Start button, point to Settings, and then click Control Panel. 2 Double-click Display and click the Settings tab. 3 Click Advanced. 4 Click the tab for your video card. NOTE: To determine the type of video card installed in your computer, see the Windows Help and Support Center. To access the Help and Support Center, click Start→Help and Support. Under Pick a Task, click Use Tools to view your computer information and diagnose problems. Then, under My Computer Information, select Hardware. 5 In the display devices section, select the appropriate option for using either a single display or multiple displays, ensuring that the display settings are correct for your selection.Using Multimedia 85 Windows Vista 1 Click the Windows Vista Start button , click Control Panel, and then click Appearance and Personalization. 2 Under Personalization, click Adjust Screen Resolution. The Display Properties window appears. 3 Click Advanced. 4 Click the tab for your video card. NOTICE: To determine the type of video card installed in your computer, see the Windows Help and Support Center. To access the Help and Support Center in Windows Vista, click the Windows Vista Start button →Help and Support. Under Pick a Task, click Use Tools to view your computer information and diagnose problems. Then, under My Computer Information, select Hardware. 5 In the display devices section, select the appropriate option for using either a single display or multiple displays, ensuring that the display settings are correct for your selection.86 Using MultimediaUsing ExpressCards 87 Using ExpressCards ExpressCards provide additional memory, wired and wireless communications, multimedia and security features. For example, you can add an ExpressCard to make wireless wide area network (WWAN) connectivity available on your computer. ExpressCards support two form factors: • ExpressCard/34 (34 mm wide) • ExpressCard/54 (54 mm wide in an L-shape with a 34 mm connector) The 34 mm card fits into both the 34 mm and 54 mm card slots. The 54 mm card only fits into a 54 mm card slot. See "Specifications" on page 193 for information on supported ExpressCards. NOTE: An ExpressCard is not a bootable device. ExpressCard Blanks Your computer shipped with a plastic blank installed in the ExpressCard slot. Blanks protect unused slots from dust and other particles. Save the blank for use when no ExpressCard is installed in the slot; blanks from other computers may not fit your computer. 1 ExpressCard/34 2 ExpressCard/54 1 288 Using ExpressCards Remove the blank before installing an ExpressCard. To remove the blank, see "Removing an ExpressCard or Blank" on page 89. Installing an ExpressCard You can install an ExpressCard while the computer is running. The computer automatically detects the card. ExpressCards are generally marked with a symbol (such as a triangle or an arrow) or a label to indicate which end to insert into the slot. The cards are keyed to prevent incorrect insertion. If card orientation is not clear, see the documentation that came with the card. CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide. To install an ExpressCard: 1 Hold the card with the top side of the card facing up. 2 Slide the card into the slot until the card is completely seated in its connector. If you encounter too much resistance, do not force the card. Check the card orientation and try again. 1 slot 2 ExpressCard 1 2Using ExpressCards 89 The computer recognizes the ExpressCard and automatically loads the appropriate device driver. If the configuration program tells you to load the manufacturer's drivers, use the media that came with the ExpressCard. Removing an ExpressCard or Blank CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide. Press the latch and remove the card or blank. For some latches, you must press the latch twice, once to pop the latch out, and then a second time to pop the card out. Save a blank to use when no ExpressCard is installed in a slot. Blanks protect unused slots from dust and other particles. 1 release button 190 Using ExpressCardsUsing the Memory Card Reader 91 Using the Memory Card Reader The memory card reader provides a fast and convenient way to view and share digital photos, music, and videos stored on a memory card. NOTE: A memory card is not a bootable device. The 8-in-1 memory card reader reads the following memory cards: • Secure Digital (SD) • SDIO • MultiMediaCard (MMC) • Memory Stick • Memory Stick PRO • xD-Picture Card • Hi Speed-SD • Hi Density-SD Memory Card Blanks Your computer shipped with a plastic blank installed in the 8-in-1 memory card reader. Blanks protect unused slots from dust and other particles. Save the blank for use when no memory card is installed in the slot; blanks from other computers may not fit your computer. Remove the blank before installing a memory card. To remove the blank, see "Removing a Memory Card or Blank" on page 92. Installing a Memory Card You can install a memory card in the computer while the computer is running. The computer automatically detects the card. Memory cards are generally marked with a symbol (such as a triangle or an arrow) or a label to indicate which end to insert into the slot. The cards are keyed to prevent incorrect insertion. If card orientation is not clear, see the documentation that came with the card. 92 Using the Memory Card Reader CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide. To install a memory card: 1 Hold the card with the top side of the card facing up. 2 Slide the card into the slot until the card is completely seated in its connector. If you encounter too much resistance, do not force the card. Check the card orientation and try again. The computer recognizes the memory card and automatically loads the appropriate device driver. If the configuration program tells you to load the manufacturer's drivers, use the media that came with the memory card, if applicable. Removing a Memory Card or Blank CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide. NOTICE: Use the memory card configuration utility (click the icon in the notification area) to select a card and stop it from functioning before you remove it from the computer. If you do not stop the card in the configuration utility, you could lose data. Press the card into the slot to release it from the card reader. When it is partially ejected, remove the card. Setting Up and Using Networks 93 Setting Up and Using Networks A computer network provides connectivity between your computer and the Internet, another computer, or a network. For example, with a network set up in a home or small office you can print to a shared printer, access drives and files on another computer, browse other networks, or access the Internet. You can set up a local area network (LAN) using a network or broadband modem cable or set up a wireless LAN (WLAN). The Microsoft® Windows® XP and Microsoft Windows Vista® operating systems provide wizards to help guide you through the process of networking computers. For more information about Networking, see the Windows Help and Support Center (see "Microsoft Windows XP and Windows Vista® Help and Support Center" on page 16). Connecting a Network or Broadband Modem Cable Before you connect your computer to a network, the computer must have a network adapter installed and a network cable connected to it. 1 Connect the network cable to the network adapter connector on the back of your computer. NOTE: Insert the cable connector until it clicks into place, and then gently pull on the cable to ensure that it is securely attached. 2 Connect the other end of the network cable to a network connection device or a network wall connector. NOTE: Do not use a network cable with a telephone wall connector.94 Setting Up and Using Networks Setting Up a Network Windows XP 1 Click Start→All Programs→ Accessories→ Communications→Network Setup Wizard→Next→Checklist for creating a network. NOTE: Selecting the connection method labeled This computer connects directly to the Internet enables the integrated firewall provided with Windows XP Service Pack 2 (SP2). 2 Complete the checklist. 3 Return to the Network Setup Wizard and follow the instructions in the wizard. Windows Vista 1 Click the Windows Vista Start button , and then click Connect To→ Set up a connection or network. 2 Select an option under Choose a connection option. 3 Click Next, and then follow the instructions in the wizard. Wireless Local Area Network A wireless local area network (WLAN) is a series of interconnected computers that communicate with each other over the air waves rather than through a network cable connected to each computer. In a WLAN, a radio communications device called an access point or wireless router connects network computers and provides Internet, or network access. The access point or wireless router and the wireless network card in the computer communicate by broadcasting data from their antennas over the air waves. What You Need to Establish a WLAN Connection Before you can set up a WLAN, you need: • High-speed (broadband) Internet access (such as cable or DSL) • A broadband modem that is connected and working • A wireless router or access pointSetting Up and Using Networks 95 • A wireless network card for each computer that you want to connect to your WLAN • A network cable with a network (RJ-45) connector Checking Your Wireless Network Card Depending on what you selected when you purchased your computer, the computer has a variety of configurations. To confirm that your computer has a wireless network card and to determine the type of card, use one of the following: • The Start button and the Connect To option • The order confirmation for your computer Start Button and Connect To Option In Microsoft Windows XP, click Start→ Connect To→Show all connections. NOTE: If your computer is set to the Classic Start menu option, click Start→ Settings→Network Connections to view your network connections. In Microsoft Windows Vista, click → Connect To→View network computers and devices. If Wireless Network Connection does not appear under LAN or High-Speed Internet, you may not have a wireless network card. If Wireless Network Connection appears, you have a wireless network card. To view detailed information about the wireless network card: 1 Right-click Wireless Network Connection. 2 Click Properties. The Wireless Network Connection Properties window appears. The wireless network card’s name and model number are listed on the Generaltab. NOTE: If Wireless Network Connection does not appear, you may not have a wireless network card. The Order Confirmation for Your Computer The order confirmation that you received when you ordered your computer lists the hardware and software that shipped with your computer.96 Setting Up and Using Networks Setting Up a New WLAN Using a Wireless Router and a Broadband Modem 1 Contact your Internet service provider (ISP) to obtain specific information about the connection requirements for your broadband modem. 2 Ensure that you have wired Internet access through your broadband modem before you attempt to set up a wireless Internet connection (see "Connecting a Network or Broadband Modem Cable" on page 93). 3 Install any software required for your wireless router. Your wireless router may have been shipped with installation media. Installation media usually contains installation and troubleshooting information. Install the required software according to the instructions provided by the router manufacturer. 4 Shut down your computer and any other wireless-enabled computers in the vicinity through the Windows Vista Start button . 5 Disconnect your broadband modem power cable from the electrical outlet. 6 Disconnect the network cable from the computer and the modem. 7 Disconnect the AC adapter cable from your wireless router to ensure that there is no power connected to the router. NOTE: Wait for a minimum of 5 minutes after disconnecting your broadband modem before continuing with the network setup. 8 Insert a network cable into the network (RJ-45) connector on the unpowered broadband modem. 9 Connect the other end of the network cable into the Internet network (RJ-45) connector on the unpowered wireless router. 10 Ensure that no network or USB cables, other than the network cable connecting the modem and the wireless router, are connected to the broadband modem. NOTE: Restart your wireless equipment in the order described below to prevent a potential connection failure. 11 Turn on only your broadband modem and wait for at least 2 minutes for the broadband modem to stabilize. After 2 minutes, proceed to step 12. 12 Turn on your wireless router and wait for at least 2 minutes for the wireless router to stabilize. After 2 minutes, proceed to the step 13. 13 Start your computer and wait until the boot process completes.Setting Up and Using Networks 97 14 See the documentation that came with your wireless router to do the following in order to set up the wireless router: • Establish communication between your computer and your wireless router. • Configure your wireless router to communicate with your broadband router. • Find out your wireless router’s broadcast name. The technical term for the name of your router’s broadcast name is Service Set Identifier (SSID) or network name. 15 If necessary, configure your wireless network card to connect to the wireless network (see "Connecting to a WLAN" on page 97). Connecting to a WLAN NOTE: Before you connect to a WLAN, ensure that you have followed the instructions in "Wireless Local Area Network" on page 94. NOTE: The following networking instructions do not apply to internal cards with Bluetooth® wireless technology or cellular products. This section provides general procedures for connecting to a network using wireless technology. Specific network names and configuration details vary. See "Wireless Local Area Network" on page 94 for more information about how to prepare for connecting your computer to a WLAN. Your wireless network card requires specific software and drivers for connecting to a network. The software is already installed. NOTE: If the software is removed or corrupted, follow the instructions in the user documentation for your wireless network card. Verify the type of wireless network card installed in your computer and then search for that name on the Dell™ Support website at support.dell.com. For information on the type of wireless network card that is installed in your computer, see "Checking Your Wireless Network Card" on page 95. When you turn on your computer, and a network for which your computer is not configured is detected in the area, a pop-up appears near the network icon in the Windows notification area.98 Setting Up and Using Networks Determining the Wireless Network Device Manager Depending on the software installed on your computer, different wireless configuration utilities may manage your network devices: • Your wireless network card’s client utility • The Windows XP or Windows Vista operating system To determine which wireless configuration utility is managing your wireless network card in Windows XP: 1 Click Start→Settings→Control Panel→Network Connections. 2 Right-click the Wireless Network Connection icon, and then click View Available Wireless Networks. If the Choose a wireless network window states Windows cannot configure this connection, the wireless network card’s client utility is managing the wireless network card. If the Choose a wireless network window states Click an item in the list below to connect to a wireless network in range or to get more information, the Windows XP operating system is managing the wireless network card. To determine which wireless configuration utility is managing your wireless network card in Windows Vista: 1 Click → Connect To→Manage wireless networks. 2 Double-click a profile to open the wireless network properties screen. For specific information about the wireless configuration utility installed on your computer, see your wireless network documentation in the Windows Help and Support Center (see "Microsoft Windows XP and Windows Vista® Help and Support Center" on page 16). Completing the Connection to the WLAN When you turn on your computer and a network (for which your computer is not configured) is detected in the area, a pop-up appears near the network icon in the notification area (in the lower-right corner of the Windows desktop). Follow the instructions provided in any utility prompts that appear on your screen. Once you have configured your computer for the wireless network that you selected, another pop-up notifies you that your computer is connected to that network. Setting Up and Using Networks 99 Thereafter, whenever you log on to your computer within the range of the wireless network that you selected, the same pop-up notifies you of the wireless network connection. NOTE: If you select a secure network, you must enter a WEP or WPA key when prompted. Network security settings are unique to your network. Dell cannot provide this information. NOTE: Your computer can take up to 1 minute to connect to the network. Monitoring the Status of the Wireless Network Card Through Dell QuickSet The wireless activity indicator provides you with an easy way to monitor the status of your computer’s wireless devices. To turn the wireless activity indicator on or off, click the QuickSet icon in the taskbar and select Hotkey Popups. If Wireless Activity Indicator Off is not checked, the indicator is on. If Wireless Activity Indicator Off is checked, the indicator is off. The wireless activity indicator displays whether your computer’s integrated wireless devices are enabled or disabled. When you turn the wireless networking function on or off, the wireless activity indicator changes to display the status. For more information about the Dell QuickSet wireless activity indicator, right-click the QuickSet icon in the taskbar, and then select Help. Mobile Broadband (or Wireless Wide Area Network) A Mobile Broadband network, also known as a Wireless Wide Area Network (WWAN), is a high-speed digital cellular network that provides Internet access over a much wider geographical area than a WLAN, which typically covers only from 100 to 1000 feet. Your computer can maintain Mobile Broadband network access as long as the computer is within a cellular-data coverage zone. Contact your service provider for coverage of a high-speed digital cellular network. NOTE: Even if you are able to make a call from your cellular phone in a specific geographical location, that location may not necessarily be within a cellular-data coverage zone.100 Setting Up and Using Networks What You Need to Establish a Mobile Broadband Network Connection NOTE: Depending on your computer, you can use either a Mobile Broadband ExpressCard or Mini Card, but not both, to establish a Mobile Broadband network connection. To set up a Mobile Broadband network connection, you need: • A Mobile Broadband ExpressCard or Mini Card (depending on your computer’s configuration) NOTE: For instructions on using ExpressCards, see "Using ExpressCards" on page 87. • An activated Mobile Broadband ExpressCard or activated Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) for your service provider • The Dell Mobile Broadband Card Utility (already installed on your computer if you purchased the card when you purchased your computer, or on the media that accompanied your card if purchased separately from your computer) If the utility is corrupted or deleted from your computer, see the Dell Mobile Broadband Card Utility user’s guide in Windows Help and Support (click Start , and then click Help and Support) or on the media that accompanied your card if you purchased it separately from your computer. Checking Your Dell Mobile Broadband Card Depending on what you selected when you purchased your computer, the computer has a variety of configurations. To determine your computer configuration, see one of the following: • Your order confirmation • Microsoft Windows Help and Support To check your Mobile Broadband card in Windows Help and Support: 1 Click Start →Help and Support→Use Tools to view your computer information and diagnose problems. 2 Under Tools, click My Computer Information→Find information about the hardware installed on this computer.Setting Up and Using Networks 101 On the My Computer Information - Hardware screen, you can view the type of Mobile Broadband card installed in your computer as well as other hardware components. NOTE: The Mobile Broadband card is listed under Modems. Connecting to a Mobile Broadband Network NOTE: These instructions only apply to Mobile Broadband ExpressCards or MiniCards. They do not apply to internal cards with wireless technology. NOTE: Before you connect to the Internet, you must activate Mobile Broadband service through your cellular service provider. For instructions and for additional information about using the Dell Mobile Broadband Card Utility, see the user's guide available through Windows Help and Support (click Start , and then click Help and Support). The user's guide is also available on the Dell Support website at support.dell.com and on the media included with your Mobile Broadband card if you purchased the card separately from your computer. Use the Dell Mobile Broadband Card Utility to establish and manage a Mobile Broadband network connection to the Internet: 1 Click the Dell Mobile Broadband Card Utility icon in the Windows notification area to run the utility. 2 Click Connect. NOTE: The Connect button changes to the Disconnect button. 3 Follow the instructions on the screen to manage the network connection with the utility. or 1 Click Start →All Programs→Dell Wireless. 2 Click Dell Wireless Broadband and follow the instructions on the screen.102 Setting Up and Using Networks Enabling/Disabling the Dell Mobile Broadband Card NOTE: If you are unable to connect to a Mobile Broadband network, ensure that you have all the components for establishing a Mobile Broadband connection (see "What You Need to Establish a Mobile Broadband Network Connection" on page 100), and then verify that your Mobile Broadband card is enabled by verifying the setting of the wireless switch. You can turn your Mobile Broadband card on and off using the wireless switch on your computer. You can turn your computer’s wireless devices on and off with the wireless switch on the left side of the computer (see "Left Side View" on page 27). If the switch is in the on position, move the switch to the off position to disable the switch and the Mobile Broadband card. If the switch is in the off position, move the switch to the on position to enable the switch and the Dell Mobile Broadband card. For information about the wireless switch positions, see "wireless switch" on page 27. To monitor the status of your wireless device, see "Monitoring the Status of the Wireless Network Card Through Dell QuickSet" on page 99. Dell Wi-Fi Catcher™ Network Locator The wireless switch on your Dell computer uses the Dell Wi-Fi Catcher Network Locator to scan specifically for wireless networks in your vicinity. To scan for a wireless network, slide and hold the wireless switch (see "wireless switch" on page 27) in the momentary position for a few seconds. The Wi-Fi Catcher Network Locator functions regardless of whether your computer is turned on or off, or in Sleep state, as long as the switch is configured through Dell QuickSet or the BIOS (system setup program) to control WiFi network connections. Because the Wi-Fi Catcher Network Locator is disabled and not configured for use when your computer is shipped to you, you must first use Dell QuickSet to enable and configure the switch to control WiFi network connections. For more information on the Wi-Fi Catcher Network Locator and to enable the feature through Dell QuickSet, right-click the QuickSet icon in the notification area, and then select Help.Securing Your Computer 103 Securing Your Computer Security Cable Lock NOTE: Your computer does not ship with a security cable lock. A security cable lock is a commercially available antitheft device. To use the lock, attach it to the security cable slot on your Dell computer. For more information, see the instructions included with the device. NOTICE: Before you buy an antitheft device, ensure that it will work with the security cable slot on your computer.104 Securing Your Computer Passwords Passwords prevent unauthorized access to your computer. When you first start your computer, you must assign a primary password at the prompt. If you do not enter a password within 2 minutes, the computer returns to its previous operating state. When using passwords, observe the following guidelines: • Choose a password that you can remember, but not one that is easy to guess. For example, do not use the names of family members or pets for passwords. • It is recommended that you do not write down your password. If you do write it down, however, ensure that the password is stored in a secure location. • Do not share your password with other people. • Ensure that people are not watching you when you type your password. NOTICE: Passwords provide a high level of security for data in your computer or hard drive. However, they are not foolproof. If you require more security, obtain and use additional forms of protection such as data encryption programs. Use the User Accounts option in the Control Panel in the Microsoft® Windows® operating system to create user accounts or to change passwords. Once you create a user password, you must enter it each time you turn on or unlock your computer. If you do not enter a password within 2 minutes, the computer returns to its previous operating state. For more information, see your Windows documentation. If you forget any of your passwords, contact Dell (see "Contacting Dell" on page 192). For your protection, Dell technical support staff will ask you for proof of your identity to ensure that only an authorized person can use the computer.Securing Your Computer 105 If Your Computer Is Lost or Stolen • Call a law enforcement agency to report the lost or stolen computer. Include the Service Tag in your description of the computer. Ask that a case number be assigned and write down the number, along with the name, address, and phone number of the law enforcement agency. If possible, obtain the name of the investigating officer. NOTE: If you know where the computer was lost or stolen, call a law enforcement agency in that area. If you do not know, call a law enforcement agency where you live. • If the computer belongs to a company, notify the security office of the company. • Contact Dell customer service to report the missing computer. Provide the computer Service Tag, the case number, and the name, address, and phone number of the law enforcement agency to which you reported the missing computer. If possible, give the name of the investigating officer. The Dell customer service representative will log your report under the computer Service Tag and record the computer as missing or stolen. If someone calls Dell for technical assistance and gives your Service Tag, the computer is identified automatically as missing or stolen. The representative will attempt to get the phone number and address of the caller. Dell will then contact the law enforcement agency to which you reported the missing computer.106 Securing Your ComputerTroubleshooting 107 Troubleshooting Dell Technical Update Service The Dell Technical Update service provides proactive e-mail notification of software and hardware updates for your computer. The service is free and can be customized for content, format, and how frequently you receive notifications. To enroll for the Dell Technical Update service, go to support.dell.com/technicalupdate. Dell Diagnostics CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide. When to Use the Dell Diagnostics If you experience a problem with your computer, perform the checks in "Lockups and Software Problems" on page 127 and run the Dell Diagnostics before you contact Dell for technical assistance. It is recommended that you print these procedures before you begin. NOTE: The Dell Diagnostics only operate on Dell computers. Enter system setup, review your computer’s configuration information, and ensure that the device you want to test displays in system setup and is active (see "Using the System Setup Program" on page 203). Start the Dell Diagnostics from your hard drive or from your Drivers and Utilities media (see "Drivers and Utilities Media" on page 15).108 Troubleshooting Starting the Dell Diagnostics From Your Hard Drive The Dell Diagnostics is located on a hidden diagnostic utility partition on your hard drive. NOTE: If your computer cannot display a screen image, contact Dell (see "Contacting Dell" on page 192). NOTE: If the computer is connected to a docking device (docked), undock it. See the documentation that came with your docking device for instructions. 1 Ensure that the computer is connected to an electrical outlet that is known to be working properly. 2 Turn on (or restart) your computer. 3 Start the Dell Diagnostics in one of the following two ways: a When the DELL™ logo appears, press immediately. Select Diagnostics from the boot menu, and then press . NOTE: If you wait too long and the operating system logo appears, continue to wait until you see the Microsoft® Windows® desktop, then shut down your computer and try again. NOTE: Before attempting option B, the computer must be powered down completely. b Press and hold the key while powering the computer on. NOTE: If you see a message stating that no diagnostics utility partition has been found, run the Dell Diagnostics from your Drivers and Utilities media. The computer runs the Pre-boot System Assessment, a series of initial tests of your system board, keyboard, hard drive, and display. • During the assessment, answer any questions that appear. • If a failure is detected, the computer stops and beeps. To stop the assessment and restart the computer, press ; to continue to the next test, press ; to retest the component that failed, press . • If failures are detected during the Pre-boot System Assessment, write down the error code(s) and contact Dell. If the Pre-boot System Assessment completes successfully, you receive the message Booting Dell Diagnostic Utility Partition. Press any key to continue. 4 Press any key to start the Dell Diagnostics from the diagnostics utility partition on your hard drive.Troubleshooting 109 Starting the Dell Diagnostics From the Drivers and Utilities Media 1 Insert your Drivers and Utilities media. 2 Shut down and restart the computer. 3 When the DELL logo appears, press immediately. NOTE: Keyboard failure may result when a key on the keyboard is held down for extended periods of time. To avoid possible keyboard failure, press and release in even intervals until the boot device menu appears. 4 At the boot device menu, use the up- and down-arrow keys to highlight CD/DVD/CD-RW, and then press . NOTE: The Quickboot feature changes the boot sequence for the current boot only. Upon restart, the computer boots according to the boot sequence specified in system setup. 5 Select the Boot from CD-ROM option from the menu that appears, and then press . 6 Type 1 to start the Drivers and Utilities menu, and then press . 7 Select Run the 32 Bit Dell Diagnostics from the numbered list. If multiple versions are listed, select the version appropriate for your computer. 8 At the Dell Diagnostics Main Menu, select the test you want to run. NOTE: Write down any error codes and problem descriptions exactly as they appear and follow the instructions on the screen. 9 After all tests have completed, close the test window to return to the Dell Diagnostics Main Menu. 10 Remove your Drivers and Utilities media, then close the Main Menu window to exit the Dell Diagnostics and restart the computer.110 Troubleshooting Dell Diagnostics Main Menu After the Dell Diagnostics loads and the MainMenu screen appears, click the button for the option you want. NOTE: It is recommended that you select Test System to run a complete test on your computer. After you have selected the Test System option from the main menu, the following menu appears. NOTE: It is recommended that you select Extended Test from the menu below to run a more thorough check of the devices in the computer. For any problem encountered during a test, a message appears with an error code and a description of the problem. Write down the error code and problem description exactly as it appears and follow the instructions on the screen. If you cannot resolve the problem, contact Dell (see "Contacting Dell" on page 192). NOTE: The Service Tag for your computer is located at the top of each test screen. When contacting Dell support, have your Service Tag ready. Option Function Test Memory Run the stand-alone memory test Test System Run System Diagnostics Exit Exit the Diagnostics Option Function Express Test Performs a quick test of system devices. The test typically takes 10 to 20 minutes and requires no interaction on your part. Run Express Test first to increase the possibility of tracing the problem quickly. Extended Test Performs a thorough check of system devices. The test typically takes an hour or more and periodically requires your input to answer specific questions. Custom Test Tests a specific device in the system and can be used to customize the tests you want to run. Symptom Tree Lists a number of common symptoms and allows you to select a test based on the symptom of the problem you are having.Troubleshooting 111 The following tabs provide additional information for tests run from the Custom Test or Symptom Tree option: Dell Support Center The Dell Support Center helps you find the service, support and system-specific information you need. For more information about Dell Support Center and available support tools, click the Services tab at support.dell.com. Systems purchased on June 26, 2007 and later are pre-installed with Dell Support Center. Click on the desktop icon and select the area of assistance you require. For computers purchased prior to June 26, 2007, you can download Dell Support Center from the Services page at support.dell.com. Click the Dell Support Center icon on your computer’s desktop to run the application and to access the following features: • Self-help tools such as, Dell Support 3, Dell PC Tune-Up, Dell PC CheckUp, and Network Assistant • DellConnect for remote, real-time, technical support Tab Function Results Displays the results of the test and any error conditions encountered. Errors Displays error conditions encountered, error codes, and the problem description. Help Describes the test and any requirements for running the test. Configuration Displays your hardware configuration for the selected device. The Dell Diagnostics obtains configuration information for all devices from system setup, memory, and various internal tests, and it displays the information in the device list in the left pane of the screen. The device list may not display the names of all the components installed on your computer or all devices attached to your computer. Parameters Allows you to customize the test by changing the test settings.112 Troubleshooting • Dell support contact information including e-mail and online chat addresses as well as telephone numbers • Resources specific to your computer are available under Drivers & Downloads, Upgrades and System Information The top of the Dell Support Center home page displays your computer’s model number along with its Service Tag, Express Service code, and warranty expiration details. When permissions are given to Dell to use your Service Tag, additional details about your computer, such as available memory, disk space, installed hardware, network addresses, modem specifications, installed security software, and much more are provided. In addition, using your Service Tag, Dell can link you to the most relevant www.dell.com web pages for information about your warranty, ordering accessories and details about installing recommended drivers and downloads. Dell Support 3 The Dell Support 3 is customized for your computing environment. This utility provides self-support information, software updates, and health scans for your computer. Use this utility for the following functions: • Check your computing environment • View the Dell Support 3 settings • Access the Dell Support 3 help file • View frequently asked questions • Learn more about Dell Support 3 • Turn Dell Support 3 off For more information about Dell Support 3, click the question mark (?) at the top of the Dell Support 3 window. To access Dell Support 3: • Click the Dell Support 3 icon in the notification area of your Windows desktop. NOTE: The icon functions vary depending on whether you click, doubleclick, or right-click the icon. orTroubleshooting 113 • Click the Microsoft® Windows Vista® Start button →All Programs→ Dell Support 3→Dell Support Settings. Ensure that the Show icon on the taskbar option is checked. NOTE: If Dell Support 3 is not available from the Start menu, go to support.dell.com and download the software. Dell PC Tune-Up The automated or monthly version of Dell PC Tune-Up allows you to choose the day and time of the month you want your computer "tuned up". A typical tune-up includes hard drive defragmentation, removal of unwanted and temporary files, updated security settings, verification of "good" restore points, and other maintenance activities designed to improve computer performance and security. The monthly version is available as an annual subscription and is a feature of Dell Support 3, a complimentary application that provides real-time health scans and information on how to maintain your computer (see "Dell Support 3" on page 112). Both versions of PC Tune-Up are available to customers in the U.S. and Canada. For the latest updates and to learn how to keep your computer running at peak performance, search for the keyword PC TuneUp on support.dell.com. Dell PC CheckUp Dell PC Checkup is a troubleshooting and diagnostic tool that provides customized scanning and testing of your Dell computer. PC Checkup verifies whether your hardware is working properly and provides automated fixes for common configuration concerns. It is recommended that you run PC Checkup on a regular basis or before contacting Dell for assistance. The application creates a detailed report that Dell technicians can use to resolve your issue quickly. Dell Network Assistant Designed specifically for users of Dell™ computers, the Dell Network Assistant helps simplify the setup, monitoring, troubleshooting, and repair of your network.114 Troubleshooting The Dell Network Assistant provides the following features: • Consolidated setup, alerting, and device status • Simplified tracking of networked devices through a visual display of network status • Proactive troubleshooting and repair of network problems • Tutorials, setup wizards, and frequently asked questions (FAQs) to enhance understanding of networking principles To access Dell Network Assistant: 1 Click the Dell Support Center icon on your computer’s desktop. 2 Click Self Help→Network / Internet→Network Management. DellConnect DellConnect is a simple online access tool that allows a Dell service and support associate to access your computer through an Internet connection, diagnose the problem and repair it. The associate works with your permission under your supervision, and you can work with Dell’s associate during the troubleshooting session. To use this service, you must have an Internet connection and your Dell computer must be under warranty. DellConnect is also available for a fee through "Dell On Call." To begin a live session with a Dell associate: 1 Click the Dell Support Center icon on your computer’s desktop. Click Assistance From Dell→Technical Support→DellConnect→Phone and follow the instructions. Drive Problems CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide. Fill out the "Diagnostics Checklist" on page 191 as you complete these checks. ENSURE THAT MICROSOFT® WINDOWS® RECOGNIZES THE DRIVE — Windows XP Click Start→My Computer.Troubleshooting 115 Windows Vista® Click Start →Computer. If the drive is not listed, perform a full scan with your antivirus software to check for and remove viruses. Viruses can sometimes prevent Windows from recognizing the drive. TEST THE DRIVE — • Insert another floppy disk, CD, or DVD to eliminate the possibility that the original media is defective. • Insert a bootable floppy disk and restart the computer. CLEAN THE DRIVE O R DISK — See "Cleaning Your Computer" on page 206. ENSURE THAT THE CD O R DVD MEDIA I S SNAPPED ONTO THE SPINDLE CHECK THE CABLE CONNECTIONS CHECK FOR HARDWARE INCOMPATIBILITIES — See "Troubleshooting Software and Hardware Problems in the Microsoft® Windows® XP and Microsoft Windows Vista® Operating Systems" on page 143. RUN THE DELL DIAGNOSTICS — See "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107. Optical drive problems NOTE: High-speed optical drive vibration is normal and may cause noise, which does not indicate a defect in the drive or the media. NOTE: Because of different regions worldwide and different disc formats, not all DVD titles work in all DVD drives. Problems writing to a CD-RW, DVD+/-RW, or BD-RE drive CLOSE OTHER PROGRAMS — CD-RW, DVD+/-RW, and BD-RE drives must receive a steady stream of data when writing. If the stream is interrupted, an error occurs. Try closing all programs before you write to the drive. TURN OFF SLEEP STATE IN WINDOWS BEFORE WRITING T O A CD/DVD/BD DISC — See "Standby and Sleep Mode" on page 56 for information on Sleep state. CHANGE THE WRITE SPEED T O A SLOWER RATE — See the help files for your CD, DVD, or BD creation software.116 Troubleshooting The drive tray cannot eject 1 Ensure that the computer is shut down. 2 Straighten a paper clip and insert one end into the eject hole at the front of the drive, then push firmly until the tray is partially ejected. 3 Gently pull out the tray until it stops. The drive makes an unfamiliar scraping or grinding sound • Ensure that the sound is not caused by the program that is running. • Ensure that the disc is inserted properly. Hard drive problems ALLOW THE COMPUTER T O COOL BEFORE TURNING I T ON — A hot hard drive may prevent the operating system from starting. Try allowing the computer to return to room temperature before turning it on. RUN CHECK DISK — Windows XP 1 Click Start and click My Computer. 2 Right-click Local Disk C:. 3 Click Properties→Tools→Check Now. 4 Click Scan for and attempt recovery of bad sectors and click Start. Windows Vista 1 Click Start and click Computer. 2 Right-click Local Disk C:. 3 Click Properties→Tools→Check Now. The User Account Control window may appear. If you are an administrator on the computer, click Continue; otherwise, contact your administrator to continue the desired action. 4 Follow the instructions on the screen.Troubleshooting 117 E-Mail, Modem, and Internet Problems CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide. NOTE: Connect the modem to an analog telephone jack only. The modem does not operate while it is connected to a digital telephone network. CHECK THE MICROSOFT OUTLOOK® EXPRESS/WINDOWS MAIL SECURITY SETTINGS — If you cannot open your e-mail attachments: 1 In Outlook Express/Windows Mail, click Tools, click Options, and then click Security. 2 Click Do not allow attachments to remove the checkmark. CHECK THE TELEPHONE LINE CONNECTION CHECK THE TELEPHONE JACK CONNECT THE MODEM DIRECTLY T O THE TELEPHONE WALL JACK US E A DIFFERENT TELEPHONE LINE • Verify that the telephone line is connected to the jack on the modem (the jack has either a green label or a connector-shaped icon next to it). • Ensure that you hear a click when you insert the telephone line connector into the modem. • Disconnect the telephone line from the modem and connect it to a telephone, then listen for a dial tone. • If you have other telephone devices sharing the line, such as an answering machine, fax machine, surge protector, or line splitter, then bypass them and connect the modem directly to the telephone wall jack. If you are using a line that is 3 m (10 ft) or more in length, try a shorter one. RUN THE MODEM DIAGNOSTIC TOOL — Windows XP 1 Click Start→All Programs→Modem Helper. 2 Follow the instructions on the screen to identify and resolve modem problems. Modem Helper is not available on certain computers.118 Troubleshooting Windows Vista 1 Click Start →All Programs→Modem Diagnostic Tool. 2 Follow the instructions on the screen to identify and resolve modem problems. Modem diagnostics are not available on all computers. VERIFY THAT THE MODEM I S COMMUNICATING WITH WINDOWS — Windows XP 1 Click Start→Control Panel→Printers and Other Hardware→Phone and Modem Options→Modems. 2 Click the COM port for your modem→Properties→ Diagnostics→Query Modem to verify that the modem is communicating with Windows. If all commands receive responses, the modem is operating properly. Windows Vista 1 Click Start →Control Panel→Hardware and Sound→Phone and Modem Options→Modems. 2 Click the COM port for your modem→Properties→Diagnostics→Query Modem to verify that the modem is communicating with Windows. If all commands receive responses, the modem is operating properly. ENSURE THAT YOU ARE CONNECTED T O THE INTERNET — Ensure that you have subscribed to an Internet service provider. With the Outlook Express/Windows mail e-mail program open, click File. If Work Offline has a checkmark next to it, click the checkmark to remove it, and then connect to the Internet. For help, contact your Internet service provider. SCAN THE COMPUTER FOR SPYWARE — If you are experiencing slow computer performance, you frequently receive pop-up advertisements, or you are having problems connecting to the Internet, your computer might be infected with spyware. Use an anti-virus program that includes anti-spyware protection (your program may require an upgrade) to scan the computer and remove spyware. For more information, go to support.dell.com and search for the keyword spyware.Troubleshooting 119 Error Messages Fill out the "Diagnostics Checklist" on page 191 as you complete these checks. CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide. If the message is not listed, see the documentation for the operating system or the program that was running when the message appeared. AUXILIARY DEVICE FAILURE — The touch pad or external mouse may be faulty. For an external mouse, check the cable connection. Enable the Pointing Device option in the system setup program (see "Using the System Setup Program" on page 203). If the problem persists, contact Dell (see "Contacting Dell" on page 192). BA D COMMAND O R FILE NAME — Ensure that you have spelled the command correctly, put spaces in the proper place, and used the correct pathname. CACHE DISABLED DUE T O FAILURE — The primary cache internal to the microprocessor has failed. Contact Dell (see "Contacting Dell" on page 192). CD DRIVE CONTROLLER FAILURE — The CD drive does not respond to commands from the computer (see "Drive Problems" on page 114). DATA ERROR — The hard drive cannot read the data (see "Drive Problems" on page 114). DECREASING AVAILABLE MEMORY — One or more memory modules may be faulty or improperly seated. Reinstall the memory modules and, if necessary, replace them (see "Memory" on page 163). DISK C: FAILED INITIALIZATION — The hard drive failed initialization. Run the hard drive tests in the Dell Diagnostics (see "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107). DRIVE NOT READY — The operation requires a hard drive in the bay before it can continue. Install a hard drive in the hard drive bay (see "Hard Drive" on page 156). ERROR READING PCMCIA CARD — The computer cannot identify the ExpressCard. Reinsert the card or try another card (see "Using ExpressCards" on page 87). EXTENDED MEMORY SIZE HAS CHANGED — The amount of memory recorded in NVRAM does not match the memory installed in the computer. Restart the computer. If the error appears again, contact Dell (see "Contacting Dell" on page 192).120 Troubleshooting TH E FILE BEING COPIED I S TOO LARGE FOR THE DESTINATION DRIVE — The file that you are trying to copy is too large to fit on the disk, or the disk is full. Try copying the file to a different disk or use a larger capacity disk. A FILENAME CANNOT CONTAIN ANY O F THE FOLLOWING CHARACTERS: \ / : * ? “ < > | — Do not use these characters in filenames. GATE A20 FAILURE — A memory module may be loose. Reinstall the memory modules and, if necessary, replace them (see "Memory" on page 163). GENERAL FAILURE — The operating system is unable to carry out the command. The message is usually followed by specific information—for example, Printer out of paper. Take the appropriate action. HARD-DISK DRIVE CONFIGURATION ERROR — The computer cannot identify the drive type. Shut down the computer, remove the hard drive (see "Hard Drive" on page 156), and boot the computer from a CD. Then, shut down the computer, reinstall the hard drive, and restart the computer. Run the Hard Disk Drive tests in the Dell Diagnostics (see "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107). HARD-DISK DRIVE CONTROLLER FAILURE 0— The hard drive does not respond to commands from the computer. Shut down the computer, remove the hard drive (see "Hard Drive" on page 156), and boot the computer from a CD. Then, shut down the computer, reinstall the hard drive, and restart the computer. If the problem persists, try another drive. Run the Hard Disk Drive tests in the Dell Diagnostics (see "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107). HARD-DISK DRIVE FAILURE — The hard drive does not respond to commands from the computer. Shut down the computer, remove the hard drive (see "Hard Drive" on page 156), and boot the computer from a CD. Then, shut down the computer, reinstall the hard drive, and restart the computer. If the problem persists, try another drive. Run the Hard Disk Drive tests in the Dell Diagnostics (see "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107). HARD-DISK DRIVE READ FAILURE — The hard drive may be defective. Shut down the computer, remove the hard drive (see "Hard Drive" on page 156), and boot the computer from a CD. Then, shut down the computer, reinstall the hard drive, and restart the computer. If the problem persists, try another drive. Run the Hard Disk Drive tests in the Dell Diagnostics (see "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107). INSERT BOOTABLE MEDIA — The operating system is trying to boot to nonbootable media, such as a floppy disk or CD. Insert bootable media.Troubleshooting 121 INVALID CONFIGURATION INFORMATION-PLEASE RUN SYSTEM SETUP PROGRAM — The system configuration information does not match the hardware configuration. The message is most likely to occur after a memory module is installed. Correct the appropriate options in the system setup program (see "Using the System Setup Program" on page 203). KEYBOARD CLOCK LINE FAILURE — For external keyboards, check the cable connection. Run the Keyboard Controller test in the Dell Diagnostics (see "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107). KEYBOARD CONTROLLER FAILURE — For external keyboards, check the cable connection. Restart the computer, and avoid touching the keyboard or the mouse during the boot routine. Run the Keyboard Controller test in the Dell Diagnostics (see "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107). KEYBOARD DATA LINE FAILURE — For external keyboards, check the cable connection. Run the Keyboard Controller test in the Dell Diagnostics (see "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107). KEYBOARD STUCK KEY FAILURE — For external keyboards or keypads, check the cable connection. Restart the computer, and avoid touching the keyboard or keys during the boot routine. Run the Stuck Key test in the Dell Diagnostics (see "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107). LICENSED CONTENT I S NOT ACCESSIBLE IN DELL MEDIADIRECT — Dell MediaDirect™ cannot verify the Digital Rights Management (DRM) restrictions on the file, so the file cannot be played (see "Dell MediaDirect problems" on page 128). MEMORY ADDRESS LINE FAILURE A T ADDRESS, READ VALUE EXPECTING VALUE — A memory module may be faulty or improperly seated. Reinstall the memory modules and, if necessary, replace them (see "Memory" on page 163). MEMORY ALLOCATION ERROR — The software you are attempting to run is conflicting with the operating system, another program, or a utility. Shut down the computer, wait 30 seconds, and then restart it. Try to run the program again. If the error message still appears, see the software documentation. MEMORY DATA LINE FAILURE A T ADDRESS, READ VALUE EXPECTING VALUE — A memory module may be faulty or improperly seated. Reinstall the memory modules and, if necessary, replace them (see "Memory" on page 163).122 Troubleshooting MEMORY DOUBLE WORD LOGIC FAILURE A T ADDRESS, READ VALUE EXPECTING VALUE — A memory module may be faulty or improperly seated. Reinstall the memory modules and, if necessary, replace them (see "Memory" on page 163). MEMORY ODD/EVEN LOGIC FAILURE A T ADDRESS, READ VALUE EXPECTING VALUE — A memory module may be faulty or improperly seated. Reinstall the memory modules and, if necessary, replace them (see "Memory" on page 163). MEMORY WRITE/READ FAILURE A T ADDRESS, READ VALUE EXPECTING VALUE — A memory module may be faulty or improperly seated. Reinstall the memory modules and, if necessary, replace them (see "Memory" on page 163). NO BOOT DEVICE AVAILABLE — The computer cannot find the hard drive. If the hard drive is your boot device, ensure that the drive is installed, properly seated, and partitioned as a boot device. NO BOOT SECTOR ON HARD DRIVE — The operating system may be corrupted. Contact Dell (see "Contacting Dell" on page 192). NO TIMER TICK INTERRUPT — A chip on the system board may be malfunctioning. Run the System Set tests in the Dell Diagnostics (see "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107). NO T ENOUGH MEMORY O R RESOURCES. EXIT SOME PROGRAMS AND TRY AGAIN — You have too many programs open. Close all windows and open the program that you want to use. OPERATING SYSTEM NOT FOUND — Reinstall the hard drive (see "Hard Drive" on page 156). If the problem persists, contact Dell (see "Contacting Dell" on page 192). OPTIONAL ROM BAD CHECKSUM — The optional ROM has failed. Contact Dell (see "Contacting Dell" on page 192). A REQUIRED .DLL FILE WAS NOT FOUND — The program that you are trying to open is missing an essential file. Remove and then reinstall the program. Windows XP 1 Click Start→Control Panel→Add or Remove Programs→Programs and Features. 2 Select the program you want to remove. 3 Click Uninstall. 4 See the program documentation for installation instructions.Troubleshooting 123 Windows Vista 1 Click Start →Control Panel→Programs→Programs and Features. 2 Select the program you want to remove. 3 Click Uninstall. 4 See the program documentation for installation instructions. SECTOR NOT FOUND — The operating system cannot locate a sector on the hard drive. You may have a defective sector or corrupted FAT on the hard drive. Run the Windows error-checking utility to check the file structure on the hard drive. See Windows Help and Support for instructions (click Start → Help and Support). If a large number of sectors are defective, back up the data (if possible), and then reformat the hard drive. SEEK ERROR — The operating system cannot find a specific track on the hard drive. SHUTDOWN FAILURE — A chip on the system board may be malfunctioning. Run the System Set tests in the Dell Diagnostics (see "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107). TIME-O F-DAY CLOCK LOST POWER — System configuration settings are corrupted. Connect your computer to an electrical outlet to charge the battery. If the problem persists, try to restore the data by entering the system setup program, then immediately exit the program (see "Using the System Setup Program" on page 203). If the message reappears, contact Dell (see "Contacting Dell" on page 192). TIME-O F-DAY CLOCK STOPPED — The reserve battery that supports the system configuration settings may require recharging. Connect your computer to an electrical outlet to charge the battery. If the problem persists, contact Dell (see "Contacting Dell" on page 192). TIME-O F-DAY NOT SET-PLEASE RUN THE SYSTEM SETUP PROGRAM — The time or date stored in the system setup program does not match the system clock. Correct the settings for the Date and Time options (see "Using the System Setup Program" on page 203). TIMER CHIP COUNTER 2 FAILED — A chip on the system board may be malfunctioning. Run the System Set tests in the Dell Diagnostics (see "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107).124 Troubleshooting UNEXPECTED INTERRUPT IN PROTECTED MODE — The keyboard controller may be malfunctioning, or a memory module may be loose. Run the System Memory tests and the Keyboard Controller test in the Dell Diagnostics (see "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107). X:\ I S NOT ACCESSIBLE. TH E DEVICE I S NOT READY — Insert a disk into the drive and try again. WARNING: BATTERY I S CRITICALLY LOW — The battery is running out of charge. Replace the battery, or connect the computer to an electrical outlet; otherwise, activate hibernate mode or shut down the computer. ExpressCard Problems CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide. CHECK THE EXPRESSCARD — Ensure that the ExpressCard is properly inserted into the connector. CHECK THAT THE CARD I S RECOGNIZED B Y WINDOWS — Double-click the Safely Remove Hardware icon in the Windows taskbar. Some cards do not support this feature. If the card supports this Windows feature, the card will be listed. IF YOU HAVE PROBLEMS WITH A DELL-PROVIDED EXPRESSCARD — Contact Dell (see "Contacting Dell" on page 192). Also, for Mobile Broadband (WWAN) ExpressCards, see "Mobile Broadband (Wireless Wide Area Network [WWAN])" on page 131. IF YOU HAVE PROBLEMS WITH AN EXPRESSCARD NOT PROVIDED B Y DELL — Contact the ExpressCard manufacturer. IEEE 1394 Device Problems CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide. ENSURE THAT THE IEEE 1394 DEVICE I S RECOGNIZED B Y WINDOWS — Windows XP Click Start and click Control Panel. 1 Under Pick a Category, click Performance and Maintenance→System→ System Properties→Hardware→Device Manager.Troubleshooting 125 Windows Vista 1 Click Start →Control Panel→Hardware and Sound. 2 Click Device Manager. If your IEEE 1394 device is listed, Windows recognizes the device. IF YOU HAVE PROBLEMS WITH A DELL-PROVIDED IEEE 1394 DEVICE — Contact Dell or the IEEE 1394 device manufacturer(see "Contacting Dell" on page 192). IF YOU HAVE PROBLEMS WITH AN IEEE 1394 DEVICE NOT PROVIDED B Y DELL — Contact Dell or the IEEE 1394 device manufacturer(see "Contacting Dell" on page 192). Ensure that the IEEE 1394 device is properly inserted into the connector. Keyboard Problems CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide. Fill out the "Diagnostics Checklist" on page 191 as you perform the various checks. NOTE: Use the integrated keyboard when running the Dell Diagnostics or the system setup program. When you attach an external keyboard, the integrated keyboard remains fully functional. External Keyboard problems NOTE: When you attach an external keyboard, the integrated keyboard remains fully functional. CHECK THE KEYBOARD CABLE — Shut down the computer, disconnect the keyboard cable and check it for damage, then firmly reconnect the cable. If you are using a keyboard extension cable, disconnect it and connect the keyboard directly to the computer. CHECK THE EXTERNAL KEYBOARD — 1 Shut down the computer, wait 1 minute, and then turn it on again. 2 Verify that the numbers, capitals, and scroll lock lights on the keyboard blink during the boot routine.126 Troubleshooting 3 From the Windows desktop, click Start →All Programs→ Accessories→Notepad. 4 Type some characters on the external keyboard and verify that they appear on the display. If you cannot verify these steps, you may have a defective external keyboard. TO VERIFY THAT THE PROBLEM I S WITH THE EXTERNAL KEYBOARD, CHECK THE INTEGRATED KEYBOARD — 1 Shut down the computer. 2 Disconnect the external keyboard. 3 Turn on the computer. 4 From the Windows desktop, click Start →All Programs→ Accessories→Notepad. 5 Type some characters on the internal keyboard and verify that they appear on the display. If the characters appear now, but did not with the external keyboard, you may have a defective external keyboard. Contact Dell (see "Contacting Dell" on page 192). RUN THE KEYBOARD DIAGNOSTICS TESTS — Run the PC-AT Compatible Keyboards tests in the Dell Diagnostics (see "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107). If the tests indicate a defective external keyboard, contact Dell (see "Contacting Dell" on page 192). Unexpected characters DISABLE THE NUMERIC KEYPAD — Press to disable the numeric keypad if numbers are displayed instead of letters. Verify that the numbers lock light is not lit.Troubleshooting 127 Lockups and Software Problems CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide. The computer does not start CHECK THE A C ADAPTER — Ensure that the AC adapter is firmly connected to the computer and to the electrical outlet. The computer stops responding NOTICE: You might lose data if you are unable to perform an operating system shutdown. TURN THE COMPUTER OFF — If you are unable to get a response by pressing a key on your keyboard or moving your mouse, press and hold the power button for at least 8 to 10 seconds until the computer turns off, then restart your computer. A program stops responding or crashes repeatedly EN D THE PROGRAM — 1 Press simultaneously. 2 Click the Applications tab and select the program that is no longer responding. 3 Click End Task. NOTE: The chkdsk program may run when you restart the computer. Follow the instructions on the screen. CHECK THE SOFTWARE DOCUMENTATION — If necessary, uninstall and then reinstall the program. Software usually includes installation instructions in its documentation or on a floppy disk or CD. A program is designed for an earlier Microsoft® Windows® operating system RUN THE PROGRAM COMPATIBILITY WIZARD Windows XP The Program Compatibility Wizard configures a program so that it runs in an environment similar to non-XP operating system environments.128 Troubleshooting 1 Click Start→All Programs→ Accessories→Program Compatibility Wizard→Next. 2 Follow the instructions on the screen. Windows Vista The Program Compatibility Wizard configures a program so that it runs in an environment similar to non-Windows Vista operating system environments. 1 Click Start →Control Panel→Programs→Use an older program with this version of Windows. 2 In the welcome screen, click Next. Follow the instructions on the screen. A solid blue screen appears TURN THE COMPUTER OFF — If you are unable to get a response by pressing a key on your keyboard or moving your mouse, press and hold the power button for at least 8 to 10 seconds until the computer turns off, then restart your computer. Dell MediaDirect problems CHECK THE DELL MEDIADIRECT HELP FILE FOR INFORMATION — Use the Help menu to access Dell MediaDirect Help. TO PLAY MOVIES WITH DELL MEDIADIRECT, YOU MUST HAVE A DVD DRIVE AND THE DELL DVD PLAYER — If you purchased a DVD drive with your computer, this software should already be installed. VIDEO QUALITY PROBLEMS — Turn off the Use Hardware Acceleration option. This feature takes advantage of the special processing in some graphics cards to reduce processor requirements when playing DVDs and certain types of video files. CANNOT PLAY SOME MEDIA FILES — Because Dell MediaDirect provides access to media files outside the Windows operating system environment, access to licensed content is restricted. Licensed content is digital content that has Digital Rights Management (DRM) applied to it. The Dell MediaDirect environment cannot verify the DRM restrictions, so the licensed files cannot be played. Licensed music and video files have a lock icon next to them. You can access licensed files in the Windows operating system environment. Troubleshooting 129 ADJUSTING THE COLOR SETTINGS FOR MOVIES THAT CONTAIN SCENES THAT ARE TOO DARK O R TOO BRIGHT — Click EagleVision to use a video enhancement technology that detects video content and dynamically adjusts the brightness/contrast/saturation ratios. NOTICE: You cannot reinstall the Dell MediaDirect feature if you voluntarily reformat the hard drive. Contact Dell for assistance (see "Contacting Dell" on page 192). Other software problems CHECK THE SOFTWARE DOCUMENTATION O R CONTACT THE SOFTWARE MANUFACTURER FOR TROUBLESHOOTING INFORMATION — • Ensure that the program is compatible with the operating system installed on your computer. • Ensure that your computer meets the minimum hardware requirements needed to run the software. See the software documentation for information. • Ensure that the program is installed and configured properly. • Verify that the device drivers do not conflict with the program. • If necessary, uninstall and then reinstall the program. BACK U P YOUR FILES IMMEDIATELY US E A VIRUS-SCANNING PROGRAM T O CHECK THE HARD DRIVE, FLOPPY DISKS, O R CDS SAVE AND CLOSE ANY OPEN FILES O R PROGRAMS AND SHUT DOWN YOUR COMPUTER THROUGH THE START MENU SCAN THE COMPUTER FOR SPYWARE — If you are experiencing slow computer performance, you frequently receive pop-up advertisements, or you are having problems connecting to the Internet, your computer might be infected with spyware. Use an anti-virus program that includes anti-spyware protection (your program may require an upgrade) to scan the computer and remove spyware. For more information, go to support.dell.com and search for the keyword spyware. RUN THE DELL DIAGNOSTICS — If all tests run successfully, the error condition is related to a software problem (see "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107).130 Troubleshooting Memory Problems Fill out the "Diagnostics Checklist" on page 191 as you complete these checks. CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide. IF YOU RECEIVE AN INSUFFICIENT MEMORY MESSAGE — • Save and close any open files and exit any open programs you are not using to see if that resolves the problem. • See the software documentation for minimum memory requirements. If necessary, install additional memory (see "Memory" on page 163). • Reseat the memory modules to ensure that your computer is successfully communicating with the memory (see "Memory" on page 163). • Run the Dell Diagnostics (see "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107). IF YOU EXPERIENCE OTHER MEMORY PROBLEMS — • Reseat the memory modules to ensure that your computer is successfully communicating with the memory (see "Memory" on page 163). • Ensure that you are following the memory installation guidelines (see "Memory" on page 163). • Run the Dell Diagnostics (see "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107). Troubleshooting 131 Network Problems Fill out the "Diagnostics Checklist" on page 191 as you complete these checks. CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide. CHECK THE NETWORK CABLE CONNECTOR — Ensure that the network cable is firmly inserted into both the network connector on the back of the computer and the network jack. CHECK THE NETWORK LIGHTS ON THE NETWORK CONNECTOR — No light indicates that no network communication exists. Replace the network cable. RESTART THE COMPUTER AND LOG ON T O THE NETWORK AGAIN CHECK YOUR NETWORK SETTINGS — Contact your network administrator or the person who set up your network to verify that your network settings are correct and that the network is functioning. Mobile Broadband (Wireless Wide Area Network [WWAN]) NOTE: The Dell Mobile Broadband Card Utility user’s guide and the Mobile Broadband ExpressCard user’s guide are available through Windows Help and Support (click Start →Help and Support). You can also download the Dell Mobile Broadband Card Utility user’s guide from support.dell.com. NOTE: The icon appears in the notification area if the computer has a Dell WWAN device installed. Double-click the icon to launch the utility. ACTIVATE THE MOBILE BROADBAND EXPRESSCARD — You must activate the Mobile Broadband ExpressCard before you can connect to the network. Position the mouse over the icon in the notification area to verify the status of the connection. If the card is not activated, follow the card activation instructions located within the Dell Mobile Broadband Card Utility. To access the utility, double-click the icon located in the taskbar, at the lower-right corner of your screen. If your ExpressCard is not a Dellbranded card, see the manufacturer’s instructions for your card.132 Troubleshooting CHECK NETWORK CONNECTION STATUS IN THE DELL MOBILE BROADBAND CARD UTILITY — Double-click the icon to launch the Dell Mobile Broadband Card Utility. Check the status in the main window: • No card detected — Restart the computer, and launch the Dell Mobile Broadband Card Utility again. • Check your WWAN service — Contact your cellular service provider to verify your plan coverage and supported services. Power Problems Fill out the "Diagnostics Checklist" on page 191 as you complete these checks. CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide. CHECK THE POWER LIGHT — When the power light is lit or blinking, the computer has power. If the power light is blinking, the computer is in Sleep state—press the power button to exit Sleep state. If the light is off, press the power button to turn on the computer. NOTE: For information on Sleep power state, see "Standby and Sleep Mode" on page 56. CHARGE THE BATTERY — The battery charge may be depleted. 1 Reinstall the battery. 2 Use the AC adapter to connect the computer to an electrical outlet. 3 Turn on the computer. NOTE: Battery operating time (the time the battery can hold a charge) decreases over time. Depending on how often the battery is used and the conditions under which it is used, you may need to purchase a new battery during the life of your computer. CHECK THE BATTERY STATUS LIGHT — If the battery status light flashes amber or is a steady amber, the battery charge is low or depleted. Connect the computer to an electrical outlet. If the battery status light flashes blue and amber, the battery is too hot to charge. Shut down the computer, disconnect the computer from the electrical outlet, and then let the battery and computer cool to room temperature. If the battery status light rapidly flashes amber, the battery may be defective. Contact Dell(see "Contacting Dell" on page 192).Troubleshooting 133 CHECK THE BATTERY TEMPERATURE — If the battery temperature is below 0°C (32°F), the computer will not start. TEST THE ELECTRICAL OUTLET — Ensure that the electrical outlet is working by testing it with another device, such as a lamp. CHECK THE AC ADAPTER — Check the AC adapter cable connections. If the AC adapter has a light, ensure that the light is on. CONNECT THE COMPUTER DIRECTLY T O AN ELECTRICAL OUTLET — Bypass power protection devices, power strips, and extension cables to verify that the computer turns on. ELIMINATE POSSIBLE INTERFERENCE — Turn off nearby fans, fluorescent lights, halogen lamps, or other appliances. ADJUST THE POWER PROPERTIES — See "Power Management Modes" on page 56. RESEAT THE MEMORY MODULES — If the computer power light turns on, but the display remains blank, reinstall the memory modules (see "Memory" on page 163). Printer Problems Fill out the "Diagnostics Checklist" on page 191 as you complete these checks. CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide. NOTE: If you need technical assistance for your printer, contact the printer’s manufacturer. CHECK THE PRINTER DOCUMENTATION — See the printer documentation for setup and troubleshooting information. ENSURE THAT THE PRINTER I S TURNED ON CHECK THE PRINTER CABLE CONNECTIONS — • See the printer documentation for cable connection information. • Ensure that the printer cables are securely connected to the printer and the computer. TEST THE ELECTRICAL OUTLET — Ensure that the electrical outlet is working by testing it with another device, such as a lamp.134 Troubleshooting VERIFY THAT THE PRINTER I S RECOGNIZED B Y WINDOWS — Windows XP 1 Click Start→Control Panel→Printers and Other Hardware→ View installed printers or fax printers. 2 If the printer is listed, right-click the printer icon. 3 Click Properties→Ports. For a parallel printer, ensure that the Print to the following port(s): setting is LPT1 (Printer Port). For a USB printer, ensure that the Print to the following port(s): setting is USB. Windows Vista 1 Click Start →Control Panel→Hardware and Sound→Printer. 2 If the printer is listed, right-click the printer icon. 3 Click Properties and click Ports. 4 Adjust the settings, as needed. REINSTALL THE PRINTER DRIVER — See the printer documentation for instructions. Scanner Problems CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide. NOTE: If you need technical assistance for your scanner, contact the scanner’s manufacturer. CHECK THE SCANNER DOCUMENTATION — See the scanner documentation for setup and troubleshooting information. UNLOCK THE SCANNER — Ensure that your scanner is unlocked. RESTART THE COMPUTER AND TRY THE SCANNER AGAIN CHECK THE CABLE CONNECTIONS — • See the scanner documentation for cable connection information. • Ensure that the scanner cables are securely connected to the scanner and the computer.Troubleshooting 135 VERIFY THAT THE SCANNER I S RECOGNIZED B Y MICROSOFT WINDOWS — Windows XP 1 Click Start→Control Panel→Printers and Other Hardware→Scanners and Cameras. 2 If your scanner is listed, Windows recognizes the scanner. Windows Vista 1 Click Start →Control Panel→Hardware and Sound→Scanners and Cameras. 2 If the scanner is listed, Windows recognizes the scanner. REINSTALL THE SCANNER DRIVER — See the scanner documentation for instructions. Sound and Speaker Problems Fill out the "Diagnostics Checklist" on page 191 as you complete these checks. CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide. No sound from integrated speakers ADJUST THE WINDOWS VOLUME CONTROL — Double-click the speaker icon in the lower-right corner of your screen. Ensure that the volume is turned up and that the sound is not muted. Adjust the volume, bass, or treble controls to eliminate distortion. ADJUST THE VOLUME USING KEYBOARD SHORTCUTS — Press to disable (mute) or re-enable the integrated speakers. REINSTALL THE SOUND (AUDIO) DRIVER — See "Reinstalling Drivers and Utilities" on page 140. No sound from external speakers ENSURE THAT THE SUBWOOFER AND THE SPEAKERS ARE TURNED ON — See the setup diagram supplied with the speakers. If your speakers have volume controls, adjust the volume, bass, or treble to eliminate distortion. ADJUST THE WINDOWS VOLUME CONTROL — Click or double-click the speaker icon in the lower-right corner of your screen. Ensure that the volume is turned up and that the sound is not muted.136 Troubleshooting DISCONNECT HEADPHONES FROM THE HEADPHONE CONNECTOR — Sound from the speakers is automatically disabled when headphones are connected to the headphone connector. TEST THE ELECTRICAL OUTLET — Ensure that the electrical outlet is working by testing it with another device, such as a lamp. ELIMINATE POSSIBLE INTERFERENCE — Turn off nearby fans, fluorescent lights, or halogen lamps to check for interference. REINSTALL THE AUDIO DRIVER — See "Reinstalling Drivers and Utilities" on page 140. RUN THE DELL DIAGNOSTICS — See "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107. NOTE: The volume control in some MP3 players overrides the Windows volume setting. If you have been listening to MP3 songs, ensure that you did not turn the player volume down or off. No sound from headphones CHECK THE HEADPHONE CABLE CONNECTION — Ensure that the headphone cable is securely inserted into the headphone connector (see "audio connectors" on page 28). ADJUST THE WINDOWS VOLUME CONTROL — Click or double-click the speaker icon in the lower-right corner of your screen. Ensure that the volume is turned up and that the sound is not muted. Touch Pad or Mouse Problems CHECK THE TOUCH PAD SETTINGS — Windows XP 1 Click Start→Control Panel→Printers and Other Hardware→Mouse. 2 Try adjusting the settings. Windows Vista 1 Click Start →Control Panel→Hardware and Sound→Mouse. 2 Adjust the settings, as needed.Troubleshooting 137 CHECK THE MOUSE CABLE — Shut down the computer, disconnect the mouse cable and check it for damage, then firmly reconnect the cable. If you are using a mouse extension cable, disconnect it and connect the mouse directly to the computer. TO VERIFY THAT THE PROBLEM I S WITH THE MOUSE, CHECK THE TOUCH PAD — 1 Shut down the computer. 2 Disconnect the mouse. 3 Turn on the computer. 4 At the Windowsdesktop, use the touch pad to move the cursor around, select an icon, and open it. If the touch pad operates correctly, the mouse may be defective. CHECK THE SYSTEM SETUP PROGRAM SETTINGS — Verify that the system setup program lists the correct device for the pointing device option (the computer automatically recognizes a USB mouse without making any setting adjustments). TEST THE MOUSE CONTROLLER — To test the mouse controller (which affects pointer movement) and the operation of the touch pad or mouse buttons, run the Mouse test in the Pointing Devices test group in the "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107. REINSTALL THE TOUCH PAD DRIVER — See "Reinstalling Drivers and Utilities" on page 140. Video and Display Problems Fill out the "Diagnostics Checklist" on page 191 as you complete these checks. CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide. If the display is blank NOTE: If you are using a program that requires a higher resolution than your computer supports, it is recommended that you attach an external monitor to your computer.138 Troubleshooting CHECK THE BATTERY — If you are using a battery to power your computer, the battery charge may be depleted. Connect the computer to an electrical outlet using the AC adapter, and then turn on the computer. TEST THE ELECTRICAL OUTLET — Ensure that the electrical outlet is working by testing it with another device, such as a lamp. CHECK THE AC ADAPTER — Check the AC adapter cable connections. If the AC adapter has a light, ensure that the light is on. CONNECT THE COMPUTER DIRECTLY T O AN ELECTRICAL OUTLET — Bypass power protection devices, power strips, and extension cables to verify that the computer turns on. ADJUST THE POWER PROPERTIES — Search for the keyword sleep in Windows Help and Support. SWITCH THE VIDEO IMAGE — If your computer is attached to an external monitor, press to switch the video image to the display. If the display is difficult to read ADJUST THE BRIGHTNESS — Press and the up- or down-arrow key. MOVE THE EXTERNAL SUBWOOFER AWAY FROM THE COMPUTER O R MONITOR — If your external speaker system includes a subwoofer, ensure that the subwoofer is at least 60 cm (2 ft) away from the computer or external monitor. ELIMINATE POSSIBLE INTERFERENCE — Turn off nearby fans, fluorescent lights, halogen lamps, or other appliances. ROTATE THE COMPUTER T O FACE A DIFFERENT DIRECTION — Eliminate sunlight glare, which can cause poor picture quality. ADJUST THE WINDOWS DISPLAY SETTINGS — Windows XP 1 Click Start→Control Panel→Appearance and Themes. 2 Click the area you want to change or click the Display icon. 3 Try different settings for Color quality and Screen resolution. Windows Vista 1 Click Start →Control Panel→Hardware and Sound→ Personalization→Display Settings. 2 Adjust Resolution and Colors settings, as needed.Troubleshooting 139 RUN THE VIDEO DIAGNOSTICS TESTS — If no error message appears and you still have a display problem, but the display is not completely blank, run the Video device group in the "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107, then contact Dell (see "Contacting Dell" on page 192). SE E "ERROR MESSAGES" — If an error message appears, see "Error Messages" on page 119. If only part of the display is readable CONNECT AN EXTERNAL MONITOR — 1 Shut down your computer and connect an external monitor to the computer. 2 Turn on the computer and the monitor, and then adjust the monitor brightness and contrast controls. If the external monitor works, the computer display or video controller may be defective. Contact Dell (see "Contacting Dell" on page 192). Drivers What Is a Driver? A driver is a program that controls a device such as a printer, mouse, or keyboard. All devices require a driver program. A driver acts like a translator between the device and any other programs that use the device. Each device has its own set of specialized commands that only its driver recognizes. Dell ships your computer to you with required drivers already installed—no further installation or configuration is needed. NOTICE: Your Drivers and Utilities media may contain drivers for operating systems that are not on your computer. Ensure that you are installing software appropriate for your operating system. Many drivers, such as the keyboard driver, come with your Microsoft® Windows® operating system. You may need to install drivers if you: • Upgrade your operating system. • Reinstall your operating system. • Connect or install a new device.140 Troubleshooting Identifying Drivers If you experience a problem with any device, identify whether the driver is the source of your problem and, if necessary, update the driver. Windows XP 1 Click Start→Control Panel. 2 Under Pick a Category, click Performance and Maintenance, and click System. 3 In the System Properties window, click the Hardware tab, and click Device Manager. Windows Vista 1 Click the Windows Vista start button , and right-click Computer. 2 Click Properties→Device Manager. NOTE: The User Account Control window may appear. If you are an administrator on the computer, click Continue; otherwise, contact your administrator to continue. NOTE: Scroll down the list of devices and check for an exclamation point (a circle with a [!]) next to the device name. If an exclamation point is next to the device name, you may need to reinstall the driver or install a new driver (see "Reinstalling Drivers and Utilities" on page 140). Reinstalling Drivers and Utilities NOTICE: The Dell Support website at support.dell.com and your Drivers and Utilities media provide approved drivers for Dell computers. If you install drivers obtained from other sources, your computer might not work correctly. Using Windows Device Driver Rollback If a problem occurs on your computer after you install or update a driver, use Windows Device Driver Rollback to replace the driver with the previously installed version. Windows XP 1 Click Start→My Computer→Properties→Hardware→Device Manager. 2 Right-click the device for which the new driver was installed and click Properties. 3 Click the Drivers tab→Roll Back Driver.Troubleshooting 141 Windows Vista 1 Click the Windows Vista start button , and right-click Computer. 2 Click Properties→Device Manager. NOTE: The User Account Control window may appear. If you are an administrator on the computer, click Continue; otherwise, contact your administrator to enter the Device Manager. 3 Right-click the device for which the new driver was installed and click Properties. 4 Click the Drivers tab→Roll Back Driver. If Device Driver Rollback does not resolve the problem, use System Restore (see "Restoring Your Operating System" on page 144) to return your computer to the operating state that existed before you installed the new driver. Using the Drivers and Utilities Media If using Device Driver Rollback or System Restore (see "Restoring Your Operating System" on page 144) does not resolve the problem, reinstall the driver from your Drivers and Utilities media. 1 With the Windows desktop displayed, insert your Drivers and Utilities media. If this is your first time to use your Drivers and Utilities media, continue to step 2. If not, proceed to step 5. 2 When the Drivers and Utilitiesinstallation program starts, follow the prompts on the screen. NOTE: In most cases, the Drivers and Utilities program starts running automatically. If it does not, start Windows Explorer, click your media drive directory to display the media contents, and then double-click the autorcd.exe file. 3 When the InstallShield Wizard Complete window appears, remove the Drivers and Utilities disc and click Finish to restart the computer. 4 When you see the Windows desktop, reinsert the Drivers and Utilities disc.142 Troubleshooting 5 At the Welcome Dell System Owner screen, click Next. NOTE: The Drivers and Utilities program displays drivers only for hardware that came installed in your computer. If you installed additional hardware, the drivers for the new hardware might not be displayed. If those drivers are not displayed, exit the Drivers and Utilities program. For drivers information, see the documentation that came with the device. A message stating that the Drivers and Utilities program is detecting hardware in your computer appears. The drivers that are used by your computer are automatically displayed in the My Drivers—The ResourceCD has identified these components in your system window. 6 Click the driver that you want to reinstall and follow the instructions on the screen. If a particular driver is not listed, then that driver is not required by your operating system. Manually Reinstalling Drivers NOTE: If your computer has a Consumer IR port and you are reinstalling a Consumer IR driver, you must first enable the Consumer IR port in the system setup program (see "Using the System Setup Program" on page 203) before continuing with the driver installation (see "Reinstalling Drivers and Utilities" on page 140). For information about components installed on your computer, see "Determining Your Computer’s Configuration" on page 21. After extracting the driver files to your hard drive, as described in the previous section: Windows XP 1 Click Start→ My Computer→Properties→Hardware→Device Manager. 2 Double-click the type of device for which you are installing the driver (for example, Audio or Video). 3 Double-click the name of the device for which you are installing the driver. 4 Click the Driver tab→Update Driver. 5 Click Install from a list or specific location (Advanced)→Next.Troubleshooting 143 6 Click Browse and browse to the location to which you previously copied the driver files. 7 When the name of the appropriate driver appears, click Next. 8 Click Finish and restart your computer. Windows Vista 1 Click the Windows Vista start button , and right-click Computer. 2 Click Properties→Device Manager. NOTE: The User Account Control window may appear. If you are an administrator on the computer, click Continue; otherwise, contact your administrator to enter the Device Manager. 3 Double-click the type of device for which you are installing the driver (for example, Audio or Video). 4 Double-click the name of the device for which you are installing the driver. 5 Click the Driver tab→Update Driver→ Browse my computer for driver software. 6 Click Browse and browse to the location to which you previously copied the driver files. 7 When the name of the appropriate driver appears, click the name of the driver→OK→Next. 8 Click Finish and restart your computer. Troubleshooting Software and Hardware Problems in the Microsoft® Windows® XP and Microsoft Windows Vista® Operating Systems If a device is either not detected during the operating system setup or is detected but incorrectly configured, use Windows Vista Help and Support to resolve the incompatibility: If a device is either not detected during the operating system setup or is detected but incorrectly configured, you can use the Hardware Troubleshooter to resolve the incompatibility.144 Troubleshooting To start the Hardware Troubleshooter: Windows XP 1 Click Start→Help and Support. 2 Type hardware troubleshooter in the search field and press to start the search. 3 In the Fix a Problem section, click Hardware Troubleshooter. 4 In the Hardware Troubleshooter list, select the option that best describes the problem and click Next to follow the remaining troubleshooting steps. Windows Vista 1 Click the Windows Vista start button , and click Help and Support. 2 Type hardware troubleshooter in the search field and press to start the search. 3 In the search results, select the option that best describes the problem and follow the remaining troubleshooting steps. Restoring Your Operating System You can restore your operating system in the following ways: • Microsoft Windows Vista System Restore returns your computer to an earlier operating state without affecting data files. Use System Restore as the first solution for restoring your operating system and preserving data files. For instructions, see "Using MicrosoftWindows System Restore" on page 145. • Dell PC Restore by Symantec (available in Windows XP) and Dell Factory Image Restore (available in Windows Vista) returns your hard drive to the operating state it was in when you purchased the computer. Both permanently delete all data on the hard drive and remove any programs installed after you received the computer. Use Dell PC Restore or Dell Factory Image Restore only if System Restore did not resolve your operating system problem. • If you received Operating System media with your computer, you can use it to restore your operating system. However, using the Operating System media also deletes all data on the hard drive. Use the media only if System Restore did not resolve your operating system problem. For instructions, see "Using the Operating System Media" on page 150.Troubleshooting 145 Using MicrosoftWindows System Restore The Windows operating system provides System Restore to allow you to return your computer to an earlier operating state (without affecting data files) if changes to the hardware, software, or other system settings have left the computer in an undesirable operating state. Any changes that System Restore makes to your computer are completely reversible. NOTICE: Make regular backups of your data files. System Restore does not monitor your data files or recover them. NOTE: The procedures in this document were written for the Windows default view, so they may not apply if you set your Dell computer to the Windows Classic view. 1 Click Start →Help and Support. 2 Type System Restore in the search field, then press . NOTE: The User Account Control window may appear. If you are an administrator on the computer, click Continue; otherwise, contact your administrator to continue the desired action. 3 Click Next and follow the remaining prompts on the screen. In the event that System Restore did not resolve the issue, you may undo the last system restore. Starting System Restore Windows XP NOTICE: Before you restore the computer to an earlier operating state, save and close any open files and exit any open programs. Do not alter, open, or delete any files or programs until the system restoration is complete. 1 Click Start→All Programs→Accessories→System Tools→System Restore. 2 Click either Restore my computer to an earlier time or Create a restore point. 3 Click Next and follow the remaining on-screen prompts.146 Troubleshooting Windows Vista 1 Click Start . 2 In the Start Search box, type System Restore and press . NOTE: The User Account Control window may appear. If you are an administrator on the computer, click Continue; otherwise, contact your administrator to continue the desired action. 3 Click Next and follow the remaining prompts on the screen. In the event that System Restore did not resolve the issue, you may undo the last system restore. Undoing the Last System Restore NOTICE: Before you undo the last system restore, save and close all open files and exit any open programs. Do not alter, open, or delete any files or programs until the system restoration is complete. Windows XP 1 Click Start→All Programs→ Accessories→ System Tools→System Restore. 2 Click Undo my last restoration and click Next. Windows Vista 1 Click Start . 2 In the Start Search box, type System Restore and press . 3 Click Undo my last restoration and click Next. Enabling System Restore NOTE: Windows Vista does not disable System Restore; regardless of low disk space. Therefore, the steps below apply only to Windows XP. If you reinstall Windows XP with less than 200 MB of free hard-disk space available, System Restore is automatically disabled. To see if System Restore is enabled: 1 Click Start→Control Panel→Performance and Maintenance→System. 2 Click the System Restore tab and ensure that Turn off System Restore is unchecked.Troubleshooting 147 Using Dell™ PC Restore and Dell Factory Image Restore NOTICE: Using Dell PC Restore or Dell Factory Image Restore permanently deletes all data on the hard drive and removes any programs or drivers installed after you received your computer. If possible, back up the data before using these options. Use PC Restore or Dell Factory Image Restore only if System Restore did not resolve your operating system problem. NOTE: Dell PC Restore by Symantec and Dell Factory Image Restore may not be available in certain countries or on certain computers. Use Dell PC Restore (Windows XP) or Dell Factory Image Restore (Windows Vista) only as the last method to restore your operating system. These options restore your hard drive to the operating state it was in when you purchased the computer. Any programs or files added since you received your computer—including data files—are permanently deleted from the hard drive. Data files include documents, spreadsheets, e-mail messages, digital photos, music files, and so on. If possible, back up all data before using PC Restore or Factory Image Restore. Dell PC Restore Using PC Restore: 1 Turn on the computer. During the boot process, a blue bar with www.dell.com appears at the top of the screen. 2 Immediately upon seeing the blue bar, press . If you do not press in time, let the computer finish starting, and then restart the computer again. NOTICE: If you do not want to proceed with PC Restore, click Reboot. 3 Click Restore and click Confirm. The restore process takes approximately 6 to 10 minutes to complete. 4 When prompted, click Finish to reboot the computer. NOTE: Do not manually shut down the computer. Click Finish and let the computer completely reboot.148 Troubleshooting 5 When prompted, click Yes. The computer restarts. Because the computer is restored to its original operating state, the screens that appear, such as the End User License Agreement, are the same ones that appeared the first time the computer was turned on. 6 Click Next. The System Restore screen appears and the computer restarts. 7 After the computer restarts, click OK. Removing PC Restore: NOTICE: Removing Dell PC Restore from the hard drive permanently deletes the PC Restore utility from your computer. After you have removed Dell PC Restore, you will not be able to use it to restore your computer operating system. Dell PC Restore enables you to restore your hard drive to the operating state it was in when you purchased your computer. It is recommended that you do not remove PC Restore from your computer, even to gain additional hard-drive space. If you remove PC Restore from the hard drive, you cannot ever recall it, and you will never be able to use PC Restore to return your computer operating system to its original state. 1 Log on to the computer as a local administrator. 2 In Microsoft Windows Explorer, go to c:\dell\utilities\DSR. 3 Double-click the filename DSRIRRemv2.exe. NOTE: If you do not log on as a local administrator, a message appears stating that you must log on as administrator. Click Quit, and then log on as a local administrator. NOTE: If the partition for PC Restore does not exist on your computer hard drive, a message appears stating that the partition was not found. Click Quit; there is no partition to delete. 4 Click OK to remove the PC Restore partition on the hard drive. 5 Click Yes when a confirmation message appears. The PC Restore partition is deleted and the newly available disk space is added to the free space allocation on the hard drive. Troubleshooting 149 6 Right-click Local Disk (C) in Windows Explorer, click Properties, and verify that the additional disk space is available as indicated by the increased value for Free Space. 7 Click Finish to close the PC Restore Removal window and restart the computer. Windows Vista: Dell Factory Image Restore 1 Turn on the computer. When the Dell logo appears, press several times to access the Vista Advanced Boot Options Window. 2 Select Repair Your Computer. The System Recovery Options window appears. 3 Select a keyboard layout and click Next. 4 To access the recovery options, log on as a local user. To access the command prompt, type administrator in the User name field, then click OK. 5 Click Dell Factory Image Restore. NOTE: Depending upon your configuration, you may need to select Dell Factory Tools, then Dell Factory Image Restore. The Dell Factory Image Restore welcome screen appears. 6 Click Next. The Confirm Data Deletion screen appears. NOTICE: If you do not want to proceed with Factory Image Restore, click Cancel. 7 Click the checkbox to confirm that you want to continue reformatting the hard drive and restoring the system software to the factory condition, then click Next. The restore process begins and may take five or more minutes to complete. A message appears when the operating system and factory-installed applications have been restored to factory condition. 8 Click Finish to reboot the system.150 Troubleshooting Using the Operating System Media Before You Begin If you are considering reinstalling the Windows operating system to correct a problem with a newly installed driver, first try using Windows Device Driver Rollback (see "Using Windows Device Driver Rollback" on page 140). If Device Driver Rollback does not resolve the problem, then use System Restore to return your operating system to the operating state it was in before you installed the new device driver (see "Using MicrosoftWindows System Restore" on page 145). NOTICE: Before performing the installation, back up all data files on your primary hard drive. For conventional hard drive configurations, the primary hard drive is the first drive detected by the computer. To reinstall Windows, you need the following items: • Dell Operating System media • Dell Drivers and Utilities media NOTE: Your Drivers and Utilities media contains drivers that were installed during assembly of the computer. Use your Drivers and Utilities media to load any required drivers, including the drivers required if your computer has a RAID controller. Reinstalling Windows XP or Windows Vista The reinstallation process can take 1 to 2 hours to complete. After you reinstall the operating system, you must also reinstall the device drivers, virus protection program, and other software. NOTICE: The Operating System media provides options for reinstalling Windows XP. The options can overwrite files and possibly affect programs that are installed on your hard drive. Therefore, do not reinstall Windows XP unless a Dell technical support representative instructs you to do so. 1 Save and close any open files and exit any open programs. 2 Insert the Operating System disc. 3 Click Exit if the Install Windows message appears.Troubleshooting 151 4 Restart the computer. When the DELL logo appears, press immediately. NOTE: If you wait too long and the operating system logo appears, continue to wait until you see the Microsoft® Windows® desktop; then, shut down your computer and try again. NOTE: The next steps change the boot sequence for one time only. On the next start-up, the computer boots according to the devices specified in the system setup program. 5 When the boot device list appears, highlight CD/DVD/CD-RW Drive and press . 6 Press any key to Boot from CD-ROM. 7 Follow the instructions on the screen to complete the installation.152 TroubleshootingAdding and Replacing Parts 153 Adding and Replacing Parts Before You Begin This chapter provides procedures for removing and installing the components in your computer. Unless otherwise noted, each procedure assumes that the following conditions exist: • You have performed the steps in "Turning Off Your Computer" on page 154 and "Before Working Inside Your Computer" on page 154. • You have read the safety information in your Dell Product Information Guide. • A component can be replaced—or if purchased separately—installed by performing the removal procedure in reverse order. Recommended Tools The procedures in this document may require the following tools: • Small flat-blade screwdriver • Phillips screwdriver • Small plastic scribe • Flash BIOS update (see the Dell Support website at support.dell.com)154 Adding and Replacing Parts Turning Off Your Computer NOTICE: To avoid losing data, save and close any open files and exit any open programs before you turn off your computer. 1 Save and close all open files and exit all open programs. 2 Shut down the operating system: Windows® XP: Click Start→Shut Down→Shut down. Windows Vista®: Click the Windows Vista Start button , click the arrow in the lower-right corner of the Start menu as shown below, and then click Shut Down. The computer turns off after the operating system shutdown process is complete. 3 Ensure that the computer and all attached devices are turned off. If your computer and attached devices did not automatically turn off when you shut down your operating system, press and hold the power button for about 4 seconds to turn them off. Before Working Inside Your Computer Use the following safety guidelines to help protect your computer from potential damage and to help ensure your own personal safety. CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide. CAUTION: Handle components and cards with care. Do not touch the components or contacts on a card. Hold a card by its edges or by its metal mounting bracket. Hold a component such as a processor by its edges, not by its pins. NOTICE: Only a certified service technician should perform repairs on your computer. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered by your warranty.Adding and Replacing Parts 155 NOTICE: When you disconnect a cable, pull on its connector or on its strain-relief loop, not on the cable itself. Some cables have a connector with locking tabs; if you are disconnecting this type of cable, press in on the locking tabs before you disconnect the cable. As you pull connectors apart, keep them evenly aligned to avoid bending any connector pins. Also, before you connect a cable, ensure that both connectors are correctly oriented and aligned. NOTICE: To avoid electrostatic discharge, ground yourself by using a wrist grounding strap or by periodically touching an unpainted metal surface (such as a connector on the back of the computer). NOTICE: To help prevent damage to the computer, perform the following steps before you begin working inside the computer. 1 Ensure that the work surface is flat and clean to prevent the computer cover from being scratched. 2 Turn off your computer (see "Turning Off Your Computer" on page 154). NOTICE: To disconnect a network cable, first unplug the cable from your computer, and then unplug it from the network wall jack. 3 Disconnect any telephone or network cables from the computer. 4 Disconnect your computer and all attached devices from their electrical outlets. NOTICE: To help prevent damage to the system board, you must remove the battery from the battery bay before you service the computer. NOTE: To avoid damage to the computer, use only the battery designed for this particular Dell computer. Do not use batteries designed for other Dell computers. 5 Turn the computer over. 6 Slide and click the battery release latches. 7 Slide the battery out of the battery bay.156 Adding and Replacing Parts 8 Turn the computer top-side up, open the display, and press the power button to ground the system board. 9 Remove any installed cards from the ExpressCard slot (see "Removing an ExpressCard or Blank" on page 89) and the 8-in-1 memory card reader (see "Removing a Memory Card or Blank" on page 92). Hard Drive CAUTION: If you remove the hard drive from the computer when the drive is hot, do not touch the metal housing of the hard drive. CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide. NOTICE: To prevent data loss, turn off your computer (see "Turning Off Your Computer" on page 154) before removing the hard drive. Do not remove the hard drive while the computer is on or in Sleep state. NOTICE: Hard drives are extremely fragile. Exercise care when handling the hard drive. NOTE: Dell does not guarantee compatibility or provide support for hard drives from sources other than Dell. NOTE: If you are installing a hard drive from a source other than Dell, you need to install an operating system, drivers, and utilities on the new hard drive (see "Restoring Your Operating System" on page 144 and "Reinstalling Drivers and Utilities" on page 140). 1 battery 2 battery release latch (2) 1 2Adding and Replacing Parts 157 Removing the Hard Drive 1 Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin" on page 153. 2 Turn the computer over and remove the hard drive screws. NOTICE: When the hard drive is not in the computer, store it in protective antistatic packaging (see "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the Product Information Guide). 3 Slide the hard drive out of the computer. 1 hard drive 2 screws (4) 1 2158 Adding and Replacing Parts Replacing the Hard Drive 1 Remove the new drive from its packaging. Save the original packaging for storing or shipping the hard drive. NOTICE: Use firm and even pressure to slide the drive into place. If you use excessive force, you may damage the connector. 2 Slide the hard drive into the bay until it is fully seated. 3 Replace and tighten the screws. 4 Install the operating system for your computer, as needed (see "Restoring Your Operating System" on page 144). 5 Install the drivers and utilities for your computer, as needed (see "Reinstalling Drivers and Utilities" on page 140). Returning a Hard Drive to Dell Return your old hard drive to Dell in its original, or comparable, foam packaging. Otherwise, the hard drive may be damaged in transit. 1 foam packaging 2 hard drive 2 1Adding and Replacing Parts 159 Optical Drive CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide. Removing the Optical Drive 1 Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin" on page 153. 2 Turn the computer over. 3 Remove the locking screw from the optical drive. 4 Using a plastic scribe, push the notch to release the optical drive from the bay. 5 Slide the optical drive out of the bay. 1 optical drive 2 notch 3 locking screw 2 1 3160 Adding and Replacing Parts Replacing the Optical Drive 1 Slide the optical drive into the bay. 2 Replace and tighten the locking screw. Hinge Cover CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide. NOTICE: To avoid electrostatic discharge, ground yourself by using a wrist grounding strap or by periodically touching an unpainted metal surface (such as a connector on the back of the computer). NOTICE: To help prevent damage to the system board, you must remove the battery from the battery bay before you begin working inside the computer. Removing the Hinge Cover 1 Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin" on page 153. 2 Open the display as far as it will open. NOTICE: To avoid damage to the hinge cover, do not lift the cover on both sides simultaneously. 3 Insert a plastic scribe into the indent to lift the hinge cover on the right side. 4 Ease the hinge cover up, moving from right to left, and remove it.Adding and Replacing Parts 161 Replacing the Hinge Cover 1 Insert the left edge of the hinge cover. 2 Press from left to right until the cover snaps into place. Keyboard For more information about the keyboard, see "Using the Keyboard and Touchpad" on page 47. CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide. NOTICE: To avoid electrostatic discharge, ground yourself by using a wrist grounding strap or by periodically touching an unpainted metal surface (such as a connector on the back of the computer). NOTICE: To help prevent damage to the system board, you must remove the battery from the battery bay before you begin working inside the computer. 1 hinge cover 2 scribe 1 2162 Adding and Replacing Parts Removing the Keyboard 1 Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin" on page 153. 2 Remove the hinge cover (see "Hinge Cover" on page 160). 3 Remove the two screws at the top of the keyboard. NOTICE: The key caps on the keyboard are fragile, easily dislodged, and timeconsuming to replace. Be careful when removing and handling the keyboard. 4 Lift the keyboard and hold it up and slightly forward to access to the keyboard connector. 5 To disconnect the keyboard cable from the keyboard connector on the system board, rotate the keyboard connector latch toward the front of the computer. 6 Slide the keyboard cable out of the keyboard connector on the DIMM A memory module cover. 1 screws (2) 2 keyboard 3 tabs (5) 4 keyboard cable 5 cable release lever 1 2 4 5 3Adding and Replacing Parts 163 Replacing the Keyboard 1 Slide the keyboard cable into the keyboard connector on the DIMM A memory module cover. 2 Rotate the keyboard connector latch to secure the cable. 3 Hook the tabs along the front edge of the keyboard into the palmrest. 4 Press on the right edge near the top to snap the keyboard into place. 5 Replace the two screws on the top of the keyboard. Memory CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide. You can increase your computer memory by installing memory modules on the system board. See "Specifications" on page 193 for information on the memory supported by your computer. Install only memory modules that are intended for your computer. NOTE: Memory modules purchased from Dell are covered under your computer warranty. Your computer has two user-accessible SODIMM sockets, one accessed from beneath the keyboard (DIMM A), and the other accessed from the bottom of the computer (DIMM B). NOTICE: If your computer has only one memory module, install the memory module in the connector labeled “DIMMA.” NOTICE: If you need to install memory modules in two connectors, install a memory module in the connector labeled “DIMMA” before you install a module in the connector labeled “DIMMB.” Removing the DIMM A Memory Module NOTICE: To avoid electrostatic discharge, ground yourself by using a wrist grounding strap or by periodically touching an unpainted metal surface (such as a connector on the back of the computer). The DIMM A memory module is located under the keyboard. 1 Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin" on page 153. 2 Remove the hinge cover (see "Hinge Cover" on page 160).164 Adding and Replacing Parts 3 Remove the keyboard (see "Keyboard" on page 161). NOTE: It is not necessary to disconnect the keyboard cable from the memory module cover. 4 Lift the memory module cover but do not remove it. NOTICE: To prevent damage to the memory module connector, do not use tools to spread the memory module securing clips. 5 Use your fingertips to carefully spread apart the securing clips on each end of the memory module connector until the module pops up. 6 Remove the module from the connector. 1 memory module cover 2 memory module (DIMM A) 3 securing clips (2) 1 2 3Adding and Replacing Parts 165 Replacing the DIMM A Memory Module NOTICE: To avoid electrostatic discharge, ground yourself by using a wrist grounding strap or by periodically touching an unpainted metal surface (such as a connector on the back of the computer). 1 Align the notch in the module edge connector with the tab in the connector slot. 2 Slide the module firmly into the slot at a 45-degree angle, and rotate the module down until it clicks into place. If you do not feel the click, remove the module and reinstall it. NOTE: If the memory module is not installed properly, the computer may not boot. No error message indicates this failure. 3 Replace the memory module cover. 4 Replace the keyboard and hinge cover. 5 Insert the battery into the battery bay, or connect the AC adapter to your computer and an electrical outlet. 6 Turn on the computer. As the computer boots, it detects the additional memory and automatically updates the system configuration information. 1 tab 2 notch 1 2166 Adding and Replacing Parts Confirm the amount of memory installed in the computer: • Windows® XP – Right-click the My Computer icon on your desktop, then click Properties→ General. • Windows Vista® – Click the Windows Vista Start button , right-click Computer, and then click Properties. Removing the DIMM B Memory Module The DIMM B memory module is located under the memory module cover on the bottom of the computer. 1 Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin" on page 153. 2 Turn the computer upside-down, loosen the captive screw on the memory module cover (see "Bottom View" on page 32), and remove the cover. NOTICE: To prevent damage to the memory module connector, do not use tools to spread the memory module securing clips. NOTICE: To avoid electrostatic discharge, ground yourself by using a wrist grounding strap or by periodically touching an unpainted metal surface (such as a connector on the back of the computer). 1 memory module/coin-cell battery compartment 2 captive screw 1 2Adding and Replacing Parts 167 3 Use your fingertips to carefully spread apart the securing clips on each end of the memory module connector until the module pops up. 4 Remove the module from the connector. Replacing the DIMM B Memory Module NOTICE: To avoid electrostatic discharge, ground yourself by using a wrist grounding strap or by periodically touching an unpainted metal surface (such as a connector on the back of the computer). 1 Align the notch in the module edge connector with the tab in the connector slot. 2 Slide the module firmly into the slot at a 45-degree angle, and rotate the module down until it clicks into place. If you do not feel the click, remove the module and reinstall it. NOTE: If the memory module is not installed properly, the computer may not boot. No error message indicates this failure. 1 securing clips (2) 2 memory module 1 2168 Adding and Replacing Parts NOTICE: If the cover is difficult to close, remove the module and reinstall it. Forcing the cover to close may damage your computer. 3 Replace the memory module cover. 4 Insert the battery into the battery bay, or connect the AC adapter to your computer and an electrical outlet. 5 Turn on the computer. As the computer boots, it detects the additional memory and automatically updates the system configuration information. Confirm the amount of memory installed in the computer: • Windows® XP – Right-click the My Computer icon on your desktop, then click Properties→ General. • Windows Vista® – Click the Windows Vista Start button , right-click Computer, and then click Properties. 1 tab 2 notch 1 2Adding and Replacing Parts 169 Subscriber Identity Module Subscriber Identity Modules (SIM) identify users uniquely through an International Mobile Subscriber Identity. CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide. NOTE: Only Cingular and Vodafone need a SIM. Verizon, Sprint, and Telus do not use SIMs. 1 Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin" on page 153. 2 In the battery bay, slide the SIM into the compartment with the cut-off corner of the card facing away from the compartment. 1 battery bay 2 SIM 1 2170 Adding and Replacing Parts Wireless Mini Cards CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide. NOTICE: To help prevent damage to the system board, you must remove the battery from the battery bay before you begin working inside the computer. If you ordered a wireless Mini Card with your computer, the card is already installed. Your computer supports three types of wireless Mini Cards: • Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) • Mobile Broadband or Wireless Wide Area Network (WWAN) • Wireless Personal Area Network (WPAN) Removing a WLAN Card 1 Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin" on page 153. 2 Turn the computer over. 3 Loosen the captive screws on the cover of the Mini Card compartment and remove the cover. 1 captive screws (2) 2 cover 1 2Adding and Replacing Parts 171 4 Disconnect the antenna cables from the WLAN card. 5 Release the WLAN card by pushing the metal securing tabs toward the back of the computer until the card pops up slightly. 1 antenna cable connectors (2) 2 WLAN card 1 2172 Adding and Replacing Parts 6 Lift the WLAN card out of its system board connector. Replacing a WLAN Card NOTICE: The connectors are keyed to ensure correct insertion. If you feel resistance, check the connectors on the card and on the system board, and realign the card. NOTICE: To avoid damage to the WLAN card, never place cables under the card. 1 Insert the WLAN card connector into the system board connector labeled "WLAN" at a 45-degree angle. 2 Press the other end of the WLAN card down into the securing tabs until the card clicks into place. 1 metal securing tabs (2) 2 WLAN card 1 2Adding and Replacing Parts 173 3 Connect the appropriate antenna cables to the WLAN card you are installing: If the WLAN card has two triangles on the label (white and black), connect the white antenna cable to the connector labeled "main" (white triangle), and connect the black antenna cable to the connector labeled "aux" (black triangle). If the WLAN card has three triangles on the label (white, black, and gray), connect the white antenna cable to the white triangle, connect the black antenna cable to the black triangle, and connect the gray antenna cable to the gray triangle. NOTE: The gray antenna cable may not be available in all computers. The presence of the gray antenna cable in your Mini Card compartment depends on the type of display. 4 Secure unused antenna cables in the protective mylar sleeve. 5 Replace the cover and tighten the captive screws. Removing a Mobile Broadband or WWAN Card NOTE: WWAN is also available on an ExpressCard (see "Using ExpressCards" on page 87). 1 Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin" on page 153. 2 Turn the computer over. 3 Loosen the captive screws on the cover of the Mini Card compartment and remove the cover.174 Adding and Replacing Parts 4 Disconnect the two antenna cables from the WWAN card. 1 captive screws (2) 2 cover 1 2Adding and Replacing Parts 175 5 Release the WWAN card by pushing the metal securing tabs toward the back of the computer until the card pops up slightly. 1 antenna cable connectors (2) 2 WWAN card 1 2176 Adding and Replacing Parts 6 Lift the WWAN card out of its system board connector. Replacing a WWAN Card NOTICE: The connectors are keyed to ensure correct insertion. If you feel resistance, check the connectors on the card and on the system board, and realign the card. NOTICE: To avoid damage to the WWAN card, never place cables under the card. 1 Insert the WWAN card connector into the system board connector labeled "WWAN" at a 45-degree angle. 2 Press the other end of the WWAN card down into the securing tabs until the card clicks into place. 1 metal securing tabs (2) 2 WWAN card 1 2Adding and Replacing Parts 177 3 Connect the black antenna cable with a gray stripe to the connector labeled "aux" (black triangle) and connect the white antenna cable with a gray stripe to the connector labeled "main" (white triangle). 4 Secure unused antenna cables in the protective mylar sleeve. 5 Replace the cover and tighten the captive screws. Removing a WPAN Card 1 Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin" on page 153. 2 Turn the computer over. 3 Loosen the captive screws on the cover of the Mini Card compartment and remove the cover. 4 Disconnect the blue antenna cable from the WPAN card. 5 Release the WPAN card by pushing the metal securing tabs toward the back of the computer until the card pops up slightly. 6 Lift the WPAN card out of its system board connector. 1 captive screws (2) 2 cover 1 2178 Adding and Replacing Parts Replacing a WPAN Card NOTICE: The connectors are keyed to ensure correct insertion. If you feel resistance, check the connectors on the card and on the system board, and realign the card. NOTICE: To avoid damage to the WPAN card, never place cables under the card. 1 Insert the WPAN card connector into the system board connector labeled "WPAN" at a 45-degree angle. 2 Press the other end of the WPAN card down into the securing tabs until the card clicks into place. 3 Connect the blue antenna cable to the WPAN card. 4 Secure unused antenna cables in the protective mylar sleeve. 5 Replace the cover and tighten the captive screws. Flash Cache Module The Flash Cache Module (FCM) is an internal flash drive that helps improve the performance of your computer. If you ordered an FCM with your computer, the card is already installed. NOTE: Windows® XP does not support an FCM. You can have an FCM installed when running Windows XP but it will have no effect on your computer’s performance. Removing the FCM 1 Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin" on page 153. 2 Turn the computer over and remove the cover on the Mini Card compartment. 3 Ground yourself by touching one of the metal connectors on the back of the computer. NOTE: If you leave the area, ground yourself again when you return to the computer. Adding and Replacing Parts 179 4 Release the FCM by pushing the metal securing brackets away from the card until the card pops up slightly. 5 Remove the FCM. Replacing the FCM NOTICE: Install the FCM in the WWAN or WPAN slot. Do not install an FCM in the WLAN card slot. Doing so may cause damage to your computer. 1 Insert the FCM connector into the system board connector at a 45-degree angle 2 Press the other end of the FCM down into the securing tabs until the card clicks into place. 1 metal securing tabs (2) 2 FCM 1 2180 Adding and Replacing Parts Internal Card With Bluetooth® Wireless Technology CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide. NOTICE: To avoid electrostatic discharge, ground yourself by using a wrist grounding strap or by periodically touching an unpainted metal surface (such as a connector on the back of the computer). NOTICE: To help prevent damage to the system board, you must remove the battery from the battery bay before you begin working inside the computer. If you ordered a card with Bluetooth wireless technology with your computer, it is already installed. Removing the Card 1 Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin" on page 153. 2 Remove the hinge cover (see "Hinge Cover" on page 160). 3 Disconnect the cable on the card. 4 Grasp the connector end of the card and slide it out from under the securing tabs. 1 securing tab 2 card 3 securing tab 4 cable 1 4 2 3Adding and Replacing Parts 181 Replacing the Card 1 Replace the card at an angle to slide it under the securing tabs in the card compartment. 2 Connect the cable to the card. Coin-Cell Battery CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide. NOTICE: To avoid electrostatic discharge, ground yourself by using a wrist grounding strap or by periodically touching an unpainted metal surface (such as a connector on the back of the computer). NOTICE: To help prevent damage to the system board, you must remove the battery from the battery bay before you begin working inside the computer. Removing the Coin-Cell Battery 1 Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin" on page 153. 2 Turn the computer over. 3 Loosen the captive screw on the memory module/coin-cell battery cover (see "Bottom View" on page 32), and remove the cover. 4 Disconnect the coin-cell battery cable from the system board. 5 Slide the battery out of the mylar sleeve. 1 coin-cell battery 2 mylar sleeve 3 battery cable connector 2 1 3182 Adding and Replacing Parts Replacing the Coin-Cell Battery 1 Connect the coin-cell battery cable to the system board. 2 Slide the coin-cell battery into the mylar sleeve. 3 Replace the cover and tighten the captive screw.Dell™ QuickSet Features 183 Dell™ QuickSet Features NOTE: This feature may not be available on your computer. Dell QuickSet provides you with easy access to configure or view the following types of settings: • Network connectivity • Power management • Display • System information Depending on what you want to do in Dell QuickSet, you can start it by either clicking, double-clicking, or right-clicking the QuickSet icon in the Microsoft® Windows® notification area. The notification area is located in the lower-right corner of your screen. For more information about QuickSet, right-click the QuickSet icon and select Help.184 Dell™ QuickSet FeaturesTraveling With Your Computer 185 Traveling With Your Computer Identifying Your Computer • Attach a name tag or business card to the computer. • Write down your Service Tag and store it in a safe place away from the computer or carrying case. Use the Service Tag if you need to report a loss or theft to law enforcement officials and to Dell. • Create a file on the Microsoft® Windows® desktop called if_found. Place information such as your name, address, and phone number in this file. • Contact your credit card company and ask if it offers coded identification tags. Packing the Computer • Remove any external devices attached to the computer and store them in a safe place. • Fully charge the main battery and any spare batteries that you plan to carry with you. • Shut down the computer. • Disconnect the AC adapter. NOTICE: When the display is closed, extraneous items on the keyboard or palm rest could damage the display. • Remove any extraneous items, such as paper clips, pens, and paper, from the keyboard and palm rest and close the display. • Use the optional Dell carrying case to pack the computer and its accessories together safely. • Avoid packing the computer with items such as shaving cream, colognes, perfumes, or food. NOTICE: If the computer has been exposed to extreme temperatures, allow it to acclimate to room temperature for 1 hour before turning it on.186 Traveling With Your Computer • Protect the computer, the batteries, and the hard drive from hazards such as extreme temperatures and overexposure to sunlight, dirt, dust, or liquids. • Pack the computer so that it does not slide around in the trunk of your car or in an overhead storage compartment. Travel Tips NOTICE: Do not move the computer while using the optical drive to prevent loss of data. NOTICE: Do not check the computer as baggage. • Consider disabling wireless activity on your computer to maximize battery operating time. To disable wireless activity, use the wireless switch (see "wireless switch" on page 27). • Consider changing your power management options to maximize battery operating time (see "Power Management Modes" on page 56). • If you are traveling internationally, carry proof of ownership—or of your right to use the computer if it is company-owned—to speed your passage through customs. Investigate the customs regulations of the countries you plan to visit, and consider acquiring an international carnet (also known as a merchandise passport) from your government. • Find out what type of electrical outlets are used in the countries you will visit, and have appropriate power adapters. • Check with your credit card company for information about the kinds of emergency travel assistance it offers to users of portable computers. Traveling by Air NOTICE: Do not walk the computer through a metal detector. Send the computer through an X-ray machine or have it hand-inspected. • Ensure that you have a charged battery available in case you are asked to turn on the computer. • Prior to entering the airplane, verify that using a computer is permitted. Some airlines forbid the use of electronic devices during flight. All airlines forbid the use of electronic devices during takeoff and landing.Getting Help 187 Getting Help Obtaining Assistance CAUTION: If you need to remove the computer cover, first disconnect the computer power and modem cables from all electrical outlets. If you experience a problem with your computer, you can complete the following steps to diagnose and troubleshoot the problem: 1 See "Troubleshooting" on page 107 for information and procedures that pertain to the problem your computer is experiencing. 2 See "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107 for procedures on how to run Dell Diagnostics. 3 Fill out the "Diagnostics Checklist" on page 191. 4 Use Dell's extensive suite of online services available at Dell Support (support.dell.com) for help with installation and troubleshooting procedures. See "Online Services" on page 188 for a more extensive list of Dell Support online. 5 If the preceding steps have not resolved the problem, see "Contacting Dell" on page 192. NOTE: Call Dell Support from a telephone near or at the computer so that the support staff can assist you with any necessary procedures. NOTE: Dell's Express Service Code system may not be available in all countries. When prompted by Dell's automated telephone system, enter your Express Service Code to route the call directly to the proper support personnel. If you do not have an Express Service Code, open the Dell Accessories folder, double-click the Express Service Code icon, and follow the directions. For instructions on using the Dell Support, see "Technical Support and Customer Service" on page 188. NOTE: Some of the following services are not always available in all locations outside the continental U.S. Call your local Dell representative for information on availability.188 Getting Help Technical Support and Customer Service Dell's support service is available to answer your questions about Dell™ hardware. Our support staff uses computer-based diagnostics to provide fast, accurate answers. To contact Dell's support service, see "Before You Call" on page 190, and then see "Contacting Dell" on page 192. DellConnect DellConnect is a simple online access tool that allows a Dell service and support associate to access your computer through a broadband connection, diagnose your problem and repair it all under your supervision. For more information, go to support.dell.com and click DellConnect. Online Services You can learn about Dell products and services on the following websites: www.dell.com www.dell.com/ap (Asian/Pacific countries only) www.dell.com/jp (Japan only) www.euro.dell.com (Europe only) www.dell.com/la (Latin American and Caribbean countries) www.dell.ca (Canada only) You can access Dell Support through the following websites and e-mail addresses: • Dell Support websites support.dell.com support.jp.dell.com (Japan only) support.euro.dell.com (Europe only) • Dell Support e-mail addresses mobile_support@us.dell.com support@us.dell.com la-techsupport@dell.com (Latin America and Caribbean countries only) apsupport@dell.com (Asian/Pacific countries only)Getting Help 189 • Dell Marketing and Sales e-mail addresses apmarketing@dell.com (Asian/Pacific countries only) sales_canada@dell.com (Canada only) • Anonymous file transfer protocol (FTP) ftp.dell.com Log in as user: anonymous, and use your e-mail address as your password. AutoTech Service Dell's automated support service—AutoTech—provides recorded answers to the questions most frequently asked by Dell customers about their portable and desktop computers. When you call AutoTech, use your touch-tone telephone to select the subjects that correspond to your questions. For the telephone number to call for your region, see "Contacting Dell" on page 192. Automated Order-Status Service To check on the status of any Dell products that you have ordered, you can go to support.dell.com, or you can call the automated order-status service. A recording prompts you for the information needed to locate and report on your order. For the telephone number to call for your region, see "Contacting Dell" on page 192. Problems With Your Order If you have a problem with your order, such as missing parts, wrong parts, or incorrect billing, contact Dell for customer assistance. Have your invoice or packing slip handy when you call. For the telephone number to call for your region, see "Contacting Dell" on page 192. Product Information If you need information about additional products available from Dell, or if you would like to place an order, visit the Dell website at www.dell.com. For the telephone number to call for your region or to speak to a sales specialist, see "Contacting Dell" on page 192.190 Getting Help Returning Items for Warranty Repair or Credit Prepare all items being returned, whether for repair or credit, as follows: 1 Call Dell to obtain a Return Material Authorization Number, and write it clearly and prominently on the outside of the box. For the telephone number to call for your region, see "Contacting Dell" on page 192. 2 Include a copy of the invoice and a letter describing the reason for the return. 3 Include a copy of the Diagnostics Checklist (see "Diagnostics Checklist" on page 191), indicating the tests that you have run and any error messages reported by the Dell Diagnostics (see "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107). 4 Include any accessories that belong with the item(s) being returned (power cables, software floppy disks, guides, and so on) if the return is for credit. 5 Pack the equipment to be returned in the original (or equivalent) packing materials. You are responsible for paying shipping expenses. You are also responsible for insuring any product returned, and you assume the risk of loss during shipment to Dell. Collect On Delivery (C.O.D.) packages are not accepted. Returns that are missing any of the preceding requirements will be refused at Dell’s receiving dock and returned to you. Before You Call NOTE: Have your Express Service Code ready when you call. The code helps Dell’s automated-support telephone system direct your call more efficiently. You may also be asked for your Service Tag (located on the back or bottom of your computer). Remember to fill out the Diagnostics Checklist (see "Diagnostics Checklist" on page 191). If possible, turn on your computer before you call Dell for assistance and call from a telephone at or near the computer. You may be asked to type some commands at the keyboard, relay detailed information during operations, or try other troubleshooting steps possible only at the computer itself. Ensure that the computer documentation is available. CAUTION: Before working inside your computer, follow the safety instructions in your Product InformationGuide.Getting Help 191 Diagnostics Checklist Name: Date: Address: Phone number: Service Tag (bar code on the back or bottom of the computer): Express Service Code: Return Material Authorization Number (if provided by Dell support technician): Operating system and version: Devices: Expansion cards: Are you connected to a network? Yes/No Network, version, and network adapter: Programs and versions: See your operating system documentation to determine the contents of the system’s start-up files. If the computer is connected to a printer, print each file. Otherwise, record the contents of each file before calling Dell. Error message, beep code, or diagnostic code: Description of problem and troubleshooting procedures you performed:192 Getting Help Contacting Dell NOTE: If you do not have an active Internet connection, you can find contact information on your purchase invoice, packing slip, bill, or Dell product catalog. Dell provides several online and telephone-based support and service options. Availability varies by country and product, and some services may not be available in your area. To contact Dell for sales, technical support, or customer service issues: 1 Visit support.dell.com. 2 Verify your country or region in the Choose A Country/Region drop-down menu at the bottom of the page. 3 Click Contact Us on the left side of the page. 4 Select the appropriate service or support link based on your need. 5 Choose the method of contacting Dell that is convenient for you.Specifications 193 Specifications NOTE: Offerings may vary by region. For more information regarding the configuration of your computer, click Start , click Help and Support, and then select the option to view information about your computer. Processor Processor type Intel® Core™ 2 Duo L1 cache 32 KB per instruction, 32 KB data cache per core L2 cache 2 MB or 4 MB per core depending on model External bus frequency 667 MHz and 800 MHz System Information System chipset Mobile Intel Express (GM 965 or PM 965) Data bus width 64 bits DRAM bus width dual-channel (2) 64-bit buses Processor address bus width 32 bits Flash EPROM 1 MB Graphics bus PCI-E X16 PCI bus (PCI-Express used for video controllers) 32 bits x16 ExpressCard NOTE: The ExpressCard slot is designed only for ExpressCards. It does NOT support PC Cards. NOTE: PCMCIA may not be available in some regions. ExpressCard controller Intel ICH8M ExpressCard connector one ExpressCard slot (54 mm)194 Specifications Cards supported ExpressCard/34 (34 mm) ExpressCard/54 (54 mm) 1.5 V and 3.3 V ExpressCard connector size 26 pins 8-in-1 Memory Card Reader 8-in-1 memory card controller Ricoh R5C833 8-in-1 memory card connector 8-in-1 combo card connector Cards supported • Secure Digital (SD) • SDIO • MultiMediaCard (MMC) • Memory Stick • Memory Stick PRO • xD-Picture Card • Hi Speed-SD • Hi Density-SD Memory Memory module connector two user-accessible SODIMM connectors Memory module capacities 512 MB, 1 GB, 2 GB Memory type 667 MHz SoDIMM DDR2 Minimum memory 512 MB Maximum memory 4 GB NOTE: In order to take advantage of the dual channel bandwidth capability, both memory slots must be populated and must match in size. NOTE: The available memory displayed does not reflect the complete maximum memory installed because some memory is reserved for system files. ExpressCard (continued)Specifications 195 Ports and Connectors Audio microphone connector, stereo headphone/speakers connector IEEE 1394 4-pin serial connector Consumer IR sensor compatible with Philips RC6 (receive only) Mini Card three Type IIIA Mini Card slots Modem RJ-11 port Network adapter RJ-45 port S-video TV-out 7-pin mini-DIN connector (optional S-video to composite video adapter cable) USB four 4-pin USB 2.0-compliant connector Video 15-hole connector Communications Modem: Type v.92 56K MDC Controller softmodem Interface Intel High-Definition Audio Network adapter 10/100 Ethernet LAN on system board Wireless internal WLAN, WWAN, WPAN Mini Cards WWAN ExpressCard Bluetooth® wireless technology196 Specifications Video NOTE: Optional video controller upgrades are available for your computer subject to availability at the time of purchase. To determine the configuration of your computer, see "Determining Your Computer’s Configuration" on page 21. Video type: integrated on system board Video controller Intel 965 GM Video memory dynamic based on system memory capacity LCD interface LVDS TV support NTSC or PAL in S-video, composite, and component modes Video type: discrete video card Data bus PCI Express X16 Video controller nVIDIA GeForce 8400M G or nVIDIA GeForce 8600M GT Video memory 128 MB (GeForce 8400M G) or 256 MB (GeForce 8600M GT) LCD interface LVDS TV support NTSC or PAL in S-video, composite, and component modes Audio Audio type two-channel high-definition stereo Audio controller Intel HDA Azalia Stereo conversion 24-bit (analog-to-digital and digital-to-analog) Interfaces: Internal Intel High Definition Audio External microphone-in connector, stereo headphones/speakers connector Speaker two 4-ohm speakers Internal speaker amplifier 2 Watts per channel into 4 ohms Volume controls program menus, media control buttonsSpecifications 197 Display Type (active-matrix TFT) 15.4-inch WXGA 15.4-inch WXGA with TrueLife 15.4-inch WXGA+ with TrueLife 15.4-inch WSXGA+ with TrueLife Dimensions: Height 222.5 mm (8.8 in) Width 344.5 mm (13.6 in) Diagonal 391.2 mm (15.4 in) Maximum resolutions: WXGA 1280 x 800 at 262 K colors WXGA with TrueLife 1280 x 800 at 262 K colors WXGA+ with TrueLife 1440 x 900 at 262 K colors WSXGA+ with TrueLife 1680 x 1050 at 262 K colors Refresh rate 60 Hz Operating angle 0° (closed) to 155° Viewing angles: Horizontal ±40° (WXGA) ±40° (WXGA with TrueLife) ±55° (WXGA+ with TrueLife) ±60° (WSXGA+ with TrueLife) Vertical +15°/–30° (WXGA) +15°/–30° (WXGA with TrueLife) ±45° (WXGA+ with TrueLife) +40°/–50° (WSXGA+ with TrueLife)198 Specifications Pixel pitch: WXGA 0.258 mm WXGA with TrueLife 0.258 mm WXGA+ with TrueLife 0.2304 mm WSXGA+ with TrueLife 0.197 mm Controls brightness can be controlled through keyboard shortcuts (see "Display Functions" on page 48) Keyboard Number of keys 87 (U.S. and Canada); 88 (Europe); 91 (Japan) Layout QWERTY/AZERTY/Kanji Touch Pad X/Y position resolution (graphics table mode) 240 cpi Size: Width 71.7-mm (2.8-in) sensor-active area Height 34.0-mm (1.3-in) rectangle Battery Type 9-cell "smart" lithium ion 6-cell "smart" lithium ion Dimensions: Depth 67.6 mm (2.66 in) (9 cell) 47.5 mm (1.87 in) (6 cell) Height 20.4 mm (0.8 in) Width 209.9 mm (8.26 in) Weight 0.48 kg (1.06 lb) (9 cell) 0.33 kg (0.7 lb) (6 cell) Display (continued)Specifications 199 Voltage 11.1 VDC Charge time (approximate): Computer off 4 hours Operating time Battery operating time varies depending on operating conditions and can be significantly reduced under certain power-intensive conditions (see "Power Problems" on page 132). See "Using a Battery" on page 53 for more information on battery life. Life span (approximate) 300 discharge/charge cycles Temperature range: Operating 0° to 35°C (32° to 95°F) Storage –40° to 65°C (–40° to 149°F) Coin-cell battery CR-2032 AC Adapter Input voltage 90–264 VAC Input current (maximum) 1.5 A Input frequency 47–63 Hz Output current (65 W) 4.34 A (maximum at 4-second pulse) 3.34 A (continuous) Output current (90 W) 5.62 A (maximum at 4-second pulse) 4.62 A (continuous) Output power 65 W, 90 W Rated output voltage 19.5 +/– 1.0 VDC Dimensions (65 W): Height 28.2 mm (1.11 in) Width 57.9 mm (2.28 in) Depth 137.2 mm (5.4 in) Battery (continued)200 Specifications Weight (with cables) 0.4 kg (0.9 lb) Dimensions (90 W): Height 34.2 mm (1.34 in) Width 60.8 mm (2.39 in) Depth 153.4 mm (6.0 in) Weight (with cables) 0.46 kg (1.01 lb) Temperature range: Operating 0° to 35°C (32° to 95°F) Storage –40° to 65°C (–40° to 149°F) Physical Height 42 mm (1.65 in) Width 358.7 mm (14.12 in) Depth 269 mm (10.59 in) Weight (with 6-cell battery): Configurable to less than 3.0 kg (6.61 lb) Environmental Temperature range: Operating 0° to 35°C (32° to 95°F) Storage –40° to 65°C (–40° to 149°F) Relative humidity (maximum): Operating 10% to 90% (noncondensing) Storage 5% to 95% (noncondensing) Maximum vibration (using a random vibration spectrum that simulates user environment): Operating 0.66 GRMS Storage 1.3 GRMS AC Adapter (continued)Specifications 201 Maximum shock (Measured with hard drive in operating status and a 2-ms half-sine pulse for operating. Also measured with hard drive in head-parked position and a 2-ms halfsine pulse for storage): Operating 142 G Storage 163 G Altitude (maximum): Operating –15.2 to 3048 m (–50 to 10,000 ft) Storage –15.2 to 10,668 m (–50 to 35,000 ft) Environmental (continued)202 SpecificationsAppendix 203 Appendix Using the System Setup Program NOTE: Your operating system may automatically configure most of the options available in system setup, thus overriding options that you set through system setup. An exception is the External Hot Key option, which you can disable or enable only through system setup. For more information on configuring features for your operating system, see Windows Help and Support (see "Microsoft Windows XP and Windows Vista® Help and Support Center" on page 16). You can use system setup as follows: • To set or change user-selectable features such as your computer password • To verify information about the computer's current configuration such as the amount of system memory After you set up the computer, run system setup to familiarize yourself with your system configuration information and optional settings. You may want to write down the information for future reference. The system setup screens display the current setup information and settings for your computer, such as: • System configuration • Boot order • Boot (start-up) configuration • Basic device configuration settings • System security and hard drive password settings NOTE: Unless you are an expert computer user or are directed to do so by Dell technical support, do not change the system setup settings. Certain changes might make your computer work incorrectly. 204 Appendix Viewing the System Setup Screen 1 Turn on (or restart) your computer. 2 When the DELL logo appears, press immediately. If you wait too long and the Microsoft Windows logo appears, continue to wait until you see the Windows desktop, then shut down your computer and try again. System Setup Screen NOTE: For information about a specific item on a system setup screen, highlight the item and see the Help area on the screen. On each screen, the system setup options are listed at the left. To the right of each option is the setting or value for that option. You can change settings that appear as white type on the screen. Options or values that you cannot change (because they are determined by the computer) appear less bright. The upper-right corner of the screen displays help information for the currently highlighted option; the lower-right corner displays information about the computer. System setup key functions are listed across the bottom of the screen. Commonly Used Options Certain options require that you reboot the computer for new settings to take effect. Changing the Boot Sequence The boot sequence, or boot order, tells the computer where to look to find the software needed to start the operating system. You can control the boot sequence and enable/disable devices using the Boot Order page of the system setup program. NOTE: To change the boot sequence on a one-time-only basis, see "Performing a One-Time Boot" on page 205. The Boot Order page displays a general list of the bootable devices that may be installed in your computer, including but not limited to the following: • Diskette Drive • Internal HDDAppendix 205 • USB Storage Device • CD/DVD/CD-RW drive • Modular bay HDD NOTE: Only devices that are preceded by a number are bootable. During the boot routine, the computer starts at the top of the list and scans each enabled device for the operating system start-up files. When the computer finds the files, it stops searching and starts the operating system. To control the boot devices, select (highlight) a device by pressing the downarrow or up-arrow key, and then enable or disable the device or change its order in the list. • To enable or disable a device, highlight the item and press the space bar. Enabled items are preceded by a number; disabled items are not preceded by a number. • To reorder a device in the list, highlight the device and press to move the device up the list or to move a device down the list. Boot sequence changes take effect as soon as you save the changes and exit the system setup program. Performing a One-Time Boot You can set a one-time-only boot sequence without entering the system setup program (you can also use this procedure to boot the Dell Diagnostics on the diagnostics utility partition on your hard drive). 1 Shut down the computer through the Start menu. 2 Connect the computer to an electrical outlet. 3 Turn on the computer. When the DELL logo appears, press immediately. If you wait too long and the Windows logo appears, continue to wait until you see the Windows desktop, then shut down your computer and try again. 4 When the boot device list appears, highlight the device from which you want to boot and press . The computer boots to the selected device. The next time you reboot the computer, the previous boot order is restored.206 Appendix Cleaning Your Computer CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions located in the Product Information Guide. Computer, Keyboard, and Display CAUTION: Before you clean your computer, disconnect the computer from the electrical outlet and remove any installed batteries. Clean your computer with a soft cloth dampened with water. Do not use liquid or aerosol cleaners, which may contain flammable substances. • Use a can of compressed air to remove dust from between the keys on the keyboard and to remove any dirt or lint from the display. NOTICE: To help prevent damage to the computer or display, do not spray cleaning solution directly onto the display. Only use products specifically designed for cleaning displays, and follow the instructions that are included with the product. • Moisten a soft, lint-free cloth with either water or a display cleaner. Do not use alcohol or an ammonia-based cleaner. Wipe the display gently working from the center to the edges until it is clean and any fingerprints are removed. Do not use excessive pressure. NOTICE: To prevent damage to the antiglare coating, do not wipe the display with soap or alcohol. • Moisten a soft, lint-free cloth with water and wipe the computer and keyboard. Do not allow water from the cloth to seep between the touch pad and the surrounding palm rest. • To clean your monitor screen, lightly dampen a soft, clean cloth with water. You can also use a special screen-cleaning tissue or solution suitable for the monitor’s antistatic coating. • Wipe the keyboard, computer, and monitor plastics with a soft cleaning cloth moistened with a solution of three parts water and one part dishwashing detergent. Do not soak the cloth or let water drip inside your computer or keyboard.Appendix 207 Touch Pad 1 Shut down and turn off your computer (see "Turning Off Your Computer" on page 154). 2 Disconnect any attached devices from the computer and from their electrical outlets. 3 Remove any installed batteries (see "Battery Performance" on page 53). 4 Moisten a soft, lint-free cloth with water, and wipe it gently across the surface of the touch pad. Do not allow water from the cloth to seep between the touch pad and the surrounding palm rest. Mouse NOTICE: Disconnect the mouse from the computer before cleaning the mouse If your screen cursor skips or moves abnormally, clean the mouse. Cleaning a Non-Optical Mouse 1 Clean the outside casing of the mouse with a cloth moistened with a mild cleaning solution. 2 Turn the retainer ring on the underside of your mouse counterclockwise, and then remove the ball. 3 Wipe the ball with a clean, lint-free cloth. 4 Blow carefully into the ball cage or use a can of compressed air to dislodge dust and lint. 5 If the rollers inside the ball cage are dirty, clean the rollers with a cotton swab moistened lightly with isopropyl alcohol. 6 Recenter the rollers in their channels if they are misaligned. Ensure that fluff from the swab is not left on the rollers. 7 Replace the ball and retainer ring, and turn the retainer ring clockwise until it clicks into place. Cleaning an Optical Mouse Clean the outside casing of the mouse with a cloth moistened with a mild cleaning solution.208 Appendix Media NOTICE: Always use compressed air to clean the lens in the optical drive, and follow the instructions that come with the compressed air product. Never touch the lens in the drive. If you notice problems, such as skipping, with the playback quality of your media, try cleaning the discs. 1 Hold the disc by its outer edge. You can also touch the inside edge of the center hole. NOTICE: To help prevent damage to the surface, do not wipe in a circular motion around the disc. 2 With a soft, lint-free cloth, gently wipe the bottom of the disc (the unlabeled side) in a straight line from the center to the outer edge of the disc. For stubborn dirt, try using water or a diluted solution of water and mild soap. You can also purchase commercial products that clean discs and provide some protection from dust, fingerprints, and scratches. Cleaning products for CDs are also safe to use on DVDs. Dell Technical Support Policy (U.S. Only) Technician assisted technical support requires the cooperation and participation of the customer in the troubleshooting process and provides for restoration of the operating system, software programs, and hardware drivers to the original default configuration as shipped from Dell, as well as the verification of appropriate functionality of the computer and all Dell-installed hardware. In addition to this technician assisted technical support, online technical support is available at support.dell.com. Additional technical support options may be available for purchase. Dell provides limited technical support for the computer and any "Dellinstalled" software and peripherals1 . Support for third-party software and peripherals is provided by the original manufacturer, including those purchased and/or installed through Dell Software and Peripherals, Readyware, and Custom Factory Integration2 . 1 Repair services are provided pursuant to the terms and conditions of your limited warranty and any optional support service contract purchased with the computer. 2 All Dell-standard components included in a Custom Factory Integration (CFI) project are covered by the standard Dell limited warranty for your computer. However, Dell also extends a parts replacement program to cover all nonstandard, third-party hardware components integrated through CFI for the duration of the computer’s service contract.Appendix 209 Definition of "Dell-Installed" Software and Peripherals Dell-installed software includes the operating system and some of the software programs that are installed on the computer during the manufacturing process (Microsoft Office, Norton Antivirus, etc). Dell-installed peripherals include any internal expansion cards, or Dell-branded module bay or ExpressCard accessories. In addition, any Dellbranded monitors, keyboards, mice, speakers, microphones for telephonic modems, docking stations/port replicators, networking products, and all associated cabling are included. Definition of "Third-Party" Software and Peripherals Third-party software and peripherals include any peripheral, accessory, or software program sold by Dell not under the Dell brand (printers, scanners, cameras, games, etc). Support for all third-party software and peripherals is provided by the original manufacturer of the product. FCC Notice (U.S. Only) FCC Class B This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the manufacturer’s instruction manual, may cause interference with radio and television reception. This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: • This device may not cause harmful interference. • This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation. NOTICE: The FCC regulations provide that changes or modifications not expressly approved by Dell Inc. could void your authority to operate this equipment. 210 Appendix These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference with radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, you are encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures: • Reorient the receiving antenna. • Relocate the system with respect to the receiver. • Move the system away from the receiver. • Plug the system into a different outlet so that the system and the receiver are on different branch circuits. If necessary, consult a representative of Dell Inc. or an experienced radio/television technician for additional suggestions. The following information is provided on the device or devices covered in this document in compliance with the FCC regulations: Macrovision Product Notice This product incorporates copyright protection technology that is protected by U.S. patents and other intellectual property rights. Use of this copyright protection technology must be authorized by Macrovision, and is intended for home and other limited viewing uses only unless otherwise authorized by Macrovision. Reverse engineering or disassembly is prohibited. Product name: Dell™ Inspiron™ 1520 Model number: PP22L Company name: Dell Inc. Worldwide Regulatory Compliance & Environmental Affairs One Dell Way Round Rock, TX 78682 USA 512-338-4400Glossary 211 Glossary Terms in this Glossary are provided for informational purposes only and may or may not describe features included with your particular computer. A AC— alternating current — The form of electricity that powers your computer when you plug the AC adapter power cable in to an electrical outlet. ACPI — advanced configuration and power interface — A power management specification that enables Microsoft® Windows® operating systems to put a computer in standby or hibernate mode to conserve the amount of electrical power allocated to each device attached to the computer. AGP — accelerated graphics port — A dedicated graphics port that allows system memory to be used for video-related tasks. AGP delivers a smooth, true-color video image because of the faster interface between the video circuitry and the computer memory. AHCI — Advanced Host Controller Interface — An interface for a SATA hard drive Host Controller which allows the storage driver to enable technologies such as Native Command Queuing (NCQ) and hot plug. ALS — ambient light sensor — A feature that helps to control display brightness. antivirus software — A program designed to identify, quarantine, and/or delete viruses from your computer. ASF — alert standards format — A standard to define a mechanism for reporting hardware and software alerts to a management console. ASF is designed to be platform- and operating system-independent. B battery life span — The length of time (years) during which a portable computer battery is able to be depleted and recharged. battery operating time — The length of time (minutes or hours) that a portable computer battery powers the computer. BD — See Blu-ray Disc. 212 Glossary BIOS — basic input/output system — A program (or utility) that serves as an interface between the computer hardware and the operating system. Unless you understand what effect these settings have on the computer, do not change them. Also referred to as system setup. bit — The smallest unit of data interpreted by your computer. Bluetooth® wireless technology — A wireless technology standard for short-range (9 m [29 feet]) networking devices that allows for enabled devices to automatically recognize each other. Blu-ray Disc — Blu-ray Disc (BD) is an optical disc format jointly developed by the Blu-ray Disc Association (BDA). A BD records and plays high-definition video (HD), and stores large amounts of data: five times the storage capacity of a DVD and can hold up to 25GB on a single-layer disc and 50GB on a dual-layer disc. boot sequence — Specifies the order of the devices from which the computer attempts to boot. bootable CD — A CD that you can use to start your computer. In case your hard drive is damaged or your computer has a virus, ensure that you always have a bootable CD or floppy disk available. Your Drivers and Utilities media is a bootable CD. bootable disk — A disk that you can use to start your computer. In case your hard drive is damaged or your computer has a virus, ensure that you always have a bootable CD or floppy disk available. bps — bits per second — The standard unit for measuring data transmission speed. BTU — British thermal unit — A measurement of heat output. bus — A communication pathway between the components in your computer. bus speed — The speed, given in MHz, that indicates how fast a bus can transfer information. byte — The basic data unit used by your computer. A byte is usually equal to 8 bits. C C — Celsius — A temperature measurement scale where 0° is the freezing point and 100° is the boiling point of water. cache — A special high-speed storage mechanism which can be either a reserved section of main memory or an independent high-speed storage device. The cache enhances the efficiency of many processor operations. L1 cache — Primary cache stored inside the processor. L2 cache — Secondary cache which can either be external to the processor or incorporated into the processor architecture.Glossary 213 carnet — An international customs document that facilitates temporary imports into foreign countries. Also known as a merchandise passport. CD-R — CD recordable — A recordable version of a CD. Data can be recorded only once onto a CD-R. Once recorded, the data cannot be erased or written over. CD-RW — CD rewritable — A rewritable version of a CD. Data can be written to a CD-RW disc, and then erased and written over (rewritten). CD-RW drive — A drive that can read CDs and write to CD-RW (rewritable CDs) and CD-R (recordable CDs) discs. You can write to CD-RW discs multiple times, but you can write to CD-R discs only once. CD-RW/DVD drive — A drive, sometimes referred to as a combo drive, that can read CDs and DVDs and write to CD-RW (rewritable CDs) and CD-R (recordable CDs) discs. You can write to CD-RW discs multiple times, but you can write to CD-R discs only once. clock speed — The speed, given in MHz, that indicates how fast computer components that are connected to the system bus operate. CMOS — A type of electronic circuit. Computers use a small amount of batterypowered CMOS memory to hold date, time, and system setup options. COA — Certificate of Authenticity — The Windows alpha-numeric code located on a sticker on your computer. Also referred to as the Product Key or Product ID. Consumer IR — Infrared sensor for the Dell Travel Remote. Control Panel — A Windows utility that allows you to modify operating system and hardware settings, such as display settings. controller — A chip that controls the transfer of data between the processor and memory or between the processor and devices. CRIMM — continuity rambus in-line memory module — A special module that has no memory chips and is used to fill unused RIMM slots. cursor — The marker on a display or screen that shows where the next keyboard, touch pad, or mouse action will occur. It often is a blinking solid line, an underline character, or a small arrow.214 Glossary D DDR SDRAM — double-data-rate SDRAM — A type of SDRAM that doubles the data burst cycle, improving system performance. DDR2 SDRAM — double-data-rate 2 SDRAM — A type of DDR SDRAM that uses a 4-bit prefetch and other architectural changes to boost memory speed to over 400 MHz. device — Hardware such as a disk drive, printer, or keyboard that is installed in or connected to your computer. device driver — See driver. DIMM — dual in-line memory module — A circuit board with memory chips that connects to a memory module on the system board. DIN connector — A round, six-pin connector that conforms to DIN (Deutsche Industrie-Norm) standards; it is typically used to connect PS/2 keyboard or mouse cable connectors. disk striping — A technique for spreading data over multiple disk drives. Disk striping can speed up operations that retrieve data from disk storage. Computers that use disk striping generally allow the user to select the data unit size or stripe width. DMA — direct memory access — A channel that allows certain types of data transfer between RAM and a device to bypass the processor. DMTF — Distributed Management Task Force — A consortium of hardware and software companies who develop management standards for distributed desktop, network, enterprise, and Internet environments. domain — A group of computers, programs, and devices on a network that are administered as a unit with common rules and procedures for use by a specific group of users. A user logs on to the domain to gain access to the resources. DRAM — dynamic random-access memory — Memory that stores information in integrated circuits containing capacitors. driver — Software that allows the operating system to control a device such as a printer. Many devices do not work properly if the correct driver is not installed in the computer. DSL — Digital Subscriber Line — A technology that provides a constant, high-speed Internet connection through an analog telephone line. dual-core — An Intel® technology in which two physical computational units exist inside a single processor package, thereby increasing computing efficiency and multitasking ability.Glossary 215 dual display mode — A display setting that allows you to use a second monitor as an extension of your display. Also referred to as extended display mode. DVD-R — DVD recordable — A recordable version of a DVD. Data can be recorded only once onto a DVD-R. Once recorded, the data cannot be erased or written over. DVD+RW — DVD rewritable — A rewritable version of a DVD. Data can be written to a DVD+RW disc, and then erased and written over (rewritten). (DVD+RW technology is different from DVD-RW technology.) DVD+RW drive — drive that can read DVDs and most CD media and write to DVD+RW (rewritable DVDs) discs. DVI — digital video interface — A standard for digital transmission between a computer and a digital video display. E ECC — error checking and correction — A type of memory that includes special circuitry for testing the accuracy of data as it passes in and out of memory. ECP — extended capabilities port — A parallel connector design that provides improved bidirectional data transmission. Similar to EPP, ECP uses direct memory access to transfer data and often improves performance. EIDE — enhanced integrated device electronics — An improved version of the IDE interface for hard drives and CD drives. EMI — electromagnetic interference — Electrical interference caused by electromagnetic radiation. ENERGY STAR® — Environmental Protection Agency requirements that decrease the overall consumption of electricity. EPP — enhanced parallel port — A parallel connector design that provides bidirectional data transmission. ESD — electrostatic discharge — A rapid discharge of static electricity. ESD can damage integrated circuits found in computer and communications equipment. expansion card — A circuit board that installs in an expansion slot on the system board in some computers, expanding the capabilities of the computer. Examples include video, modem, and sound cards. expansion slot — A connector on the system board (in some computers) where you insert an expansion card, connecting it to the system bus. ExpressCard — A removable I/O card adhering to the PCMCIA standard. Modems and network adapters are common types of ExpressCards. ExpressCards support both the PCI Express and USB 2.0 standard.216 Glossary Express Service Code — A numeric code located on a sticker on your Dell™ computer. Use the Express Service Code when contacting Dell for assistance. Express Service Code service may not be available in some countries. extended display mode — A display setting that allows you to use a second monitor as an extension of your display. Also referred to as dual display mode. extended PC Card — A PC Card that extends beyond the edge of the PC Card slot when installed. F Fahrenheit — A temperature measurement scale where 32° is the freezing point and 212° is the boiling point of water. FBD — fully-buffered DIMM — A DIMM with DDR2 DRAM chips and an Advanced Memory Buffer (AMB) that speeds communication between the DDR2 SDRAM chips and the system. FCC — Federal Communications Commission — A U.S. agency responsible for enforcing communications-related regulations that state how much radiation computers and other electronic equipment can emit. fingerprint reader — A strip sensor that uses your unique fingerprint to authenticate your user identity to help secure your computer. folder — A term used to describe space on a disk or drive where files are organized and grouped. Files in a folder can be viewed and ordered in various ways, such as alphabetically, by date, and by size. format — The process that prepares a drive or disk for file storage. When a drive or disk is formatted, the existing information on it is lost. FSB — front side bus — The data path and physical interface between the processor and RAM. FTP — file transfer protocol — A standard Internet protocol used to exchange files between computers connected to the Internet. G G — gravity — A measurement of weight and force. GB — gigabyte — A measurement of data storage that equals 1024 MB (1,073,741,824 bytes). When used to refer to hard drive storage, the term is often rounded to 1,000,000,000 bytes.Glossary 217 GHz — gigahertz — A measurement of frequency that equals one thousand million Hz, or one thousand MHz. The speeds for computer processors, buses, and interfaces are often measured in GHz. graphics mode — A video mode that can be defined as x horizontal pixels by y vertical pixels by z colors. Graphics modes can display an unlimited variety of shapes and fonts. GUI — graphical user interface — Software that interacts with the user by means of menus, windows, and icons. Most programs that operate on the Windows operating systems are GUIs. H hard drive — A drive that reads and writes data on a hard disk. The terms hard drive and hard disk are often used interchangeably. heat sink — A metal plate on some processors that helps dissipate heat. hibernate mode — A power management mode that saves everything in memory to a reserved space on the hard drive and then turns off the computer. When you restart the computer, the memory information that was saved to the hard drive is automatically restored. HTTP — hypertext transfer protocol — A protocol for exchanging files between computers connected to the Internet. Hyper-Threading — Hyper-Threading is an Intel technology that can enhance overall computer performance by allowing one physical processor to function as two logical processors, capable of performing certain tasks simultaneously. Hz — hertz — A unit of frequency measurement that equals 1 cycle per second. Computers and electronic devices are often measured in kilohertz (kHz), megahertz (MHz), gigahertz (GHz), or terahertz (THz). I IC — integrated circuit — A semiconductor wafer, or chip, on which thousands or millions of tiny electronic components are fabricated for use in computer, audio, and video equipment. IDE — integrated device electronics — An interface for mass storage devices in which the controller is integrated into the hard drive or CD drive. IEEE 1394 — Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. — A highperformance serial bus used to connect IEEE 1394-compatible devices, such as digital cameras and DVD players, to the computer. 218 Glossary infrared sensor — Sensor for the Dell Travel Remote integrated — Usually refers to components that are physically located on the computer’s system board. Also referred to as built-in. I/O — input/output — An operation or device that enters and extracts data from your computer. Keyboards and printers are I/O devices. I/O address — An address in RAM that is associated with a specific device (such as a serial connector, parallel connector, or expansion slot) and allows the processor to communicate with that device. IrDA — Infrared Data Association — The organization that creates international standards for infrared communications. IRQ — interrupt request — An electronic pathway assigned to a specific device so that the device can communicate with the processor. Each device connection must be assigned an IRQ. Although two devices can share the same IRQ assignment, you cannot operate both devices simultaneously. ISP — Internet service provider — A company that allows you to access its host server to connect directly to the Internet, send and receive e-mail, and access websites. The ISP typically provides you with a software package, user name, and access phone numbers for a fee. K Kb — kilobit — A unit of data that equals 1024 bits. A measurement of the capacity of memory integrated circuits. KB — kilobyte — A unit of data that equals 1024 bytes but is often referred to as 1000 bytes. key combination — A command requiring you to press multiple keys at the same time. kHz — kilohertz — A measurement of frequency that equals 1000 Hz. L LAN — local area network — A computer network covering a small area. A LAN usually is confined to a building or a few nearby buildings. A LAN can be connected to another LAN over any distance through telephone lines and radio waves to form a wide area network (WAN). LCD — liquid crystal display — The technology used by portable computer and flatpanel displays.Glossary 219 LED — light-emitting diode — An electronic component that emits light to indicate the status of the computer. local bus — A data bus that provides a fast throughput for devices to the processor. LPT — line print terminal — The designation for a parallel connection to a printer or other parallel device. M Mb — megabit — A measurement of memory chip capacity that equals 1024 Kb. Mbps — megabits per second — One million bits per second. This measurement is typically used for transmission speeds for networks and modems. MB — megabyte — A measurement of data storage that equals 1,048,576 bytes. 1 MB equals 1024 KB. When used to refer to hard drive storage, the term is often rounded to 1,000,000 bytes. MB/sec — megabytes per second — One million bytes per second. This measurement is typically used for data transfer ratings. media bay — A bay that supports devices such as optical drives, a second battery, or a Dell TravelLite™ module. memory — A temporary data storage area inside your computer. Because the data in memory is not permanent, it is recommended that you frequently save your files while you are working on them, and always save your files before you shut down the computer. Your computer can contain several different forms of memory, such as RAM, ROM, and video memory. Frequently, the word memory is used as a synonym for RAM. memory address — A specific location where data is temporarily stored in RAM. memory mapping — The process by which the computer assigns memory addresses to physical locations at start-up. Devices and software can then identify information that the processor can access. memory module — A small circuit board containing memory chips, which connects to the system board. MHz — megahertz — A measure of frequency that equals 1 million cycles per second. The speeds for computer processors, buses, and interfaces are often measured in MHz. Mini PCI — A standard for integrated peripheral devices with an emphasis on communications such as modems and NICs. A Mini PCI card is a small external card that is functionally equivalent to a standard PCI expansion card.220 Glossary Mini-Card — A small card designed for integrated peripherals, such as communication NICs. The Mini-Card is functionally equivalent to a standard PCI expansion card. Mobile Broadband network— (also known as a WWAN) is a series of interconnected computers that communicate with each other through wireless cellular technology and provides Internet access in the same varied locations from which cellular telephone service is available. Your computer can maintain the Mobile Broadband network connection regardless of its physical location, as long as the computer remains in the service area of your cellular service provider. modem — A device that allows your computer to communicate with other computers over analog telephone lines. Three types of modems include: external, PC Card, and internal. You typically use your modem to connect to the Internet and exchange email. module bay — See media bay. MP — megapixel — A measure of image resolution used for digital cameras. ms — millisecond — A measure of time that equals one thousandth of a second. Access times of storage devices are often measured in ms. N network adapter — A chip that provides network capabilities. A computer may include a network adapter on its system board, or it may contain a PC Card with an adapter on it. A network adapter is also referred to as a NIC (network interface controller). NIC — See network adapter. notification area — The section of the Windows taskbar that contains icons for providing quick access to programs and computer functions, such as the clock, volume control, and print status. Also referred to as system tray. ns — nanosecond — A measure of time that equals one billionth of a second. NVRAM — nonvolatile random access memory — A type of memory that stores data when the computer is turned off or loses its external power source. NVRAM is used for maintaining computer configuration information such as date, time, and other system setup options that you can set.Glossary 221 O optical drive — A drive that uses optical technology to read or write data from CDs, DVDs, or DVD+RWs. Example of optical drives include CD drives, DVD drives, CD-RW drives, and CD-RW/DVD combo drives. P parallel connector — An I/O port often used to connect a parallel printer to your computer. Also referred to as an LPT port. partition — A physical storage area on a hard drive that is assigned to one or more logical storage areas known as logical drives. Each partition can contain multiple logical drives. PC Card — A removable I/O card adhering to the PCMCIA standard. Modems and network adapters are common types of PC Cards. PCI — peripheral component interconnect — PCI is a local bus that supports 32-and 64-bit data paths, providing a high-speed data path between the processor and devices such as video, drives, and networks. PCI Express — A modification to the PCI interface that boosts the data transfer rate between the processor and the devices attached to it. PCI Express can transfer data at speeds from 250 MB/sec to 4 GB/sec. If the PCI Express chip set and the device are capable of different speeds, they will operate at the slower speed. PCMCIA — Personal Computer Memory Card International Association — The organization that establishes standards for PC Cards. PIO — programmed input/output — A method of transferring data between two devices through the processor as part of the data path. pixel — A single point on a display screen. Pixels are arranged in rows and columns to create an image. A video resolution, such as 800 x 600, is expressed as the number of pixels across by the number of pixels up and down. Plug-and-Play — The ability of the computer to automatically configure devices. Plug and Play provides automatic installation, configuration, and compatibility with existing hardware if the BIOS, operating system, and all devices are Plug and Play compliant. POST — power-on self-test — Diagnostics programs, loaded automatically by the BIOS, that perform basic tests on the major computer components, such as memory, hard drives, and video. If no problems are detected during POST, the computer continues the start-up.222 Glossary processor — A computer chip that interprets and executes program instructions. Sometimes the processor is referred to as the CPU (central processing unit). PS/2 — personal system/2 — A type of connector for attaching a PS/2-compatible keyboard, mouse, or keypad. PXE — pre-boot execution environment — A WfM (Wired for Management) standard that allows networked computers that do not have an operating system to be configured and started remotely. R RAID — redundant array of independent disks — A method of providing data redundancy. Some common implementations of RAID include RAID 0, RAID 1, RAID 5, RAID 10, and RAID 50. RAM — random-access memory — The primary temporary storage area for program instructions and data. Any information stored in RAM is lost when you shut down your computer. readme file — A text file included with a software package or hardware product. Typically, readme files provide installation information and describe new product enhancements or corrections that have not yet been documented. read-only — Data and/or files you can view but cannot edit or delete. A file can have read-only status if: • It resides on a physically write-protected floppy disk, CD, or DVD. • It is located on a network in a directory and the system administrator has assigned rights only to specific individuals. refresh rate — The frequency, measured in Hz, at which your screen's horizontal lines are recharged (sometimes also referred to as its vertical frequency). The higher the refresh rate, the less video flicker can be seen by the human eye. resolution — The sharpness and clarity of an image produced by a printer or displayed on a monitor. The higher the resolution, the sharper the image. RFI — radio frequency interference — Interference that is generated at typical radio frequencies, in the range of 10 kHz to 100,000 MHz. Radio frequencies are at the lower end of the electromagnetic frequency spectrum and are more likely to have interference than the higher frequency radiations, such as infrared and light. ROM — read-only memory — Memory that stores data and programs that cannot be deleted or written to by the computer. ROM, unlike RAM, retains its contents after you shut down your computer. Some programs essential to the operation of your computer reside in ROM.Glossary 223 RPM — revolutions per minute — The number of rotations that occur per minute. Hard drive speed is often measured in rpm. RTC — real time clock — Battery-powered clock on the system board that keeps the date and time after you shut down the computer. RTCRST — real-time clock reset — A jumper on the system board of some computers that can often be used for troubleshooting problems. S SAS — serial attached SCSI — A faster, serial version of the SCSI interface (as opposed to the original SCSI parallel architecture). SATA — serial ATA — A faster, serial version of the ATA (IDE) interface. ScanDisk — A Microsoft utility that checks files, folders, and the hard disk’s surface for errors. ScanDisk often runs when you restart the computer after it has stopped responding. SCSI — small computer system interface — A high-speed interface used to connect devices to a computer, such as hard drives, CD drives, printers, and scanners. The SCSI can connect many devices using a single controller. Each device is accessed by an individual identification number on the SCSI controller bus. SDRAM — synchronous dynamic random-access memory — A type of DRAM that is synchronized with the optimal clock speed of the processor. serial connector — An I/O port often used to connect devices such as a handheld digital device or digital camera to your computer. Service Tag — A bar code label on your computer that identifies your computer when you access Dell Support at support.dell.com or when you call Dell for customer service or technical support. setup program — A program that is used to install and configure hardware and software. The setup.exe or install.exe program comes with most Windows software packages. Setup program differs from system setup. shortcut — An icon that provides quick access to frequently used programs, files, folders, and drives. When you place a shortcut on your Windows desktop and doubleclick the icon, you can open its corresponding folder or file without having to find it first. Shortcut icons do not change the location of files. If you delete a shortcut, the original file is not affected. Also, you can rename a shortcut icon. SIM — Subscriber Identity Module — A SIM card contains a microchip that encrypts voice and data transmissions. SIM cards can be used in phones or portable computers.224 Glossary smart card — A card that is embedded with a processor and a memory chip. Smart cards can be used to authenticate a user on computers equipped for smart cards. S/PDIF — Sony/Philips Digital Interface — An audio transfer file format that allows the transfer of audio from one file to another without converting it to and from an analog format, which could degrade the quality of the file. standby mode — A power management mode that shuts down all unnecessary computer operations to save energy. Strike Zone™ — Reinforced area of the platform base that protects the hard drive by acting as a dampening device when a computer experiences resonating shock or is dropped (whether the computer is on or off). surge protectors — Prevent voltage spikes, such as those that may occur during an electrical storm, from entering the computer through the electrical outlet. Surge protectors do not protect against lightning strikes or against brownouts, which occur when the voltage drops more than 20 percent below the normal AC-line voltage level. Network connections cannot be protected by surge protectors. Always disconnect the network cable from the network connector during electrical storms. SVGA — super-video graphics array — A video standard for video cards and controllers. Typical SVGA resolutions are 800 x 600 and 1024 x 768. The number of colors and resolution that a program displays depends on the capabilities of the monitor, the video controller and its drivers, and the amount of video memory installed in the computer. S-video TV-out — A connector used to attach a TV or digital audio device to the computer. SXGA — super-extended graphics array — A video standard for video cards and controllers that supports resolutions up to 1280 x 1024. SXGA+ — super-extended graphics array plus — A video standard for video cards and controllers that supports resolutions up to 1400 x 1050. system board — The main circuit board in your computer. Also known as the motherboard. system setup — A utility that serves as an interface between the computer hardware and the operating system. System setup allows you to configure user-selectable options in the BIOS, such as date and time or system password. Unless you understand what effect the settings have on the computer, do not change the settings for this program.Glossary 225 T TAPI — telephony application programming interface — Enables Windows programs to operate with a wide variety of telephony devices, including voice, data, fax, and video. text editor — A program used to create and edit files that contain only text; for example, Windows Notepad uses a text editor. Text editors do not usually provide word wrap or formatting functionality (the option to underline, change fonts, and so on). TPM — trusted platform module — A hardware-based security feature that when combined with security software enhances network and computer security by enabling features such as file and e-mail protection. travel module — A plastic device designed to fit inside the module bay of a portable computer to reduce the weight of the computer. U UAC — user account control— Microsoft Windows® Vista® security feature that, when enabled, provides an added layer of security between user accounts and access to operating system settings. UMA — unified memory allocation — System memory dynamically allocated to video. UPS — uninterruptible power supply — A backup power source used when the electrical power fails or drops to an unacceptable voltage level. A UPS keeps a computer running for a limited amount of time when there is no electrical power. UPS systems typically provide surge suppression and may also provide voltage regulation. Small UPS systems provide battery power for a few minutes to enable you to shut down your computer. USB — universal serial bus — A hardware interface for a low-speed device such as a USB-compatible keyboard, mouse, joystick, scanner, set of speakers, printer, broadband devices (DSL and cable modems), imaging devices, or storage devices. Devices are plugged directly in to a 4-pin socket on your computer or in to a multi-port hub that plugs in to your computer. USB devices can be connected and disconnected while the computer is turned on, and they can also be daisy-chained together. UTP — unshielded twisted pair — Describes a type of cable used in most telephone networks and some computer networks. Pairs of unshielded wires are twisted to protect against electromagnetic interference, rather than relying on a metal sheath around each pair of wires to protect against interference. UXGA — ultra extended graphics array — A video standard for video cards and controllers that supports resolutions up to 1600 x 1200.226 Glossary V video controller — The circuitry on a video card or on the system board (in computers with an integrated video controller) that provides the video capabilities—in combination with the monitor—for your computer. video memory — Memory that consists of memory chips dedicated to video functions. Video memory is usually faster than system memory. The amount of video memory installed primarily influences the number of colors that a program can display. video mode — A mode that describes how text and graphics are displayed on a monitor. Graphics-based software, such as Windows operating systems, displays in video modes that can be defined as x horizontal pixels by y vertical pixels by z colors. Character-based software, such as text editors, displays in video modes that can be defined as x columns by y rows of characters. video resolution — See resolution. virus — A program that is designed to inconvenience you or to destroy data stored on your computer. A virus program moves from one computer to another through an infected disk, software downloaded from the Internet, or e-mail attachments. When an infected program starts, its embedded virus also starts. A common type of virus is a boot virus, which is stored in the boot sectors of a floppy disk. If the floppy disk is left in the drive when the computer is shut down and then turned on, the computer is infected when it reads the boot sectors of the floppy disk expecting to find the operating system. If the computer is infected, the boot virus may replicate itself onto all the floppy disks that are read or written in that computer until the virus is eradicated. V — volt — The measurement of electric potential or electromotive force. One V appears across a resistance of 1 ohm when a current of 1 ampere flows through that resistance. W W — watt — The measurement of electrical power. One W is 1 ampere of current flowing at 1 volt. WHr — watt-hour — A unit of measure commonly used to indicate the approximate capacity of a battery. For example, a 66-WHr battery can supply 66 W of power for 1 hour or 33 W for 2 hours. wallpaper — The background pattern or picture on the Windows desktop. Change your wallpaper through the Windows Control Panel. You can also scan in your favorite picture and make it wallpaper.Glossary 227 WLAN — wireless local area network. A series of interconnected computers that communicate with each other over the air waves using access points or wireless routers to provide Internet access. write-protected — Files or media that cannot be changed. Use write-protection when you want to protect data from being changed or destroyed. To write-protect a 3.5-inch floppy disk, slide its write-protect tab to the open position. WPAN — wireless personal area network. A computer network used for communication among computer devices (including telephones and personal digital assistants) close to one person. WWAN — wireless wide area network. A wireless high-speed data network using cellular technology and covering a much larger geographic area than WLAN. WXGA — wide-aspect extended graphics array — A video standard for video cards and controllers that supports resolutions up to 1280 x 800." X XGA — extended graphics array — A video standard for video cards and controllers that supports resolutions up to 1024 x 768. Z ZIF — zero insertion force — A type of socket or connector that allows a computer chip to be installed or removed with no stress applied to either the chip or its socket. Zip — A popular data compression format. Files that have been compressed with the Zip format are called Zip files and usually have a filename extension of .zip. A special kind of zipped file is a self-extracting file, which has a filename extension of .exe. You can unzip a self-extracting file by double-clicking it. Zip drive — A high-capacity floppy drive developed by Iomega Corporation that uses 3.5-inch removable disks called Zip disks. Zip disks are slightly larger than regular floppy disks, about twice as thick, and hold up to 100 MB of data.228 GlossaryIndex 229 Index Numerics 8-in-1 memory card reader, 91 A audio device connecting, 69 enabling, 84 audio. See sound B battery charge gauge, 55 charging, 58 checking the charge, 54 performance, 53 power meter, 55 removing, 59 replacing coin-cell battery, 181 storing, 60 BD. See Blu-ray Disc blank cards ExpressCards, 87 memory card, 91 removing, 89, 92 Bluetooth wireless technology card device status light, 25 installing, 180 Blu-ray Disc, 64-65, 67 boot sequence, 204 brightness adjusting, 41 C camera, 23 carnet, 186 CD about, 64 CD-RW drive problems, 115 drive problems, 115 Check Disk, 116 cleaning display, 206 keyboard, 206 media, 208 mouse, 207 touch pad, 207 coin-cell battery replacing, 181230 Index computer crashes, 127-128 restore to previous operating state, 145 slow performance, 118, 129 specifications, 193 stops responding, 127 conflicts software and hardware incompatibilities, 143 connecting audio device, 69 Mobile Broadband network, 99 TV, 69 contacting Dell, 192 copying CDs general information, 64 helpful tips, 66 how to, 64 copying DVDs general information, 64 helpful tips, 66 how to, 64 D Dell contacting, 192 Dell Diagnostics about, 107 starting from the Drivers and Utilities media, 109 starting from your hard drive, 108 Dell MediaDirect about, 26 problems, 128 Dell support site, 17 DellConnect, 188 device latch release description, 33 device status lights description, 24 diagnostics Dell, 107 digital array microphones, 26 display adjusting brightness, 41 adjusting the size of icons, 183 adjusting the size of toolbars, 183 description, 23 dual display operation, 43 resolution, 44 switching the video image, 41 documentation End User License Agreement, 16 ergonomics, 16 online, 17 Product Information Guide, 16 regulatory, 16 safety, 16 warranty, 16 Dolby headphones, setting up, 84Index 231 drivers about, 139 identifying, 140 reinstalling, 140 Drivers and Utilities media, 15 about, 141 Dell Diagnostics, 107 drives problems, 114 See also hard drive See also optical drive DVD about, 64 drive problems, 115 E End User License Agreement, 16 ergonomics information, 16 error messages, 119 ExpressCard slot description, 28 ExpressCards, 87 blanks, 87, 89 installing, 88 removing, 89 F Factory Image Restore, 147, 149 fan description, 33 FCM. See Flash Cache Module Flash Cache Module, 178 H hard drive description, 33 problems, 116 replacing, 156 returning to Dell, 158 hardware conflicts, 143 Dell Diagnostics, 107 Hardware Troubleshooter, 143 hibernate mode, 57 hinge cover removing, 160 I icons adjusting the size, 183 IEEE 1394 connector description, 29 problems, 124 infrared sensor description, 33 installing, 170232 Index Internet connection about, 35 options, 35 setting up, 36 IRQ conflicts, 143 K keyboard numeric keypad, 47 problems, 125 removing, 161 shortcuts, 48 keyboard status lights description, 26 keypad numeric, 47 L labels Microsoft Windows, 16 Service Tag, 16 lost computer, 105 M media playing, 61 media control buttons Dell MediaDirect button, 68 description, 25 memory DIMM A, 165 DIMM B, 166 installing, 163 removing, 164, 167 memory card, 91 blanks, 91-92 installing, 91 reader, 29 removing, 92 memory card reader, 91 memory module cover description, 33 messages error, 119 Mini Card installing, 170 WLAN, 170 WPAN, 170 WWAN, 170 Mobile Broadband network connections, 99 problems, 131 See also wireless switch modem connector description, 31 monitor. See displayIndex 233 N network installing WLAN Mini Card, 170 Mobile Broadband (WWAN), 131 problems, 131 QuickSet, 183 network connector description, 30 O operating system reinstalling Windows Vista, 145 P PC Restore, 147 phone numbers, 192 power hibernate mode, 57 line conditioners, 39 problems, 132 protection devices, 39 standby mode, 56 surge protectors, 39 UPS, 39 power button description, 23 power light conditions, 132 power management adjusting settings, 183 QuickSet, 183 printer cable, 38 connecting, 37 problems, 133 setting up, 37 USB, 38 problems blue screen, 128 CD drive, 115 CD-RW drive, 115 computer crashes, 127-128 computer does not start up, 127 computer stops responding, 127 conflicts, 143 Dell Diagnostics, 107 Dell MediaDirect, 128 drives, 114 DVD drive, 115 error messages, 119 hard drive, 116 IEEE 1394 connector, 124 keyboard, 125 lockups, 127 network, 131 power, 132 power light conditions, 132 printer, 133 program crashes repeatedly, 127 program stops responding, 127 programs and Windows compatibility, 127234 Index problems (continued) restore computer to previous operating state, 145 restore operating system to previous state, 144 scanner, 134 slow computer performance, 118, 129 software, 127, 129 sound and speakers, 135 speakers, 135 spyware, 118, 129 Product Information Guide, 16 Q QuickSet, 183 QuickSet Help, 18 R RAM. See memory regulatory information, 16 reinstalling Windows Vista, 145 resolution setting, 44 S S/PDIF digital audio enabling, 84 Safely Remove Hardware icon, 124 safety instructions, 16 scanner problems, 134 screen. See display security cable slot description, 27 Service Tag, 16 SIM. See Subscriber Identity Module software conflicts, 143 problems, 127, 129 software and hardware incompatibilities, 143 sound problems, 135 volume, 135 speakers description, 33 problems, 135 volume, 135 specifications, 193 spyware, 118, 129 standby mode about, 56 stolen computer, 105 Subscriber Identity Module, 169 support contacting Dell, 192Index 235 support website, 17 S-video TV-out connector description, 31 System Restore, 144-145 system setup program commonly used options, 204 screens, 204 viewing, 204 T taskbar Dell Mobile Broadband Card Utility, 131 Dell Support Utility, 18 QuickSet icon, 183 Safely Remove Hardware, 124 wireless activity indicator, 99 telephone numbers, 192 toolbars adjusting the size, 183 touch pad, 50 cleaning, 207 customizing, 51 touch pad buttons description, 25 track stick/touch pad buttons description, 25 transferring information to a new computer, 37 traveling with the computer by air, 186 identification tag, 185 packing, 185 tips, 186 troubleshooting conflicts, 143 Dell Diagnostics, 107 Hardware Troubleshooter, 143 restore computer to previous operating state, 144-145 TV connecting, 69 types, 91 U uninterruptible power supply. See UPS UPS, 39 USB connector description, 31 V video problems, 137 video controller determining configuration, 21 video controller configuration determining what controller is installed, 21236 Index volume adjusting, 135 W warranty information, 16 Windows Easy Transfer wizard, 37 Windows Vista Device Driver Rollback, 140 Factory Image Restore, 147 Program Compatibility wizard, 127 reinstalling, 145 System Restore, 144-145 Windows Easy Transfer wizard, 37 Windows XP Device Driver Rollback, 141 Hardware Troubleshooter, 143 hibernate mode, 57 PC Restore, 147 Program Compatibility wizard, 127 reinstalling, 150 standby mode, 56 wireless turning activity on and off, 183 wizards Program Compatibility wizard, 127 Windows Easy Transfer, 37 WLAN, 170 installing Mini Card, 170 WPAN installing, 177 WWAN installing, 173 See also Mobile Broadband Dellt Tower UPS 500W, 1000W, and 1920/1500W Getting Started With Your System Démarrage avec votre système Erste Schritte Mit Ihrem System Начало работы c вашей системой Inicio de su sistema 系统使用 入门指南 系統使用 入門指南 사용자의 시스템 시작하기 はじめに システムについて H900N, J715N, K788N, H914N, J716N, K789N www.dell.com | support.dell.comDellt Tower UPS 500W, 1000W, and 1920/1500W Getting Started With Your System Démarrage avec votre système Erste Schritte Mit Ihrem System Начало работы c вашей системой Inicio de su sistema 系统使用 入门指南 系統使用 入門指南 사용자의 시스템 시작하기 はじめに システムについて H900N, J715N, K788N, H914N, J716N, K789N www.dell.com | support.dell.comNotes and Warnings NOTE: A NOTE indicates important information that helps you make better use of your software. CAUTION: A CAUTION indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in minor or moderate injury or in property damage incidents. WARNING: A WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or injury. DANGER: A DANGER indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury. DANGER: Observe the following instruction to help prevent an imminently hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury: S This UPS contains LETHAL VOLTAGES. All repairs and service should be performed by AUTHORIZED SERVICE PERSONNEL ONLY. There are NO USER SERVICEABLE PARTS inside the UPS. Information in this document is subject to change without notice. E 2009 Dell Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction in any manner whatsoever without the written permission of Dell Inc. is strictly forbidden. Trademarks used in this text: Dell and the DELL logo are trademarks of Dell Inc.; Phillipsis a registered trademark of Phillips Screw Company. Other trademarks and trade names may be used in this document to refer to either the entities claiming the marks and names or their products. Dell Inc. disclaims any proprietary interest in trademarks and trade names other than its own. July 2009System Features | 1 System Features Providing outstanding performance and reliability, the UPS's unique benefits include: S Buck and Boost voltage regulation that ensures regulated voltage to your load by correcting voltage fluctuations. S Start-on-battery capability for powering up the UPS even if utility power is not available. S Extended runtime with an optional External Battery Module (EBM) for 1000–1920W UPS models. S Two standard communication ports (USB and DB-9 serial port). S Optional Dell Network Management Card with enhanced communication capabilities for increased power protection and control. S Network transient protector that guards your network communications equipment from surges. S Advanced power management with the Dell UPS Management Software for graceful shutdowns and power monitoring. S Sequential shutdown and load management through separate receptacle groups called load segments. S Firmware that is easily upgradable without a service call. S Backed by worldwide agency approvals.2 | Finding Information Finding Information CAUTION: The Safety, Environmental, and Regulatory Information document provides important safety and regulatory information. What are You Looking For? Find It Here S The user's guide for my UPS S The user's guide for the Dell Network Management Card S Dell UPS Management Software NOTE:Documentation and software updates can be found at support.dell.com. Dell UPS Disc S Specifications S How to configure UPS settings S How to troubleshoot and solve problems Dell UPS User's Guide The user's guide is available on the Dell UPS disc and on support.dell.com. S Safety instructions S Regulatory information S Recycling information Safety, Environmental, and Regulatory Information S Warranty information S Terms and Conditions (U.S. only) S End User License Agreement Dell Warranty and Support Information S Support information Dell Support Website — support.dell.com NOTE: Select your region or business segment to view the appropriate support site.Installation and Startup | 3 Installation and Startup CAUTION: Before performing the procedures in this document, read and follow the safety instructions and important regulatory information in your Safety, Environmental, and Regulatory Information document. CAUTION: The cabinet is heavy [500W: 11.6 kg (25.6 lb); 1000W: 18.3 kg (40.3 lb); 1920/1500W: 30.5 kg (67.2 lb)]. Use caution to unpack and move the cabinet. This section describes the steps to set up your system for the first time. Unpacking the System 1 Unpack your system and identify each item. 2 Discard or recycle the packaging in a responsible manner, or store it for future use.4 | Installation and Startup Identifying the UPS This section shows a front and rear panel of the Dell Tower UPS. Refer to the Dell Line-Interactive Tower UPS 500W, 1000W, and 1920/1500W User's Guide for all rear panel details. Cover Latch Cover Latch LCD Panel Scroll Button (Up or Back) Select Button Scroll Button (Down or Forward) Figure 1. The Dell Tower UPS Communication Port Six 5-15 Receptacles (Load Segment 1) Network Transient Protector USB Port UPS Communication Bay On/Off Button IEC-C14 Input Connector Two 5-15 Receptacles (Load Segment 2) EBM Connector Figure 2. UPS Rear Panel (1000W, 120V Rear Panel)Installation and Startup | 5 Removing the UPS Front Cover 3 Remove the UPS front cover. Push the two cover latches to release the front cover and pull up. Removing the Battery Cover 4 Unscrew the thumbscrew on the the metal battery cover and lift up to remove the cover.6 | Installation and Startup Connecting the Internal Battery Connector 5 Connect the internal battery connector. 6 Replace the metal battery cover. Torque the screw to 0.7 Nm (6.2 lb in). 7 Replace the UPS front cover.Installation and Startup | 7 Connecting the Equipment 9 Connect equipment to UPS Connect communication cable from computer to UPS (optional) 8 8 If you plan to use Dell UPS Management Software, connect your computer to the USB port or RS-232 port using the supplied cable. 9 Plug the equipment to be protected into the UPS output receptacles, but do not turn on the protected equipment. NOTE: Verify that the total equipment ratings do not exceed the UPS capacity to prevent an overload alarm.8 | Installation and Startup Connecting the Power Cord 10 Verify that the power input to the UPS has adequate upstream overcurrent protection: Table 1. Minimum Upstream Circuit Breaker Rating UPS Output Power 120V 208V 230V 500W 15A — 15A 1000W 15A — 15A 1500W (at 100V) 1920W 20A — 15A 11 Plug the UPS power cord into a power outlet. NOTE: For 1920/1500W models. There are two power cords in the box, one with BSMI and PSE certified markings that can be used in Taiwan and Japan, another cord is for regions other than Taiwan and Japan.Installation and Startup | 9 Starting the UPS 12 Press the button on the UPS rear panel. Completing the Startup 13 Verify that the Normal icon appears on the UPS status summary screen, indicating that the UPS is operating normally and any loads are powered. 14 On the UPS status summary screen, press the button to check for active alarms or notices. Resolve any active alarms before continuing. See “Troubleshooting” in the Dell Line-Interactive Tower UPS 500W, 1000W, and 1920/1500W User's Guide. If there are no active alarms, a “No Active Alarms” message appears. 15 To change other factory-set defaults, see “Operation” in the Dell Line-Interactive Tower UPS 500W, 1000W, and 1920/1500W User's Guide.10 | Installation and StartupOnduleur Tour Dellt 500 W, 1000 W et 1920/1500 W Démarrage avec votre système H900N, J715N, K788N, H914N, J716N, K789N www.dell.com | support.dell.comRemarques et avertissements REMARQUE : Une REMARQUE indique des informations importantes qui vous aident à mieux utiliser votre logiciel. DANGER : Un DANGER indique une situation dangereuse imminente qui, si elle n'est pas évitée, provoquera la mort ou une blessure grave. AVERTISSEMENT : Un AVERTISSEMENT indique une situation dangereuse potentielle qui, si elle n'est pas évitée, pourrait provoquer la mort ou une blessure. ATTENTION : Une ATTENTION indique une situation dangereuse potentielle qui, si elle n'est pas évitée, peut provoquer une blessure mineure ou légère ou des dommages matériels. DANGER : Respectez les instructions suivantes pour aider à empêcher une situation dangereuse imminente qui, si elle n'est pas évitée, peut provoquer la mort ou des blessures graves : S Cet onduleur contient desTENSIONS MORTELLES. Toutes les réparations et tous les entretiens devront être effectués UNIQUEMENT PAR UN PERSONNEL D’ENTRETIEN AGRÉÉ. Aucune pièce à l’intérieur de cet onduleur NE PEUT ÊTRE ENTRETENUE PAR L’UTILISATEUR. Les informations dans ce document sont soumises à modifications sans préavis. E 2009 Dell Inc. Tous droits réservés. La reproduction de quelque manière que ce soit sans autorisation écrite de Dell Inc. est strictement interdite. Marques commerciales utilisées dans ce texte : Dell et le logo DELL sont des marques commerciales de Dell Inc. ; Phillips est une marque déposée de Phillips Screw Company. D’autres marques commerciales et noms commerciaux peuvent être utilisés dans ce document pour se référer à des entités revendiquant les marques et les noms ou leurs produits. Dell Inc. rejette tout intérêt propriétaire dans les marques commerciales et les noms commerciaux ne lui appartenant pas. Julliet 2009Caractéristiques du système | 13 Caractéristiques du système Offrant une fiabilité et des performances remarquables, les avantages uniques de l'onduleur comprennent : S La régulation de tension Buck and Boost qui assure une tension régulée à votre charge en corrigeant les fluctuations de tension. S La capacité de démarrage-sur-batterie pour alimenter l'onduleur même si le courant du secteur n'est pas disponible. S Temps d'exécution prolongé avec un Module de batterie externe (EBM) en option pour les modèles d'onduleur 1000–1920 W. S Deux ports de communication standards (port série DB-9 et USB). S Carte de gestion de réseau Dell optionnelle avec capacités de communication améliorées pour une protection et un contrôle accrus de l'alimentation électrique. S Protecteur de réseau contre les phénomènes transitoires qui protège votre équipement de communication réseau contre les surtensions. S Gestion avancée de l'alimentation électrique avec le Logiciel de gestion d'onduleur Dell pour des coupures progressives et une surveillance de l'alimentation. S Arrêt séquentiel et gestion de charge par des groupes de prises séparés appelés « segments de charge ». S Micrologiciel qui peut être facilement mis à niveau sans appeler le service technique. S Soutenu par des approbations d'organismes dans le monde entier.14 | Trouver des informations Trouver des informations ATTENTION! Le document Informations sur la sécurité, l'environnement et la réglementation fournit des informations importantes sur la sécurité et la réglementation. Que recherchez-vous ? Trouvez-le ici S Le guide d'utilisation de mon onduleur S Le guide d'utilisation de ma Carte de gestion de réseau Dell S Logiciel de gestion d'onduleur Dell REMARQUE : Les mises à jour des documents et des logiciels se trouvent sur support.dell.com. Disque de l'onduleur Dell S Spécifications S Comment configurer les paramètres de l'onduleur S Comment identifier et résoudre les problèmes Guide d'utilisation de l'onduleur Dell Le guide d'utilisation est disponible sur le disque de l'onduleur Dell et sursupport.dell.com. S Instructions sur la sécurit S Informations sur la réglementation S Informations sur le recyclage Informations sur la sécurité, l'environnement et la réglementation S Informations sur la garantie S Termes et conditions (États-Unis uniquement) S Contrat de licence de l'utilisateur final Informations sur l'assistance et la garantie Dell S Informations sur l'assistance Site Internet d'assistance Dell — support.dell.com REMARQUE : Sélectionnez votre région ou votre segment commercial pour voir le site d'assistance approprié.Installation et démarrage | 15 Installation et démarrage ATTENTION! Avant de réaliser les procédures de ce document, lisez et suivez les instructions de sécurité et les informations importantes sur la réglementation qui figurent dans votre document Informations sur la sécurité, l'environnement et la réglementation. ATTENTION! Le module est lourd [500 W : 11,6 kg (25,6 lb) ; 1000 W : 18,3 kg (40,3 lb) ; 1920/1500 W : 30,5 kg (67,2 lb)]. Prenez toutes les précautions nécessaires pour déballer et déplacer le module. Cette section décrit les étapes de configuration de votre système pour la première fois. Déballage du système 1 Déballez votre système et identifiez chaque élément. 2 Jetez ou recyclez l'emballage d'une façon responsable, ou conservez-le pour une utilisation ultérieure.16 | Installation et démarrage Identification de l'onduleur Cette section montre un panneau avant et arrière de l'onduleur Tour Dell. Reportez-vous au Guide d'utilisation de l'onduleur en baie Line-Interactive 500 W, 1000 W et 1920/1500 W pour tous les détails sur le panneau arrière. Loquet du couvercle Loquet du couvercle Panneau LCD Bouton de défilement (haut ou arrière) Bouton de sélection Bouton de défilement (bas ou avant) Figure 1. Onduleur Tour Dell Port de communication Six prises 5-15 (Segment de charge 1) Protecteur de réseau contre les phénomènes transitoires Port USB Baie de communication de l'onduleur Bouton Marche/Arrêt Connecteur d'entrée CEI-C14 Deux prises 5-15 (Segment de charge 2) Connecteur de l'EBM Figure 2. Panneau arrière de l'onduleur (panneau arrière du 1000 W, 120 V)Installation et démarrage | 17 Retrait du couvercle avant de l'onduleur 3 Retirez le couvercle avant de l'onduleur. Poussez les deux loquets du couvercle pour libérer le couvercle avant et levez. Retrait du couvercle des batteries 4 Dévissez la vis à oreilles sur le couvercle métallique des batteries et levez pour retirer le couvercle.18 | Installation et démarrage Connexion du connecteur interne des batteries 5 Branchez le connecteur interne des batteries. 6 Remettez en place le couvercle métallique des batteries. Serrez la vis à un couple de 0,7 N·m (6,2 lb in). 7 Remettez en place le couvercle avant de l'onduleur.Installation et démarrage | 19 Connexion de l'équipement 9 Connectez l'équipement à l'onduleur Connectez le câble de communication de l'ordinateur à l'onduleur (en option) 8 8 Si vous prévoyez d'utiliser le Logiciel de gestion d'onduleur Dell, connectez votre ordinateur au port USB ou RS-232 en utilisant le câble fourni. 9 Branchez l'équipement à protéger sur les prises de sortie de l'onduleur, mais ne mettez pas l'équipement à protéger sous tension. REMARQUE: Pour éviter une alarme de surcharge, vérifiez que les valeurs nominales totales de l'équipement ne dépassent pas la capacité de l'onduleur.20 | Installation et démarrage Connexion du cordon d'alimentation 10 Vérifiez que l'entrée d'alimentation de l'onduleur possède une protection contre les surintensités montantes compatible avec la valeur nominale de l'intensité pouvant être acheminée par le cordon d'alimentation. 11 Vérifiez que l'entrée d'alimentation vers l'onduleur possède une protection adéquate contre des surintensités montantes : Tableau 1. Valeur nominale minimale du disjoncteur amont Puissance de sortie de l'onduleur 120 V 208 V 230 V 500 W 15 A — 15 A 1000 W 15 A — 15 A 1500 W (à 100 V) 1920 W 20 A — 15 A 12 Branchez le cordon d'alimentation de l'onduleur à une prise secteur.Installation et démarrage | 21 Démarrage de l'onduleur 13 Appuyez sur le bouton sur le panneau arrière de l'onduleur. Achèvement du démarrage 14 Vérifiez que l'icône Normal apparaît sur l'écran de résumé d'état de l'onduleur, indiquant que l'onduleur fonctionne normalement et que toutes les charges sont alimentées. 15 Sur l'écran de résumé d'état de l'onduleur, appuyez sur le bouton pour vérifier les avis et les alarmes actives. Résolvez toutes les alarmes actives avant de continuer. Voir « Dépannage » dans le Guide d'utilisation de l'onduleur en baie Line-Interactive 500 W, 1000 W et 1920/1500 W. Si aucune alarme n'est activée, un message « Aucune alarme active » apparaît. 16 Pour changer d'autres valeurs d'usine par défaut, voir « Fonctionnement » dans le Guide d'utilisation de l'onduleur en baie Line-Interactive 500 W, 1000 W et 1920/1500 W.22 | Installation et démarrageDellt Tower USV 500 W, 1000 W, und 1920/1500 W Erste Schritte Mit Ihrem System H900N, J715N, K788N, H914N, J716N, K789N www.dell.com | support.dell.comHinweise und Warnungen HINWEIS: Ein HINWEIS macht auf eine wichtige Information aufmerksam, mit deren Hilfe Sie Ihre Software optimal nutzen können. GEFAHR: GEFAHR macht auf eine unmittelbar gefährliche Situation aufmerksam, die zum Tod oder schweren Verletzungen führt, wenn sie nicht vermieden wird. WARNUNG: Eine WARNUNG macht auf eine potenziell gefährliche Situation aufmerksam, die zum Tod oder zu Verletzungen führt, wenn sie nicht vermieden wird. ACHTUNG: ACHTUNG macht auf eine potenziell gefährliche Situation aufmerksam, die zu geringen oder mäßigen Verletzungen oder Sachschäden führen kann, wenn sie nicht vermieden wird. GEFAHR: Beachten Sie den folgenden Hinweis, um eine unmittelbar gefährliche Situation zu vermeiden, die zum Tod oder zu schweren Verletzungen führen könnte: S Diese USV führt LEBENSGEFÄHRLICHE SPANNUNG. Sämtliche Reparatur-- und Wartungsarbeiten dürfen NUR VON AUTORISIERTEM WARTUNGSPERSONAL durchgeführt werden. Im Inneren der USV sind KEINE VOM BENUTZER WARTBAREN TEILEvorhanden. Unangekündigte Änderungen der Angaben in diesem Dokument vorbehalten. E 2009 Dell Inc. Alle Rechte vorbehalten. Die Vervielfältigung, gleich welcher Art, ist ohne schriftliche Genehmigung von Dell Inc. strengstens untersagt. In diesem Text verwendete Marken: Dell und das DELL--Logo sind Marken von Dell Inc.; Phillipsist eine eingetragene Marke von Phillips Screw Company. In diesem Dokument können weitere Marken und Handelsnamen verwendet werden, die sich entweder auf die Personen beziehen, die diese Marken und Namen für sich beanspruchen , oder auf deren Produkte. Dell Inc. verzichtet auf sämtliche gewerblichen Eigentumsrechte an Marken und Handelsnamen, bei denen es sich nicht um eigene Marken und Handelsnamen handelt. Juli 2009Systemmerkmale | 25 Systemmerkmale Die herausragende Leistung und Zuverlässigkeit sind nur einige der Vorteile der USV-Anlagen. Sie bieten zudem: S Spannungsregulierung durch das „Buck and Boost“-Verfahren. Dies gewährleistet durch die Korrektur von Unregelmäßigkeiten einen gleichbleibenden Spannungswert für Ihre Anlagen. S Starten der Anlage im Batteriebetrieb zum Versorgen der USV mit Strom, selbst wenn kein Netzstrom zur Verfügung steht. S Erweiterte Laufzeit mit optionalem Externes Batteriemodul (EBM) für USV-Modelle für 1000-1920 W. S Serienmäßige Ausstattung mit zwei Kommunikationsschnittstellen (USV-Schnittstelle und serielle DB-9-Schnittstelle). S Optionale Dell Netzwerkmanagementkarte mit erweiterten Kommunikationsmöglichkeiten für verbesserten Leistungsschutz und Kontrolle. S Netzwerkschutzeinrichtungen schützen Ihre Anlage für Netzwerkkommunikation vor Spannungsspitzen. S Fortgeschrittene Stromüberwachung mit der Dell USV Management Software für sicheres Herunterfahren und Stromüberwachung. S Abschaltsequenz und Lastenmanagement durch separate Anschlussgruppen (sogenannte Lastsegmente). S Firmware, die sich einfach und ohne Wartungsdienst aktualisieren lässt. S Entspricht einschlägigen Normen auf der ganzen Welt.26 | Auffinden von Informationen Auffinden von Informationen ACHTUNG: Im Dokument Informationen zu Sicherheit, Umweltschutz und Ordnungsvorschriften finden Sie wichtige Sicherheitshinweise und Informationen zu gesetzlichen Bestimmungen. Was suchen Sie? Hier finden Sie es S Die Benutzeranleitung für meine USV S Die Benutzeranleitung für die Dell Netzwerkmanagementkarte S Dell USV Management Software HINWEIS:Dokumente und Softwareaktualisierungen finden Sie unter support.dell.com. Die Disk für die Dell USV S Spezifikationen S Anleitung zum Konfigurieren der USV-Einstellungen S Behebung von Fehlern und Lösung von Problemen Benutzeranleitung der Dell USV Die Benutzeranleitung finden Sie auf der Disk zu der Dell USV und auch untersupport.dell.com. S Sicherheitshinweise S Informationen über Ordnungsvorschriften S Recycling-Informationen Informationen zu Sicherheit, Umweltschutz und Ordnungsvorschriften S Garantieerklärung S AGB (nur USA) S Lizenzvereinbarung für Endbenutzer Informationen zu Garantie und Support von Dell S Supportinformationen Support-Website von Dell – support.dell.com HINWEIS: Wählen Sie Ihre Region bzw. Ihre Branche aus, um die geeignete Support-Website aufzurufen.Installation und Inbetriebnahme | 27 Installation und Inbetriebnahme ACHTUNG: Vor der Ausführung der Verfahren in diesem Dokument lesen Sie bitte die Sicherheitshinweise und wichtigen Informationen zu Ordnungsvorschriften in Ihrem Dokument überInformationen zu Sicherheit, Umweltschutz und Ordnungsvorschriften und halten Sie diese unbedingt ein. :ACHTUNG: Das Gehäuse ist schwer [500 W: 11,6 kg (25,6 lb); 1000 W: 18,3 kg (40,3 lb); 1920/1500 W: 30,5 kg (67,2 lb)]. Beim Auspacken und Transportieren des Gehäuses ist Vorsicht geboten. In diesem Abschnitt werden die Schritte für die Erstkonfiguration Ihres Systems beschrieben. Auspacken des Systems 1 Packen Sie das System aus und identifizieren Sie die einzelnen Komponenten. 2 Entsorgen oder recyceln Sie die Verpackung in umweltbewusster Weise, oder bewahren Sie sie für den späteren Gebrauch auf.28 | Installation und Inbetriebnahme Beschreibung der USV In diesem Abschnitt wird die Vorder- und Rückansicht der Dell Tower USV angezeigt. Alle Einzelheiten zur Rückseite finden Sie in der Dell Line-Interactive Tower USV 500 W, 1000 W, und 1920/1500 W Benutzeranleitung. Abdeckungslasche Abdeckungslasche LCD-Anzeigen Bildlauftaste (aufwärts oder rückwärts) Auswahltaste Bildlauftaste (abwärts oder vorwärts) Abbildung 1. Die Dell Tower USV Kommunikationsschnittstelle Sechs 5-15-Anschlussdosen (Lastsegment 1) Netzwerk-Transienten Schutz USB-Schnittstelle Kommunikationssteckplatz der USV Ein-/Ausschalttaste IEC-C14-Eingangsanschluss Zwei 5-15-Anschlussdosen (Lastsegment 2) EBM-Anschluss Abbildung 2. Rückseite der USV (1000 W, 120 V)Installation und Inbetriebnahme | 29 Entfernen der vorderen USV-Abdeckung 3 Entfernen Sie die vordere USV-Abdeckung. Drücken Sie auf die beiden Abdeckungslaschen, um die vordere Abdeckung zu lösen, und ziehen Sie diese hoch. Entfernen der Batterieabdeckung 4 Lösen Sie die Rändelschraube auf der metallenen Batterieabdeckung und heben Sie die Abdeckung hoch, um sie zu entfernen.30 | Installation und Inbetriebnahme Anklemmen des Anschlusses im Inneren der Batterie 5 Klemmen Sie den Anschluss im Inneren der Batterie an. 6 Setzen Sie die die Batterieabdeckung aus Metall wieder ein. Drehen Sie die Schraube mit einem Drehmoment von 0,7 Nm (6,2 lb in) wieder ein. 7 Bringen Sie die vordere Abdeckung der USV wieder an.Installation und Inbetriebnahme | 31 Anschließen der Anlage 9 Schließen Sie die Anlage an die USV an Schließen Sie das Kommunikationskabel vom Computer an die USV an (optional) 8 8 Sofern Sie die Benutzung der Dell USV Management Software planen, schließen Sie Ihren Computer mit dem beiliegenden Kabel an die USB-Schnittstelle oder an die RS-232-Schnittstelle an. 9 Stecken Sie Stecker der zu schützenden Geräte in die Ausgangsanschlüsse der USV ein, aber schalten Sie die geschützten Geräte noch nicht ein. HINWEIS: Vergewissern Sie sich, dass die Gesamtnennleistung aller angeschlossenen Geräte die Kapazität der USV nicht überschreitet, um einen Überlastalarm zu vermeiden.32 | Installation und Inbetriebnahme Anschließen des Netzkabels 10 Vergewissern Sie sich, dass der Stromeingang der USV entsprechend dem Nennstrom des Netzkabels mit einem Schutz gegen Spannungsspitzen ausgestattet ist. 11 Vergewissern Sie sich, dass der Stromeingang der USV mit einem angemessenen Schutz gegen Spannungsspitzen ausgestattet ist: Tabelle 1. Mindestnennstrom der Überstromsicherung USV-Ausgangsleistung 120 V 208 V 230 V 500 W 15 A — 15 A 1000 W 15 A — 15 A 1500 W (bei 100 V) 1920 W 20 A — 15 A 12 Stecken Sie das Netzkabel der USV in eine Netzsteckdose.Installation und Inbetriebnahme | 33 Starten der USV 13 Drücken Sie die Taste auf der Rückseite der USV. Abschluss des Startvorgangs 14 Vergewissern Sie sich, dass das Symbol für „Normal“ auf dem Bildschirm der USV-Statusübersicht angezeigt wird. Hierdurch wird angezeigt, dass die USV ordnungsgemäß funktioniert und dass alle angeschlossenen Lasten mit Strom versorgt werden.34 | Installation und Inbetriebnahme 15 Wählen Sie im Bildschirm mit der USV-Statusübersicht die Schaltfläche , um zu prüfen ob eine aktive Warnmeldung oder ein aktiver Hinweis vorliegt. Lösen Sie alle aktiven Warnmeldungen, bevor Sie den Vorgang fortsetzen. Siehe „Fehlerbehebung“ in der Dell Line-Interactive Tower USV 500 W, 1000 W, und 1920/1500 W Benutzeranleitung. Falls keine Warnmeldungen aktiv sind, wird die Meldung „Keine aktiven Warnmeldungen“ angezeigt. 16 Für die Änderung anderer werkseitiger Standardeinstellungen siehe „Betrieb“ in der Dell Line-Interactive Tower USV 500 W, 1000 W, und 1920/1500 W Benutzeranleitung.ИБП башенного типа Dellt 500 Вт, 1000 Вт и 1920/1500 Вт Начало работы c вашей системой www.dell.com | support.dell.comПримечания и предупреждения ПРИМЕЧАНИЕ: Пометка ПРИМЕЧАНИЕ указывает на важную информацию, которая поможет вам более эффективно использовать свое программное обеспечение. ОПАСНОСТЬ: Пометка ОПАСНОСТЬ указывает на ситуации, в которых существует непосредственная угроза, которая, если ее не избежать, приведет к серьезной травме или летальному исходу. ПРЕДУПРЕЖДЕНИЕ: Пометка ПРЕДУПРЕЖДЕНИЕ указывает на потенциально опасную ситуацию, которая, если ее не избежать, может привести к травме или летальному исходу. ВНИМАНИЕ: Пометка ВНИМАНИЕ указывает на потенциально опасную ситуацию, которая, если ее не избежать, может привести к травмам легкой и средней степени тяжести или к повреждению имущества. ОПАСНОСТЬ: Следуйте приведенным ниже инструкциям, позволяющим предупредить непосредственную угрозу, которая, если ее не избежать, приведет к серьезной травме или летальному исходу: S В устройстве ИБП некоторые узлы находятся под СМЕРТЕЛЬНО ОПАСНЫМ НАПРЯЖЕНИЕМ. Все работы по ремонту и обслуживанию должны выполняться ТОЛЬКО УПОЛНОМОЧЕННЫМ ОБСЛУЖИВАЮЩИМ ПЕРСОНАЛОМ. В ИБП НЕТ УЗЛОВ, ОБСЛУЖИВАЕМЫХ ПОЛЬЗОВАТЕЛЕМ. Информация в настоящем документе может быть изменена без предварительного уведомления. E 2009 Dell Inc. Все права защищены. Воспроизведение данного документа любым способом безписьменного разрешения компании Dell Inc. категорически запрещено. Торговые знаки, используемые в данном тексте: Логотипы Dell и DELL являются торговыми знаками компании Dell Inc.; Phillips является зарегистрированным торговым знаком компании Phillips Screw Company. Прочие торговые знаки и торговые марки могут использоваться в данном документе для ссылки на организации, предъявляющие права на эти знаки и марки, или на их товары. Dell Inc. отказывается от любого права собственности на какие-либо торговые знаки или торговые марки, кроме своих собственных. Июль 2009 г.Функции системы | 37 Функции системы Вот уникальные преимущества, обеспечивающие исключительную эффективность и надежность ИБП: S Понижающая и повышающая регулировка напряжения обеспечивает подачу стабильного напряжения на нагрузку путем коррекции колебаний напряжения. S Функция запуска от батареи используется для питания ИБП даже при отсутствии питания от электросети. S Увеличенное время работы при помощи дополнительного модуля Модуль внешней батареи (EBM) для моделей ИБП 1000 - 1920 Вт. S Два стандартных коммуникационных порта (USB и последовательный порт DB-9). S Дополнительная Карта сетевого управления Dell с усовершенствованными коммуникационными возможностями улучшает защиту питания и его мониторинг. S Защита от сетевых переходных процессов, которая предохраняет устройства сетевой связи от скачков. S Усовершенствованное управление питанием при помощи Программа управления ИБП Dell обеспечивает корректное выключение нагрузки и мониторинг электропитания. S Последовательное выключение и управление нагрузкой при помощи раздельных групп разъемов, называемых сегментами нагрузки. S Легко обновляемое аппаратно-программное обеспечение; для обновления нет необходимости обращаться в службу технической поддержки. S Утверждены международными организациями.38 | Поиск информации Поиск информации ВНИМАНИЕ: Документ Информация о технике безопасности, охране окружающей среды и нормативная информация содержит важную информацию о технике безопасности и нормативную информацию. Что вы ищите? Вы найдете это здесь S Руководство пользователя для моего ИБП S Руководство пользователя для карты Карта сетевого управления Dell S Программа управления ИБП Dell ПРИМЕЧАНИЕ: Документация и обновленные версии ПО можно найти на сайте support.dell.com. Диск ИБП Dell S Спецификации S Как конфигурировать настройки ИБП S Как находить и устранять неисправности и решать проблемы Руководство пользователя ИБП Dell Руководство пользователя доступно на диске ИБП Dell и на сайте support.dell.com. S Инструкции по технике безопасности S Нормативная информация S Информация об утилизации Информация о технике безопасности, охране окружающей среды и нормативная информация S Информация о гарантии S Сроки и условия (только для США) S Лицензионное соглашение с конечным пользователем Информация о гарантии и поддержке Dell S Информация о поддержке Веб-сайт поддержки Dell — support.dell.com ПРИМЕЧАНИЕ: Выберите свой регион или сегмент бизнеса, чтобы увидеть соответствующий сайт поддержки.Установка и запуск | 39 Установка и запуск ВНИМАНИЕ: Перед выполнением процедуры, описанной в данной документации, прочтите и выполните инструкции по технике безопасности и ознакомьтесь с важной нормативной информацией, которая содержится в документе Информация о технике безопасности, охране окружающей среды и нормативная информация. ВНИМАНИЕ: ВНИМАНИЕ: Корпустяжелый (500 Вт: 11,6 кг; 1000 Вт: 18,3 кг; 1920/1500 Вт: 30,5 кг]. Проявляйте осторожность при распаковке и перемещении корпуса. В данном разделе описываются этапы настройки системы в первый раз. Распаковка системы 1 Распакуйте систему и проверьте каждый элемент. 2 Выбросьте или утилизируйте упаковку согласно правилам или сохраните ее для будущего использования.40 | Установка и запуск Описание ИБП В данном разделе показаны передняя и задняя панели ИБП «Башня» Dell. См. Руководство пользователя линейно-интерактивного ИБП башенного типа 500 Вт, 1000 Вт и 1920/1500 Вт Dell, чтобы получить подробную информацию о задней панели. Защелка крышки Защелка крышки Жидкокристаллическая панель Кнопка пролистывания (вверх или назад) Кнопка выбора Кнопка пролистывания (внизили вперед) Рис. 1. ИБП «Башня» Dell Коммуникационный порт Шесть гнезд 5-15 (Сегмент нагрузки 1) Устройство защиты от переходных процессов в коммуникационной сети Порт USB Коммуникационного отсека блока бесперебойного питания Кнопка Вкл./Выкл Входной разъем IEC-C14 Два гнезда 5-15 (Сегмент нагрузки 2) Разъем EBM Рис. 2. Задняя панель ИБП (задняя панель 1000 Вт, 120 В)Установка и запуск | 41 Снятие передней крышки ИБП 3 Снимите переднюю крышку ИБП. Нажмите на две защелки крышки, чтобы освободить переднюю крышку, и потяните вверх. Снятие крышки батарей 4 Отвинтите винты на металлической крышке батарей и поднимите ее, чтобы снять.42 | Установка и запуск Подключение разъема внутренней батареи 5 Подключите разъем внутренней батареи. 6 Установите на место металлическую крышку батарей. Затяните винт с усилием 0,7 Нм (6,2 фунта на дюйм). 7 Установите на место переднюю крышку ИБП.Установка и запуск | 43 Подключение оборудования 9 Присоедините свое оборудование к ИБП Подключите кабель связи от компьютера к ИБП (факультативно) 8 8 Если вы планируете использовать Программа управления ИБП Dell, подключите свой компьютер к USB-порту или порту RS-232 при помощи прилагающегося кабеля. 9 Подключите оборудование, которое необходимо предохранить от скачков напряжения, к выходным гнездам ИБП, но не включайте это оборудование. Примечание: Убедитесь, что общая паспортная мощность потребителей не превышает мощность ИБП во избежание сигнала перегрузки.44 | Установка и запуск Подключение шнура питания 10 Убедитесь, что вход питания на ИБП имеет защиту от верхней перегрузки по току согласно номинальному току шнура питания. 11 Убедитесь, что вход питания ИБП имеет соответствующую защиту от верхней перегрузки по току: Таблица 1. Минимальный номинал вышестоящего выключателя Выходная мощность ИБП 120 В 208 В 230 В 500 Вт 15 A — 15 A 1000 Вт 15 A — 15 A 1500 Вт (на 100 В) 1920 Вт 20 A — 15 A 12 Вставьте шнур питания ИБП в розетку электросети.Установка и запуск | 45 Включение ИБП 13 Нажмите кнопку на задней панели ИБП. Завершение запуска 14 Убедитесь, что на итоговом экране состояния ИБП появилась пиктограмма обычного режима , обозначающая, что ИБП работает нормально и подает электропитание на существующие нагрузки.46 | Установка и запуск 15 На итоговом экране состояния ИБП нажмите кнопку , чтобы проверить, активны ли аварийные сигналы или извещения. Отреагируйте на все активные сигналы, прежде чем продолжить. См. Руководство пользователя линейно-интерактивного ИБП башенного типа 500 Вт, 1000 Вт и 1920/1500 Вт Dell, раздел «Поиск и устранение неисправностей». При отсутствии активных аварийных сигналов появится сообщение «Активные аварийные сигналы отсутствуют». 16 Чтобы изменить прочие заводские настройки по умолчанию см. Руководство пользователя линейно-интерактивного ИБП башенного типа 500 Вт, 1000 Вт и , раздел «Эксплуатация».UPS de la torre de Dellt 500 W, 1000 W y 1920/1500 W Inicio de su sistema H900N, J715N, K788N, H914N, J716N, K789N www.dell.com | support.dell.comNotas y advertencias NOTA: Una NOTA indica información importante que lo ayuda a utilizar mejor el software. PELIGRO: Un PELIGRO indica una situación inminentemente peligrosa que, si no se evita, dará como resultado la muerte o una lesión grave. AVISO: Una ADVERTENCIA indica una situación potencialmente peligrosa que, si no se evita, podría dar como resultado la muerte o una lesión. PRECAUCIÓN: Una PRECAUCIÓN indica una situación potencialmente peligrosa que, si no se evita, puede dar como resultado una lesión moderada o menor, o en incidentes de daño de la propiedad. PELIGRO: Cumpla con la siguiente instrucción para evitar una situación inminentemente peligrosa que, de no evitarse, dará como resultado la muerte o una lesión grave: S Esta UPS contiene VOLTAJES LETALES. SÓLO EL PERSONAL DE SERVICIO AUTORIZADO debe realizar las reparaciones y el servicio. SÓLO EL PERSONAL DE SERVICIO AUTORIZADO dentro de la UPS. La información de este documento se encuentra sujeta a cambios sin previo aviso. E 2009 Dell Inc. Todos los derechos reservados. Queda estrictamente prohibida cualquier forma de reproducción sin el previo consentimiento de Dell Inc. por escrito. Marcas comerciales utilizadas en este texto: Dell y el logotipo de DELL son marcas comerciales de Dell Inc.; Phillips es una marca comercial registrada de Phillips Screw Company. Es posible que en este documento se utilicen otras marcas y nombres comerciales para hacer referencia a las entidades que responden a dichas marcas y nombres o a sus productos. Dell Inc. niega cualquier interés en la propiedad de las marcas y nombres comerciales de terceros. julio de 2009Características del sistema | 49 Características del sistema Al brindar rendimiento y confiabilidad sobresalientes, los beneficios exclusivos de la UPS incluyen: S Regulación del aumento y la reducción de voltaje que garantiza un voltaje constante para la carga, corrigiendo así las fluctuaciones. S Capacidad de arranque en batería para poner en funcionamiento la UPS aun cuando el suministro eléctrico no esté disponible. S Tiempo de ejecución con un Módulo de batería externa opcional (EBM) para los modelos de UPS 1000-1920 W. S Dos puertos de comunicación estándar (USB y puerto serie). S Tarjetas opcionales Tarjeta de gestión de red de Dell con capacidades de comunicación mejoradas para lograr mayor control y protección del suministro eléctrico. S Protector transitorio de redes que preserva a su equipo de comunicaciones en red de las sobretensiones. S El manejo avanzado del suministro eléctrico con Software de Gestión de UPS de Dell permite el apagado ordenado y la supervisión del suministro eléctrico. S El apagado secuencial y la gestión de carga mediante grupos de receptáculos separados que se denominan segmentos de carga. S Firmware que se actualiza fácilmente sin necesidad de llamar al cliente. S Respaldado por las aprobaciones de agencias a nivel mundial.50 | Búsqueda de información Búsqueda de información PRECAUCIÓN: El documento Información Ambiental, Regulatoria y de Seguridad brinda información regulatoria y sobre seguridad importante. ¿Qué está buscando? Encuéntrelo aqu S La guía del usuario para mi UPS S La guía del usuario para la Tarjeta de gestión de red de Dell S Software de Gestión de UPS de Dell NOTA:La documentación y la actualización de software se pueden encontrar en support.dell.com. Disco de la UPS de Dell S Especificaciones S Cómo configurar los valores de la UPS S Cómo diagnosticar las fallas y resolver problemas Guía del usuario de la UPS de Dell La guía del usuario está disponible en el disco de la UPS de Dell y en support.dell.com. S Instrucciones de seguridad S Información regulatoria S Información sobre reciclado Información Ambiental, Regulatoria y de Seguridad S Información sobre seguridad S Términos y condiciones (sólo EE. UU.) S Acuerdo de licencia del usuario final Información sobre soporte y garantía de Dell S Información sobre soporte Sitio web de soporte de Dell — support.dell.com NOTA: Seleccione su región o segmento de negocio para visualizar el sitio de soporte correspondiente.Instalación y arranque | 51 Instalación y arranque PRECAUCIÓN: Antes de realizar los procedimientos que se describen en este documento, lea y cumpla con las instrucciones de seguridad y la información regulatoria importante en su documento Información Ambiental, Regulatoria y de Seguridad. PRECAUCIÓN: El gabinete es pesado [500 W: 11,6 kg (25,6 lb); 1000 W: 18,3 kg (40,3 lb); 1920/1500 W: 30,5 kg (67,2 lb)]. Tenga precaución al desembalar y trasladar el gabinete. En la presente sección, se describen los pasos para configurar su sistema por primera vez. Cómo desembalar el sistema 1 Desembale el sistema e identifique cada elemento. 2 Deseche o recicle el embalaje de una manera responsable o guárdelo para un uso futuro.52 | Instalación y arranque Identificación de la UPS En la presente sección, se muestra un panel frontal y posterior de la UPS de la Torre de Dell. Consulte la Guía del usuario de la UPS de la torre de la línea interactiva de Dell 500 W, 1000 W y 1920/1500 W para obtener todos los detalles del panel posterior. Pestillo de la Pestillo de la cubierta cubierta Panel LCD Botón de desplazamiento (hacia arriba o hacia atrás) Botón de selección Botón de desplazamiento (hacia abajo o hacia delante) Figure 1. La UPS de la Torre de Dell Puerto de comunicaciones Seis receptáculos de 5-15 (Segmento de carga 1) Protector de red a transitorios Puerto USB Compartimiento de comunicación de la UPS Botón de Encendido/Apagado Conector de entrada IEC-C14 Dos receptáculos de 5-15 (Segmento de carga 2) Conector EBM Figure 2. Panel posterior de la UPS (panel posterior 1000 W, 120 V)Instalación y arranque | 53 Cómo retirar la cubierta frontal de la UPS 3 Extraiga la cubierta frontal de la UPS. Empuje las dos pestillas de la cubierta para liberar la cubierta frontal y levantarla. Cómo extraer la cubierta de la batería 4 Desatornille el tornillo de apriete manual de la cubierta metálica de la batería y levante para extraer la cubierta.54 | Instalación y arranque Cómo conectar el conector de la batería interna 5 Conecte el conector de la batería interna. 6 Vuelva a colocar la cubierta metálica de la batería. Apriete el tornillo a 0,7 N·m (6,2 lb pulg.). 7 Vuelva a colocar la cubierta frontal de la UPS.Instalación y arranque | 55 Conectar el equipo 9 Conecte el equipamiento a la UPS Conecte el cable de comunicación de la computadora a la UPS (opcional) 8 8 Si planea utilizar el Software de Gestión de UPS de Dell, conecte su equipo al puerto USB o el puerto RS-232 mediante el uso del cable suministrado. 9 Enchufe el equipo para que esté protegido en los receptáculos exteriores de la UPS, pero no encienda el equipo protegido. NOTA: Verifique que los regímenes totales del equipo no excedan la capacidad de la UPS para prevenir una alarma de sobrecarga.56 | Instalación y arranque Conexión del cable de energía 10 Verifique que la entrada de energía a la UPS tenga protección de sobrecarga de corriente ascendente de acuerdo con el régimen de corriente del cable de energía. 11 Verifique que la entrada de energía a la UPS tenga protección de sobrecarga de corriente ascendente adecuada: Table 1. Régimen mínimo del disyuntor ascendente Potencia de salida de la UPS 120 V 208 V 230 V 500 W 15 A — 15 A 1000W 15 A — 15 A 1500 W (a 100 V) 1920 W 20 A — 15 A 12 Conecte el cable de alimentación de la UPS a un tomacorriente.Instalación y arranque | 57 Inicio de la UPS 13 Presione el botón del panel posterior de la UPS. Cómo completar el arranque 14 Verifique que el ícono Normal aparezca en la pantalla de resumen del estado UPS, que indica que la UPS funciona normalmente y todas las cargas están energizadas.58 | Instalación y arranque 15 En la pantalla de resumen de estado de UPS, presione el botón para comprobar las notificaciones y las alarmas activas. Solucione todas las alarmas activas antes de continuar. Consulte el “Diagnóstico de fallas” en la Guía del usuario de la UPS de la torre de la línea interactiva de Dell 500 W, 1000 W y 1920/1500 W. Si no hay ninguna alarma activa, se muestra el mensaje “Ninguna alarma activa”. 16 Para cambiar otros valores predeterminados establecidos de fábrica, consulte “Funcionamiento” en la Guía del usuario de la UPS de la torre de la línea interactiva de Dell 500 W, 1000 W y 1920/1500 W.Dellt 塔式 UPS 500W, 1000W, 和 1920/1500W 系统使用 入门指南 H900N, J715N, K788N, H914N, J716N, K789N www.dell.com | support.dell.com注意和警告 注意: “注意”表示可帮助您更好使用本软件的重要信息。 危险:“危险”表示紧急危险情况,如果不加以避免,将导致死亡或严重的伤害。 警告:“警告”表示潜在危险情况,如果不加以避免,将会导致死亡或伤害。 小心:“小心”表示潜在危险情况,如果不加以避免,可能导致轻度或中度伤害,或财产损失事故。 危险: 遵守下列须知有助于防止紧急危险情况,其若不加以避免,将导致死亡或严重的伤害: S 本 UPS 包含危险致命的电压。所有维修和服务都只能由经过授权的维修人员进行。UPS 中没有用户可自行维修的部件。 本文档所含信息如有更改,恕不另行通知。 E 2009 Dell Inc. 保留所有权利。 未经 Dell Inc. 书面允许,严禁以任何形式进行复制。 本文中使用的商标:Dell和DELL 徽标为 Dell Inc.的商标;Phillips 为 Phillips Screw Company 的注册商标。 本文件中可能会使用其它商标或商业名称来指称拥有该商标或名称权利的实体或其产品。Dell Inc. 对不属于自己的商标和商品名称,不拥有任何产权利益。 2009 年 7 月系统性能 | 61 系统性能 该 UPS 可提供杰出的性能与可靠性,其独特优势包括: S 降压与升压调节,通过调节电压波动确保您的负荷电压稳定。 S 即使没有公用电源,电池启动功能也能给 UPS 供电。 S 对 1000–1920W UPS 型号,通过可选的外部电池模块(EBM)延长运行时间。 S 两个标准通信端口(USB 和 DB-9 串行口)。 S 为了加强电源保护和控制,可选择增强通信能力的 Dell 网络管理卡。 S 网络抗瞬变装置可保护您的网络通信设备免受电涌的损害。 S 高级电源管理,用Dell UPS 管理软件进行平滑关机和电力监控。 S 通过称为载入段的单独插座组进行顺序关机和负荷管理。 S 不必拨打服务电话,即可自行对固件进行方便升级。 S 全球代理认证提供支持。62 | 查找信息 查找信息 CAUTION:安全、环保和法规信息文件提供了重要的安全和法规信息。 您正在寻找什么? 在此查找 S 我的 UPS 的用户指南 S Dell 网络管理卡 用户指南 S Dell UPS 管理软件 注意:文件和软件更新可在 support.dell.com 找到。 Dell UPS 光盘 S 规格 S 如何配置 UPS 设置 S 如何排查故障和解决问题 Dell UPS 用户指南 用户指南可从 Dell UPS 光盘和 support.dell.com 上找到。 S 安全操作说明 S 行政法规信息 S 回收信息 安全、环保和法规信息 S 保修信息 S 条款和条件(仅限美国) S 最终用户许可协议 Dell 保修和支持信息 S 支持信息 Dell 支持网站 — support.dell.com 注意:选择您的区域或业务部门,以查看合适的支 持网站。安装和启动 | 63 安装和启动 CAUTION: 在进行本文件中的步骤之前,请先阅读和遵循 安全、环保和法规信息 文件中的安全操作说明和重要法规信息。 CAUTION:小心:机箱较重 [500W: 11.6 千克(25.6 磅);1000W:18.3 千克(40.3 磅);1920/1500W: 30.5 千克 (67.2 磅)]。请在拆开包装和搬动机箱时特别小心。 本节描述首次安装系统的步骤。 打开系统 1 打开系统,查看每个物品项目。 2 以负责任的方式处理包装材料或回收循环利用,或者收起存放以备将来使用。64 | 安装和启动 UPS 识别 本节介绍 Dell 塔式 UPS 的前面板和后面板。后面板详细情况请参见 Dell 在线互动塔式 UPS 500W, 1000W, 和 1920/1500W 用户指南 。 外盖闩锁 外盖闩锁 LCD 显示面板 滚动按钮(向上或向后) 选择按钮 滚动按钮(向下或向前) 图 1. Dell 塔式 UPS 通信端口 六个 5-15 插座(载入段 1) 网络抗瞬变装置 USB 端口 UPS 通信槽 开/关按钮 IEC-C14 输入连接器 两个 5-15 插座(载入段 2) EBM 接线器 图 2. UPS 后面板(1000W (瓦),120V (伏)后面板)安装和启动 | 65 取下 UPS 前盖 3 取下 UPS 前盖。 推动两个外盖闩锁,以松开前盖,并拉起。 取下电池盖 4 松开电池金属盖上的翼形螺钉,并提起以取下外盖。66 | 安装和启动 连接内部电池连接器 5 连接内部电池接线器。 6 重新放回电池金属盖。 将螺钉拧至 0.7 牛米(N·m) (6.2 磅英寸(lb in))。 7 重新放回 UPS 前盖。安装和启动 | 67 连接设备 9 将设备连接到 UPS 上 将计算机的通信电缆连接到 UPS 上(可选) 8 8 如果您计划使用Dell UPS 管理软件,用提供的电缆将您的电脑连接到 USB 端口或 RS-232 端口。 9 将需要保护的设备插入 UPS 输出插座,但不要启动受保护的设备。 注意:确保全部设备的总额定值不超过 UPS 的负载能力,以防止出现过载警报。68 | 安装和启动 连接电源线 10 根据电源线额定电流验证 UPS 的功率输入具有上游过电流保护。 11 验证 UPS 的功率输入具有足够的上游过电流保护: 图 1. 最小上游断路器额定值 UPS 输出功率 120V(伏) 208V(伏) 230V(伏) 500W(瓦) 15A(安) — 15A(安) 1000W(瓦) 15A(安) — 15A(安) 1500W (瓦) (在100V(伏)时) 1920W(瓦) 20A(安) — 15A(安) 12 将 UPS 电源线插入电源插座。安装和启动 | 69 启动 UPS 13 按下 UPS 后面板上的 按钮。 完成启动 14 确认“正常”(Normal)图标 显示在 UPS 状态概要屏幕上,这表明 UPS 运转正常,任何负荷都有动力供给。 15 在 UPS 状态屏上,按下 按钮,查看现有警报或通知。 解决所有警报问题,然后继续。 参见Dell 在线互动塔式 UPS 500W, 1000W, 和 1920/1500W 用户指南中的“故障处理”。 如果没有现有警报,会出现“无现有警报”(No Active Alarms)信息。 16 要更改其它出厂设置默认项,请参见Dell 在线互动塔式 UPS 500W, 1000W, 和 1920/1500W 用户指南中的“操作”。70 | 安装和启动Dellt 塔式 UPS 500W、1000W 和 1920/1500W 系統使用 入門指南 H900N, J715N, K788N, H914N, J716N, K789N www.dell.com | support.dell.com注意和警告 注意: 「注意」表示可幫助您更好地使用本軟體的重要資訊。 危險: 「危險」表示緊急危險情況,如果不加以避免,將導致死亡或嚴重的傷害。 警告: 「警告」表示潛在危險情況,如果不加以避免,將會導致死亡或嚴重的傷害。 小心:「小心」表示潛在危險情況,如果不加以避免,可能導致輕度或中度傷害,或財產損失事故。 危險: 遵守以下須知有助於防止緊急危險情況,其若不加以避免,將導致死亡或嚴重的傷害。 S 本 UPS 包含危險致命的電壓。所有維修和服務都只能由經過授權的維修人員進行。UPS 中沒有可由使用者自行維修的零件。 本文件所含資訊如有變更,恕不另行通知。 E 2009 Dell Inc. 保留所有權利。 未經 Dell Inc. 書面允許,嚴格禁止以任何形式進行複製。 本文中使用的商標:Dell和Dell 標誌為 Dell Inc.的商標;Phillips 為 Phillips Screw Company 的註冊商標。 本文件中可能會使用其他商標或商業名稱來指涉擁有該商標或名稱權利的實體或其產品。Dell Inc. 對不屬於自己的商標和商品名稱,不擁有任何產權利益。 2009 年 7 月系統性能 | 73 系統性能 該 UPS 可提供傑出的性能與可靠性,包括下列獨有優勢: S 降壓與升壓調節,藉由調節電壓波動確保您的負載電壓穩定。 S 電池啟動功能使您能在沒有外部電源時,也能使 UPS 通電。 S 1000–1920W UPS 型號可藉由選配的 外部電池模組(EBM)延長運行時間。 S 兩個標準通信連接埠(USB 和 DB--9 序列埠)。 S 選配的 Dell 網路管理卡 具有增強通訊功能,可增加電源保護和控制。 S 網路瞬態過電保護裝置可保護您的網路通信設備免受電壓突波的損害。 S 使用Dell UPS 管理軟體的先進電源管理,進行平滑關機和電力監控。 S 藉由稱為負載區段的單獨插座組進行順序關機和負載管理。 S 不必撥打服務電話,即可自行輕鬆的升級韌體。 S 提供全球代理商認證支援。74 | 尋找資訊 尋找資訊 CAUTION: 安全、環保和法規資訊文件提供重要的安全和法規資訊。 您正在尋找什麼? 在此尋找 S 我的 UPS 的使用者指南 S Dell 網路管理卡 使用者指南 S Dell UPS 管理軟體 注意:文件和軟體更新可在 support.dell.com 找到。 Dell UPS 光碟 S 規格 S 如何進行 UPS 設定 S 如何排除故障和解決問題 Dell UPS 使用者指南 使用者指南可從 Dell UPS 光碟和 support.dell.com 上取得。 S 安全操作說明 S 行政法規資訊 S 回收資訊 安全、環保和法規資訊 S 保固資訊 S 條款與條件(僅限美國) S 一般使用者授權協議 Dell 保固和支援資訊 S 支援資訊 Dell 支援網站 — support.dell.com 注意:選擇您的區域或業務部門,以查看合適的支援 網站。安裝和啟動 | 75 安裝和啟動 CAUTION: 在進行本文件中的步驟之前,請先閱讀和遵循 安全、環保和法規資訊 文件中的安全操作說明和重要法規資訊。 CAUTION:小心: 機箱較重 [500W; 11.6 公斤 (25.6 磅); 1000W; 18.3 公斤 (40.3 磅); 1920/1500W: 30.5 公斤 (67.2 磅)]。 在拆開包裝和搬動機箱時請特別小心。 本節描述首次安裝系統的步驟。 拆除系統包裝 1 拆除系統包裝,並檢查確定每個項目。 2 以負責任的方式棄置或回收包裝材料,或者將其存放以備將來使用。76 | 安裝和啟動 UPS 的識別 本節介紹 Dell 塔式 UPS 的前面板和後面板。後面板詳細情況請參見 Dell在線互動機架式 UPS 500W、1000W、和 1920/1500W使用者指南。 外蓋閂鎖 外蓋閂鎖 LCD 顯示面板 捲軸按鈕(向上或向後) 選擇按鈕 捲軸按鈕(向下或向前) 圖 1. Dell 塔式UPS 通信連接埠 六個 5-15 插座(負載區段 1) 網路瞬態過電保護裝置 USB 連接埠 UPS 通信槽 開/關按鈕 IEC--C14 輸入連接器 兩個 5-15 插座(負載區段 2) EBM 接線器 圖 2. UPS 後面板(1000W,120V 後面板)安裝和啟動 | 77 取下 UPS 前蓋 3 取下 UPS 前蓋。 推動兩個外蓋閂鎖,以鬆開前蓋並將其拉起。 取下電池蓋 4 鬆開電池金屬蓋上的翼形螺釘,提起以取下外蓋。78 | 安裝和啟動 連接內部電池連接器 5 連接內部電池接線器。 6 重新放囘電池金屬蓋。 將螺釘擰至 0.7 牛米(N·m)(6.2 磅吋(lb in))。 7 重新放囘 UPS 前蓋。安裝和啟動 | 79 連接設備 9 將設備連接到 UPS 上 將電腦的通信電纜連接 到 UPS 上(可選 8 8 如果您計劃使用Dell UPS 管理軟體,請使用提供的電纜將您的電腦連接到 USB連接埠或 RS--232 連接埠。 9 將要保護的設備插入 UPS 輸出插座,但不要開啟受保護設備的電源。 注意: 確保全部設備的縂額定值未超過 UPS 的負載能力,以防止出現過載警報。80 | 安裝和啟動 連接電源線 10 根據電源線額定電流驗證 UPS 的電源輸入具有上游過電保護。 11 驗證 UPS 的電源輸入具有足夠的上游過電保護: 表 1. 最小上游斷路器額定值 UPS 輸出功率 120V(伏) 208V(伏) 230V(伏) 500W(瓦) 15A(安) — 15A(安) 1000W(瓦) 15A(安) — 15A(安) 1500W(瓦) (當100V(伏)時) 1920W(瓦) 20A(安) — 15A(安) 12 將 UPS 電源線插入電源插座。安裝和啟動 | 81 啟動 UPS 13 按下 UPS 後面板上的 按鈕。 完成啟動 14 確認「正常」(Normal)圖示 顯示在 UPS 狀態概要螢幕上,這表明 UPS 運作正常, 任何負載都有電力提供。 15 在 UPS 狀態概要螢幕上,按下 按鈕,查看作用中的警報或通知。解決所有警報問題, 然後繼續。 參見 Dell在線互動機架式 UPS 500W、1000W和 1920/1500W使用者指南 中的「故障處理」。 如果沒有作用中的警報,會出現「無作用中警報」(No Active Alarms)訊息。 16 若要變更其它出廠預設設定,請參見Dell在線互動塔式 UPS 500W, 1000W和 1920/1500W 使用者指南中的「操作」。82 | 安裝和啟動Dellt Tower UPS 500W, 1000W, 1920/1500W 사용자의 시스템 시작하기 H900N, J715N, K788N, H914N, J716N, K789N www.dell.com | support.dell.com참고 및 경고 참고:"참고"는 소프트웨어를 더 잘 활용하는 데 도움이 되는 중요한 정보를 나타냅니다. 위험:"위험"은 피하지 않을 경우, 급박한 위험 상황이 사망이나 중상의 결과를 야기할 수 있음을 나타냅니다. 경고:"경고"는 피하지 않을 경우 죽음이나 상해를 야기할 수 있는 잠재적 위험 상황을 표시합니다. 주의:"주의"는 피하지 않을 경우 경미하거나 보통의 상해 또는 재산 손실 사고를 야기할 수 있는 잠재적 위험 상황을 표시합니다. 위험: 아래의 지시사항을 준수하여, 피하지 않을 경우 사망이나 중상의 결과를 야기할 수 있는 급박한 위험 상황을 방지하십시오. S UPS는 사망에 이를 수 있는 전압을 갖고 있습니다. 모든 수리와 정비는 자격있는 서비스 요원만이 수행해야 합니다. UPS 내부에는 사용자가 정비할 수 없는 부품이 있습니다. 이 문서에 포함된 정보는 고지없이 변경될 수 있습니다. E 2009 Dell Inc. All rights reserved. Dell Inc.의 서면 허락 없이 어떤 방식으로든 복제를 하는 것은 엄격히 금지됩니다. 이 문서에서 사용된 상표 : Dell및DELL로고는 Dell Inc.의 상표입니다. Phillips는Phillips Screw Company 의 등록상표입니다. 기타 상표와 상호를 관련 상표 및 명칭 또는 관련 제품에 대한 권리를 가지는 당사자를 지칭하기 위해 이 문서에서 사용될 수 있습니다. Dell Inc.는 Dell Inc.가 소유하지 않은 상표 및 상호에 대한 재산적 이해관계를 부인합니다. 2009 년 7월시스템 기능 | 85 시스템 기능 탁월한 성능과 신뢰도를 제공하면서, 본 UPS는 다음과 같은 특유의 장점을 지닙니다. S 전압 변동을 교정하여 사용자의 부하에 대한 조정 전압을 보장하는 승강압형 전압 조정. S 상용 전력을 사용할 수 없는 경우에도 UPS에 전력을 공급하는 스타트온 배터리 (start--on--battery) 기능. S 선택사양인 1000–1920W UPS 모델용 외장 배터리 모듈(EBM)을 갖춘 확장 런타임. S 2개의 표준 통신 포트 (USB 및 DB--9 시리얼 포트). S 전원 보호 및 제어 능력을 제고하기 위한 강화된 통신 기능을 갖춘 선택사양인 Dell Network Management Card. S 네트워크 통신 장비를 서지(surge)로부터 보호하는 네트워크 과도전류(transient) 프로텍터. S 안정적인 종료 및 전원 감시를 위한 Dell UPS Management Software로 수행되는 고급 전원 관리. S 로드 세그먼트라고 하는 별도의 콘센트 그룹을 통한 순차적 종료 및 부하 관리. S 서비스 요청 없이도 쉽게 업그레이드할 수 있는 펌웨어. S 세계적인 인증기관의 각종 인증을 득함.86 | 정보 찾아보기 정보 찾아보기 주의:안전, 환경, 및 규제 관련 정보 문서는 중요한 안전 및 규제 정보를 제공합니다. 찾는 정보 항목 정보의 소재 S UPS용 사용자 설명서 S Dell Network Management Card용 사용자 설명서 S Dell UPS Management Software 참고: 문서 및 소프트웨어 업데이트는 support.dell.com에서 조회할 수 있습니다. Dell UPS 디스크 S 사양 S UPS 설정 구성 방법 S 문제점 처리 및 해결 방법 Dell UPS 사용자 설명서 사용자 설명서는 Dell UPS 디스크 및 support.dell.com에서 조회할 수 있습니다. S 안전 지침 S 규제 정보 S 재활용 정보 안전, 환경, 및 규제 관련 정보 S 보증 정보 S 약관 (미국만 해당) S 최종사용자 라이센스 계약 Dell 보증 및 지원 정보 S 지원 정보 Dell 지원 웹사이트 — support.dell.com 참고:적절한 지원 사이트를 보려면 해당 지역이나 사업분야를 선택하십시오.설치 및 시동 | 87 설치 및 시동 주의:본 문서의 절차를 수행하기 전에 안전, 환경, 및 규제 관련 정보 문서에 있는 안전 지침 및 중요한 규제정보를 읽고 준수하십시오. 주의:캐비닛은 무겁습니다[500W : 11.6 kg (25.6 lb); 1000W : 18.3 kg (40.3 lb); 1920/1500W : 30.5 kg (67.2 lb)]. 주의하여 캐비닛의 포장을 풀고 캐비닛을 옮기십시오. 이 절은 귀하의 시스템을 처음 설치하는 절차를 설명합니다. 시스템 포장풀기 1 시스템 포장을 풀고 각 품목을 확인하십시오. 2 포장은 해당 처리방식에 따라 폐기하거나 재활용하십시오. 또는, 추후 사용하려면 보관하십시오.88 | 설치 및 시동 UPS 확인하기 이 절에서는 Dell Tower UPS의 앞면 패널과 뒷면 패널을 보여줍니다. 모든 뒷면 패널의 세부에 대해서는 Dell Line--Interactive Tower UPS 500W, 1000W, 1920/1500W 사용자 설명서를 참조하십시오. 덮개 걸쇠 덮개 걸쇠 LCD패널 스크롤 버튼(위로 또는 뒤로) 버튼 선택 스크롤 버튼(아래로 또는 앞으로) 그림 1. Dell Tower UPS 통신 포트 6개의5-15콘센트 (로드 세그먼트1) 네트워크 과도전류 프로텍터 USB포트 UPS통신 베이 ON/OFF버튼 IEC-C14입력 커넥터 2개의5-15콘센트 (로드 세그먼트 2) EBM 커넥터 그림 2. UPS 뒷면 패널 (1000W, 120V 뒷면 패널)설치 및 시동 | 89 UPS 앞면 덮개 제거하기 3 UPS 앞면 덮개를 제거하십시오. 두 개의 덮개 걸쇠를 밀어서 앞면 덮개를 풀고 당겨 올리십시오. 배터리 덮개 제거하기 4 금속 배터리 덮개의 손나사를 풀고 들어올려 덮개를 제거하십시오.90 | 설치 및 시동 내부 배터리 커넥터 연결하기 5 내부 배터리 커넥터를 연결하십시오. 6 금속 배터리 덮개를 교체하십시오. 나사에 0.7 N·m (6.2 lb in)의 토크를 주십시오. 7 UPS 앞면 덮개를 교체하십시오.설치 및 시동 | 91 장비 연결하기 9 장비를UPS로 연결 컴퓨터에서UPS로 통신 케이블을 연결(선택사양) 8 8 Dell UPS Management Software를 사용하실 계획이라면, 제공된 케이블을 이용하여 컴퓨터를 USB 포트나 RS--232 포트로 연결하십시오. 9 보호할 장비를 UPS 출력 콘센트에 꽂되 켜지는 마십시오. 참고: 과부하 경보를 방지하려면 장비의 전체 정격사양이 UPS 용량을 초과하지 않도록 확인하십시오.92 | 설치 및 시동 전원 코드 연결하기 10 UPS로 입력되는 전원이 전원코드 전류 정격에 따라 업스트림 과전류 보호를 받고 있는지 확인하십시오. 11 UPS로 입력되는 전원이 적당한 업스트림 과전류에 대해 보호 받고 있는지 확인하십시오. 표 1. 최소 업스트림 회로차단기 정격 UPS 출력 전원 120V 208V 230V 500W 15A — 15A 1000W 15A — 15A 1500W (100V) 1920W 20A — 15A 12 UPS 전원코드를 전원 콘센트에 연결하십시오.설치 및 시동 | 93 UPS 시동하기 13 UPS 앞면 패널의 버튼을 누르십시오. 시동 완료하기 14 UPS가 정상적으로 작동하고 있고 모든 부하가 전력을 공급받고 있음을 표시하는, 정상 아이콘 이 UPS 상태 요약 화면에 나타나는지 확인하십시오. 15 UPS 상태 요약 화면에서, 활성 경보나 통지를 확인하려면 버튼을 누르십시오. 후속 작업을 계속하기 전에 활성 경보를 처리하십시오. Dell Line--Interactive Tower UPS 500W, 1000W, 1920/1500W 사용자 설명서의 "장애처리"를 참조하십시오. 활성 경보가 없을 경우, "활성 경보 없음" 메시지가 나타납니다. 16 기타 공장설정값을 변경하려면 Dell Line--Interactive Tower UPS 500W, 1000W, 1920/1500W 사용자 설명서의 "작동"을 참조하십시오.94 | 설치 및 시동Delltタワー型UPS 500W、1000W、および1920/1500W はじめに システムについて H900N, J715N, K788N, H914N, J716N, K789N www.dell.com | support.dell.com注意および警告 注記: 「注記」は、ソフトウェアを有効に利用するための重要な情報を示しています。 危険: 「危険」は、回避しないとほぼ確実に死亡、または重傷を招く危険な状況を示しています。 警告: 「警告」は、回避しないと死亡、または重傷を招く潜在的に危険な状況を示しています。 注意: 「注意」は、回避しないと軽傷、または中程度の傷害を招く恐れがある潜在的に危険な状況を示 しています。 危険: 避しないとほぼ確実に死亡、または重傷を招く危険な状況を防ぐため、以下の説明をよくお読みくだ さい。 S このUPSの中には致死的な電圧が掛かっています。 すべての修理や点検は、公認のサービ ススタッフのみが行わなければいけません。 当資料の情報は、予告なく変更されることがあります。 E 2009 Dell Inc.無断複写・転載を禁じます。 Dell Inc.の書面による許可のない複写は、いかなる形態においても厳重に禁じられています。. DellおよびDELLのロゴは、Dell Inc.の登録商標です:Phillipsは、Phillips Screw Companyの登録商標です。 本書に使用されているその他の登録商標および商標名は、商標や名称を主張する事業体、あるいは製品のいずれかに言及しま す。Dell Inc.は、Dell自身が所有する登録商標および商標権におけるいかなる所有権を一切放棄します。 2009年7月システムの特徴 | 97 システムの特徴 UPSは優れた性能や信頼性を提供し、以下のような独自の利点がございます: S 電圧変動を修正することで、負荷への一貫した電圧を保証する「昇降圧」電圧調節。 S 外部電力がないときでもUPSの電力を入れることができる始動電池の能力。 S 拡張ランタイムおよびオプションとして1000--1920W UPS型用 の外付けバッテリーモジュール(外付けバッテリーモジュール)付き。 S 2つの標準通信ポート(USBおよびDB--9シリアルポート)。 S オプションとして、増加電力の保護や制御を行う高度通信機能付きDell ネットワークマネージメントカード。 S サージからネットワーク通信装置を保護するネットワーク過度電流プロテクタ。 S スムースなシャットダウンや電力管理を行うDell UPS制御ソフトウェアおよび高度電力 管理。 S 負荷セグメントと呼ばれる個別のレセプタクルグループを通じた逐次シャットダウンおよび 負荷制御。 S カスタマーサービスに問い合わせる必要なく、 簡単にアップグレードができるファームウェア。 S 世界中の代理店の承認による支持。98 | 情報検出 情報検出 注意:: 安全、環境、規則に関する情報資料には、安全および規定に関する重要情報が含まれています。 どんな情報をお探しですか? こちらでご覧いただけます S UPSユーザーガイド S Dellネットワークマネージメントカード用の ユーザーガイド S Dell UPS制御ソフトウェア 注記:説明書およびソフトウェアの更新情報 は、support.dell.comでご確認いただけます。 Dell UPS ディスク S 仕様 S UPSの設定方法 S トラブルシューティングおよび問題の解決方法 Dell UPS ユーザーガイド ユーザーガイドはDell UPSディスクおよび support.dell.comで入手することができます。 S 安全に関する説明書 S 規則に関する情報 S リサイクルに関する情報 安全、環境、規則に関する情報 S 保証情報 S 使用上の条件(アメリカのみ) S エンドユーザー使用許諾契約 Dell 保証およびサポート情報 S サポート情報 Dell サポート用ウェブサイト ‒ support.dell.com 注意:使用する地域や事業区分を選択し、 適切なサポートサイトをご覧ください。インストールおよび設定 | 99 インストールおよび設定 注意:: 当資料の手順を実施する前に、安全、環境、規則に関する情報資料に記載されている安全に関す る説明書および重要な規制情報をご覧いただき、これらの情報に従ってください。 注意:: キャビネットの重量[500W: 11.6 kg (25.6 lb); 1000W: 18.3 kg (40.3 lb); 1920/1500W: 30.5 kg (67.2 lb)] 注意して開梱し、キャビネットを移動します。 このセクションは、最初におけるシステムの設定方法について説明しています。 システムの開梱 1 システムを開梱し、各項目を識別します。 2 責任を持ってパッケージを処分、またはリサイクルし、あるいは将来使えるように保管し ます。100 | インストールおよび設定 UPSの識別 このセクションは、Dellタワー型UPSのフロントパネルおよびリヤパネルを示しています。 リヤパネルの詳細に関しましては、Dellラインインタラクティブ式ラック 500W、1000W、および1920/1500W ユーザーガイドをご参照ください。 カバー止め カバー止め LCDパネル スクロールボタン (上方向、または後方) 選択ボタン スクロールボタン (下方向、または前方) 図 1. Dellタワー型UPS 通信ポート 5-15レセプタクル 6個 (負荷セグメント1) ネットワーク過度 電流プロテクタ USBポート カバーを取り外します オン/オフボタン IEC-C14 入力コネクタ 5-15レセプタクル 2個 EMB コネクタ (負荷セグメント2) 図 2. UPSリヤパネル(1000W、120Vリヤパネル)インストールおよび設定 | 101 UPSのフロントカバーの取り外し方法 3 UPSのフロントカバーを取り外します。 2個のカバー止めを押し、フロントカバーを開放し、引き上げます。 バッテリーカバーの取り外し方 4 金属製バッテリーカバーの蝶ネジを外し、カバーを持ち上げて取り外します。102 | インストールおよび設定 内臓バッテリーコネクタの接続方法 5 内臓バッテリーコネクタを接続します。 6 金属製バッテリーカバーを取り外します。 ネジを0.7 N·m (6.2 lb in)のトルクで締めます。 7 UPSフロントカバーを取り外します。インストールおよび設定 | 103 装置の接続方法 9 装置をUPSへ接続 コンピューターからUPSへの通信 ケーブルを接続(オプション) 8 8 Dell UPS制御ソフトウェアを使用する場合は、同梱のケーブルを使って、 コンピューターをUSBポートやRS--232ポートへ接続してください。 9 保護する装置をUPS出力レセプタクルに差し込みます。ただし保護装置の電源は入れない でください。 注記:: 過負荷アラームを防ぐため、装置の定格の合計がUPSの容量を超えていないか確認してください。104 | インストールおよび設定 電源コードの接続方法 10 UPSへの電源入力には、電源コードの定格電流に従い、逆流過電流保護があるか確認して ください。 11 UPSへの電源入力には、十分な逆流過電流保護があるか確認してください。 表 1. 上流遮断機最小定格 UPS出力 120V 208V 230V 500W 15A — 15A 1000W 15A — 15A 1500W (100V時) 1920W 20A — 15A 12 UPSの電源コードを電源コンセントに差し込みます。インストールおよび設定 | 105 UPSの起動方法 13 UPSのリヤパネルの ボタンを押します。 起動の完了 14 UPSが正常に動作し、負荷電力があることを示す「正常」アイコン がUPSのステータス 要約画面に現れていることをお確かめください。 15 アクティブになっているアラームや通知を確かめるには、UPSステータス要約画面の ボタ ンを押します。 続ける前に、アクティブになっているアラームを解消してください。Dell ラインインタラクティブ式ラック 500W、1000W、および1920/1500W ユーザーガイドの 「トラブルシューティング」をご参照ください。 アクティブになっているアラームがない場合は、「アクティブアラームなし」と表示され たメッセージが現れます。 16 その他の工場出荷時設定の変更は、Dellラインインタラクティブ式ラック 500W、1000W、および1920/1500W ユーザーガイドの「操作方法」をご参照ください。106 | インストールおよび設定*1642018091* 164201809 1 Dell Multi-UPS Management Console and UPS Local Node Manager Software Version 01.06 User Guide Update MUMC and ULNM Software v01.06 User Guide Update December 2012 2 Operating Systems supported by MUMC and ULNM MUMC and ULNM v01.06 support the following systems: Operating system MUMC ULNM Service Pack Platform Software version Service Pack Platform Software version x86 x64 V1.04 V1.06 x86 x64 V1.04 V1.06 Windows Server 2012 Windows Small Business Server 2012 Standard Latest √ √ Latest √ √ Windows Server 2011 Windows Small Business Server 2011 Standard Latest √ √ √ Latest √ √ √ Windows Server 2008 Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard, Enterprise, Datacenter SP1 √ √ √ SP1 √ √ √ Windows Server 2008 R1 Standard, Enterprise, Datacenter SP2 √ √ √ √ SP2 √ √ √ √ Windows Server 2008 Small Business Server R2 Latest √ √ √ √ Latest √ √ √ √ Windows Server 2008 Small Business Server Latest √ √ √ √ Latest √ √ √ √ Windows Server 2003 Windows Server 2003 Standard, Enterprise, Datacenter R2 SP2 √ √ √ √ SP2 √ √ √ √ Windows Server 2003 Standard, Enterprise, Datacenter R1 SP1 √ √ √ √ SP1 √ √ √ √ Windows Small Business Server 2003 Standard, Enterprise, Premium R2 Latest √ √ √ Latest √ √ √ Windows 8 Windows 8 (Enterprise, Premium, Professional, Ultimate, Basic) Latest √ √ Latest √ √ Windows 7 Windows 7 (Enterprise, Premium, Professional, Ultimate, Basic) SP1 √ √ √ √ SP1 √ √ √ √ Windows Vista Windows Vista (Enterprise, Ultimate, Business) SP2 √ √ √ √ SP2 √ √ √ √ Windows XP Windows XP Professional SP3 √ √ √ SP3 √ √ √ RedHat Enterprise Linux Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.3 √ √ √ Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.2 √ √ √ √ Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.9 √ √ √ √ Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.8 √ √ √ √ Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.7 √ √ √ √ Red Hat Enterprise Linux Advanced Platform 5.4 (Latest U7 √ √ √ √MUMC and ULNM Software v01.06 User Guide Update December 2012 3 Update) Red Hat Enterprise Linux Base Server 5.4 (Latest Update) U7 √ √ √ √ Red Hat Enterprise Linux Version 5 U6 √ √ √ √ Fedora core 15 √ √ √ √ Fedora core 14 √ √ √ √ SUSE/Novel SuSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 SP2 √ √ √ √ SuSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 SP1 √ √ √ √ SuSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 SP4 √ √ √ √ OpenSuse 11.4 √ √ √ √ OpenSuse 11.2 √ √ √ √ Debian GNU Linux Debian 6 (Squeeze) √ √ √ √ Debian 5 (Lenny) √ √ √ Ubuntu 12.10 √ √ √ √ 12.04 LTS √ √ √ √ 11.04 LTS √ √ √ √ 10.04 LTS √ √ √ √ Virtualization environments supported by MUMC and ULNM MUMC and ULNM v01.06 support the following environments: Virtualization Environment MUMC ULNM Service Pack Platform Software version Service Pack Platform Software version x86 x64 V1.04 V1.06 x86 x64 V1.04 V1.06 VMware ESXi 5.1 (pay version only) √ √ √ √ ESXi 5.0 (pay version only) U1 √ √ √ U1 √ √ √ ESX 4.0 (pay version only) U4 √ √ √ U4 √ √ √ ESXi 4.1 (pay version only) U4 √ √ √ U4 √ √ √ ESX 4.0 (pay version only) √ √ √ √ √ √ ESXi 4.1 (pay version only) √ √ √ √ √ √ Microsoft HyperV Windows Hyper-V Server 2012 √ √ √ √ Windows Hyper-V Server 2008 R2 √ √ √ √ √ √ Windows Hyper-V Server 2008 √ √ √ √ √ √ Citrix XenServer 6.0 √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ XenServer 5.6 √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ OpenSource Xen 2.6 on RHEL 5 √ √ √ √ √ √ OpenSource Xen 3.2 on Debian 5 √ √ √ √ √ √ KVM KVM 0.12.1.2 on RHEL 6 and Debian 5 √ √ √ √ √ √MUMC and ULNM Software v01.06 User Guide Update December 2012 4 Virtualization consoles and features supported by MUMC and ULNM MUMC and ULNM v01.06 support the following virtual environment consoles and features: Virtualization consoles and features MUMC ULNM Service Pack Platform Software version Service Pack Platform Software version x86 x64 V1.04 V1.06 x86 x64 V1.04 V1.06 VMware console vCenter √ √ √ √ VMware feature vMotion √ √ √ √ vSphere √ Microsoft HyperV console SCVMM 2012 √ √ √ √ Microsoft HyperV feature LiveMigration √ √ √ √ Citrix console XenCenter √ √ √ √ Citrix feature XenMotion Live Migration √ √ √ √ Release notes MUMC and ULNM version 01.06 Operating systems updates compatibility:  Windows 8  Add new etoast notification tool for operating system providing Metro interface.  SCVMM 2012  ESXi 5.1  RedHat 6.3 Bug fixes:  Remove vCenter plugin does not remove MUMC tab in vCenter  Fix issue with IE10 (Windows 8) compatibility  Fix bad icon in Windows 8 task bar when notification popup is displayed  Fix a crash when special network interfaces are set. This crash has been reported in Red Hat 5.6 using a tuned interface created via openvpn. MUMC and ULNM Software v01.06 User Guide Update December 2012 5 MUMC and ULNM version 01.04 Usability enhancementsto the graphical userinterface  Systemtraymenu added (Windows) including ability to stop/startservice fromthe tray icon contextual menu  Improved alarmacknowledgement options, and audible alarmadded to notification events  Improved eventsorting options  Display of active powerin watts, not Volt‐Amps  UPS shutdown settingsmenu now available in shutdownmenu location Newfunctionality in the graphical userinterface  Improvedmass configuration ofmultipleDellUPSNetwork Cards andULNM agents  XML v4 implementation forimproved security  Improved reverse name resolution capabilitiesforULNM agents and hardware nodes  Enhanced detection of communication loss, which is now available as a shutdown criteria  Added ability to forceUDP or TCP subscription forNMC  MUMC now can be registered as “powered application” inNMC Web interface.  Database logs optimized to handle largerinstallations Expanded virtualization platform support and integration  XenCenter plugin  Force VM shutdown inHA clusters using Remote Virtual Machine Shutdown (RVMS)  Smoother operation of hostmanagementshutdown  Improved documentation for VMware setup Supportfortwo or moreUPSs powering redundant powersupply unit(PSU) devices  UPS software considersmultipleUPS battery status before reaching “low battery” status and shutting down servers.  Ability to create virtual composite groups ofUPSstomanage redundantinstallations as one device Support ofDell’s unique power metrics  Peak headroom, peak consumption, allmetrics now in Watts(W) and not Volt‐Amps(VA). Virtualization  Subscribe MUMC isshown as a “notified application” in theUPSNMC card when a VM host node has a UPS configured in MUMC. MicrosoftIntegration  Trigger vCenter vMotion™ and SCVMM Live Migration™ applications  Transparentlymove virtualmachinesfroma server affected by a powerinterruption to a non‐affected serverMUMC and ULNM Software v01.06 User Guide Update December 2012 6 Citrix integration  XenServer: Remote shutdown from MUMC,remotemaintenance from MUMC, can Add/Protect a XenServerin MUMC  XenCenter: Create an MUMC XenCenter plug‐in, agent‐less hostmanagementfrom MUMC, agent‐less XenMotion VMware integration  Removed the prerequisite of Pearl SDK installation for MUMC to communicate with VMware vCenter  New power events and alarmslogs created in VMware vCenter console  Added ability to force VM shutdown forHA clusters  Can now Add/Protect a standalone ESX/ESXi in MUMC without vCenter Linux Support  Added supportforlatest Linux distributions(seeUserGuide forfull list) Bug fixes:  Crash when emc2 runs out of resources (memory)  ULNM does not detect UPS connected with USB connectivity  Transfer to high efficiency mode not visible in the events list  MUMC may lose nodes, and generates alarms on non‐UPS SNMP devices  When a proxy client reaches shutdown time, all other proxy clients along with server get shut down  No communication lost after network cable is removed  Make sure Scan and communication behaves correctly when USB module is not present  Proxy: when changing power source, previous endpoint is not removed  MUMC upgrade will disable the "Set as Power Source"  ULNM in connected mode in Notified Applications of NMC  Event Pane in Power Source View is Off by One  Detect Lansafe, Netwatch, Lansafe Web View in the installer  Silent uninstall does not remove the install folder Other bug fixes and improvements:  Outlet management improvements  Scan sometime never stops  Removing devices hangs the server FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGCover.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 – FOR PROOF ONLY Template Last Updated -03/06/2010 Dell PowerConnect 5500 Series System User Guide Regulatory Models: PowerConnect 5524, 5524P, 5548, 5548PNotes, Cautions, and Warnings NOTE: A NOTE indicates important information that helps you make better use of your system. CAUTION: A CAUTION indicates potential damage to hardware or loss of data if instructions are not followed. WARNING: A WARNING indicates a potential for property damage, personal injury, or death. ____________________ Information in this document is subject to change without notice. © 2013 Dell Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction of these materials in any manner whatsoever without the written permission of Dell Inc. is strictly forbidden. Trademarks used in this text: Dell™, the DELL logo, Dell Precision™, OptiPlex™, Latitude™, PowerEdge™, PowerVault™, PowerConnect™, OpenManage™, EqualLogic™, KACE™, FlexAddress™ and Vostro™ are trademarks of Dell Inc. Intel®, Pentium®, Xeon®, Core™ and Celeron® are registered trademarks of Intel Corporation in the U.S. and other countries. AMD® is a registered trademark and AMD Opteron™, AMD Phenom™, and AMD Sempron™ are trademarks of Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. Microsoft®, Windows®, Windows Server®, MS-DOS® and Windows Vista® are either trademarks or registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries. Red Hat Enterprise Linux® and Enterprise Linux® are registered trademarks of Red Hat, Inc. in the United States and/or other countries. Novell® is a registered trademark and SUSE ™ is a trademark of Novell Inc. in the United States and other countries. Oracle® is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Citrix®, Xen®, XenServer® and XenMotion® are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Citrix Systems, Inc. in the United States and/or other countries. VMware®, Virtual SMP®, vMotion®, vCenter®, and vSphere® are registered trademarks or trademarks of VMWare, Inc. in the United States or other countries. Other trademarks and trade names may be used in this publication to refer to either the entities claiming the marks and names or their products. Dell Inc. disclaims any proprietary interest in trademarks and trade names other than its own. Regulatory Models PC5524, PC5524P, PC5548 and PC5548P March 2013 A07FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\Dell_ContaxUG_PrintTOC.fm Contents 3 Contents 1 Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 2 Features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 IP Version 6 (IPv6) Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Stack Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Power over Ethernet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Green Ethernet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Head of Line Blocking Prevention. . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Flow Control Support (IEEE 802.3X) . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Back Pressure Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Virtual Cable Testing (VCT) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Auto-Negotiation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 MDI/MDIX Support. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 MAC Address Supported Features . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Layer 2 Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 IGMP Snooping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Port Mirroring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Broadcast Storm Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\Dell_ContaxUG_PrintTOC.fm 4 Contents VLAN Supported Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Spanning Tree Protocol Features . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Link Aggregation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Quality of Service Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Device Management Features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Security Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Port Profile (CLI Macro) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 DHCP Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Protected Ports. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 iSCSI Optimization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Proprietary Protocol Filtering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 3 Hardware Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Device Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Device Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 LED Definitions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Power Supplies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 4 Stacking Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Stack Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Stack Members and Unit IDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\Dell_ContaxUG_PrintTOC.fm Contents 5 5 Configuring the Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 Configuration Work Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Connecting the Switch to the Terminal . . . . . . . . . 59 Booting the Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Configuring the Stack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Configuration Using the Setup Wizard . . . . . . . . . 61 6 Advanced Switch Configuration . . . . . . . 67 Using the CLI. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Accessing the Device Through the CLI . . . . . . . . . 71 Retrieving an IP Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 Security Management and Password Configuration . . 75 Configuring Login Banners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 Startup Menu Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 Software Download . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 7 Using Dell OpenManage Administrator. . 87 Starting the Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 Understanding the Interface. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 Using the Switch Administrator Buttons . . . . . . . . 91 Field Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 Common GUI Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\Dell_ContaxUG_PrintTOC.fm 6 Contents GUI Terms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 CLI Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 8 Network Security. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 Port Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 ACLs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 ACL Binding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 Proprietary Protocol Filtering . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 Time Range. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127 Dot1x Authentication. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132 9 Configuring System Information . . . . . . 155 General Switch Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156 Time Synchronization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169 Logs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195 IP Addressing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209 Diagnostics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 255 Management Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 261 DHCP Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 297 SNMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 314 File Management. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 337 Stack Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 367FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\Dell_ContaxUG_PrintTOC.fm Contents 7 sFlow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 375 10 Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 384 Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 385 Jumbo Frames . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 388 Green Ethernet Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 390 Protected Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 394 Port Profile. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 397 Port Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 403 LAG Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 409 Storm Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 414 Port Mirroring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 417 11 Address Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 422 Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 423 Static Addresses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 424 Dynamic Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 427 12 GARP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 430 GARP Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 431 GARP Timers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 432FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\Dell_ContaxUG_PrintTOC.fm 8 Contents 13 Spanning Tree . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 434 Spanning Tree Protocol Overview. . . . . . . . . . . 435 Global Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 437 STP Port Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 442 STP LAG Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 447 Rapid Spanning Tree. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 450 Multiple Spanning Tree . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 454 14 VLANs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 466 Virtual LAN Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 467 VLAN Membership . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 472 Port Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 475 LAGs Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 481 Protocol Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 484 Protocol Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 488 GVRP Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 490 Private VLAN. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 494 Voice VLAN. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 498 15 Link Aggregation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 508 Link Aggregation Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 509 LACP Parameters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 511FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\Dell_ContaxUG_PrintTOC.fm Contents 9 LAG Membership . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 514 16 Multicast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 516 Multicast Support Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 517 Global Parameters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 519 Bridge Multicast Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 521 Bridge Multicast Forward All . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 525 IGMP Snooping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 527 Unregistered Multicast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 533 Multicast TV VLAN. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 535 17 LLDP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 540 LLDP Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 541 LLDP Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 542 LLDP Port Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 546 MED Network Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 549 LLDP MED Port Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 552 Neighbors Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 557 18 Dynamic ARP Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . 560 Dynamic ARP Inspection Overview. . . . . . . . . . . 561 Global Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 562FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\Dell_ContaxUG_PrintTOC.fm 10 Contents Dynamic ARP Inspection List . . . . . . . . . . . . . 564 Dynamic ARP Inspection Entries . . . . . . . . . . . 566 VLAN Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 568 Trusted Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 570 19 DHCP Snooping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 572 DHCP Snooping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 573 DHCP Relay. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 586 20 iSCSI Optimization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 594 Optimizing iSCSI Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 595 Global Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 598 iSCSI Targets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 601 iSCSI Sessions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 603 Configuring iSCSI Using CLI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 605 21 Statistics/RMON . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 606 Table Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 607 RMON Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 625 Charts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 643FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\Dell_ContaxUG_PrintTOC.fm Contents 11 22 Quality of Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 650 QoS Features and Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . 651 General. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 653 QoS Basic Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 669 QoS Advanced Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 678 QoS Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 698 Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 705 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 720 Revision History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 735FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\Dell_ContaxUG_PrintTOC.fm 12 ContentsDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 13 DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY 1 Preface PowerConnect 5524/5548 and PowerConnect 5524P/5548P are stackable, advanced multi-layer devices. This guide contains the information needed for installing, configuring, and maintaining the device through the web-based management system, called the OpenManage Switch Administrator. This guide describes how to configure each system through the web-based management system and through CLI commands. The CLI Reference Guide, which is available on the Documentation CD, provides additional information about the CLI commands. 14 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGPrefix.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLYDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 15 DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY 2 Features This section describes the features of the PowerConnect 5524/P and 5548/P switches. For a complete list of all updated device features, see the latest software version Release Notes. This section contains the following topics: • IP Version 6 (IPv6) Support • Stack Support • Power over Ethernet • Green Ethernet • Head of Line Blocking Prevention • Flow Control Support (IEEE 802.3X) • Back Pressure Support • Virtual Cable Testing (VCT) • Auto-Negotiation • MDI/MDIX Support • MAC Address Supported Features • Layer 2 Features • IGMP Snooping • Port Mirroring • Broadcast Storm Control • VLAN Supported Features • Spanning Tree Protocol Features • Link Aggregation • Quality of Service Features • Quality of Service Features • Device Management Features16 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGFeatures.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY • Security Features • DHCP Server • Protected Ports • iSCSI Optimization • Proprietary Protocol Filtering IP Version 6 (IPv6) Support The device functions as an IPv6-compliant host, as well as an IPv4 host (also known as dual stack). This enables device operation in a pure IPv6 network as well as in a combined IPv4/IPv6 network. For more information, see "IP Addressing" on page 209. Stack Support The system supports up to eight units with two fixed HDMI stacking ports. The HDMI ports are 1.3a specification, Category 2 High Speed cables, 340 MHz (10.2 Gbit/s). it is recommended to use HDMI cable version 1.4 The stacking feature supports the following features: • Fast-link failover • Software auto-synch. • Improved response time to events, such as master failover • Auto-numbering algorithm when choosing unit number For more information, see "Stacking Overview" on page 45 Power over Ethernet Power over Ethernet (PoE) provides power to devices over existing LAN cabling, without updating or modifying the network infrastructure. When PoE is used, the network devices do not have to be placed next to a power source. PoE can be used in the following applications: • IP Phones • Wireless Access PointsDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 17 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGFeatures.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY • IP Gateways • PDAs • Audio and video remote monitoring For more information, see "Power over Ethernet" on page 162. Green Ethernet Green Ethernet, also known as Energy Efficient Ethernet (EEE), is an effort to make networking equipment environmentally friendly, by reducing the power usage of Ethernet connections. The Short-Reach method, which reduces power over Ethernet cables shorter than 40m, is supported by the device. For more information, see "Green Ethernet Configuration" on page 390. Head of Line Blocking Prevention Head of Line (HOL) blocking results in traffic delays and frame loss caused by traffic competing for the same egress port resources. To prevent HOL blocking, the device queues packets, and packets at the head of the queue are forwarded before packets at the end of the queue. Flow Control Support (IEEE 802.3X) Flow control enables lower-speed devices to communicate with higher-speed devices, by requesting that the higher-speed device refrain from sending packets. Transmissions are temporarily halted to prevent buffer overflows. For more information, see "Flow Control" on page 386. Back Pressure Support On half-duplex links, the receiving port prevents buffer overflows by occupying the link so that it is unavailable for additional traffic. For more information, see "Protected Ports" on page 394.18 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGFeatures.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Virtual Cable Testing (VCT) VCTdetects and reports copper link cabling faults, such as open cables and cable shorts. For more information, see "Diagnostics" on page 255. Auto-Negotiation Auto-negotiation enables the device to advertise modes of operation. The auto-negotiation function enables an exchange of information between two devices that share a point-to-point link segment, and automatically configures both devices to take maximum advantage of their transmission capabilities. The PowerConnect 5500 series enhances auto-negotiation by providing port advertisement. Port advertisement enables the system administrator to configure the port speeds that are advertised. For more information, see "Port Configuration" on page 403 or "LAG Configuration" on page 409. MDI/MDIX Support Standard wiring for end stations is known as Media-Dependent Interface (MDI), and standard wiring for hubs and switches is known as MediaDependent Interface with Crossover (MDIX). If auto-negotiation is enabled, the device automatically detects whether the cable connected to an RJ-45 port is MDIX (crossed) or MDI (straight). This enables both types to be used interchangeably. If auto-negotiation is not enabled, only MDI (straight) cables can be used. For more information, see "Port Configuration" on page 403 or "LAG Configuration" on page 409. MAC Address Supported Features MAC Address Capacity Support The device supports up to 16K MAC addresses and it reserves specific MAC addresses for system use.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 19 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGFeatures.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Static MAC Entries MAC entries can be manually entered in the Bridging Table, as an alternative to learning them from incoming frames. These user-defined entries are not subject to aging, and are preserved across resets and reboots. For more information, see "Static Addresses" on page 424. Self-Learning MAC Addresses The device enables controlled MAC address learning from incoming packets. The MAC addresses are stored in the Bridging Table. For more information, see "Dynamic Addresses" on page 427. Automatic Aging for MAC Addresses MAC addresses from which no traffic is received for a given period, are aged out. This prevents the Bridging Table from overflowing. For more information, see "Dynamic Addresses" on page 427. VLAN-Aware MAC-Based Switching The device always performs VLAN-aware bridging. Classic bridging (IEEE802.1D), in which frames are forwarded based only on their destination MAC address, is not performed. However, a similar functionality can be configured for untagged frames. Frames addressed to a destination MAC address that is not associated with any port are flooded to all ports of the relevant VLAN. MAC Multicast Support Multicast service is a limited Broadcast service that enables one-to-many and many-to-many connections for information distribution. In Layer 2 Multicast service, a single frame is addressed to a specific Multicast address, from which copies of the frame are transmitted to the relevant ports. When Multicast groups are statically enabled, you can set the destination port of registered groups, as well as define the behavior of unregistered Multicast frames. For more information, see "Multicast" on page 516.20 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGFeatures.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Layer 2 Features IGMP Snooping Internet Group Membership Protocol (IGMP) Snooping examines IGMP frame contents, when they are forwarded by the device from work stations to an upstream Multicast router. From the frame, the device identifies work stations configured for Multicast sessions, and which Multicast routers are sending Multicast frames. The IGMP Querier simulates the behavior of a Multicast router. This enables snooping of the Layer 2 Multicast domain even if there is no Multicast router. For more information, see "IGMP Snooping" on page 527. Port Mirroring Port mirroring monitors network traffic by forwarding copies of incoming and outgoing packets from a monitored port to a monitoring port. Users specify which target port receives copies of all traffic passing through a specified source port. For more information, see "Port Mirroring" on page 417. Broadcast Storm Control Storm Control enables limiting the number of Multicast and Broadcast frames accepted by and forwarded by the device. When Layer 2 frames are forwarded, Broadcast and Multicast frames are flooded to all ports on the relevant VLAN. This occupies bandwidth, and loads all nodes connected on all ports. For more information, see "Storm Control" on page 414.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 21 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGFeatures.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY VLAN Supported Features VLAN Support VLANs are collections of switching ports that comprise a single Broadcast domain. Packets are classified as belonging to a VLAN, based on either the VLAN tag or on a combination of the ingress port and packet contents. Packets sharing common attributes can be grouped in the same VLAN. For more information, see "VLANs" on page 466. Port-Based Virtual LANs (VLANs) Port-based VLANs classify incoming packets to VLANs, based on their ingress port. For more information, see "Defining VLAN Membership Using CLI Commands" on page 473. Full 802.1Q VLAN Tagging Compliance IEEE 802.1Q defines an architecture for virtual, bridged LANs, the services provided in VLANs, and the protocols and algorithms involved in the provision of these services. For more information, see "Virtual LAN Overview" on page 467. GVRP Support GARP VLAN Registration Protocol(GVRP) provides IEEE 802.1Qcompliant VLAN pruning and dynamic VLAN creation. When GVRP is enabled, the device registers and propagates VLAN membership on all ports that are part of the active underlying Spanning Tree Protocol topology. For more information, see "GVRP Parameters" on page 490. Voice VLAN Voice VLAN enables network administrators to enhance VoIP service by configuring ports to carry IP voice traffic from IP phones on a specific VLAN. VoIP traffic has a preconfigured OUI prefix in the source MAC address. Network administrators can configure VLANs from which voice IP traffic is 22 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGFeatures.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY forwarded. Non-VoIP traffic is dropped from the Voice VLAN in Auto-Voice VLAN Secure mode. Voice VLAN also provides QoS to VoIP, ensuring that the quality of voice does not deteriorate if the IP traffic is received unevenly. For more information, see "Voice VLAN" on page 498. Guest VLAN Guest VLAN provides limited network access to unauthorized ports. If a port is denied network access via port-based authorization, but the Guest VLAN is enabled, the port receives limited network access through the Guest VLAN. For more information, see "Dot1x Authentication" on page 132. Private VLAN The Private VLAN feature provides Layer 2 isolation between ports that share the same Broadcast domain, or in other words, it creates a point-tomultipoint Broadcast domain. The ports can be located anywhere in the Layer 2 network (compared to the Protected Ports feature, where the ports must be in the same stack). For more information, see "Private VLAN" on page 494. Multicast TV VLAN The Multicast TV VLAN feature provides the ability to supply multicast transmissions to Layer 2-isolated subscribers, without replicating the multicast transmissions for each subscriber VLAN. The subscribers are the only receivers of the multicast transmissions. For more information, see "Multicast TV VLAN" on page 535. Spanning Tree Protocol Features Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) 802.1d Spanning tree is a standard Layer 2 switch requirement that enables bridges to automatically prevent and resolve Layer 2 forwarding loops. Switches exchange configuration messages using specifically-formatted frames, and selectively enable and disable forwarding on ports. For more information, see "Spanning Tree" on page 434. Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 23 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGFeatures.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Fast Link STP can take 30–60 seconds to converge. During this time, STP detects possible loops, enabling time for status changes to propagate and for relevant devices to respond. This period of 30-60 seconds is considered too long a response time for many applications. The Fast Link option bypasses this delay, and can be used in network topologies, where forwarding loops do not occur. For more information on enabling Fast Link for ports and LAGs, see "STP Port Settings" on page 442 or "Static Addresses" on page 424. IEEE 802.1w Rapid Spanning Tree Spanning Tree takes 30–60 seconds for each host to decide whether its ports are actively forwarding traffic. Rapid Spanning Tree (RSTP) detects uses of network topologies to enable faster convergence, without creating forwarding loops. For more information, see "Spanning Tree" on page 434. IEEE 802.1s Multiple Spanning Tree Multiple Spanning Tree (MSTP) operation maps VLANs into STP instances. MSTP provides a different load balancing scenario. Packets assigned to various VLANs are transmitted along different paths within MSTP Regions (MST Regions). Regions are one or more MSTP bridges by which frames can be transmitted. The standard lets administrators assign VLAN traffic to unique paths. For more information, see "Spanning Tree" on page 434. STP BPDU Guard BPDU Guard is used as a security mechanism, to protect the network from invalid configurations. BPDU Guard is usually used either when fast link ports (ports connected to clients) are enabled or when the STP feature is disabled. When it is enabled on a port, the port is shut down if a BPDU message is received and an appropriate SNMP trap is generated. For more information, see "Spanning Tree" on page 434.24 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGFeatures.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Link Aggregation Up to 32 Aggregated Links may be defined, each with up to eight member ports, to form a single Link Aggregated Group (LAG). This enables: • Fault tolerance protection from physical link disruption • Higher bandwidth connections • Improved bandwidth granularity • High bandwidth server connectivity A LAG is composed of ports with the same speed, set to full-duplex operation. For more information, see "LAG Configuration" on page 409. Link Aggregation and LACP LACP uses peer exchanges across links to determine, on an ongoing basis, the aggregation capability of various links, and continuously provides the maximum level of aggregation capability achievable between a given pair of devices. LACP automatically determines, configures, binds, and monitors the port binding within the system. For more information, see "Link Aggregation" on page 508. BootP and DHCP Clients DHCP enables additional setup parameters to be received from a network server upon system startup. DHCP service is an on-going process. DHCP is an extension of BootP. For more information, see "DHCP IPv4 Interface" on page 214. Quality of Service Features Class of Service 802.1p Support The IEEE 802.1p signaling technique is an OSI Layer 2 standard for marking and prioritizing network traffic at the data link/MAC sub-layer. 802.1p traffic is classified and sent to the destination. No bandwidth reservations or limits Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 25 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGFeatures.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY are established or enforced. 802.1p is a spin-off of the 802.1Q (VLANs) standard. 802.1p establishes eight levels of priority, similar to the IP Precedence IP Header bit-field. Advanced QoS Frames that match an ACL and were permitted entrance are implicitly labeled with the name of the ACL that permitted their entrance. Advanced mode QoS actions defined in network policies can then be applied to these flows. The switch can set DSCP values and map IPv6 DSCP to egress queues in the same way it does for IPv4. The switch detects IPv6 frames by the IPv6 ethertype. For more information about Advanced QoS, see "QoS Advanced Mode" on page 678. TCP Congestion Avoidance The TCP Congestion Avoidance feature activates an algorithm that breaks up or prevents TCP global synchronization on a congested node, where the congestion is due to multiple sources sending packets with the same byte count. For more information, see "The following is an example of the CLI commands:" on page 666. Device Management Features SNMP Alarms and Trap Logs The system logs events with severity codes and timestamps. Events are sent as SNMP traps to a Trap Recipient List. For more information, see "SNMP" on page 314.26 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGFeatures.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY SNMP Versions 1, 2, and 3 Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) over the UDP/IP protocol controls access to the system. A list of community entries is defined, each consisting of a community string and its access privileges. There are three levels of SNMP security: read-only, read-write, and super. Only a super user can access the Community table. For more information, see "SNMP" on page 314. Web-Based Management Web-based management enables managing the system from any web browser. The system contains an Embedded Web Server (EWS) that serves HTML pages, through which the system can be monitored and configured. The system internally converts web-based input into configuration commands, MIB variable settings, and other management-related settings. Management IP Address Conflict Notification This feature validates the uniqueness of the switch's IP address, whether it is assigned manually or through DHCP. If the IP address is not unique, the switch performs actions according to the address type. If the IP address is static, see more information about this in "IPv4 Interface Parameters" on page 210. If the IP address is dynamic, see more information about this in"DHCP IPv4 Interface" on page 214. Flow Monitoring (sflow) The switch supports statistics collection, using a sampling technology called sFlow that is based on RFC 3176. The sFlow sampling technology is embedded within the switch, and provides the ability to continuously monitor traffic flows on some or all the interfaces simultaneously. For more information, see "sFlow" on page 375. Configuration File Download and Upload The device configuration is stored in a configuration file. The configuration file includes both system-wide and port-specific device configuration. The system can display configuration files as a collection of CLI commands that are stored and manipulated as text files.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 27 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGFeatures.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Auto-Update of Configuration/Image File This feature facilitates installation of new devices. When you enable the various auto-update options, the device automatically downloads a new image or configuration file when it receives its IP address from a TFTP server, and automatically reboots, using the image or configuration file it received. For more information, see "Auto-Update/Configuration Feature" on page 338. TFTP Trivial File Transfer Protocol The device supports boot image, software, and configuration upload/download via TFTP. USB File Transfer Protocol The device supports boot image, software, and configuration upload/download via USB. Remote Monitoring Remote Monitoring (RMON) is an extension to SNMP that provides comprehensive network traffic monitoring capabilities. RMON is a standard MIB that defines MAC-layer statistics and control objects, enabling real-time information to be captured across the entire network. For more information, see "Statistics/RMON" on page 606. Command Line Interface Command Line Interface (CLI) syntax and semantics conform as much as possible to common, industry standards. CLI is composed of mandatory and optional elements. The CLI interpreter provides command and keyword completion to assist users and save typing. Syslog Syslog is a protocol that enables event notifications to be sent to a set of remote servers, where they can be stored, examined, and acted upon. The system sends notifications of significant events in real time, and keeps a record of these events for after-the-fact usage. For more information on Syslog, see "Logs" on page 195.28 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGFeatures.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY SNTP The Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) assures accurate network Ethernet Switch clock time synchronization up to the millisecond. Time synchronization is performed by a network SNTP server. Time sources are prioritized by strata. Strata define the distance from the reference clock. The higher the stratum (where zero is the highest), the more accurate the clock. For more information, see "Time Synchronization" on page 169. Domain Name System Domain Name System (DNS) converts user-defined domain names into IP addresses. Each time a domain name is assigned, the DNS service translates the name into a numeric IP address. For example, www.ipexample.com is translated into 192.87.56.2. DNS servers maintain domain name databases containing their corresponding IP addresses. For more information, see "Domain Name System" on page 242. 802.1ab (LLDP-MED) The Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP) enables network managers to troubleshoot, and enhances network management by discovering and maintaining network topologies over multi-vendor environments. LLDP discovers network neighbors by standardizing methods for network devices to advertise themselves to other systems, and to store discovered information. The multiple advertisement sets are sent in the packet Type Length Value (TLV) field. LLDP devices must support chassis and port ID advertisement, as well as system name, system ID, system description, and system capability advertisements. LLDP Media Endpoint Discovery (LLDP-MED) increases network flexibility by enabling various IP systems to co-exist on a single network LLDP. It provides detailed network topology information, emergency call service via IP phone location information, and troubleshooting information. For more information, see "LLDP" on page 540.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 29 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGFeatures.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Security Features SSL Secure Socket Layer (SSL) is an application-level protocol that enables secure transactions of data through privacy, authentication, and data integrity. It relies upon certificates and public and private keys. Port-Based Authentication (Dot1x) Port-based authentication enables authenticating system users on a per-port basis via an external server. Only authenticated and approved system users can transmit and receive data. Ports are authenticated via the Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service (RADIUS) server using the Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP). Dynamic VLAN Assignment (DVA) enables network administrators to automatically assign users to VLANs during the RADIUS server authentication. For more information, see "Dot1x Authentication" on page 132. Locked Port Support Locked Port increases network security by limiting access on a specific port to users with specific MAC addresses. These addresses are either manually defined or learned on that port. When a frame is seen on a locked port, and the frame source MAC address is not tied to that port, the protection mechanism is invoked. For more information, see "Port Security" on page 98. RADIUS Client RADIUS is a client/server-based protocol. A RADIUS server maintains a user database that contains per-user authentication information, such as user name, password, and accounting information. RADIUS Accounting This feature enables recording device management sessions (Telnet, serial, and WEB but not SNMP) and/or 802.1x authentication sessions.30 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGFeatures.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Due to the complexity of 802.1x setup and configuration, many mistakes can be made that might cause loss of connectivity or incorrect behavior. The 802.1x Monitor mode enables applying 802.1x functionality to the switch, with all necessary RADIUS and/or domain servers active, without actually taking any action that may cause unexpected behavior. In this way, the user can test the 802.1x setup before actually applying it. For more information, see "RADIUS" on page 291. SSH Secure Shell (SSH) is a protocol that provides a secure, remote connection to a device. SSH version 2 is currently supported. The SSH server feature enables an SSH client to establish a secure, encrypted connection with a device. This connection provides functionality that is similar to an inbound telnet connection. SSH uses RSA and DSA Public Key cryptography for device connections and authentication. For more information, see "Security Management and Password Configuration" on page 75. TACACS+ TACACS+ provides centralized security for validation of users accessing the device. TACACS+ provides a centralized, user management system, while still retaining consistency with RADIUS and other authentication processes. For more information, see "TACACS+" on page 282. Password Management Password management provides increased network security and improved password control. Passwords for SSH, Telnet, HTTP, HTTPS, and SNMP access are assigned security features. For more information, see "Password Management" on page 286. The switch provides the ability to demand strong passwords, meaning that they must contain both upper and lower-case letters, numbers, and punctuation marks. For more information, see "Password Management" on page 286.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 31 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGFeatures.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Access Control Lists (ACL) Access Control Lists (ACL) enable network managers to define classification actions and rules for specific ingress ports. Packets entering an ingress port with an active ACL, are either admitted or denied entry and the ingress port is disabled. If they are denied entry, the user can disable the port. Dynamic ACL/Dynamic Policy Assignment (DACL/DPA) The network administrator can specify the user's ACL in the RADIUS server. After successful authentication, the user is assigned that ACL. For more information, see "Network Security" on page 97. DHCP Snooping DHCP Snooping expands network security by providing firewall security between untrusted interfaces and DHCP servers. By enabling DHCP Snooping, network administrators can differentiate between trusted interfaces connected to end-users or DHCP servers and untrusted interfaces located beyond the network firewall. For more information, see "DHCP Snooping" on page 573. ARP Inspection Dynamic ARP inspection is a security feature that validates ARP packets in a network. It intercepts, logs, and discards ARP packets with invalid IP-to-MAC address bindings. This capability protects the network from certain man-inthe-middle attacks. Port Profile (CLI Macro) Macros provide a convenient way to save and share a common configuration. A macro is a set of CLI commands with a unique name. When a macro is applied to a port, the CLI commands contained within it are executed and added to the Running Configuration file. For more information, see "Dynamic ARP Inspection" on page 560.32 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGFeatures.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY DHCP Server Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) provides a means of passing configuration information (including the IP address of a TFTP server and a configuration file name) to hosts on a TCP/IP network. The switch can serve as a DHCP server or client. For more information on the device serving as a DHCP server, see "DHCP Server" on page 297. For more information on the device serving as a DHCP client, see "DHCP IPv4 Interface" on page 214. Protected Ports The Protected Ports feature provides Layer 2 isolation between interfaces (Ethernet ports and LAGs) that share the same Broadcast domain (VLAN) with other interfaces. For more information, see "Protected Ports" on page 394. iSCSI Optimization iSCSI optimization provides the iSCSI flows with specific priority over other network traffic. In addition, the feature provides monitoring of iSCSI sessions. For more information, see "iSCSI Optimization" on page 594. Proprietary Protocol Filtering This feature enables user control over the filtering of packets with proprietary protocols such as CDP, VTP, DTP, UDLD, PaGP, and SSTP. The user can select any combination of the protocols to be filtered, for example: CDP and VTP and UDLD. For more information, see "Network Security" on page 97. DHCP Relay and Option 82 A DHCP relay agent detects DHCP Broadcasts from DHCP clients and relays them to DHCP servers that may reside on different subnets.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 33 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGFeatures.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY The relay agent information option (Option 82) in the DHCP protocol enables a DHCP relay agent to send additional client information, upon requesting an IP address. Option 82 specifies the relaying switch's MAC address, the port identifier, and the VLAN that forwarded the packet. For more information, see "DHCP Relay" on page 586. Identifying a Switch via LED The switch provides the ability to turn on a LED (through the GUI interface) on a specific unit or on all units in a stack for a specific length of time. For more information, see Unit Identification (Location).34 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGFeatures.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLYDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 35 DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY 3 Hardware Description This section describes PowerConnect 5500 hardware. It contains the following topics: • Device Models • Device Structure • LED Definitions • Power Supplies36 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGHardware.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Device Models The PowerConnect 5500 switches combine versatility with minimal management requirements. This series includes the following device types: • PowerConnect 5524 — Provides 24 10/100/1000Mbps Base-T ports • PowerConnect 5524P (with PoE) — Provides 24 10/100/1000Mbps Base-T ports, along with Power-over-Ethernet (PoE) support • PowerConnect 5548 — Provides 48 10/100/1000Mbps Base-T ports • PowerConnect 5548P (with PoE) — Provides 24 10/100/1000Mbps Base-T ports, along with Power-over-Ethernet (PoE) support Each of these devices provides, in addition to the above ports, two HDMI ports, two SPF+ ports, an RS-232 console port, and a USB port, as shown in Figure 3-1. NOTE: 10/100/1000Mbps Baset-T ports are also known as Gigabit ports or G ports. Device Structure This section describes the structure of the devices. It contains the following topics: • Front Panel • Buttons and LEDs • Back Panel • Ventilation System • System LEDs • Port LEDsDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 37 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGHardware.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Front Panel Figure 3-1 shows the front panel of the PowerConnect 5548 device with its various ports labelled. The PowerConnect 5524 device from the PowerConnect 5548 device in that there are 24 G ports and not 48. Figure 3-2 shows the buttons/LEDs on the right side in greater detail. Figure 3-1. PowerConnect 5548 Ports The following ports are found on the devices. • 24/48 G Ports • Two XG Ports (also known as Small Form Factor Plugable (SFP)+ Ports) These are 10 Gigabit ports, designated as 1000Base-X-SFP+. The SFP+ ports are fiber transceivers designated as 10000 Base-SX or LX. They include TWSI (Two-Wire Serial Interface) and internal EPROM. • RS-232 Console Port This port is used for a terminal connection for debugging and software downloads. The default baud rate is 9,600 bps. The baud rate can be configured from 2400 bps up to 115,200 bps. • Two HDMI Ports The HDMI ports are 1.3a specification, category 2 high-speed cables, 340 MHz (10.2 Gbit/s). They are used for stacking purposes. Console SPF+ Ports USB Port HDMI Ports Giga Ports (even numbered) Port Giga Ports (odd numbered)38 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGHardware.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY NOTE: it is recommended to use HDMI cable version 1.4 • Single USB Port This port is used for firmware upgrade from a USB device. Buttons and LEDs LEDs on Front Panel Figure 3-2 shows the extreme, right-hand part of the front panel, which contains buttons and LEDs, in addition to ports. Figure 3-2. Button/LED Panel These LEDs are described in Table 3-1 and Table 3-2. Reset Button The PowerConnect 5500 switches have a reset button, located on the front panel that is used for manual reset (reboot) of the device. The single reset circuit of the switch is activated by power-up or low-voltage conditions. Power Status Fan RPS Reset Stacking Unit ID Master Port LEDs Console PortDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 39 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGHardware.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY The Reset button does not extend beyond the unit’s front, and it must be activated with a pin. Back Panel The back panel of the non-PoE models, shown in Figure 3-3, contains a Redundant Power Supply (RPS) connector, Location LED, and power connector. The back panel of the PoE models, shown in Figure 3-4, contains a Modular Power Supply (MPS) connector, Location LED, power connector, and two fan outlets. Figure 3-3. PowerConnect 5524/48 Back Panel Figure 3-4. PowerConnect 5524/48/P Back Panel The elements on the back panel are used as follows: • Locator LED — This LED is lit when the Unit Identification feature is selected. See "Unit Identification (Location)" on page 373 for more information about this feature. • RPS/MPS — Connector for auxiliary power supply. See "Power Supplies" on page 44 for more information. RPS A/C Power Supply Locator Locator MPS Fan Fan A/C Power Supply40 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGHardware.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY • A/C Power Supply — Connector for AC power supply. See "Power Supplies" on page 44 for more information. • Fans — Fan outlets. See "Ventilation System" on page 40 for more information. Ventilation System The PowerConnect 5500/P switches have two built-in fans. Operation can be verified by observing the LED that indicates if one or more fans are faulty (see Table 3-1). The fan outlets are shown in Figure 3-4. LED Definitions The front panel contains light emitting diodes(LEDs) that indicate the status of links, power supplies, fans, and system diagnostics. These are described below. System LEDs The system LEDs of the PowerConnect 5500 devices provide information about the power supplies, fans, thermal conditions, and diagnostics. Figure 3-2 shows the location of the system LEDS on the device. Table 3-1 describes the meaning of the colors of the system LEDs. Table 3-1. System LED Indicators LED Color Description Power Supply (PWR) Green Static The switch is turned on. Green Flashing The Locator function is enabled. Off The switch is turned off. Status Green Static The switch is operating normally. Green Flashing The switch is booting. Red Static A critical system error has occurred. Red Flashing A non-critical system error has occurred.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 41 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGHardware.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Stacking No. Indicates the unit ID of the device in the stack. Modular/Redundan cy Power Supply (MPS/RPS) Green Static The MPS/RPS is currently operating. Red Static The MPS/RPS failed. Off The MPS/RPS is not plugged in. Locator Green Flashing Locator function is enabled. Green Static Locator function is disabled. Master Green Static The device is a master unit. Off The device is not a master unit. Fan (FAN) Green Static All device fans are operating normally. Red Static One or more of the device fans are not operating. Table 3-1. System LED Indicators (Continued) LED Color Description 42 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGHardware.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Port LEDs Gigabit Ports Each Giga port has two LEDs associated with it. The speed/link (LNK) LED is located on the left side of the port, while the activity/PoE LED is located on the right side of the port. The activity/PoE LED is labelled ACT in non-PoE devices, and is labelled PoE in PoE-enabled devices, as shown in Figure 3-5. Figure 3-5. Giga Port LEDs Table 3-2 describes the LED indications for the Gigabit ports: Table 3-2. Giga Port s on non-PoE-enabled Devices LEDs LED Color Description LNK Green Flashing Link is up and the port is either transmitting or receiving at 1000 Mbs. Yellow Flashing Link is up and the port is either transmitting or receiving data at 100 Mbps. Solid green Solid amber Link is up high speed. Link is up at lower speeds. OFF The port is currently not operating. ACT Green Flashing There is activity on the port. Off There is no activity on the port. LNK ACT/PoE LNK ACT/PoEDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 43 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGHardware.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Table 3-3 describes the LED indications for Gigabit ports on PoE-enabled devices. HDMI Port LEDs The HDMI ports have a Speed/link (LNK) LED on their left side and an activity (ACT) LED on their right side. Table 3-4 describes the HDMP port LEDs: Table 3-3. Giga Port s on PoE-enabled Devices LEDs LED Color Description LNK Flashing green Link is up and the port is either transmitting or receiving at 1000 Mbs. Flashing amber Link is up and the port is either transmitting or receiving data at 100 Mbps. Solid green Solid amber Link is up high speed. Link is up at lower speeds. Off Port is currently not operating. PoE Flashing green There is activity on the port and the PoE is off. Flashing amber There is activity on the port and the PoE is on. Amber solid There is no activity on the port and the PoE power is on. Off There is no activity on the port and the PoE is off. Table 3-4. HDMI (Stacking) Port LEDs LED Color Description Speed/Link Solid green Port is linked to device. Off Port is currently not operating. ACT Flashing green Port is either transmitting or receiving. Off Port is not transmitting or receiving.44 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGHardware.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY SFP LEDs The SFP+ ports each have two LEDs, marked as LNK and ACT, associated with them. Figure 3-5 describes these LEDs. Stack ID LED The front panel of the device contains a Stack ID panel used to display the Unit ID for the Stack Master and members, as shown in Figure 3-2. Power Supplies The device has an internal power supply unit (AC unit) and a connector to connect PowerConnect 5500/P devices to a PowerConnect EPS-470 unit, or to a PowerConnect MPS-600 unit. The PowerConnect 5500/P devices have the following internal power supplies: • 24 Port non-PoE devices — 54 Watt. • 48 Port non-PoE devices — 100 Watt. • 24/48 Port PoE devices — 600 Watt. Operation with both power supply units is regulated through load sharing. Power supply LEDs indicate the status of the power supply. The AC power supply unit operates from 90 to 264 VAC, 47 to 63 Hz. The AC power supply unit uses a standard connector. A LED, shown in Figure 3-3, indicates whether the AC unit is connected. When the device is connected to a supplementary power source, the probability of failure in the event of a power outage decreases. Table 3-5. SFP Port LEDs LED Color Description LNK Solid green Link is at highest speed. Solid amber Link is at lowest speed. Off Port is currently not linked. ACT Flashing green Port is either transmitting or receiving.Template Last Updated - 2/7/2007Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 45 DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY 4 Stacking Overview This section describes how the Stacking feature of the PowerConnect 5500 series functions. It contains the following topics: • Stack Overview • Stack Members and Unit IDs46 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGStacking.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Stack Overview The PowerConnect 5500 Stacking feature provides multiple switch management through a single switch, so that all units in the stack are treated as if they were a single switch. All stack members are accessed through the management IP address, through which the stack is managed. Each switch is a member in a stack, although the stack may consist of only a single switch. Up to eight units can be stacked. This section covers the following topics: • Stack Operation Modes • Stacking Units • Stack Topology Stack Operation Modes All stacks must have a Master unit, and may have a Master Backup unit. All other units are connected to the stack as members (slaves). A unit in the stack can be in one of the following modes: • Stack Master — Runs the fully operational software of a switch. In addition, it runs configures and manages all other units in the stack. All protocols run in the context of the Master unit. It is responsible for updating and synchronizing the Master Backup. The Stack Master detects and reconfigures the ports with minimal operational impact in the event of: Unit failure Inter-unit stacking link failure Unit insertion Unit removal When the Master unit boots, or when inserting or removing a stack member, the Master unit initiates a stacking discovering process. Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 47 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGStacking.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY • Slave Unit — Runs a slave version of the software that enables the applications running on the Master’s CPU to control and manage the resources of the slave unit. • Master Backup — Runs as a slave unit, as described above, and in addition, continuously monitors the existence and operation of the stack master. If the master unit fails, the master-backup unit assumes the Master Backup role. Stacking Units PowerConnect 5500 series switches use two HDMI 10G ports for stacking. To connect the units in the stack: 1 Insert one end of an HDMI cable into the left-hand HDMI port on the unit at the top of the stack and the other end into the right-hand HDMI port of the unit immediately below it (this is called crossover). 2 Repeat this process until all units are connected. 3 (Optional) Connect the left-hand HDMI port of the unit at the bottom of the stack to the right-hand HDMI port of the unit at the top of the stack. This step provides increased bandwidth and redundancy.48 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGStacking.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY The results of this process are shown in Figure . Figure 4-1. Stacking Ring Topology HDMI Ports Front Panel HDMI Ports Front Panel HDMI Ports Front Panel Front Panel HDMI PortsDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 49 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGStacking.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Stack Topology The PowerConnect 5500 series systems operates in a ring or chain topology. Ring Topology In a ring topology all units in the stack are connected to each other, forming a circle. Each unit in the stack accepts data and sends it to the unit to which it is attached. The packet continues through the stack until it reaches its destination. The system discovers the optimal path on which to send traffic. Figure 4-1 shows units of a stack connected in a ring topology. Stacking Failover Topology - Chain Topology Difficulties occur when a unit in the ring becomes non-functional, or a link is severed. In this case, the system automatically switches to a chain topology, without any system downtime. In chain topology, each unit in the stack is connected to neighboring unit except for the last unit, which is not connected to any other unit. In the chain topology, the stack continues to function as long as there is a master- or backup-enabled unit in each segment of the stack. When the ring topology is switched to chain topology, an SNMP message is automatically generated, but no stack management action is required. The unit that failed must be repaired to restore full stacking operation in the ring topology. After the stacking issues are resolved, the units can be reconnected without interruption, and the ring topology is restored. Stack Members and Unit IDs This section describes how to configure the stack. It contains the following topics: • Adding a Unit to the Stack • Assigning Unit IDs • Selecting the Master and Master Backup Units • Switching from the Master to the Master Backup • Replacing Stacking Members50 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGStacking.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY • Loading Software onto Stack Members • Rebooting the Stack • Managing Configuration Files on the Stack Adding a Unit to the Stack The recommended procedure to add a unit to a stack is as follows: 1 Place the powered-off unit in its physical place in the stack, and insert the stacking link in the unit (but do not connect it to the rest of the stack). 2 Power up the unit, and set the correct Unit ID, as described below. 3 Reboot the unit and connect it to the rest of the stack through the stack link. Assigning Unit IDs Each unit in the stack has a unique ID that defines the unit’s position and function in the stack, as shown in Figure 3-2. The unit that is assigned Unit ID 1 is the Master unit, by default. The unit that is assigned Unit ID 2 is the Master Backup unit. When you power-up the stack, each unit is assigned a unique Unit ID. This is displayed on the front panel of the unit, as shown in Figure 3-2. The Unit ID of each unit can be either automatically assigned or manually assigned, as described in step 1 to step 4 below. To assign IDs to the units in the stack, do the following for each unit in the stack: 1 Connect the unit to the terminal.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 51 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGStacking.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY 2 Turn on the unit to begin auto boot and press Return or Esc to abort and enter the Start Up menu. 3 Select Stack Menu to open the Stack Menu. 4 Select Set Unit Stack ID. Enter either a Unit ID for manual assignment or 0 to indicate that the unit ID will be assigned automatically. NOTE: The entire stack should be connected, as shown in Figure 4-1, before powering up the units. Selecting the Master and Master Backup Units A unit is master-enabled if it assigned Unit ID 1 and Unit 2. All other units in the stack (slaves) have unit IDs of 3-8. The stack master assignment is performed during the configuration boot process. One master-enabled stack member is elected as Master, and the other master-enabled stack member is selected as Master Backup, according to the following decision process: • A master is selected from the set of the two Master-enabled units. Priority is given to the lowest unit ID, but also takes into account the amount of time the unit is UP (Up Time) as follows: Startup Menu [1]Download Software [2]Erase Flash File [3]Password Recovery Procedure [4]Set Terminal Baud-Rate [5]Stack Menu [6]Back [1]Show Unit Stack ID [2]Set Unit Stack ID [3]Back52 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGStacking.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY – When a master-enabled unit is inserted to a running stack, (or when Master and Backup master both start at the same time), they exchange each other’s UP TIME (the time since they powered up). If the time difference is smaller than 10 minutes, the unit with the lowest unit ID is elected; otherwise, the unit with the longest UP time is elected. – If a Master-enabled unit (with ID 1 or 2) is inserted into an operational stack, it will be elected as a backup master. – If a Master unit and/or a backup Master unit is removed from the stack and the user wishes to configure one of the slave units (numbered 3-8) to be a Master backup, the user must reset the unit’s ID. This can be done as follows: • If there is a Master-enabled unit in the stack: Do -switch n renumber 2 (through CLI or GUI). This makes the nth unit a master-enabled unit. • If there is no Master-enabled unit in the stack: Press the reset button on the unit to be master-enabled, and assign it a unit ID= 1 using the boot menu. • The user can force a master-enabled unit to be the master unit of the stack, even if the master election process did not select it. This is done by switching over to the backup unit. NOTE: Two stacking member are considered the same age if they were inserted within a ten minute interval, for example, if Unit 2 is inserted in the first minute of a ten-minute cycle, and Unit 1 is inserted in fifth minute of the same cycle, the units are considered to be the same age. NOTE: If two stack members are discovered to have the same Unit ID, only the older unit is included in the stack. The stack continues to function and a message is sent notifying that a unit failed to join the stack. The Stack Master and the Master Backup maintain a Warm Standby. The Warm Standby ensures that the Master Backup takes over for the Stack Master if a failover occurs, so that the stack continues to operate normally. During the Warm Standby, the Master and the Master Backup are synchronized with the static configuration. When the Stacking Master is configured, it must synchronize the Master Backup. The dynamic Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 53 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGStacking.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY configuration is not saved, for example, dynamically-learned MAC addresses are not saved, but dynamic information is learned quickly and automatically by network traffic. Switching from the Master to the Master Backup The Master Backup replaces the Stack Master if one or more of the following events occur: • The Stack Master fails or is removed from the stack. • Links from the Stack Master to the stacking members fails. • User performs soft switchover via the Web interface or the CLI. Switching between the Stack Master and the Master Backup results in limited service loss. Dynamic tables are relearned if a failure occurs. The Running Configuration file is synchronized between Stack Master and the Master Backup, and continues running on the Master Backup. Replacing Stacking Members If a unit is removed from the stack, and replaced with a unit with the same unit ID, the stack member is configured with the original unit configuration. Otherwise, if the new unit has either more or fewer ports than the previous unit, the results depend on the device type of the new and original units, as defined in Table 4-1: Table 4-1. Port Configurations when Replacing Units New Unit Original Unit New Port Configuration 5548P or 5548 5548P or 5548 Port configurations remain the same. 5524 or 5524P The first 24 Giga (GE) ports receive the respective 5524/P 24 GE port configurations. The 10 G port configurations remain the same. 54 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGStacking.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Loading Software onto Stack Members Software can be downloaded to all units simultaneously, or to the master unit alone. If software is only loaded to the master unit, when new software is selected, and the Master is rebooted, the Master updates the software on the remaining units. In this way, all units in the stack run the same software version. Rebooting the Stack Whenever a reboot occurs, topology discovery is performed, and the Master learns all units IDs in the stack. Configuration files are changed only through explicit user configuration, and are not automatically modified when units are added, removed or reassigned unit IDs. Each time the system reboots, the Startup Configuration file in the Master unit is used to configure the stack. Managing Configuration Files on the Stack The Startup Configuration and Running Configuration file are stored on the stack master. Each port in the stack is referenced in the configuration files by its port type and unit ID/0/port number, for example "gi1/0/24", which means Giga port 24 on unit 1 (the middle 0 is reserved for future use). Configuration files are managed from the Stack Master, including: • Saving to flash memory 5524P or 5524 5548P or 5548 The PowerConnect 5524/P 24 Gigabit ports receives the first 24 Giga 5548/P port configurations. The 10 Giga port configurations remain the same. The remaining ports receive the default port configuration. 5524P or 5524 Port configurations remain the same. Table 4-1. Port Configurations when Replacing Units (Continued) New Unit Original Unit New Port ConfigurationDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 55 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGStacking.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY • Uploading configuration files to an external TFTP server/HTTP client • Downloading configuration files from an external TFTP server/HTTP client • Download/upload through the USB port NOTE: Stack configuration for all configured ports is saved, even if the stack is reset and/or the ports are no longer present.56 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGStacking.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLYTemplate Last Updated - 2/7/2007Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 57 DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY 5 Configuring the Switch This section describes the configuration that must be performed after the switch is installed and connected to power supplies. Additional advanced functions are described in "Advanced Switch Configuration" on page 67. NOTE: Before proceeding further, read the release notes for this product. You can download the release notes from the Dell Support website at support.dell.com. NOTE: We recommend that you obtain the most recent revision of the user documentation from the Dell Support website at support.dell.com. It contains the following topics: • Configuration Work Flow • Connecting the Switch to the Terminal • Booting the Switch • Configuring the Stack • Configuration Using the Setup Wizard58 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUG_InitialConfiguration_gsg.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Configuration Work Flow To configure the switches: 1 For each switch in the stack: a Connect it to a terminal, as described in the "Connecting the Switch to the Terminal" on page 59. b Boot the switch, as described in the "Booting the Switch" on page 60. c Assign a unit ID to the switch, as described in "Assigning Unit IDs" on page 50. 2 Connect the units in the stack to each other, as described in "Configuring the Stack" on page 61. 3 Connect the Master unit to the terminal, reboot the unit and the Setup Wizard is run automatically, as described in "Configuration Using the Setup Wizard" on page 61. 4 Respond to the Setup Wizard prompts. 5 Continue managing the switch, either through the console or Telnet, using the CLI or the web GUI.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 59 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUG_InitialConfiguration_gsg.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Connecting the Switch to the Terminal The switch is configured and monitored through a terminal desktop system that runs terminal emulation software. The switch connects to the terminal through the console port. To connect the switch to a terminal: 1 Connect an RS-232 cable to a VT100-compatible terminal or the serial connector of a desktop system running terminal emulation software. 2 Connect the RS-232 cable to the switch console port on the front panel of the switch (see Figure 5-1) using an 8-pin RJ-45 male connector. Figure 5-1. Front-Panel Console Port 3 Set the terminal emulation software as follows: a Select the appropriate serial port to connect to the switch. b Set the data rate to 9600 baud. c Set the data format to 8 data bits, 1 stop bit, and no parity. d Set Flow Control to none. e Select VT100 for Emulation mode within your communication software. f Select Terminal keys for Function, Arrow, and Ctrl keys. Ensure that the setting is for Terminal keys (not Windows keys). NOTE: You can connect a console to the console port on any unit in the stack, but stack management is performed only from the stack master (Unit ID 1 or 2). Console Port60 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUG_InitialConfiguration_gsg.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Booting the Switch After the local terminal is connected, turn on power. The switch then goes through power-on self-test (POST). POST runs every time the switch is started and checks hardware components, to determine if the switch is operational before completely booting. If the system detects a critical problem, the boot process stops. If POST passes successfully, a valid executable image is loaded into RAM. POST messages are displayed on the terminal and indicate test success or failure. The boot process runs for approximately 40-45seconds. When the boot process completes, the following LEDs are lit, as shown in Figure 5-2: • Power • Status • Fan (should be green) • RPS (if it is being used) Figure 5-2. Initial LEDs Power Status Fan RPSDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 61 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUG_InitialConfiguration_gsg.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Configuring the Stack The switch is always considered to be a stack of switches even if the stack only contains a single switch. If there is more than one switch in the stack, each switch must be configured individually. See "Assigning Unit IDs" on page 50 for instructions on how to configure the stack. Configuration Using the Setup Wizard The Setup Wizard guides you through the initial switch configuration to get the system up and running as quickly as possible. Note that you can skip the Setup Wizard and configure the switch manually through the CLI. The Setup Wizard configures the following fields: • SNMP Community String and SNMP Management System IP address (optional) • Username and password • Management switch IP address • IP subnet mask • Default gateway IP address NOTE: The Setup Wizard assumes the following: • The PowerConnect switch was never configured before and is in the same state as when you received it. • The PowerConnect switch booted successfully. • The console connection is established and the console prompt is displayed on the screen of a VT100 terminal switch. Connect the Master unit to a terminal. You can identify the Master unit by the illuminated Master LED on the front panel of the switch (see Figure 3-2). To configure the system using the Setup Wizard: 1 Obtain the following information from the network administrator: • SNMP Community String and SNMP Management System IP address (optional) • Username and password62 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUG_InitialConfiguration_gsg.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY • The IP address to be assigned to the VLAN 1 interface through which the switch is to be managed (by default, every external and internal port is a member of the VLAN 1) • The IP subnet mask for the network • The default gateway (next hop router) IP address for configuring the default route 2 Boot the Master unit. The system automatically prompts you to use the Setup Wizard. The Setup Wizard displays the following information: Welcome to Dell Easy Setup Wizard The Setup Wizard guides you through the initial switch configuration and gets you up and running easily and quickly. You can skip the Setup Wizard and enter CLI mode to manually configure the switch. The system will prompt you with a default answer; by pressing Enter, you accept the default value. You must respond to the next question to run the Setup Wizard within 60 seconds, otherwise the system will continue with normal operation using the default system configuration. Would you like to enter the Setup Wizard (you must answer this question within 60 seconds)? (Y/N) 3 Enter [Y] to run the wizard. If you enter [N] or if you do not respond within 60 seconds, the Setup Wizard automatically exits and the CLI console prompt appears. If you enter [Y] the wizard provides interactive guidance through the initial switch configuration. The following information is displayed: You can exit the Setup Wizard at any time by entering [ctrl+Z]. The system is not set up for SNMP management by default. Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 63 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUG_InitialConfiguration_gsg.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY To manage the switch using SNMP (required for Dell Network Manager) you can: • Setup the initial SNMP version 2 account now. • Return later and set up the SNMP version account. For more information on setting up a SNMP version 2 account, see the user documentation. Would you like to set up the SNMP management interface now? [Y/N] 4 Enter [N] to skip to Step 7 or enter [Y] to continue the Setup Wizard. If you enter [Y] the following information is displayed: To set up the SNMP management account you must specify the management system IP address and the "community string" or password that the particular management system uses to access the switch. The wizard automatically assigns the highest access level [Privilege Level 15] to this account. You can use Dell Network Manager or other management interfaces to change this setting later and to add additional management system later. For more information on adding management systems, see the user documentation. To add a management station: Please enter the SNMP community string to be used: 5 Enter the SNMP community string. You can use the default name "public" Please enter the IP address of the Management System (A.B.C.D) or wildcard (0.0.0.0) to manage from any Management Station:[0.0.0.0]. 6 Enter the SNMP Management System IP. 7 Set up user account privilege level, as follows: The following information is displayed: Now we need to set up your initial privilege (Level 15) user account. This account is used to login to the CLI and Web interface. You may set up 64 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUG_InitialConfiguration_gsg.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY other accounts and change privilege levels later. For more information on setting up user accounts and changing privilege levels, see the user documentation. To set up a user account: Enter the user name: Please enter the user password: Please reenter the user password: 8 Enter the following: • User name, for example "admin" • Password and password confirmation. 9 Press Enter. The following information is displayed: Next, an IP address is setup. The IP address is defined on the default VLAN (VLAN 1). This is the IP address you use to access the Telnet, Web interface, or SNMP interface for the switch. To set up an IP address: Please enter the IP address of the device (A.B.C.D): Please enter the IP subnet mask (A.B.C.D or nn): 10 Enter the management IP address and IP subnet mask, for example 192.168.2.100 as the IP address and 255.255.255.0 as the IP subnet mask. 11 Press Enter. The following information is displayed: Finally, set up the default gateway. Please enter the IP address of the gateway from which this network is reachable (e.g. 192.168.2.1).Default gateway (A.B.C.D):[0.0.0.0] Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 65 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUG_InitialConfiguration_gsg.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY 12 Enter the default gateway. 13 Press Enter. The following is displayed (example): This is the configuration information that has been collected: SNMP Interface = "Dell Network Manager"@192.168.2.10 User Account setup = admin Password = ********** Management IP address = 192.168.2.100 255.255.255.0 Default Gateway = 192.168.2.1 The following information is displayed: If the information is correct, please select (Y) to save the configuration and copy to the start-up configuration file. If the information is incorrect, select (N) to discard configuration and restart the wizard: [Y/N] 14 Enter [N] to restart the wizard or enter [Y] to complete the Setup Wizard. If you enter [Y] the following is displayed: Configuring SNMP management interface. Configuring user account....... Configuring IP and subnet...... Thank you for using Dell Easy Setup Wizard. You will now enter CLI mode. The CLI prompt is displayed. You have finished the initial configuration. After the initial configuration is complete, you can manage the switch from the connected console port using the CLI or remotely through the management interface, using Telnet or the Web GUI. See the Dell PowerConnect 5500 Series User Guide found on the Documentation CD.66 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUG_InitialConfiguration_gsg.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLYDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 67 DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY 6 Advanced Switch Configuration This section describes how to perform various configuration operations through the CLI. It includes the following topics: • Using the CLI • Accessing the Device Through the CLI • Retrieving an IP Address • Security Management and Password Configuration • Configuring Login Banners • Startup Menu Procedures • Software Download68 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGAdvanced Configuration.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Using the CLI This section provides some general information for using the CLI. For a complete description of CLI commands, refer to the Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems CLI Reference Guide. Command Mode Overview The CLI is divided into command modes, each with a specific command set. Entering a question mark at the terminal prompt displays a list of commands available for that particular command mode. In each mode, a specific command is used to navigate from one mode to another. These modes are described below. User EXEC Mode During CLI session initialization, the CLI is in User EXEC mode. Only a limited subset of commands is available in User EXEC mode. This level is reserved for tasks that do not change the terminal configuration and is used to access configuration sub-systems. After logging into the device, User EXEC command mode is enabled. The user-level prompt consists of the host name followed by the angle bracket (>). For example: console> NOTE: The default host name is console unless it has been modified during initial configuration. The User EXEC commands enable connecting to remote devices, changing terminal settings on a temporary basis, performing basic tests, and listing system information. To list the User EXEC commands, enter a question mark at the command prompt. To enter the next level, Privileged EXEC mode, a password is required (if configured). Privileged EXEC Mode Privileged EXEC mode provides access to the device global configuration. Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 69 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGAdvanced Configuration.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Privileged access can be protected, to prevent unauthorized access and to secure operating parameters. Passwords are displayed on the screen, and are case-sensitive. NOTE: The enable command is only necessary if you login with privilege level less than 15. To access and list the Privileged EXEC mode commands: 1 At the prompt type enable and press . 2 When a password prompt displays, enter the password and press . The Privileged EXEC mode prompt displays as the device host name followed by #. For example: console# To list the Privileged EXEC commands, type a question mark at the command prompt. To return from Privileged EXEC mode to User EXEC mode, type disable and press . The following example illustrates accessing privileged EXEC mode and then returning to the User EXEC mode: Use the exit command to return to a previous mode. To configure the device, enter the next level, Global Configuration mode. Global Configuration Mode The Global Configuration mode manages device configuration on a global level. Global Configuration commands apply to system features, rather than a specific protocol or interface. console> enable Enter Password: ****** console# console# disable console>70 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGAdvanced Configuration.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY To access Global Configuration mode, at the Privileged EXEC Mode prompt, type configure and press . The Global Configuration mode displays as the device host name followed by (config) and the pound sign #. To list the Global Configuration commands, enter a question mark at the command prompt. The following example illustrates how to access Global Configuration mode and return back to the Privileged EXEC mode: Interface Configuration Mode The Interface Configuration mode configures the device at the physical interface level (port, VLAN, or LAG). Interface commands that require subcommands have another level, called the Subinterface Configuration mode. A password is not required to access this level. The following example, places the CLI in Interface Configuration mode on port 1/0/1. The sntp command is then applied to that port. To run a command in a mode, which does not contain it, use do before the command, as in the following example: console# configure console(configure)# console# console# configure console(config)# exit console# console# configure console(config)# interface gi1/0/1 console(config-if)# sntp client enable console# configure console(config)# interface gi1/0/1 console(config-if)# sntp client enable console(config-if)# do show sntp configurationDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 71 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGAdvanced Configuration.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Accessing the Device Through the CLI You can manage the device using CLI commands, over a direct connection to the terminal console, or via a Telnet connection. Direct Connection Connect the device to the console and enter the CLI commands upon receiving a prompt. Telnet Connection Telnet is a terminal emulation TCP/IP protocol. RS-232 terminals can be virtually connected to the local device through a TCP/IP protocol network. Telnet is an alternative to a local login terminal, where a remote login is required. The device supports up to four simultaneous Telnet sessions. All CLI commands can be used over a Telnet session. If access is via a Telnet connection, ensure that the device has an IP address and that software has been downloaded to the device. To start a Telnet session: 1 Select Start > Run. The Run window opens. 2 Type cmd. The cmd window opens. 3 In the cmd window, type Telnet . The Telnet session begins.72 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGAdvanced Configuration.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Retrieving an IP Address Receiving an IP Address from a DHCP Server When using the DHCP protocol to retrieve an IP address, the device acts as a DHCP client. When the device is reset, the DHCP command is saved in the configuration file, but the IP address is not. To retrieve an IP address from a DHCP server, perform the following steps: 1 Select and connect any port to a DHCP server or to a subnet that has a DHCP server on it. 2 Type the following commands to use the selected port for receiving the IP address. a Assigning dynamic IP Addresses on a port: b Assigning a dynamic IP Addresses on a VLAN: The interface receives the IP address automatically. console# configure console(config)# interface gi1/0/1 console(config-if)# ip address dhcp console# configure console(config)# interface vlan 1 console(config-if)# ip address dhcpDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 73 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGAdvanced Configuration.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY 3 To verify the IP address, type show ip interface at the system prompt, as shown in the following example. When configuring/receiving IP addresses through DHCP and BOOTP (an older version of DHCP), the configuration received from these servers includes the IP address and may include the subnet mask and default gateway. NOTE: It is not necessary to delete the device configuration to retrieve an IP address from the DHCP server. NOTE: When copying configuration files, avoid using a configuration file that contains an instruction to enable DHCP on an interface that connects to the same DHCP server, or to one with an identical configuration. In this instance, the device retrieves the new configuration file and boots from it. The device then enables DHCP, as instructed in the new configuration file, and the DHCP instructs it to reload the same file. NOTE: If you configure a DHCP IP address, this address is dynamically retrieved, and the ip address dhcp command is saved in the configuration file. In the event of master failure, the backup will again attempt to retrieve a DHCP address. This could result in one of the following: • The same IP address may be assigned. • A different IP address may be assigned, which could result in loss of connectivity to the management station. • The DHCP server may be down, which would result in IP address retrieval failure, and possible loss of connectivity to the management station. Receiving an IP Address From a BOOTP Server The standard BOOTP protocol is supported and enables the device to automatically download its IP host configuration from any standard BOOTP server in the network. In this case, the device acts as a BOOTP client. console# show ip interface IP Address I/F Type Directed Precedence Status Broadcast ----------------- --------- -------- -------- -------- ----- 0.0.0.0/32 gi2/0/1 DHCP disable No Valid 10.5.234.232/24 vlan 1 Static disable No Valid74 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGAdvanced Configuration.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY To retrieve an IP address from a BOOTP server: 1 Select and connect any port to a BOOTP server or subnet containing such a server. 2 At the system prompt, enter the delete startup configuration command to delete the Startup Configuration from flash. The device reboots with no configuration and in 60 seconds starts sending BOOTP requests. The device receives the IP address automatically. NOTE: When the device reboot begins, any input at the ASCII terminal or keyboard automatically cancels the BOOTP process before completion and the device does not receive an IP address from the BOOTP server. The following example illustrates the process: To display the IP address, enter the show ip interface command. The device is now configured with an IP address. console> enable console# delete startup-config Startup file was deleted console# reload You haven’t saved your changes. Are you sure you want to continue (Y/N) [N]? This command will reset the whole system and disconnect your current session. Do you want to continue (Y/N) [N]? ************************************************ /* the device reboots */Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 75 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGAdvanced Configuration.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Security Management and Password Configuration System security is handled through the Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting (AAA) mechanism that manages user access rights, privileges, and management methods. AAA uses both local and remote user databases. Data encryption is handled through the SSH mechanism. Passwords can be configured for the following services: • Terminal • Telnet • SSH • HTTP • HTTPS NOTE: When creating a user name, the default priority is 1, which provides access but not configuration rights. A priority of 15 must be set to enable access and configuration rights to the device. Although user names can be assigned privilege level 15 without a password, it is recommended to always assign a password. If there is no specified password, privileged users can access the Web interface with any password. NOTE: Passwords can be secured by using password management commands to force aging out of passwords, or expiration of passwords. For more information, see "Management Security" on page 261. Initial Configuration and Password Recovery The system is delivered without a default password, and all passwords must be defined by the user. If a user-defined password is lost, a password recovery procedure can be invoked from the Startup menu. This procedure is applicable for the local terminal only and enables a single access to the device from the local terminal with no password entered. The full mode of password recovery mechanism can be enabled/disabled through the CLI (service password-recovery command). This affects password recovery in the following way: • Enabled: When the password-recovery mechanism is invoked, one-time access to the device without a password is enabled and all configuration and user files are retained.76 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGAdvanced Configuration.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY • Disabled: When the password-recovery mechanism is invoked, one-time access to the device without a password is stilled enabled, however all configuration files (startup and backups) are removed and the following log message is generated to the terminal after boot process completed: “All configuration and user files were removed” Configuring an Initial Terminal Password To configure an initial terminal password, enter the following commands: Configuring an Initial Telnet Password To configure an initial Telnet password, enter the following commands: console(config)# aaa authentication login default line console(config)# aaa authentication enable default line console(config)# line console console(config-line)# login authentication default console(config-line)# enable authentication default console(config-line)# password george console(config)# aaa authentication login default line console(config)# aaa authentication enable default line console(config)# line telnet console(config-line)# login authentication default console(config-line)# enable authentication default console(config-line)# password bobDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 77 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGAdvanced Configuration.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Configuring an Initial SSH Password To configure an initial SSH password, enter the following commands: Configuring an Initial HTTP Password To configure an initial HTTP password, enter the following commands: Configuring an Initial HTTPS Password To configure an initial HTTPS password, enter the following commands: Enter the following commands once when configuring use of a terminal, a Telnet, or an SSH session, for an HTTPS session. NOTE: In the Web browser, enable SSL 2.0 or greater for the page content to be displayed. NOTE: HTTP and HTTPS services require privilege level 15 access and connect directly to the configuration level access. console(config)# aaa authentication login default line console(config)# aaa authentication enable default line console(config)# line ssh console(config-line)# login authentication default console(config-line)# enable authentication default console(config-line)# password jones console(config)# ip http authentication aaa loginauthentication local console(config)# username admin password user1 privilege 15 console(config)# ip http authentication aaa loginauthentication local console(config)# username admin password user1 privilege 15 console(config)# crypto certificate 1 generate keygenerate console(config)# ip http secure-server78 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGAdvanced Configuration.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Configuring Login Banners Banners can be defined for each line, such as console and telnet) or for all lines. They are disabled by default. The following types of banners can be defined: • Message-of-the-Day Banner (motd) — Displayed when the user connects to the device, before login. The following defines a message-of-the-day for the console: console# configure console(config)# line console console(config-line)# motd-banner console(config-line)# exit console (config)# banner motd * Welcome* console# do show banner motd Welcome Would you like to enable this banner to all lines? (Y/N)[Y] Y console(config)#Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 79 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGAdvanced Configuration.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY • Login Banner— Displayed after the Message-of-the-Day Banner, and before the user has logged in. The following defines a login banner for the console: • Exec Banner — Displayed after successful login (in all privileged levels and in all authentication methods). The following defines an exec banner for the console: console# configure console(config)# line console console(config-line)# login-banner console(config-line)# exit console (config)# banner login * Please log in* console# do show banner login Would you like to enable this banner to all lines? (Y/N)[Y] Y Please log in console# configure console(config)# line console console(config-line)# exec-banner console(config-line)# exit console (config)# banner exec * Successfully logged in* Would you like to enable this banner to all lines? (Y/N)[Y] Y console# do show banner exec Successfully logged in80 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGAdvanced Configuration.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Startup Menu Procedures The Startup menu enables performing various tasks, such as software download, flash handling and password recovery. You can enter the Startup menu when booting the device. User input must be entered immediately after the POST test. To enter the Startup menu: • Turn the power on. After the auto-boot messages appear, the following menu is displayed: The following sections describe the available Startup menu options. NOTE: When selecting an option from the Startup menu, take time-out into account. If no selection is made within 10 seconds (default), the device times out. This default value can be changed through the CLI. Download Software - Option[1] The software download procedure is used to replace corrupted files or upgrade system software, when the device does not have IP connectivity or when both software images of the device are corrupted and therefore you cannot use the web-based management system. NOTE: it is highly recommended that, before loading via xmodem, the baud rate of the device and terminal be set to 115200. Startup Menu [1]Download Software [2]Erase Flash File [3]Password Recovery Procedure [4]Set Terminal Baud-Rate [5]Stack menu [6]BackDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 81 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGAdvanced Configuration.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY To download software through the Startup menu: 1 From the Startup menu, press [1]. The following prompt is displayed: 2 When using the HyperTerminal, click Transfer on the HyperTerminal Menu Bar and select Send File. 3 In the Filename field, enter the file path for the file to be downloaded. 4 Ensure that the Xmodem protocol is selected in the Protocol field. 5 Press Send. The software is downloaded. NOTE: After software download, the device reboots automatically. Erase FLASH File - Option[2] In some cases, the device Startup Configuration file must be erased. If the configuration is erased, all parameters configured via CLI, web-management or SNMP must be reconfigured. To erase the device configuration in the Startup Configuration file: 1 From the Startup menu, select [2]. The following message is displayed: Warning! About to erase a Flash file. Are you sure (Y/N)? 2 Press Y. The following message is displayed. Write Flash file name (Up to 8 characters, Enter for none.): 3 Enter config ("config" is the standard name for the Startup configuration file although you can use any name). The following is displayed: Downloading code using XMODEM !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! File config (if present) will be erased after system initialization ======== Press Enter To Continue ========82 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGAdvanced Configuration.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY The configuration is erased when the system is reset. Password Recovery - Option[3] If a password is lost, the Password Recovery procedure can be called from the Startup menu. The procedure enables entry to the device a single time without entering a password. To recover a lost password when entering the local terminal only: 1 From the Startup menu, select [3]. 2 Continue the regular startup by logging in without a password. 3 Enter a new password or press 'ESC' to exit. NOTE: To ensure device security, reconfigure passwords for applicable management methods. Set Terminal Baud-Rate - Option[4] To set the terminal baud-rate: 1 Type [4] and press . 2 Enter the new baud rate. The following is displayed: Note that after this step, your terminal will no longer respond. Adjust your terminal speed to the configured one. Stack Menu - Option[5] To configure the stack, type [5] and press . For more information, see "Assigning Unit IDs" on page 50. Set new device baud-rate: 38,400Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 83 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGAdvanced Configuration.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Software Download This section contains instructions for downloading device software (system and boot images) through a TFTP server or USB port. The TFTP server must be configured before downloading the software. Software Auto Synch in Stack When several units are stacked, they must all run the same software version. When a new slave device is inserted into the stack, it is first checked for compatibility (meaning that the master can run firmware upgrade/downgrade to the slave unit), and if found compatible, its boot and image software versions are automatically updated with the Master’s. If the slave is found not compatible, it is shutdown. A SYSLOG message is sent when a master synchronizes a slave's software. System Image Download When the device boots, it decompresses the system image from the flash memory area and runs it. When a new image is downloaded, it is saved in the other area allocated for the other system image copy. On the next boot, the device decompresses and runs the image from the currently active system image. A system image can be downloaded through a USB port or a TFTP server. To download the system image from a TFTP server, ensure that an IP address is configured on one of the device ports and pings can be sent to the TFTP server. In addition, ensure that the file to be downloaded is saved on the TFTP server. To download a system image through the USB port or TFTP server: 1 Enter the show version command, to verify which software version is currently running on the device. The following is an example of the information that appears: Unit SW version Boot version HW version ------ ------------------- ------------------- -------- 2 1.0.0.24 1.0.0.11 console#84 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGAdvanced Configuration.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY 2 Enter the show bootvar command, to verify which system image is currently active. The following is an example of the information that is displayed: 3 Enter the one of the following commands to copy a new system image to the current unit: – copy {tftp://|usb://}{tftp address}/{file name} image (current unit) or To copy a new system image to all units in the stack: – copy tftp://{tftp address}/{file name} unit://*/image 4 When the new image is downloaded, it is saved in the area allocated for the other copy of system image (image-2, as shown in the example). The following is an example of the information that appears: Exclamation symbols indicate that a copying process is in progress. Each symbol (!) corresponds to 512 bytes transferred successfully. A period indicates that the copying process is timed out. Many periods in a row indicate that the copying process failed. console# show bootvar Unit Image Filename Version Date Status ---- ----- --------- --------- --------------------- --------- 2 1 image-1 1.0.0.13 04-Aug-2010 08:27:30 Active* 2 2 image-2 1.0.0.12 29-Jul-2010 17:02:26 Not active console# console# copy tftp://176.215.31.3/file1.ros image Accessing file ‘file1’ on 176.215.31.3Ö Loading file1 from 176.215.31.3: !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Copy took 00:01:11 [hh:mm:ss]Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 85 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGAdvanced Configuration.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY 5 Select the image for the next boot by entering the boot system command. After this command, enter the show bootvar command to verify that the copy indicated as a parameter in the boot system command is selected for the next boot. The following is an example of the information that appears: If the image for the next boot is not selected by entering the boot system command, the system boots from the currently active image. 6 Enter the reload command. The following message is displayed: 7 Enter Y. The device reboots. Boot Image Download Loading a new boot image from the TFTP server or USB port, updates the boot image. The boot image is loaded when the device is powered on. A user has no control over the boot image copies. To download a boot image through the TFTP server: console# boot system image-2 console# show bootvar Images currently available on the Flash Image-1 active Image-2 not active (selected for next boot) console# reload This command will reset the whole system and disconnect your current session. Do you want to continue (y/n) [n]?86 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGAdvanced Configuration.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY 1 Enter the show version command to verify which software version is currently running on the device. The following is an example of the information that appears: 2 Enter the copy {tftp://|usb://}{tftp address}/{file name} boot command to copy the boot image to the device. The following is an example of the information that appears: 3 Enter the reload command. The following message is displayed: 4 Enter Y. The device reboots. console# show version Unit SW version Boot version HW version ----- -------------- ----------------- ---------- 2 1.0.0.24 1.0.0.11 console# console# copy tftp://50.1.1.7/contax-10014.ros image 01-Oct-2006 11:57:35 %COPY-I-FILECPY: Files Copy - source URL tftp://50.1.1.7/contax-10014.ros destination URL flash://image !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! 01-Sep-2010 11:57:38 %INIT-I-Startup: Cold Startup !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! 01-Sep-2010 11:59:05 %COPY-N-: The copy operation was completed successfully! Copy: 5954757 bytes copied in 00:01:30 [hh:mm:ss] console# reload This command will reset the whole system and disconnect your current session. Do you want to continue (Y/N) [N]?Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 87 DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY 7 Using Dell OpenManage Administrator This section provides an introduction to the Dell OpenManage Switch Administrator user interface. It contains the following topics: • Starting the Application • Understanding the Interface • Using the Switch Administrator Buttons • Field Definitions • Common GUI Features • CLI Commands88 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGAdmin.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Starting the Application NOTE: Before starting the application the IP address must be defined. For more information, see "Accessing the Device Through the CLI" on page 71. 1 Open a web browser. 2 Enter the device’s IP address in the address bar and press . 3 When the Log In window displays, enter a user name and password. NOTE: Passwords are both case sensitive and alpha-numeric. 4 Click OK. The Dell OpenManage Switch Administrator home page displays. Understanding the Interface The home page contains the following views: • Tree view — Located on the left side of the home page, the tree view provides an expandable view of the features and their components. The branches in the tree view can be expanded to view all the components under a specific feature, or retracted to hide the feature's components. By dragging the vertical bar to the right, the tree area can be expanded to display the full name of a component. • Device View — Located in on the top center of the home page, the device view provides information about device ports, current configuration and status, table information, and feature components. For further information, see "Device Representation" on page 89 • Components List — Located in the bottom center of the home page, contains a list of the feature components. When a feature is expanded, the GUI page for that feature is displayed. • Information Buttons— Located at the top of the home page, provide access to information about the device and access to Dell Support. For more information, see "Information Buttons" on page 91.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 89 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGAdmin.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Device Representation The home page contains a graphical representation of the units in the stack’s front panels. Figure 7-1 displays the 5548 model, but the display for the other models are similar. Figure 7-1. PowerConnect Device Port Indicators The graphic display on the home page displays the Unit ID and port indicators that specify whether a specific port is currently active. Table 7-1 describes the port colors that are displayed and their meaning: Table 7-1. Port Colors NOTE: For more information about LEDs, see "LED Definitions" on page 40. To configure a port double-click on its icon. Only ports that are physically present are displayed in the PowerConnect OpenManage Switch Administrator home page, and can be configured through the web management system. Non-present ports can be configured through the CLI or SNMP interfaces. Port Representation Ports are referred to in the notation: [gi/te]x/0/z, where: Component Description Amber The port is currently connected at 100 Mbps. Green The port is currently connected at 1000 Mbps Grey The port is currently disconnected Stacking Unit ID Giga Ports (odd numbered) Giga Ports (even numbered)90 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGAdmin.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY • gi—Giga port • te —Ten Giga port • x — Unit ID • z — Port numberDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 91 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGAdmin.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Using the Switch Administrator Buttons This section describes the buttons found on the OpenManage Switch Administrator interface. Information Buttons Table 7-2 describes the information buttons that provide access to online support and online help, as well as information about the OpenManage Switch Administrator interfaces. These are displayed at the top of each page. Device Management Icons Table 7-3 describes the device management buttons. Table 7-2. Information Buttons Button Description Support Opens the Dell Support page at support.dell.com About Contains the version and build number and Dell copyright information. Logout Opens the Log Out window. Table 7-3. Device Management Icons Button Icon Description Apply&Save Saves changes to the Running and Startup Configuration files. Help Open online help. The online help pages are context-sensitive. For example, if the IP Addressing page is open, the help topic for that page is displayed when Help is clicked. Print Prints the Network Management System page and/or table information.92 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGAdmin.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Refresh Refreshes device information from the Running Configuration file. Table 7-3. Device Management Icons (Continued)Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 93 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGAdmin.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Field Definitions Fields that are user-defined can contain between 1–159 characters, unless otherwise noted on the OpenManage Switch Administrator web page. All letters or characters can be used, except the following: "\ / : * ? < >" Common GUI Features Table 7-4 describes the common functions that can be performed on many GUI pages. Table 7-4. Common GUI Elements Button Description Apply Save changes entered in GUI page to the Running Configuration file. Back Go to previous page. Cancel Cancel changes entered in GUI page. Clear All Counters Delete counters. Clear Counters Delete selected counters. Clear Log Delete entries from log. Clear Statistics Delete statistics. Copy parameters from Copy the parameters from a selected row to the selected target rows. Copy parameters from port Copy the parameters from a selected port to the selected target ports. Details Shows further details relevant to the current page. Next Go to next page. Query Run a query after query criteria have been entered. Remove Remove checked elements in the page. If Select All is selected, all elements are removed. Reset All Counters Delete all counters. Restore Defaults Restores parameters entered in page to default values.94 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGAdmin.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY GUI Terms Each GUI page in the tree view is described in the following sections. A brief introduction is provided along with steps specifying how to enter information in the page. The following terms are used: • Enter — Indicates that information may be entered in the field. It does not imply that the field is mandatory. • Select —Indicates that information may be selected from a drop-down list or from radio buttons. • Displays —Indicates that the field is display only. CLI Commands There are certain command entry conventions that apply to all commands. The following table describes these conventions. Table 7-5. Common GUI Elements Telnet Opens a Telnet window. This only works in the Explorer 6 and Firefox browsers. Button Description [ ] In a command line, square brackets indicate an optional entry.. { } In a command line, curly brackets indicate a selection of compulsory parameters separated by the | character. One option must be selected. For example: flowcontrol {auto|on|off} means that for the flowcontrol command either auto, on, or off must be selected. Italic Font Indicates a parameter value. Bold Italic Font Indicates a parameter key word. Any individual key on the keyboard. For example click . Table 7-4. Common GUI Elements (Continued) Button DescriptionDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 95 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGAdmin.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Ctrl+F4 Any combination of keys clicked simultaneously, for example: Ctrl and F4. Screen Display Indicates system messages and prompts appearing on the console. all When a parameter is required to define a range of ports or parameters and all is an option, the default for the command is all when no parameters are defined. For example, the command interface range port-channel has the option of either entering a range of channels, or selecting all. When the command is entered without a parameter, it automatically defaults to all. Button Description96 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGAdmin.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLYDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 97 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY 8 Network Security This section describes the various mechanisms for providing security on the switch. It contains the following topics: • Port Security • ACLs • ACL Binding • Proprietary Protocol Filtering • Absolute Time Range • Time Range Recurrence • Dot1x Authentication98 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Port Security Network security can be enhanced by limiting access on a port to users with specific MAC addresses. The MAC addresses can be dynamically learned, or they can be statically configured. Port security has the following modes: • Classic Lock — Locked port security monitors both received and learned packets that are received on specific ports. Access to the locked port is limited to users with specific MAC addresses. These addresses are either manually defined on the port, or learned on that port before it was locked. • Limited Dynamic Lock — When a packet is received on a locked port, and the packet’s source MAC address is not tied to that port (either it was learned on a different port, or it is unknown to the system), a protection mechanism, which provides various options is invoked. Unauthorized packets arriving to a locked port are either: – Forwarded – Discarded with no trap – Discarded with a trap – The port is shutdown Locked port security enables storing a list of MAC addresses in the configuration file. The MAC addresses are restored when the device is reset. Disabled ports can be activated from the Port Configuration page. Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 99 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY To configure port security: 1 Click Switching > Network Security > Port Security to display the Port Security: Summary page. Figure 8-1. Port Security: Summary Security parameters are displayed for all ports or LAGs, depending on the selected interface type. 2 To modify the security parameters for a port, select it, and click Edit. 3 Enter the following fields: – Interface — Select the interface to be configured. – Current Port Status — Displays the current port status. – Set Port — Select to either lock or unlock the port. – Learning Mode — Set the locked port type. The Learning Mode field is enabled only if Locked is selected in the Set Port field. The possible options are: • Classic Lock — Locks the port using the classic lock mechanism. The port is immediately locked, regardless of the number of addresses that have already been learned. 100 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY • Limited Dynamic Lock — Locks the port by deleting the dynamic MAC addresses associated with the port. The port learns up to the maximum addresses allowed on the port. Both relearning and aging MAC addresses are enabled. – Max Entries (0-128) — Enter the maximum number of MAC addresses that can be learned on the port. The Max Entries field is enabled only if Locked is selected in the Set Port field, and the Limited Dynamic Lock mode is selected in Learning Mode field. – Action on Violation — Select the action to be applied to packets arriving on a locked port. The possible options are: • Discard — Discard the packets from any unlearned source. • Forward — Forward the packets from an unknown source, without learning the MAC address. • Shutdown — Discard the packet from any unlearned source, and shut down the port. Ports remain shutdown until they are reactivated, or the device is reset. – Trap — Enable/disable traps being sent when a packet is received on a locked port. – Trap Frequency (1-1000000) — Enter the amount of time (in seconds) between traps. Configuring Port Security Using CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for configuring port security. . Table 8-1. Port Security CLI Commands CLI Command Description set interface active {[gigabitethernet|tengigabitethern et] interface|port-channel LAGnumber} Reactivates an interface that is shutdown due to port security reasons.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 101 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY port security max {max-addr} no port security max Specifies the maximum number of MAC addresses that can be learned on the port. Use the no form of this command to restore the default port security mode {lock | maxaddresses } no port security mode Configures the port security learning mode. Use the no form of this command to restore the default configuration. port security [forward | discard | discard-shutdown] [trap seconds] no port security Enables port security on an interface. Use the no form of this command to disable port security on an interface. port security [forward|discard|discard-shutdown] [trap seconds] no port security Configures port security on an interface. Use the no form of this command to disable port security. show ports security [[gigabitethernet|tengigabitethern et] port-number ]|port-channel LAG-number] Displays lock status of specified interface or of all interfaces. Table 8-1. Port Security CLI Commands (Continued) CLI Command Description102 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY The following is an example of the CLI commands: console # show ports security Port Status Learning Action Maximum Trap Frequency ------- -------- -------- -------- ------- ---- --------- gi1/0/1 Disabled Max-Addresses - 10 - - gi1/0/2 Disabled Lock - 1 - - gi1/0/3 Disabled Lock - 1 - - gi1/0/4 Disabled Lock - 1 - - gi1/0/5 Disabled Lock - 1 - - gi1/0/6 Disabled Lock - 1 - - gi1/0/7 Disabled Lock - 1 - - gi1/0/8 Disabled Lock - 1 - - gi1/0/9 Disabled Lock - 1 - - gi1/0/10Disabled Lock - 1 - - gi1/0/11Disabled Lock - 1 - - gi1/0/12Disabled Lock - 1 - -Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 103 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY ACLs This section describes Access Control Lists (ACLs), which enable defining classification actions and rules for specific ingress or egress ports. It contains the following topics: • ACL Overview • MAC-Based ACLs • MAC-Based ACEs • IPv4-Based ACLs • IPv4-Based ACEs • IPv6-Based ACLs • IPv6-Based ACEs ACL Overview Access Control Lists (ACLs) enable network managers to define classification actions and rules for specific ingress or egress ports. Packets entering an ingress or egress port, with an active ACL, are either admitted or denied entry. If entry is denied, the ingress or egress port may be disabled, for example, a network administrator defines an ACL rule that states that port number 20 can receive TCP packets, however, if a UDP packet is received, the packet is dropped. ACLs are composed of Access Control Entries (ACEs) that are rules that determine traffic classifications. Each ACE is a single rule, and up to 256 rules may be defined on each ACL, and up to 3000 rules globally. Rules are not only used for user configuration purposes, they are also used for features like DHCP Snooping, Protocol Group VLAN and iSCSI, so that not all 3000 rules are available for ACEs. It is expected that there will be at least 2000 rules available. If there are fewer rules available, this may be due to DHCP Snooping or iSCSI optimization. Reduce the number of entries in DHCP Snooping or reduce the max number of TCP connections in the iSCSI configuration in order to free rules for ACEs. The following types of ACLs can be defined: • MAC-based ACL — Examines Layer 2 fields only • IPv4-based ACL —Examines the Layer 3 layer of IPv4 frames104 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY • IPv6-based ACL —Examines the Layer 3 layer of IPv6 frames MAC-Based ACLs To define a MAC-based ACL: 1 Click Switching > Network Security > MAC Based ACL to display the MAC Based ACL: Summary page. Figure 8-2. MAC Based ACL: Summary The currently-defined MAC-based ACLs are displayed. 2 To add a new ACL, click Add ACL, and enter the name of the new ACL.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 105 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Configuring MAC-Based ACLs Using CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for configuring MAC-based ACLs. The following is an example of some of the CLI commands: Table 8-2. MAC Based ACL CLI Commands CLI Command Description mac access-list extended aclname no mac access-list extended aclname Defines an ACL and places the device in MAC-extended ACL configuration mode. Use the no form of this command to remove the ACL. show interfaces access-lists Displays access lists applied on interfaces. console# show access-lists Extended IP access list ACL1 permit 234 172.30.40.1 0.0.0.0 any permit 234 172.30.8.8 0.0.0.0 any106 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY MAC-Based ACEs To add rules to an ACL: 1 Click Switching > Network Security > MAC Based ACE to display the MAC Based ACE: Summary page. Figure 8-3. MAC Based ACE: Summary The currently-defined rules for the selected ACL are displayed. 2 To add a rule click Add ACE. 3 Select the ACL for which a rule is being created. 4 Enter the fields: – New Rule Priority — Enter the priority of the ACE. ACEs with higher priority are processed first. One is the highest priority – Source MAC Address — Match the source MAC address from which packets have arrived to this source address. In addition to the Source MAC address, you can enter a Wildcard Mask that specifies which bits in the source address are used for matching and which bits are ignored. A wildcard of 00:00:00:00:00:00 means the bits must be matched exactly; ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff means the bits are irrelevant. Any combination of 0s and ffs can be used. – Any — Check to indicate that the source address is not matched.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 107 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY – Dest. MAC Address — Match the destination MAC address to which packets are addressed to this address. In addition to the Destination MAC address, you can enter a Wildcard Mask that specifies which bits in the source address are used for matching and which bits are ignored. A wildcard of 00:00:00:00:00:00 means the bits must be matched exactly; ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff means the bits are irrelevant. Any combination of 0s and ffs can be used. – Any — Check to indicate that the destination address is not matched. – VLAN ID — Match the packet’s VLAN ID to this VLAN ID. The possible VLAN IDs are 1 to 4095. – CoS — Match the packet’s CoS value to this CoS value. – Cos Mask — Match the packet’s CoS value to one of these CoS values. – Ether type — Match the packet’s Ethertype to this one. – Time Range Name — Check to associate a time range with the ACE. Select one of the time ranges defined in the Time Range page. – Action — Select the action taken upon a match. The following options are available: • Permit — Forward packets that meet the ACL criteria. • Deny — Drop packets that meet the ACL criteria. • Shutdown — Drop packets that meet the ACL criteria, and disable the port to which the packet was addressed. – Logging of Dropped Packets — Check to activate logging of dropped packets. 108 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Configuring MAC-Based ACEs Using CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for configuring MACbased ACEs. The following is an example of some of the CLI commands: Table 8-3. MAC Based ACE CLI Commands CLI Command Description permit {any|source-ip-address source-wildcard} {any|destination destinationwildcard} [eth-type 0|aarp|amber|decspanning|decnetiv|diagnostic|dsm|etype-6000] [vlan vlan-id] [cos cos coswildcard] [time-range timerange-name] Sets permit conditions for an MAC access list (in MAC ACL configuration mode). deny {any|source sourcewildcard} {any|destination destination-wildcard} [eth-type 0|aarp|amber|decspanning|decnet-iv | diagnostic |dsm|etype-6000] [vlan vlan-id] [cos cos cos-wildcard] [timerange time-range-name][disableport|log-input] Sets deny conditions for an MAC access list. console(config)# mac access-list extended server1 console(config-mac-al)# permit 00:00:00:00:00:01 00:00:00:00:00:ff anyDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 109 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY IPv4-Based ACLs To define an IPv4-based ACL: 1 Click Switching > Network Security > IPv4 Based ACL to display the IPv4 Based ACL: Summary page. Figure 8-4. IPv4 Based ACL: Summary The previously-defined IPv4 ACLs are displayed. 2 To add a new ACL, click Add ACL. 3 Enter the name of the new ACL. Names are case-sensitive.110 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Configuring IP-based ACLs Using CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for configuring IP-based ACLs. The following is an example of some of the CLI commands: IPv4-Based ACEs To add a rule to an ACL: 1 Click Switching > Network Security > IPv4 Based ACE to display the IPv4 Based ACE page. Figure 8-5. IPv4 Based ACE: Summary Table 8-4. IP-Based ACL CLI Commands CLI Command Description ip access-list extended aclname no ip access-list extended aclname Defines an IPv4 access list and places the device in IPv4 access list configuration mode Use the no form of this command to remove the access list. console(config)# ip access-list extended server-aclDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 111 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY The currently-defined rules for the selected ACL are displayed. 2 To add a rule, click Add ACE. 3 Select a user-defined ACL, and enter the following fields: – New ACE Priority (1-2147483647) —Enter the priority of the ACE. ACEs with higher priority are processed first. One is the highest priority. – Protocol Select From List — Select to create an ACE, based on a specific protocol. The following options are available: • ICMP — Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP). The ICMP enables the gateway or destination host to communicate with the source host, for example, to report a processing error. • IGMP — Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP). Enables hosts to notify their local switch or router that they want to receive transmissions assigned to a specific multicast group. • IPinIP — IP in IP. Encapsulates IP packets to create tunnels between two routers. This ensures that IPIP tunnel appears as a single interface, rather than several separate interfaces. IPIP enables tunnel intranets occur the internet, and provides an alternative to source routing. • TCP — Transmission Control Protocol (TCP). Enables two hosts to communicate and exchange data streams. TCP guarantees packet delivery, and guarantees that packets are transmitted and received in the order they are sent. • EGP — Exterior Gateway Protocol (EGP). Permits exchanging routing information between two neighboring gateway hosts in an autonomous systems network. • IGP — Interior Gateway Protocol (IGP). Enables for routing information exchange between gateways in an autonomous network. • UDP — User Datagram Protocol (UDP). Communication protocol that transmits packets but does not guarantee their delivery.112 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY • HMP — Host Mapping Protocol (HMP). Collects network information from various networks hosts. HMP monitors hosts spread over the internet as well as hosts in a single network. • RDP — Reliable Data Protocol (RDP). provide a reliable data transport service for packet-based applications. • IDPR— Matches the packet to the IDPR protocol. • IDRP— Matches the packet to the Inter-Domain Routing Protocol (IDRP). • RVSP — Matches the packet to the ReSerVation Protocol (RSVP). • AH — Authentication Header (AH). Provides source host authentication and data integrity. • EIGRP — Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP). Provides fast convergence, support for variable-length subnet mask, and supports multiple network layer protocols. • OSPF — The Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) protocol is a link-state, hierarchical interior gateway protocol (IGP) for network routing Layer Two (2) Tunneling Protocol, an extension to the PPP protocol that enables ISPs to operate Virtual Private Networks (VPNs). • IPIP — IP over IP (IPinIP). Encapsulates IP packets to create tunnels between two routers. This ensures that IPIP tunnel appears as a single interface, rather than several separate interfaces. IPIP enables tunnel intranets occur the internet, and provides an alternative to source routing. • PIM — Matches the packet to Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM). • L2TP— Matches the packet to Internet Protocol (L2IP). • ISIS — Intermediate System - Intermediate System (ISIS). Distributes IP routing information throughout a single autonomous system in IP networks. – Protocol ID To Match— Enter a protocol number if you did not select a protocol by name. – Any(IP) — Check to use any protocol. Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 113 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY – Source Port (0 - 65535) — Enter the TCP/UDP source port. Enter either Single, Range or select Any to include all ports. – Destination Port (0 - 65535) — Enter the TCP/UDP destination port. Enter either a Single, Range or select Any to include all ports. – Source IP Address — Enter the source IP address to which addresses in the packet are compared. • Wildcard Mask —In addition to the Source MAC address, you can enter a mask that specifies which bits in the source address are used for matching and which bits are ignored. A wildcard of 0.0.0.0 means the bits must be matched exactly in addition to the IP source address; ff.ff.ff.ff means the bits are irrelevant. Any combination of 0s and ffs can be used. • Any — Check to indicate that the source address is not matched. – Dest. IP Address — Enter the destination IP address to which addresses in the packet are compared. • Wildcard Mask —In addition to the Destination MAC address, you can enter a mask that specifies which bits in the source address are used for matching and which bits are ignored. A wildcard of 0.0.0.0 means the bits must be matched exactly in addition to the IP destination address; ff.ff.ff.ff means the bits are irrelevant. Any combination of 0s and ffs can be used. • Any — Check to indicate that the destination address is not matched. – TCP Flags — To use TCP flags, check the TCP Flag checkbox and then check the desired flag(s). – ICMP — Specifies an ICMP message type for filtering ICMP packets. This field is available only when ICMP is selected in the Protocol field. The following options are available: • Select from List — Select an ICMP type from the list. • ICMP Type — Enter the ICMP type. • Any — Check to use all ICMP types.114 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY – ICMP Code — Enter an ICMP message code for filtering ICMP packets that are filtered by ICMP message type or ICMP message code. This field is available only when ICMP is selected in the Protocol field. The following options are available: • ICMP Code — Enter an ICMP code. • Any — Check to use all ICMP codes. – IGMP — IGMP packets can be filtered by IGMP message type. This field is available only when IGMP is selected in the Protocol field. The following options are available: • Select from List — Select an IGMP message type from the list. • IGMP Type — Enter the IGMP message type. • Any — Check to use all IGMP message types. – Classification — Select one of the following matching options: • Match DSCP(0-63) — Matches the packet DSCP value to the ACL. • Match IP Precedence(0-7) — Check to enable matching IP-precedence with the packet IP-precedence value. IPprecedence enables marking frames that exceed the CIR threshold. In a congested network, frames containing a higher DP value are discarded before frames with a lower DP value. If this field is checked, enter a value to be matched. – Time Range Name — Check to associate a time range with the ACE. Select one of the time ranges defined in the Time Range page. – Action — Select the ACL forwarding action. The following options are available: • Permit — Forward packets which meet the ACL criteria. • Deny — Drop packets which meet the ACL criteria. • Shutdown — Drop packet that meet the ACL criteria, and disable the port to which the packet was addressed. – Logging of Dropped Packets — Check to activate logging of dropped packets. Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 115 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Configuring IP-based ACEs Using CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for configuring IP-based ACLs. Table 8-5. IP-Based ACE CLI Commands CLI Command Description permit protocol {any|source-ip-address source-wildcard} {any|destination-ipaddress destination-wildcard} [dscp number|precedence number] [time-range time-range-name] permit icmp {any|source-ip-address sourcewildcard} {any|destination-ip-address destination-wildcard} [any|icmptype][any|icmp-code]] [dscp number|precedence number] [time-range time-range-name] permit igmp {any|source-ip-address sourcewildcard} {any|destination-ip-address destination-wildcard}[igmp-type] [dscp number|precedence number] [time-range time-range-name] permit tcp {any|source-ip-address sourcewildcard} {any|source-port/portrange}{any|destination-ip-address destination-wildcard} {any|destinationport/port-range } [dscp number|precedence number] [match-all list-of-flags] [timerange time-range-name] permit udp {any|source-ip-address sourcewildcard} {any|source-port|port-range} {any|destination-ip-address destinationwildcard} {any|destination-port/port-range } [dscp number|precedence number] [matchall time-range-name] [time-range timerange-name] Sets conditions to allow a packet to pass a named IP access list ( in access list configuration mode). The list of protocols is found above.116 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY The following is an example of some of the CLI commands: deny protocol {any|source-ip-address source-wildcard} {any|destination-ipaddress destination-wildcard} [dscp number|precedence number] [time-range time-range-name] [disable-port|log-input] deny icmp {any|source-ip-address sourcewildcard} {any|destination-ip-address destination-wildcard{any|icmp-type} {any|icmp-code} [dscp number|precedence number] [time-range time-range-name] [disable-port|log-input] deny igmp {any|source-ip-address sourcewildcard} {any|destination-ip-address destination-wildcard}[igmp-type] [dscp number|precedence number] [time-range time-range-name] [disable-port|log-input] deny tcp {any|source-ip-address sourcewildcard} {any|source-port|portrange}{any|destination-ip-address destination-wildcard} {any|destinationport/port-range } [dscp number|precedence number] [match-all list-of-flags] [timerange time-range-name] [disable-port|loginput] deny udp {any|source-ip-address sourcewildcard} {any|source-port|port-range} {any|destination-ip-address destinationwildcard} {any|destination-port|port-range } [dscp number|precedence number] [matchall time-range-name] [time-range timerange-name] [disable-port|log-input] Sets deny conditions for IPv4 access list (in access list configuration mode). console(config)# ip access-list extended server console(config-ip-al)# permit ip 1.1.1.0 0.0.0.255 1.1.2.0 0.0.0.0 Table 8-5. IP-Based ACE CLI Commands (Continued) CLI Command DescriptionDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 117 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY IPv6-Based ACLs The IPv6 Based ACL Page displays and enables the creation of IPv6 ACLs, which check pure IPv6-based traffic. IPv6 ACLs do not check IPv6-over-IPv4 or ARP packets. To define IPv6-based ACLs: 1 Click Switching > Network Security > IPv6 Based ACL to display the IPv6 Based ACL: Summary page. Figure 8-6. IPv6 Based ACL: Summary A list of all of the currently defined IPv6-based ACLs is displayed. 2 To add a new ACL, click Add ACL. 3 Enter the name of the new ACL. Names are case-sensitive.118 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Configuring IPv6-based ACLs Using CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for configuring IPv6-based ACLs. The following is an example of some of the CLI commands: IPv6-Based ACEs To add a rule to an IPv6-based ACL: 1 Click Switching > Network Security > IPv6 Based ACE to display the IPv6 ACE: Summary page. Figure 8-7. IPv6 Based ACE: Summary Table 8-6. IP-Based ACL CLI Commands CLI Command Description ipv6 access-list [access-listname] no ipv6 access-list [accesslist-name] Defines an IPv6 access list and places the device in IPv6 access list configuration mode Use the no form of this command to remove the access list. console(config)# ipv6 access-list server-aclDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 119 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY The currently-defined rules for the selected ACL are displayed. 2 To add a rule click Add ACE. 3 Select a user-defined ACL for which a rule is being created. 4 Enter the following fields: – New Rule Priority — Enter the ACE priority that determines which ACE is matched to a packet, based on a first match. – Protocol Select from List — Select to create an ACE, based on a specific protocol. The following options are available: • TCP — Transmission Control Protocol (TCP). Enables two hosts to communicate and exchange data streams. TCP guarantees packet delivery, and guarantees packets are transmitted and received in the order the are sent. • UDP — User Datagram Protocol (UDP). Communication protocol that transmits packets but does not guarantee their delivery. • ICMP — Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP). The ICMP allows the gateway or destination host to communicate with the source host. For example, to report a processing error. • IPV6 — Matches the packet to the IPV6 protocol. – Protocol ID To Match — Enter a protocol. – Any — Check to use any protocol. – Source Port — Enter the TCP/UDP source port. Enter either a Single, Range or select Any to include all ports. – Destination Port — Enter the TCP/UDP destination port. Enter either a Single, Range or select Any to include all ports. – TCP Flags — To use TCP flags, check the TCP Flag checkbox and then check the desired flag(s). – ICMP — Specifies an ICMP message type for filtering ICMP packets. This field is available only when ICMP is selected in the Protocol field. The following options are available: • Select from List — Select an ICMP type from the list. • ICMP Type — Enter the ICMP type.120 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY • Any — Check to use all ICMP types. – ICMP Code — Specifies an ICMP message code for filtering ICMP packets that are filtered by ICMP message type or ICMP message code. This field is available only when ICMP is selected in the Protocol field. The following options are available: • ICMP Code — Enter an ICMP code. • Any — Check to use all ICMP codes. – Source IP Address — Enter the source IP address to which addresses in the packet are compared. The following options are available: • Prefix Length —The number of bits that comprise the source IP address prefix of the subnetwork. • Any — Check to indicate that the source address is not matched. – Dest. IP Address — Enter the destination IP address to which addresses in the packet are compared. The following options are available: • Prefix Length —The number of bits that comprise the destination IP address prefix of the subnetwork. • Any — Check to indicate that the destination address is not matched. – Traffic Class — Select one of the following options: • Match DSCP — Matches the packet DSCP value to the ACL. • Match IP Precedence — Matches the IP-precedence with the packet IP-precedence value. IP-precedence enables marking frames that exceed CIR threshold. In a congested network, frames containing a higher DP value are discarded before frames with a lower DP value. – Time Range Name — Check to associate a time range with the ACE. Select one of the time ranges defined in the Time Range page. – Action — The ACL forwarding action. The following options are available: • Permit — Forwards packets that meet the ACL criteria. • Deny — Drops packets that meet the ACL criteria.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 121 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY – Shutdown — Drops packet that meet the ACL criteria, and disables the port to which the packet was addressed. – Logging of Dropped Packets — Check to activate logging of dropped packets. Configuring IP-based ACEs Using CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for configuring IP-based ACLs. Table 8-7. IP-Based ACE CLI Commands CLI Command Description permit protocol {any|{source-prefix/length }{any|destination- prefix/length } [dscp number|precedence number] [time-range time-range-name] permit icmp {any|{source-prefix/length }{any|destination-prefix/length } {any|icmp-type}{any|icmp-code} [dscp number|precedence number] [time-range time-range-name] permit tcp {any|{source-prefix/length } {any|source-port/port-range} }{any|destination prefix/length } {any|destination-port/port-range} [dscp number|precedence number] [match-all listof-flags] [time-range time-range-name] permit udp {any|{source-prefix/length }} {any|source-port|port-range} }{any|destination prefix/length } {any|destination-port/port-range} [dscp number|precedence number] [time-range time-range-name] Sets permit conditions for IPv6 access list.122 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY The following is an example of some of the CLI commands: deny protocol {any|{source-prefix/length }{any|destination-prefix|length} [dscp number|precedence number] [time-range time-range-name] [disable-port|log-input] deny icmp {any|{source-prefix/length }{any|destination-prefix/length } {any|icmp-type} {any|icmp-code} [dscp number|precedence number] [time-range time-range-name] [disable-port|log-input] deny tcp {any|{source-prefix/length } {any|source-port/port-range} }{any|destination-prefix/length} {any|destination-port/port-range} [dscp number|precedence number] [match-all listof-flags] [time-range time-range-name] [disable-port|log-input] deny udp {any|{source-prefix/length }} {any|source-port/port-range} }{any|destination-prefix|length} {any|destination-port/port-range} [dscp number|precedence number] [time-range time-range-name] [disable-port|log-input] Sets deny conditions for IPv4 access list (in Access List Configuration mode). console(config)# ipv6 access-list server console(config-ipv6-al)# permit tcp 3001::2/64 any any 80 Table 8-7. IP-Based ACE CLI Commands (Continued) CLI Command DescriptionDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 123 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY ACL Binding When an ACL is bound to an interface, all the rules that have been defined for the ACL are applied to that interface. Whenever an ACL is assigned on a port or LAG, flows from that ingress or egress interface that do not match the ACL, are matched to the default rule, which is to Drop unmatched packets. To change the default action for unmatched packets to an action other than Drop, do the following: • Add an additional ACE to the ACL with "Any" in all fields • Set its action other than Drop • Set the priority to the lowest in the ACL. To bind ACLs to interfaces: 1 Click Switching > Network Security > ACL Binding to display the ACL Binding: Summary page. Figure 8-8. ACL Binding: Summary The ports on the selected unit are displayed along with their associated ACLs.124 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY 2 To bind an ACL to an interface, select an interface and click Edit. 3 Select an ACL(s). You can select one of each type (MAC-based ACL, IPv4-based ACL or IPv6-based ACL) or one IPv4-based ACL and one IPv6-based ACL. Configuring ACL Bindings Using CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for configuring ACL Bindings. . The following is an example of some of the CLI commands: Table 8-8. ACL Bindings CLI Commands CLI Command Description service-acl input acl-name1 [acl-name2] no service-acl input Controls access to an interface Use the no form of the command to remove access control. show access-lists [acl-name] Displays access control lists (ACLs) configured on the switch. console(config)# mac access-list extended server console(config-mac-al)# permit 00:00:00:00:00:01 00:00:00:00:00:ff any console(config-mac-al)# exit console(config)# interface gi1/0/1 console(config-if)# service-acl input serverDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 125 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Proprietary Protocol Filtering Protocol filters are used to disallow receiving specific proprietary protocol packets through an interface. These can be enabled for specific ports. If a protocol filter is enabled on a port, you cannot enable a QoS ACL on this port. To configure Proprietary Protocol Filtering: 1 Click Switching > Network Security > Proprietary Protocol Filtering to display the Proprietary Protocol Filtering: Summary page. Figure 8-9. Proprietary Protocol Filtering: Summary A list of the ports and their filtered protocols is displayed. 2 Click Edit to modify the filtered protocols for a specific port. 3 Select a unit and an interface.126 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY 4 Move the required protocols from the Available Protocols list to the Filtered Protocols list. The following displays the protocols and the addresses that are blocked: Configuring Proprietary Protocol Filtering Using CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for setting fields in the Proprietary Protocol Filtering pages. Only one of the following CLI commands can be active on a port at the same time. To add other protocol filters, the command must be negated and then run again with all the required protocol names. . The following is an example of some of the CLI commands: Table 8-9. Protocol Filtering Protocol Destination Address Protocol Type blockcdp 0100.0ccc.cccc 0x2000 blockvtp 0100.0ccc.cccc 0x2003 blockdtp 0100.0ccc.cccc 0x2004 blockudld 0100.0ccc.cccc 0x0111 blockpagp 0100.0ccc.cccc 0x0104 blocksstp 0100.0ccc.cccd - blockall 0100.0ccc.ccc0 - 0100.0ccc.cccf - Table 8-10. Proprietary Protocol Filtering CLI Commands CLI Command Description service-acl input protocol1 [protocol2 … protocol6] no service-acl input Discards packets that are classified to specific protocols. Use the no form of those commands to disable discarding of the packets. console (Config-if)# service-acl input blockcdp blockvtpDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 127 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Time Range Time ranges can be defined and associated with an QoS ACL, so that it is applied only during that time range. There are two types of time ranges: • Absolute —This type of time range begins on a specific date or immediately and ends on a specific date or extends infinitely. It is created in the Time Range pages. A recurring element can be added to it. • Recurring — This is a time range element that is added to an absolute range, and begins and ends on a recurring basis. It is defined in the Time Range Recurrence pages. If a time range includes both absolute and recurring ranges, the ACL is activated only if both absolute start time and the recurring time range have been reached. The ACL is deactivated when either of the time ranges is reached. The switch supports a maximum of 10 absolute time ranges. All time specifications are interpreted as local time (Daylight Savings Time does not affect this). To ensure that the time range entries take effect at the desired times, the system time must be set. For more information on setting the system time, see "Time Synchronization" on page 169. A possible use for this feature is to limit access of computers to the network only during business hours, after which they are locked, and access to the rest of the network is blocked.128 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Absolute Time Range To define an absolute time range: 1 Click Switching > Network Security > Time Range to display the Time Range: Summary page. Figure 8-10. Time Range: Summary The existing Time Ranges are displayed. 2 To add a new time range, click Add. 3 Enter the name of the time range in the Time Range Name field. 4 Define the Absolute Start time. – To begin the Time Range immediately, click Immediate. – To determine at what time in the future the Time Range will begin, enter values in the Date and Time fields.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 129 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY 5 Define the Absolute End time. – To indicate that the Time Range should not end, click Infinite. – To determine the time at which the Time Range ends, enter values in the Date and Time fields. See "Configuring Time Ranges Using CLI Commands" on page 130 for the CLI commands for creating time ranges. Time Range Recurrence To add a recurring time range element to an absolute time range: 1 Click Switching > Network Security > Time Range Recurrence to display the Recurring Time Range: Summary page. Figure 8-11. Recurring Time Range: Summary A daily and weekly recurring element of the time range that is selected is displayed if they exist.130 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY 2 To add a recurring time range element to a time range, click Add. 3 Select the Time Range Name to which you want to add the Time Range Recurrence. The Absolute Start and Absolute End fields are displayed. 4 Check if the recurrence is Daily or Weekly in Recurrence type. 5 If the recurrence is Daily, enter: – Start Time — Select the time on which the time range starts. – End Time— Select the time on which the time range ends. – Weekday — Select the day of the week on which the time range occurs. 6 If the recurrence is Weekly, enter: • Start — Select the Day of the Week and Time on which the time range starts. • End —Select the Day of the Week and Time on which the time range ends. Configuring Time Ranges Using CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for configuring time ranges. Table 8-11. Time Range CLI Commands CLI Command Description time-range time-range-name no time-range time-range-name Enables time-range configuration mode, and defines time ranges for functions (such as access lists). Use the no form of this command to remove the time range configuration. absolute start hh:mm day month year no absolute start absolute end hh:mm day month year no absolute end Adds start and end times to the time range. Use the no form of the commands to remove the start and end times from the time range.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 131 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY The following is an example of some of the CLI commands: periodic day-of-the-week hh:mm to day-of-the-week hh:mm no periodic day-of-the-week hh:mm to day-of-the-week hh:mm periodic list hh:mm to hh:mm day-of-theweek1 [day-of-the-week2… day-ofthe-week7] no periodic list hh:mm to hh:mm day-of-the-week1 [day-of-theweek2… day-of-the-week7] periodic list hh:mm to hh:mm all no periodic list all hh:mm to hh:mm all Adds a recurring time range to the time range. Use the no form of the commands to remove the recurring time range. console (config)# time-range http-allowed console (config-time-range)# absolute start 12:00 1 jan 2005 end 12:00 31 dec 2005 console (config-time-range)# periodic monday 8:00 to friday 20:00 Table 8-11. Time Range CLI Commands (Continued) CLI Command Description132 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Dot1x Authentication This section describes Dot1x authentication. It contains the following topics: • Port-Based Authentication Overview • Dot1x Overview • Port-Based Authentication Global • Port-Based Authentication Interface Settings • Monitoring Users • Host Authentication • Port Authentication Users Port-Based Authentication Overview Port-based authentication enables authenticating system users on a per-port basis via an external server. Only authenticated and approved system users can transmit and receive data. Ports are authenticated via the RADIUS server using the Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP). Port Authentication includes: • Authenticators — Specifies the device port that is authenticated before permitting system access. • Supplicants — Specifies the host connected to the authenticated port hat is requesting to access the system services. • Authentication Server — Specifies the external server, for example, a RADIUS server, which performs authentication on behalf of the authenticator, and indicates whether the supplicant is authorized to access system services. Port-based authentication creates two access states: • Controlled Access — Permits communication between the supplicant and the system, if the supplicant is authorized. • Uncontrolled Access — Permits uncontrolled communication, regardless of the port authorization state.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 133 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY The device supports Port Based Authentication via RADIUS servers. Dot1x Overview Dot1x is an IEEE standard for port-based network access control. The Dot1x framework enables a device (the supplicant) to request port access from a remote device (authenticator) to which it is connected. The supplicant is permitted to send data to the port only after it is authenticated and authorized. If it is not authenticated and authorized, the authenticator discards the supplicant data, unless the data is sent to a Guest VLAN and/or non-authenticated VLANs. Authentication of the supplicant is performed by an external RADIUS server through the authenticator. The authenticator monitors the results of the authentication. In the Dot1x standard, a device can be a supplicant and an authenticator at a port, simultaneously requesting and granting port access. However, this device can only act as an authenticator, and does not take on the role of a supplicant. The following varieties of Dot1x exist: • Single session Dot1x: – A1—Single-session/Single Host — In this mode, the switch, as an authenticator, supports a single Dot1x session, and grants permission to use the port to an authorized supplicant. All other access requests, made by other devices received from the same port, are denied until the authorized supplicant is no longer using the port, or the access request is to an unauthenticated or guest VLAN. – Single-session/Multiple Hosts—This follows the Dot1x standard. In this mode, the switch, as an authenticator, enables any device to use a port, as long as it has been granted permission as a supplicant at the port. • Multi-Session Dot1x—Every device (supplicant) connecting to a port must be authenticated and authorized by the switch (authenticator), separately in a different Dot1x session. This is the only mode that supports Dynamic VLAN Assignment (DVA).134 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Dynamic VLAN Assignment (DVA) Dynamic VLAN Assignment (DVA) is also referred to as RADIUS VLAN Assignment in this guide. When a port is in Multiple Session mode and is DVA-enabled, the switch automatically adds the port as an untagged member of the VLAN that is assigned by the RADIUS server during the authentication process. The switch classifies untagged packets to the assigned VLAN if the packets originated from the devices or ports that are authenticated and authorized. For a device to be authenticated and authorized at a DVA-enabled port: • The RADIUS server must authenticate the device and dynamically assign a VLAN to the device. • The assigned VLAN must not be the default VLAN and must have been created on the switch. • The switch must not be configured to use both a DVA and a MAC-based VLAN group. • A RADIUS server must support DVA with RADIUS attributes tunnel-type (64) = VLAN (13), tunnel-media-type (65) = 802 (6), and tunnel-privategroup-id = a VLAN ID. Dynamic Policy/ACL Assignment The Dynamic Policy/ACL Assignment feature enables specifying a userdefined ACL or policy in the RADIUS server. After a successful authentication, the user is assigned that ACL. Authentication Methods The possible authentication methods are: • Dot1x — The switch supports this authentication mechanism, as described in the standard, to authenticate and authorize Dot1x supplicants. • MAC-based — The switch can be configured to use this method to authenticate and authorize devices that do not support Dot1x. The switch emulates the supplicant role on behalf of the non-Dot1x-capable devices, and uses the MAC address of the devices as the username and password, when communicating with the RADIUS servers. MAC addresses for Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 135 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY username and password must be entered in lower case and with no delimiting characters (for example: aaccbb55ccff). To use MAC-based authentication at a port: – A Guest VLAN must be defined. – The port must be Guest-VLAN-enabled. – The packets from the first supplicant, at the port before it is authorized, must be untagged. You can configure a port to use Dot1x only, MAC-based only, or Dot1x and MAC-based authentication. If a port is configured to use both Dot1x and MAC-based authentication, a Dot1x supplicant has precedence over a non-Dot1x device. The Dot1x supplicant preempts an authorized, but non-Dot1x device, at a port that is configured with a single session. Unauthenticated VLAN and Guest VLANs Unauthenticated VLANs and Guest VLANs provide access to services that do not require the subscribing devices or ports to be Dot1x or MAC-Based authenticated and authorized. An unauthenticated VLAN is a VLAN that allows access by authorized and unauthorized devices or ports. You can configure one or more VLAN to be unauthenticated in the VLAN Membership pages in "VLANs" on page 466. An unauthenticated VLAN has the following characteristics: • It must be a static VLAN, and cannot be the Guest VLAN or the default VLAN. • The VLAN’s member ports must be manually configured as tagged members. • The member ports must be trunk and/or general ports. An access port cannot be member of an unauthenticated VLAN. The Guest VLAN, if configured, is a static VLAN with the following characteristics. • It must be manually defined from an existing, static VLAN. • It is automatically available only to unauthorized devices, or to ports of devices that are connected and Guest VLAN enabled. 136 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY • If a port is Guest-VLAN-enabled, the switch automatically adds the port as an untagged member of the Guest VLAN when the port is not authorized, and removes the port from the Guest VLAN when the first supplicant of the port is authorized. • The Guest VLAN cannot be used as both the Voice VLAN and an unauthenticated VLAN. The switch also uses the Guest VLAN for authentication at ports configured with Multiple Session mode and MAC-based authentication. Therefore, you must configure a Guest VLAN before you can use the MAC-based authentication mode. For authentication to function, it must be activated both globally, in the PortBased Authentication Global page and individually on each port, in the PortBased Authentication Interface Settings pages. Monitoring Mode Monitoring mode enables providing users who fail authentication with limited network access. This enables these users to correct the reason that the authentication failed. The following are the main aspects of this feature: • Enables successful authentications using the returned RADIUS information • Provides a mechanism to report unsuccessful authentications without negative repercussions to the user due to administrator errors • Accurately reports the data received from the successful and nonsuccessful operations so that appropriate changes to problem areas may be made. The Dot1x monitoring activation command includes a special VLAN that is used when there is no access interface configuration present and the client(s) unsuccessfully authenticates. These clients are placed in the special VLAN. For users that unsuccessfully authenticate during re-authentication process, but already have existing VLANs configured, the failure to authenticate does not put them in a disabled state but places them back to the existing configuration.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 137 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Port-Based Authentication Global To globally configure authentication: 1 Click Switching > Network Security > Dot1 Authentication > Port Based Authentication Global to display the Port Based Authentication Global page. Figure 8-12. Port Based Authentication Global 2 Enter the following fields: – Port Based Authentication State — Enable/disable port-based authentication. – Authentication Method — Select an authentication method. The possible options are: 138 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY • RADIUS, None — Perform port authentication first by using the RADIUS server. If no response is received from RADIUS (for example, if the server is down), then no authentication is performed, and the session is permitted. • RADIUS — Authenticate the user on the RADIUS server. If no authentication is performed, the session is not permitted. • None — Do not authenticate the user. Permit the session. – Guest VLAN — Enable/disable the use of a Guest VLAN for unauthorized ports. If a Guest VLAN is enabled, all unauthorized ports automatically join the VLAN selected in the Guest VLAN ID field. If a port is later authorized, it is removed from the Guest VLAN. – VLAN List — Select the Guest VLAN from the VLAN list. – Monitoring Mode — Enable/disable logging authentication attempts. – Monitoring VLAN — Enter the ID of the VLAN to which traffic being monitored is routed after unsuccessful Dot1x authentication. – Accept Supplicant when Dynamic Policy/ACL Assignment Has No Resources — If no resources remain in the TCAM, the system can either reject (disable) or allow (enable) successful authentication. Enabling Port-Based Authentication Globally Using the CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for enabling the port based authentication as displayed in the Port Based Authentication Global page. Table 8-12. Port-Based Authentication Global CLI Commands CLI Command Description aaa authentication dot1x default method1 [method2] no aaa authentication dot1x default Specifies one or more AAA methods for use on interfaces running IEEE 802.1X. Use the no form of this command to restore the default configuration. dot1x system-auth-control no dot1x system-auth-control Enables 802.1x globally. Use the no form of this command to restore the default configuration.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 139 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY The following is an example of the CLI commands: dot1x system-auth-control monitor [vlan vlan-id] no dot1x system-auth-control monitor Enables 802.1x globally the 802.1x Monitoring mode and define the Monitor VLAN. Use the no format of the command to return to default. dot1x guest-vlan no dot1x guest-vlan Contains a list of VLANs. The guest VLAN is selected from the VLAN List. Use the no form of this command to disable access. show dot1x Displays 802.1X status for the device. console(config)# aaa authentication dot1x default none console(config)# interface vlan 5 console# show dot1x 802.1x is disabled Admin Oper Reauth Reauth Username Port Mode Mode Control Period -------- ------------------ ------------- -------- ------- -------- gi1/0/1 Force Authorized Authorized* Disabled 3600 n/a gi1/0/2 Force Authorized Authorized* Disabled 3600 n/a gi1/0/3 Force Authorized Authorized* Disabled 3600 n/a gi1/0/4 Force Authorized Authorized* Disabled 3600 n/a Table 8-12. Port-Based Authentication Global CLI Commands (Continued) CLI Command Description140 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Port-Based Authentication Interface Settings To configure 802.1x authentication on an interface: 1 Click Switching > Network Security > Dot1 Authentication > Port Based Authentication Interface Settings to display the Port Based Authentication Interface Settings: Summary page. Figure 8-13. Port Based Authentication Interface Settings Port parameters for the selected unit are displayed. 2 Click Edit. 3 Select a port for which the authentication parameters apply in the Interface drop-down list. 4 Enter the parameters: – User Name — Displays the username of the port. – Admin Interface Control — Select the port authorization state. The possible options are: • Auto — Enables port-based authentication on the interface. The interface moves between an authorized or unauthorized state, based on the authentication exchange between the device and the client.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 141 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY • Authorized — Places the interface into an authorized state without being authenticated. The interface resends and receives normal traffic without client port-based authentication. • Unauthorized — Denies the selected interface system access by moving the interface into unauthorized state. The device cannot provide authentication services to the client through the interface. – Current Interface Control — Displays the current port authorization state. – Authentication Type — Select the type of authentication on the port. The possible options are: • 802.1x Only — 802.1X authentication is the only authentication method performed on the port. • MAC Only — Port is authenticated, based on the supplicant MAC address. Only eight MAC-based authentications can be used on the port. • 802.1x & MAC — Both 802.1X and MAC-based authentication are performed on the switch. The 802.1X authentication takes precedence. NOTE: For MAC authentication to succeed, the RADIUS server supplicant username and password must be the supplicant MAC address. The MAC address must be in lower case letters and entered without the “:” or “-” separators; for example: 0020aa00bbcc. – Dynamic VLAN Assignment — Enable/disable dynamic VLAN assignment for this port. This feature enables you to automatically assign users to VLANs during the RADIUS server authentication. When a user is authenticated by the RADIUS server, the user is automatically joined to the VLAN configured on a RADIUS server. • Port Lock and Port Monitor should be disabled when DVA is enabled. • Dynamic VLAN Assignment (DVA) can occur only if a RADIUS server is configured, and port authentication is enabled and set to 802.1x multi-session mode. • If the RADIUS Accept Message does not contain the supplicant’s VLAN, the supplicant is rejected.142 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY • Authenticated ports are added to the supplicant VLAN as untagged. • Authenticated ports remain unauthenticated VLAN and Guest VLAN members. Static VLAN configuration is not applied to the port. • The following list of VLANs cannot participate in DVA: an Unauthenticated VLAN, a Dynamic VLAN that was created by GVRP, a Voice VLAN, a Default VLAN and a Guest VLAN. • Delete the supplicant VLAN while the supplicant is logged in. The supplicant is authorized during the next re-authentication if this supplicant VLAN is re-created, or a new VLAN is configured on the RADIUS server. NOTE: DVA provides the same functionality as the MAC to VLAN Assignment feature, but does so in a standard way. Therefore, when DVA is available, MAC to VLAN Assignment is not available. – Guest VLAN — Enable/disable port access to the Guest VLAN. If enabled, unauthorized users, connected to this interface, can access the Guest VLAN. – Dynamic Policy / ACL Assignment — Enable/disable this feature. – Periodic Reauthentication — Select to enable port re-authentication attempts after the specified Reauthentication Period. – Reauthentication Period (300-4294967295) — Enter the number of seconds after which the selected port is reauthenticated. – Reauthenticate Now — Select to enable immediate port re-authentication. – Authentication Server Timeout (1-65535) — Enter the time interval that lapses before the device resends a request to the authentication server. The field value is specified in seconds. – Resending EAP Identity Request (1-65535) — Enter the amount of time that lapses before EAP request are resent. – Quiet Period (0-65535) — Enter the number of seconds that the device remains in the quiet state, following a failed authentication exchange.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 143 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY – Supplicant Timeout (1-65535) — Enter the amount of time that lapses before EAP requests are resent to the supplicant. The field value is in seconds. – Max EAP Requests (1-10) — Enter the maximum number of EAP requests that can be sent. If a response is not received after the defined period (supplicant timeout), the authentication process is restarted. Enabling Port-Based Authentication on Interfaces Using the CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for enabling the port based authentication as displayed in the Port Based Authentication Global page. Table 8-13. Port-Based Authentication Interface CLI Commands CLI Command Description dot1x port-control {auto | force-authorized | forceunauthorized} no dot1x port-control Enables manual control of the port authorization state. Use the no form of this command to restore the default configuration. dot1x mac-authentication {mac-only|mac-and-802.1x} no dot1x mac-authentication Enables authentication based on the station’s MAC address. Use the no form of this command to disable access. dot1x radius-attributes vlan no dot1x radius-attributes vlan Enables user-based VLAN assignment. Use the no form of this command to disable user-based VLAN assignment. dot1x guest-vlan enable no dot1x guest-vlan enable Enables unauthorized users on the interface access to the guest VLAN. Use the no form of this command to disable access. dot1x max-req count no dot1x max-req Sets the maximum number of times that the device sends an EAP to the client, before restarting the authentication process. Use the no form of this command to restore the default configuration.144 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY dot1x re-authentication no dot1x re-authentication Enables periodic re-authentication of the client. Use the no form of this command to restore the default configuration. dot1x timeout re-authperiod seconds no dot1x timeout supp-timeout Sets the number of seconds between reauthentication attempts. Use the no form of this command to restore the default configuration. dot1x re-authenticate [[gigabitethernet|tengigabit ethernet] port-number] Manually initiates a re-authentication of all 802.1X-enabled ports or the specified 802.1X-enabled port. dot1x timeout quiet-period seconds no dot1x timeout quiet-period Sets the number of seconds that the device remains in the quiet state following a failed authentication exchange. Use the no form of this command to restore the default configuration. dot1x timeout server-timeout seconds no dot1x timeout servertimeout Sets the time for the retransmission of packets to the authentication server. Use the no form of this command to restore the default configuration. dot1x timeout supp-timeout seconds no dot1x timeout supp-timeout Sets the time for the retransmission of an EAP request frame to the client. Use the no form of this command to restore the default configuration. dot1x timeout tx-period seconds no dot1x timeout tx-period Sets the number of seconds that the device waits for a response to an EAP - request/identity frame, from the client, before resending the request. Use the no form of this command to restore the default configuration. show dot1x [[gigabitethernet|tengigabit ethernet] port-number] Displays 802.1X status for the device or for the specified interface. Table 8-13. Port-Based Authentication Interface CLI Commands (Continued) CLI Command DescriptionDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 145 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY The following is an example of the CLI commands: show dot1x advanced Displays 802.1X advanced features for the switch or specified interface. show dot1x users [username username] Displays 802.1X users for the device. dot1x guest-vlan enable no dot1x guest-vlan enable Enables using a guest VLAN for unauthorized ports. Use the no form of this command to restore the default configuration. console(config)# aaa authentication dot1x default none console(config)# interface vlan 5 console(config-if)# dot1x auth-not-req console(config)# vlan database console(config-vlan)# vlan 2 console(config-vlan)# exit console(config)# interface vlan 2 console(config-if)# dot1x guest-vlan console# show dot1x Interface Admin Mode Oper Mode Reauth Control Reauth Period Username -------- ------- ---------- -------- ------ -------- gi1/0/1 Auto Authorized Enabled 3600 Bob gi1/0/2 Auto Authorized Enabled 3600 John gi1/0/3 Auto Unauthoriz ed Enabled 3600 Clark gi1/0/4 Forceauth Authorized Disabled 3600 n/a Table 8-13. Port-Based Authentication Interface CLI Commands (Continued) CLI Command Description146 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Monitoring Users Use the Monitoring Users page to view rejected users. 1 Click Switching > Network Security > Dot1 Authentication > Monitoring Users to display the Monitoring Users page. Figure 8-14. Monitoring Users 2 Select a supplicant that was authenticated on the port. The supplicant’s information is displayed. – User Name — Name assigned to this port. – Port — Number of port. – VLAN — Port belongs to this VLAN. – MAC Address — Source of traffic. – Reject Reason — Reason that traffic was rejected. See Table 8-14 for a list of the possible reject reasons. – Time — Time that traffic was rejected.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 147 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Table 8-14. Reject Reason Description Abbreviation Description ACL-DEL ACL was deleted by a user. ACL-NOTEXST ACL sent by the RADIUS server does not exist on the device. ACL-OVRFL ACL sent by the RADIUS server cannot be applied because of TCAM overflow. AUTH-ERR Rejected by RADIUS due to wrong user name or password in the RADIUS server. FLTR-ERR RADIUS accept message contains more than two filter IDs. FRS-MTH-DENY First method is deny. IPv6WithMAC RADIUS accept message contains filter with IPv6 DIP and MAC addresses. IPV6WithNotIP RADIUS accept message contains IPv6 and not IP simultaneously. POL-BasicMode Policy is not supported in the QoS basic mode. POL-DEL Policy was deleted by a user. POL-OVRFL Policy sent by radius server can not be applied because of TCAM overflow. RAD-APIERR RADIUS API returned error (e.g. No RADIUS server is configured). RAD_INVLRES RADIUS server returned invalid packet (e.g. EAP attribute is missing). RAD-NORESP RADIUS server is not responding. VLAN-DFLT VLAN sent by a RADIUS server cannot be applied because it is the default VLAN. VLAN-DYNAM VLAN sent by RADIUS server cannot be applied because it is a dynamic VLAN. VLAN-GUEST VLAN sent by RADIUS server cannot be applied because it is the Guest VLAN.148 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Monitoring Users Using the CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for monitoring users: The following is an example of the CLI commands: Table 8-15. Monitoring Users CLI Commands CLI Command Description show dot1x monitoring result [username username] Displays the captured information of each interface/host on the switch/stack. console# show dot1x monitoring Tom Username: Tom Port g1 Quiet period: 60 Seconds Tx period: 30 Seconds Max req: 2 Supplicant timeout: 30 Seconds Server timeout: 30 Seconds Session Time (HH:MM:SS): 08:19:17 MAC Address: 00:08:78:32:98:78 Authentication Method: Remote Assigned VLAN: 207 Reason for Failure:VLAN was not defined on SwitchDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 149 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Host Authentication Use the Host Authentication page to define the authentication mode on the port, and the action to perform if a violation is detected. To view ports and their authentication information: 1 Click Switching > Network Security > Dot1 Authentication > Host Authentication to display the Host Authentication: Summary page. Figure 8-15. Host Authentication: Summary A list of the ports and their authentication modes is displayed. The fields are defined on the Edit page with the exception of the following field: – Single Host Status — Displays the host status. The possible options are: • Unauthorized — The port control is Force Unauthorized, the port link is down or the port control is Auto, but a client has not been authenticated via the port.150 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY • Not in Auto Mode — The port control is Forced Authorized, and clients have full port access. • Single-host Lock — The port control is Auto and a single client has been authenticated via the port. • No Single Host — Multiple Host is enabled. – Number of Violations — Displays the number of packets that arrive on the interface in single-host mode, from a host whose MAC address is not the supplicant MAC address. 2 Click Edit. 3 In the Port drop-down list, select the port to which you want to apply the authentication mode. 4 Enter the fields: – Host Authentication — Define the host authentication type. The options are: • Single — Only a single authorized host can access the port. (Port Security cannot be enabled on a port in single-host mode.) • Multiple Host — Multiple hosts can be attached to a single 802.1x-enabled port. Only the first host must be authorized, and then the port is wide-open for all who want to access the network. If the host authentication fails, or an EAPOL-logoff message is received, all attached clients are denied access to the network. • Multiple Session — A number of specific authorized hosts may access the port. Each host is treated as if it was the first and only user and must be authenticated. Filtering is based on the source MAC address. – Action on Single Host Violation — Select the action to be applied to packets arriving in Single Session/Single Host mode, from a host whose MAC address is not the supplicant MAC address. The options are: • Discard — Discard the packets from any unlearned source. • Forward — Forward the packets from an unknown source, however, the MAC address is not learned.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 151 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY • Shutdown — Discard the packet from any unlearned source and shut down the port. Ports remain shutdown until they are activated, or the switch is reset. Host Authentication pages: The following is an example of the CLI commands: Table 8-16. Host Authentication CLI Commands CLI Command Description dot1x host-mode {multihost|single-host|multisessions} Allows a single host (client) or multiple hosts on an IEEE 802.1x-authorized port. dot1x traps macauthentication failure no dot1x traps macauthentication failure Enables sending traps when a MAC address is successfully authenticated by the 802.1X mac-authentication access control. Use the no form of this command to disable the traps. dot1x traps macauthentication success no dot1x traps macauthentication success Enables sending traps when MAC address was failed in authentication of the 802.1X MAC authentication access control. Use the no form of this command to disable the traps. dot1x violation-mode {restrict | protect | shutdown} no dot1x violation-mode Configures the action to be taken, when a station whose MAC address is not the supplicant MAC address, attempts to access the interface. Use the no form of this command to return to default. show dot1x advanced [gigabitethernet|tengigabite thernet] port-number] Displays 802.1x advanced features for the device or specified interface. console(config)# interface gi1/0/1 console(config-if)# dot1x host-mode multi-host console(config-if)# dot1x host-mode single-host console(config-if)# dot1x host-mode multi-sessions152 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Port Authentication Users The Port Authentication Users page enables you to view users that attempted to be authenticated. To view ports and their authentication definitions: 1 Click Switching > Network Security > Dot1 Authentication > Port Authentication Users to display the Port Authentication Users page. Figure 8-16. Port Authentication Users The ports and their authentication definitions are displayed. – User Name — Supplicant names that were authenticated on each port. – Port — Number of port. – Session Time — Amount of time (in seconds) that the supplicant was logged on the port.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 153 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY – Authentication Method — Method by which the last session was authenticated. The options are: • None—No authentication is applied; it is automatically authorized. • RADIUS—Supplicant was authenticated by a RADIUS server. • MAC Address—Displays the supplicant MAC address. – MAC Address — MAC address of user who attempted to be authenticated. – VLAN — VLAN assigned to the user. – Filter — Filter that was applied to the user by receiving the policy/ACL name from the RADIUS server (Dynamic ACL Assignment). 2 Click Details to view the names of the VLAN filters (Filter #1 and Filter #2) defined on the port, in addition to the above fields.154 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxU_Switching_NetworkSecurity.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Display Port Authentication Users Using the CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for displaying port authentication users: The following is an example of the CLI commands: Table 8-17. Display Port Authentication Users CLI Commands CLI Command Description show dot1x users Displays active 802.1x authenticated users for the device. console# show dot1x users Port User Session Auth MAC VLAN Filter Name Time Method Address ------ ----- ----------- -------- -------------- ---- ------ gi1/0/1 Bob 1d 03:08:58 Remote 0008.3b79.8787 3 Port User Session Auth MAC VLAN Filter Name Time Method Address ------ ----- ----------- -------- -------------- ---- ------ gi1/01 Bob 1d 09:07:38 Remote 0008.3b79.8787 3 OK gi1/01 Tim 03:08:58 Remote 0008.3b79.3232 9 OK gi1/03 Paul 02:12:48 Remote 0008.3b89.8237 8 Warning console# show dot1x users username Bob Port User Session Auth MAC VLAN Filter Name Time Method Address ------ ----- ----------- -------- -------------- ---- ------ gi1/01 Bob 1d 09:07:38 Remote 0008.3b79.8787 3 OKTemplate Last Updated - 2/7/2007Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 155 DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY 9 Configuring System Information This section describes how to set system parameters, such as security features, switch software, system time, logging parameters and more. It contains the following topics: • General Switch Information • Time Synchronization • Logs • IP Addressing • Diagnostics • Management Security • DHCP Server • DHCP Server • File Management • Stack Management • sFlow156 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY General Switch Information This section describes how to view and set general switch parameters. It contains the following topics: • Asset Information • System Health • Power over Ethernet Asset Information Use the Asset page to view and configure general device information, including the system name, location, contact, system MAC Address, System Object ID, date, time, and system up time. To configure general device parameters: 1 Click System > General > Asset in the tree view to display the Asset page. Figure 9-1. AssetDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 157 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY 2 Enter/view the parameters: – System Name (0-159 Characters) — Enter the user-defined device name. – System Contact (0-159 Characters) — Enter the name of the contact person. – System Location (0-159 Characters) — Enter the location where the system is currently running. – MAC Address — Displays the device MAC address. – Sys Object ID — Displays the vendor's authoritative identification of the network management subsystem contained in the entity. – Date — Enter the current date (mandatory). This date can also be entered in the Manual Time Settings page. If SNTP has been defined, but the SNTP server is not available, the switch uses the date and time in this field and the Time field. – Time — Enter the current time (mandatory). This time can also be entered in the Manual Time Settings page. If SNTP has been defined, but the SNTP server is not available, the switch uses the date and time in this field and the Date field. – System Up Time — Displays the amount of time since the last device reset. 3 For each unit in the stack (displayed in Unit No.), the following information is displayed: – Service Tag — Displays the service reference number used when servicing the device. – Asset Tag — Enter the device asset tag. – Serial No. — Displays the device serial number. 4 Enter the Asset Tag (0-16 Characters) for each unit in the stack. This is the user-defined reference for the unit.158 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Entering Asset Information Using the CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for entering fields displayed on the Asset page. The following is an example of the CLI commands Table 9-1. Asset CLI Command CLI Command Description snmp-server contact text no snmp-server contact Configures the system contact (sysContact) name. Use the no form of the command to remove the system contact information. snmp-server location text no snmp-server location Configures the system location string. Use the no form of this command to remove the location string. hostname name no hostname Specifies the device host name. Use the no form of the command to remove the existing host name. clock set hh:mm:ss {month|day} year Sets the system clock to this time. asset-tag [unit unit] tag no asset-tag [unit unit] Assigns the asset tag to the unit. Removes the asset tag from the unit. console (config)# asset-tag 2365491870Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 159 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY System Health To view the device’s power information and set fan administration state: 1 Click System > General > System Health in the tree view to display the System Health page. Figure 9-2. System Health The System Health page displays the following fields: – Unit No. — The unit in the stack for which information is displayed. Power Supply Status —Displays the following columns: – PS — The power status of the internal power unit. The possible options are: • Checked — The power supply is operating normally. • Unchecked — The power supply is not operating normally. • Not Present — The power supply is currently not present.160 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY – RPS — The device has one of two auxiliary power supplies: Redundant Power Supply (RPS) for non-PoE devices and Modular Power Supply (MPS) for PoE devices. Only one of these may be present at one time. For each type of power supply, the possible options are: • Checked — The power supply is operating normally. • Unchecked — The power supply is not operating normally. • Not Present — The power supply is currently not present. – Temperature — Displays the temperature on the device. – Fan Status — The device has two fans. The device constantly measures the internal temperature, and powers the fans on/off according to the temperature. The user can set the fans to be constantly on. The possible options are: • Checked — The fans are operating normally. • Unchecked — At least one of the fans is not operating normally. – Fan Admin State — On/Auto status that user configured in the Edit page. – Fan Current Level — Specifies whether the fan is actually on or off. 2 The lower block displays the condition under which a fan will be turned on or off. – Fan Level — The on or off level. – Condition — The temperature at which the fans will be turned on or off. The device temperature is displayed in Celsius. The device temperature threshold is 40 C (104 F).Table 9-2 displays the temperature in Fahrenheit in increments of 5. NOTE: It is recommended to leave Fan User Level at Auto so that the fans operate according to the temperature of the switch. 3 To control the fans on a unit, or set the default value, click Edit, and enter the fields: – Unit ID — Select the unit ID whose fan will be adjusted.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 161 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY – Fan Admin State — Set one of the options: • Auto — Fans are turned on when the internal temperature of the switch is higher than the threshold displayed on the Summary page in the Condition field. • ON — Turns fan on under all conditions Table 9-2. Celsius to Fahrenheit Conversion Table Viewing System Health Information Using the CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for viewing fields displayed on the System Health page. Celsius Fahrenheit 0 32 5 41 10 50 15 59 20 68 25 77 30 86 35 95 40 104 Table 9-3. System Health CLI Command CLI Command Description show system [unit unit] Displays system information. system fans always-on [unit unit] no system fans always-on Sets the system fans to On regardless of device temperature. Use the no form of the command to return to default show system fans Displays the fans’ status.162 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY The following is an example of the CLI commands: Power over Ethernet A Power over Ethernet (PoE) switch is a type of PSE (Power Sourcing Equipment) that delivers electrical power to connected Powered Devices (PDs) over existing copper cables, without interfering with the network traffic, updating the physical network or modifying the network infrastructure. Using PoE eliminates the need to: • Place all network devices next to power sources. • Deploy double-cabling systems, significantly decreasing installation costs. PoE can be used in any network that deploys relatively low-powered devices connected to the Ethernet LAN. PDs are devices that receive power from the PowerConnect power supplies, such as: • IP phones console# show system Unit Type ---- ---------------------- 2 PowerConnect 5548 Unit Main Power Supply Redundant Power Supply ---- ----------------- ---------------------- 2 OK Unit Fans Status ---- ------------- 2 OK Unit Temperature (Celsius) Temperature Sensor Status ---- ------------------------- --------------------- 2 41 OK Unit Up time ---- --------------- 2 02,00:03:32Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 163 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY • Wireless access points • IP gateways • Audio and video remote monitoring devices PDs are connected to the device via the Gigabit ports. Error Conditions Traps are generated when the following occur: • Status change to port delivering/not delivering power to PD. • Indication that power usage is above the defined threshold. • Indication that power usage is below the threshold.164 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Configuring PoE To configure PoE parameters on devices equipped with PoE: 1 Click System > General > Power over Ethernetin the tree view to display the Power Over Ethernet: Summary page. Figure 9-3. Power Over Ethernet: Summary 2 The PoE global parameters are displayed: – Power Status — The inline power source status. • On — The power supply unit is functioning. • Off — The power supply unit is not functioning. • Faulty — The power supply unit is functioning, but an error has occurred, for example, a power overload or a short circuit. – Nominal Power — The actual amount of power the device can supply, in watts.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 165 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY – Consumed Power — The amount of the power used by the device, in watts. 3 Enter the following parameters: – Power Limit Mode — Enter one of the following options for the system power limit mode. • Port — The power limit of the port depends on port configuration. • Max Port Power — In this mode, each port can get up to the maximum power, which is 15.4W. – System Usage Threshold (1-99 Percent) — Enter the percentage of power consumed before a trap is generated. – Traps — Enable/disable PoE traps on the device. If enabled, traps are generated if one of the following situations occurs: • Status change to port delivering/not delivering power to PD • Indication that power usage is above the defined threshold • Indication that power usage is below the threshold NOTE: If traps are enabled, you must also enable SNMP, and configure at least one SNMP notification recipient. 4 To view PoE port settings for a unit in the stack, select its Unit ID. The port PoE parameters are displayed for all ports on the unit. The fields displayed in this block are described in the Edit page. 5 To set PoE settings for a port, click Edit. 6 Select a port in the Port field, and enter the following PoE parameters for the PDs connected to this port. – PoE Admin Status — Select the device PoE mode. The possible options are: • Auto — Enables the Device Discovery protocol, and provides power to the device using the PoE unit. The Device Discovery Protocol enables the device to discover Powered Devices attached to the device interfaces, and to learn their classification. • Never — Disables the Device Discovery protocol, and stops the power supply to the device using the PoE module.166 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY – Power Priority Level— Enter the priority that determines the power that is used if the power supply is from Critical to Low. If, for example, the power supply is running at 99% usage, and port 1 is prioritized as Critical, but port 3 is prioritized as Low, port 1 is will receive power before port 3. – Power Limit (0-15.4) — Enter the maximum amount of power that the PoE unit may deliver to this port. – Powered Device (0-24 characters) — Enter a user-defined description of the PD connected to the port, such as: "Bob Smith’s telephone". The following fields are displayed on this page: – PoE Operational Status — Whether the port is currently providing power. If it is not providing power, the reason is displayed. – Power Consumption — The amount of power being consumed by the powered device. – Overload Counter — Total power overload occurrences. – Short Counter — Total power shortage occurrences. – Denied Counter — Number of times the powered device was denied power. – Absent Counter— Number of times the power supply was stopped to the PD because it was no longer detected. – Invalid Signature Counter — Number of times an invalid signature was received. Signatures are the means by which the powered device identifies itself to the PSE. Signatures are generated during powered device detection, classification, or maintenance.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 167 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Managing PoE Using the CLI Commands The following table describes the CLI commands for viewing fields displayed on the Power Over Ethernet pages. Table 9-4. Power Over Ethernet CLI Commands CLI Command Description power inline {auto|never} Configures the administrative status of the inline power on an interface. power inline powered-device pdtype no power inline powered-device Adds a description of the powered device type. Use the no version of the command to remove the description. Use the no form of this command to restore the default configuration. power inline priority {critical|high|low} no power inline priority Configures the priority of the interface from the point of view of inline power management. Use the no form of this command to restore the default configuration. power inline usage-threshold no power inline usage-threshold Configures the threshold for triggering alarms. Use the no form of this command to restore the default configuration. power inline traps enable no power inline traps enable Enables PoE device traps. Use the no form of this command to disable traps. power inline limit-mode {maxport-power|port} no power inline limit-mode Sets the power limit mode of the system. Use the no form of this command to return to default.168 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY The following is an example of the CLI commands: show power inline [[[gigabitethernet|tengigabitethe rnet]port-number]|module stackmember-number] Displays PoE configuration information for all interfaces or for a unit in the stack. console# show power inline Unit Power Nominal Power Consumed Power Usage Threshold Traps ---- ------- ------------- ------------------ --------------- ----- 1 Off 1 Watts 0 Watts (0%) 95 Disable 2 Off 1 Watts 0 Watts (0%) 95 Disable 3 Off 1 Watts 0 Watts (0%) 95 Disable 4 Off 1 Watts 0 Watts (0%) 95 Disable Table 9-4. Power Over Ethernet CLI Commands (Continued) CLI Command DescriptionDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 169 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Time Synchronization The system clock runs from the moment the system starts up, and keeps track of the date and time. The date and time may be either set manually, or it may be received from an SNTP server. This section describes how to set system time, and contains the following sections: • Manual Time Settings – Setting System Time and Daylight Savings Time – CLI Commands for Setting Manual Time • System Time from an SNTP Server – Global Settings (Clock Source) – SNTP Global Settings – SNTP Authentication – SNTP Servers – SNTP Interfaces – CLI Script for Receiving Time from an SNTP Server Manual Time Settings This section describes how to set the system time manually on the device. It contains the following topics: • Setting System Time and Daylight Savings Time • CLI Commands for Setting Manual Time170 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Setting System Time and Daylight Savings Time Use the Manual Time Settings page to set system date/time manually (as opposed to receiving them from an external SNTP server). For more information on SNTP, see "System Time from an SNTP Server" on page 177. If system time is kept using an external SNTP clock, and the external SNTP clock fails, the system time reverts to the time set here or in the Asset page. In addition to setting the local clock, you can use this page to enable Daylight Savings Time (DST) on the device. The following is a list of DST start and end times in various countries: • Albania — Last weekend of March until the last weekend of October. • Australia — From the end of October until the end of March. • Australia - Tasmania — From beginning of October until the end of March. • Armenia — Last weekend of March until the last weekend of October. • Austria — Last weekend of March until the last weekend of October. • Bahamas — From April to October, in conjunction with U.S. summer hours. • Belarus — Last weekend of March until the last weekend of October. • Belgium — Last weekend of March until the last weekend of October. • Brazil — From the 3rd Sunday in October until the 3rd Saturday in March. During the period of Daylight Saving Time, Brazilian clocks go forward one hour in most of the Brazilian southeast. • Chile — Easter Island 9th March 12th October. The first Sunday in March or after 9th March. • China — China does not operate Daylight Saving Time. • Canada — From the first Sunday in April until the last Sunday of October. Daylight Saving Time is usually regulated by provincial and territorial governments. Exceptions may exist in certain municipalities. • Cuba — From the last Sunday of March to the last Sunday of October. • Cyprus — Last weekend of March until the last weekend of October. • Denmark — Last weekend of March until the last weekend of October. • Egypt — Last Friday in April until the last Thursday in September. Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 171 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY • Estonia — Last weekend of March until the last weekend of October. • Finland — Last weekend of March until the last weekend of October. • France — Last weekend of March until the last weekend of October. • Germany — Last weekend of March until the last weekend of October. • Greece — Last weekend of March until the last weekend of October. • Hungary — Last weekend of March until the last weekend of October. • India — India does not operate Daylight Saving Time. • Iran — From 1st Farvardin until the 1st Mehr. • Iraq — From 1st April until 1st October. • Ireland — Last weekend of March until the last weekend of October. • Israel — Varies year-to-year. • Italy — Last weekend of March until the last weekend of October. • Japan — Japan does not operate Daylight Saving Time. • Jordan — Last weekend of March until the last weekend of October. • Latvia — Last weekend of March until the last weekend of October. • Lebanon — Last weekend of March until the last weekend of October. • Lithuania — Last weekend of March until the last weekend of October. • Luxembourg — Last weekend of March until the last weekend of October. • Macedonia — Last weekend of March until the last weekend of October. • Mexico — From the first Sunday in April at 02:00 to the last Sunday in October at 02:00. • Moldova — Last weekend of March until the last weekend of October. • Montenegro — Last weekend of March until the last weekend of October. • Netherlands — Last weekend of March until the last weekend of October. • New Zealand — From the first Sunday in October until the first Sunday on or after 15th March. • Norway — Last weekend of March until the last weekend of October. • Paraguay — From 6th April until 7th September. • Poland — Last weekend of March until the last weekend of October. • Portugal — Last weekend of March until the last weekend of October.172 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY • Romania — Last weekend of March until the last weekend of October. • Russia — From the 29th March until the 25th October. • Serbia — Last weekend of March until the last weekend of October. • Slovak Republic — Last weekend of March until the last weekend of October. • South Africa — South Africa does not operate Daylight Saving Time. • Spain — Last weekend of March until the last weekend of October. • Sweden — Last weekend of March until the last weekend of October. • Switzerland — Last weekend of March until the last weekend of October. • Syria — From 31st March until 30th October. • Taiwan — Taiwan does not operate Daylight Saving Time. • Turkey — Last weekend of March until the last weekend of October. • United Kingdom — Last weekend of March until the last weekend of October. • United States of America — From the second Sunday of March at 02:00 to the first Sunday of November at 02:00.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 173 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY To manually set the device time: 1 Click System > Time Synchronization > Manual Time Settingsin the tree view to display the Manual Time Settings page. Figure 9-4. Manual Time Settings 2 Enter the following local settings: – Date — The system date. – Local Time — The system time. – Time Zone Offset — The difference between Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) and local time. For example, the Time Zone Offset for Paris is GMT +1:00, while the local time in New York is GMT –5:00. 3 To set Daylight Savings Time (DST), select the Daylight Savings field and select one of the possible options: – USA — The device switches to DST at 2 a.m. on the second Sunday of March, and reverts to standard time at 2 a.m. on the first Sunday of November. 174 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY – European — The device switches to DST at 1:00 am on the last Sunday in March, and reverts to standard time at 1:00 am on the last Sunday in October. The European option applies to EU members, and other European countries using the EU standard. – Other — Specifies that you will set DST manually in the fields described below. If you selected USA or European you are finished. If you selected Other, proceed to the next step. There are two types of DST possible when Others is selected. You can set a specific date in a particular year, or you can set a recurring setting, irrespective of the year. For a specific setting in a particular year, complete the Daylight Savings area, and for a recurring setting, complete the Recurring area. If Other is selected, the From and To fields must be defined either in the Non-recurring or Recurring section. 4 To enter non-recurring DST parameters, enter the following fields: – From — The time that DST begins. The possible options are: • DD/MMM/YY — The date, month, and year at which DST begins. • HH/MM — The time (hour and minutes) at which DST begins. – To — The time that DST ends. The possible options are: • DD/MMM/YY — The date, month, and year at which DST ends. • HH/MM — The time (hour and minutes) at which DST ends. 5 To enter recurring DST parameters, select Recurring and enter the following fields: – From — The time that DST begins each year, for example, DST begins locally every second Sunday in April at 5:00 am. The possible options are: • Day — The day of the week from which DST begins every year. • Week — The week within the month from which DST begins every year. • Month — The month of the year in which DST begins every year. Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 175 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY • Time — The time at which DST begins every year. – To — The recurring time that DST ends each year, for example, DST ends locally every fourth Friday in October at 5:00 am. The possible options are: • Day — The day of the week at which DST ends every year. • Week — The week within the month at which DST ends every year. • Month — The month of the year in which DST ends every year. • Time — The time at which DST ends every year. CLI Commands for Setting Manual Time The following steps (in any order) must be completed before setting time manually: • Set system time • Define the time zone in relation to GMT. • Configure Daylight Savings Time. The following table summarizes the CLI commands for setting fields displayed in the Manual Time Setting pages when the clock source is Local. Table 9-5. Manual Time Setting CLI Commands CLI Description clock set hh:mm:ss {[day month]|[month day]} year Set the system clock to this time. clock summer-time zone recurring {usa|eu|{week day month hh:mm week day month hh:mm}}[offset] Configures the system to automatically switch to summer time (according to the USA and European standards) every year on a recurring basis. 176 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY clock summer-time zone date date month year hh:mm date month year hh:mm [offset] clock summer-time zone date month date year hh:mm month date year hh:mm [offset] no clock summer-time Configures the system to automatically switch to summer time (Daylight Savings Time) for a specific period - date/month/year format. Use the no form of the command to configure the system not to switch to summer time (Daylight Savings Time). clock timezone zone hoursoffset [minutes offset] Sets the time zone and names it "zone" for display purposes. show clock Displays the time and date from the system clock. Table 9-5. Manual Time Setting CLI Commands (Continued) CLI DescriptionDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 177 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY A sample script to set system time manually is shown below System Time from an SNTP Server This section describes how to receive date/time from an SNTP server. It contains the following topics: • SNTP Overview • SNTP Global Settings • SNTP Authentication • SNTP Servers • SNTP Interfaces Table 9-6. CLI Script to Set Manual System Time CLI Description Console# clock set 13:32:00 7 Nov 2010 Set the system time. console# configure console(config)# clock timezone Ohio +2 Set the time zone to GMT plus 2 hours. The name of the zone "Ohio" is purely for documentation purposes. This is not mandatory for manual time, but is recommended. It enables anyone seeing the time to know what that time is in respect to their timezone. console(config)# clock summer-time Ohio_Summer recurring usa Set Daylight Savings Time such that it recurs every year and is based on the summer time schedule of the USA. The name of the zone "Ohio_Summer" is for documentation purposes only. console(config)# exit console# show clock Display the system time.178 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY SNTP Overview The switch supports the Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP), which provides accurate network switch clock time synchronization of up to 100 milliseconds. The implementation of SNTP is based on SNTPv4 (RFC 2030). SNTP is a simple and lighter version of NTP, and can be used when the ultimate performance of the full NTP implementation, described in RFC-1305, is not required. SNTP operates with NTP, thus an SNTP client can work with both SNTP and NTP servers. The switch operates only as a client, and cannot provide time services to other systems. SNTP Server Types The switch can accept time information from the following server types: • Unicast Polling for Unicast information is used for polling a server whose IP address is known. This is the preferred method for synchronizing device time, as it is most secure. Up to eight SNTP servers can be defined. If this method is selected, SNTP information is accepted only from SNTP servers defined in the SNTP Servers page. Time levels T1 - T4 (see the "Algorithm for Selecting Designated SNTP Server" on page 180 section) are used to determine from which server time information is accepted. If Unicast polling is not enabled or if no servers are defined on the device, the device accepts time information from any SNTP server of the type that is enabled, which responds. • Anycast Polling for Anycast information is used when the SNTP server’s IP address is not defined or it cannot be reached. If this method is enabled, time information can be received from any SNTP server on the network. The Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 179 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY device time and date are synchronized when it proactively requests synchronization information. Anycast polling to get time information is preferable to Broadcast polling, because it is more secure. Time levels T3 and T4 are used to determine from which server time information is accepted. • Broadcast Broadcast information is used if receiving Broadcast packets has been enabled, and one of the following situations occurs: – The SNTP server IP address has not been defined. – Several time-information packets are received and the Broadcast time is best according to the algorithm defined in "Algorithm for Selecting Designated SNTP Server" on page 180. Broadcast is the least secure method of receiving time, because it is both unsecured and the time information was not specifically requested by the device. Anycast is also unsecured, but time-information packets are only accepted if they were requested. Stratums Each SNTP server is characterized by stratums, which define the accuracy of its clock. The stratum is the distance, in terms of NTP hops, from the most authoritative time server. The lower the stratum (where zero is the lowest), the more accurate the clock. The switch accepts time from stratum 1 and above. The following provides examples of clocks from various stratums: • Stratum 0 — A real time clock is used as the time source, for example, a GPS system. • Stratum 1 — A server that is directly linked to a Stratum 0 time source is used. • Stratum 2 — The time source is distanced from the Stratum 1 server over a network path, for example, a Stratum 2 server receives the time over a network link, via NTP, from a Stratum 1 server.180 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Algorithm for Selecting Designated SNTP Server Messages received from SNTP servers are logged, until there are three responding servers, or the timer expires. In any event, when the third message is received, the timer expires. A server is selected to be the “designated server” according to the following criteria: • The stratum (the distance in terms of NTP hops from the best authoritative time servers) is considered, and the server with the best (lowest) stratum is selected. • If there is a tie in stratums, packets from servers defined on the device are preferred to Anycast packets, which in turn are preferred to Broadcast packets. • If multiple servers pass the above criteria, then the server that sent the first (earliest) time packet is chosen. If a better server is discovered later, it is selected to be the “designated server” at that time. Polling You can configure the system to acquire time information in the following ways: • Enable polling — Time information is requested every polling interval. • Do not enable polling — Time information is received when the system is brought up and every time that a topological change is made to the Running Configuration file, for example when an SNTP Unicast server is added. This is configured by the user in the SNTP Global Settings page. On power up, when the switch sends a request and there is no reply, it issues another request (three retries at most) after 20 seconds of waiting. If no SNTP server is found, the process is invoked every “poll interval” (set in the SNTP Global Settings page), and a management trap is triggered. Authentication You can require that SNTP servers be authenticated, although this is not mandatory (see the SNTP Authentication pages). Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 181 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY MD5 (Message Digest 5) Authentication safeguards device synchronization paths to SNTP servers. MD5 is an algorithm that produces a 128-bit hash value. MD5 is a variation of MD4, and increases MD4 security. MD5 both verifies the integrity of the communication and authenticates the origin of the communication. Global Settings (Clock Source) System time can be set manually, or it may be received from an external SNTP server. You if wish to set the system time manually, you do not to use the Global Settings page, because the default is manual (local) system time. To set the clock source: 1 Click System > Time Synchronization > Global Settings in the tree view to display the Global Settings page. Figure 9-5. Global Settings182 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY 2 Select the Clock Source. The possible options are: – Local—System time is taken from the device’s internal clock. Set this as defined in "Manual Time Settings" on page 169. – SNTP— System time is set via an SNTP server. Set SNTP parameters as defined in "System Time from an SNTP Server" on page 177. Defining the Clock Source Using CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for setting the clock source. The following is an example of the CLI commands: SNTP Global Settings If SNTP was selected as the clock source in the Global Settings page, you must define the mechanism of setting time from an SNTP server. This is done in the SNTP pages, described below. Table 9-7. Clock Source CLI Command CLI Description clock source {sntp} no clock source Configures an external time source for the system clock. Use the no form of this command to disable the external time source. show clock [detail] Displays the time and date from the system clock and its source. console# configure console(config)# clock source sntp console# show clock detail 3:29:03 UTC Sep 7 2010 Time source is sntp Time zone: Offset is UTC+0Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 183 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY To define the types of server from which the device accepts SNTP information and the polling interval: 1 Click System > Time Synchronization > SNTP Global Settings in the tree view to display the SNTP Global Settings page. Figure 9-6. SNTP Global Settings 2 Enter the fields: – Poll Interval (60-86400) — Enter the interval (in seconds) at which the SNTP servers are polled. – Receive Broadcast Servers Updates — Enable/disable receiving time information from Broadcast servers. – Receive Anycast Servers Updates — Enable/disable receiving time information from Anycast SNTP servers. – Receive Unicast Servers Updates — Enable/disable receiving time information from the SNTP servers defined on the switch. – Poll Unicast Requests — Enable/disable sending SNTP Unicast server time information requests to the SNTP server.184 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Defining SNTP Global Settings Using CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for setting fields displayed in the SNTP Global Settings pages. The following is an example of the CLI commands: SNTP Authentication Use the SNTP Authentication page to enable/disable SNTP authentication between the device and an SNTP server, and to set the means by which the SNTP server is authenticated. Table 9-8. SNTP Global Parameters CLI Commands CLI Command Description sntp client poll timer seconds no sntp client poll timer Sets the polling time for an SNTP client. Use the no form of this command to restore the default configuration. sntp broadcast client enable no sntp broadcast client enable Enables SNTP Broadcast clients. Use the no form of this command to disable SNTP Broadcast clients. sntp anycast client enable no sntp anycast client enable Enables SNTP Anycast clients. Use the no form of this command to disable SNTP Anycast clients. sntp unicast client enable no sntp unicast client enable Enables SNTP predefined Unicast clients. Use the no form of this command to disable SNTP Unicast clients. show sntp configuration Displays SNTP configuration console(config)# sntp anycast client enableDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 185 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY To configure SNTP authentication: 1 Click System > Time Synchronization > SNTP Authentication in the tree view to display the SNTP Authentication: Summary page. Figure 9-7. SNTP Authentication: Summary The previously-defined authentication keys are displayed. 2 Enable/disable SNTP Authentication. This enables/disables authenticating SNTP sessions between the device and an SNTP server. 3 Multiple keys can be defined. To add a new SNTP authentication key, click Add, and enter the fields. – Encryption Key ID (1 - 4294967295) — Enter the number used to identify this SNTP authentication key internally. – Authentication Key (1 - 8 Characters) — Enter the key used for authentication. The SNTP server must send this key for the switch to use its time/date information.186 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY – Trusted Key — Check to specify that the encryption key is used to authenticate the (Unicast) SNTP server. If this is not checked, the key is not used for authentication (and another key(s) is used). Defining SNTP Authentication Settings Using CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for setting fields displayed in the SNTP Authentication pages. The following is an example of the CLI commands: Table 9-9. SNTP Authentication CLI Commands CLI Command Description sntp authenticate no sntp authenticate Defines authentication for received SNTP traffic from servers. Use the no form of this command to disable the feature. sntp trusted-key keynumber no sntp trusted-key keynumber Authenticates the identity of a system to which SNTP will synchronize. Use the no form of this command to disable system identity authentication. sntp authentication-key key-number md5 value no sntp authenticationkey key-number Defines an authentication key for SNTP. Use the no form of this command to remove the authentication key for SNTP. console(config)# sntp authenticate console(config)# sntp trusted-key 8 console(config)# sntp authentication-key 8 md5 ClkkeyDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 187 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY SNTP Servers To add an SNTP server or display SNTP server information: 1 Click System > Time Synchronization > SNTP Servers in the tree view to display the SNTP Servers: Summary page. Figure 9-8. SNTP Servers: Summary The following is displayed for the previously-defined servers: – SNTP Server — IP address of server. – Polling — Polls the selected SNTP server for system time information, when enabled. – Encryption Key ID — Key Identification used to communicate between the SNTP server and device. 188 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY – Preference — SNTP server providing SNTP system time information. The system displays on of the following options: • Primary — The server from which time was last accepted. • Secondary — All other servers from which time was received. – Status — The operating SNTP server status. The possible options are: • Up — The SNTP server is currently operating normally. • Down — An SNTP server is currently not available, for example, the SNTP server is currently not connected or is currently down. • In progress — The SNTP server is currently sending or receiving SNTP information. • Unknown — The progress of the SNTP information currently being sent is unknown, for example, the device is currently looking for an interface. – Last Response — The last time a response was received from the SNTP server. – Offset — The estimated offset of the server's clock, relative to the local clock, in milliseconds. The host determines the value of this offset, using the algorithm described in RFC 2030. – Delay — The estimated round-trip delay of the server's clock, relative to the local clock over the network path between them, in milliseconds. The host determines the value of this delay, using the algorithm described in RFC 2030. 2 To add an SNTP Server, click Add, and enter the fields: – Supported IP Format — Select whether IPv4 or IPv6 format is used for the IP address of the SNTP server. – IPv6 Address Type — When the server supports IPv6, this specifies the type of static address supported. Select one of the possible options: • Link Local — A Link Local address that is non-routable and used for communication on the same network only. • Global — A globally unique IPv6 address; visible and reachable from different subnets.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 189 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY – Link Local Interface — When the server supports an IPv6 Link Local address, this specifies the Link Local interface. Select one of the possible options: • VLAN — The VLAN on which the IPv6 interface is configured. • ISATAP — The IPv6 interface is configured on an ISATAP tunnel. – SNTP Server — Enter the SNTP server’s IP address. – Poll Interval — Enable/disable polling the selected SNTP server for system time information, when enabled. – Encryption Key ID — Check to use an encryption key, and select one of the encryption keys that was defined in the SNTP Authentication pages. Defining SNTP Servers Settings Using CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for setting fields displayed in the SNTP Server pages. Table 9-10. SNTP Server CLI Commands CLI Command Description sntp server {ipv4- address|ipv6-address|ipv6- address|hostname} [poll] [key key-id] no sntp server {ipv4- address|ipv6-address|ipv6- address|hostname} Configures the device to use SNTP to request and accept SNTP traffic from a server. Use the no form of this command to remove a server from the list of SNTP servers. sntp unicast client poll no sntp unicast client poll Enables polling for the SNTP predefined Unicast clients. Use the no form of this command to disable the polling for the SNTP client. show sntp status Displays the SNTP server statuses.190 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY The following is an example of the CLI commands: SNTP Interfaces If receiving time information from Anycast servers is enabled, you can determine through which interface the Anycast packets are sent and received. If no interface is defined, Anycast requests are not sent. console(config)# sntp server 100.1.1.1 poll key 10 console# show sntp status Clock is unsynchronized Unicast servers: Server Status Last Response Offset Delay [mSec] [mSec] --------------- --------- ------------- -------- ------- Anycast server: Server Interface Status Last Response Offset Delay [mSec] [mSec] --------------- -------- -------------- ------ ------ Broadcast: Interface IP Address Last Response ------------ --------------- ----------------------- gi1/0/1 00:00:00.0 Jan 1 2010Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 191 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY To enable receiving Anycast updates on an interface: 1 Click System > Time Synchronization > SNTP Interface Settings to display the SNTP Interface Settings: Summary page. Figure 9-9. SNTP Interface Settings: Summary The following fields are displayed for every interface for which an SNTP interface has been enabled: – Interface — The port, LAG or VLAN on which SNTP is enabled. – Receive Servers Updates — Displays whether the interface is enabled to receive updates from the SNTP server. 2 To add an interface that can receive SNTP server updates, click Add. 3 Select an interface and enable/disable State to indicate that the interface can now receive/not receive SNTP server updates.192 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Defining SNTP Interface Settings Using CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for setting fields displayed in the SNTP Interface Settings pages. Table 9-11. SNTP Interface Settings CLI Commands CLI Command Description sntp client enable {[[gigabitethernet|tengigabitethern et] port-id|vlan vlan-id|portchannel LAG-number]} no sntp client enable {[[gigabitethernet|tengigabitethern et]port-number|vlan vlan-id|portchannel LAG-number]} Enables the SNTP client on an interface in Global Configuration mode. Use the no form of this command to disable the SNTP client. sntp client enable no sntp client enable Enables SNTP client on an interface in Interface Configuration mode. Use the no form of this command to disable the SNTP client. show sntp configuration Shows the configuration of the Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP).Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 193 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY The following is an example of the CLI commands: CLI Script for Receiving Time from an SNTP Server The following is a sample script that configures receiving system time from an SNTP server. console# configure console(config)# sntp client enable gi1/0/1 console# exit console# configure console(config)# interface gi1/0/1 console(config-if)# sntp client enable console# show sntp configuration SNTP port : 123. Polling interval: 1024 seconds. No MD5 authentication keys. Authentication is not required for synchronization. No trusted keys. Unicast Clients: Disabled Unicast Clients Polling: Disabled Server Polling Encryption Key ----------------------------- ---------- ----------- Broadcast Clients: disabled Anycast Clients: disabled Broadcast Interfaces: gi1/0/1 Table 9-12. Manual Time Setting CLI Commands CLI Description console# configure console(config)#clock source sntp Set the source of time as an SNTP server.194 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY console(config)#sntp client poll timer 6 Set polling time to 6 seconds. console(config)#sntp unicast client enable Enable accepting time from predefined Unicast clients. console(config)#sntp unicast client poll Enable polling predefined Unicast clients. console(config)#sntp server 10.4.1.3 poll Define the server that will be used as an SNTP server. console(config)#exit console# show sntp configuration Display SNTP settings. console# show sntp status Display SNTP servers. Table 9-12. Manual Time Setting CLI Commands (Continued) CLI DescriptionDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 195 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Logs The Logs feature enables the switch to keep several, independent logs. Each log is a set of entries that record system events. It contains the following topics: • System Log Overview • Global Parameters • RAM Log • Log File (in Flash) • Login History • Remote Log Server System Log Overview System logs record events and report errors or informational messages. Some aspects of system logging can be configured, as described below. When you configure system logging, the configuration applies to all units in the stack. Some events are automatically logged, such as hardware problems. You may enable/disable logging the following types of events: • Authentication Events in the Global Parameters page • Copy File Events in the Global Parameters page • Management Access Events in the Global Parameters page • Login History in the Login History page Event messages have a unique format, as per the System Logs (SYSLOG) protocol recommended message format for all error reporting, for example, SYSLOG and local device reporting messages are assigned a severity code, and include a message mnemonic that identifies the source application generating the message. Messages may be filtered, based on their urgency or relevancy. Events may be logged to the following destinations: • Console • Logging buffer (RAM)— Messages are stored in a cyclical file buffer. When the maximum number of messages is reached, messages are written starting at the beginning of the buffer (overwriting the old messages). 196 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Logs stored on the Logging buffer are deleted when the device is reset. • Logging file (flash) — Messages are stored in flash memory. When the buffer is full, messages are written starting at the beginning of the memory block (overwriting the old messages). • SYSLOG Server — Messages are sent to a remote server. This is useful for central and remote management and to provide more space for storage of messages. Up-to eight SYSLOG servers can be defined in the Remote Log Server Settings pages. You can select where to send logging messages according to their severity. Each of the severity level can be directed to the console, RAM log, flash log file or SYSLOG server or to any combination of these destinations. Global Parameters Use the Global Parameters page to enable/disable logging for the following logging severity levels. – Emergency — If the device is down or not functioning properly, an emergency log message is saved to the specified logging location. – Alert — An alert log is saved if there is a serious device malfunction, for example, all device features are down. – Critical — A critical log is saved if a critical device malfunction occurs, for example, two device ports are not functioning, while the rest of the device ports remain functional. – Error — A device error has occurred, for example, a single port is offline. – Warning — The lowest level of a device warning. The device is functioning, but an operational problem has occurred. – Notice — Provides device information to which you might have to respond. – Informational — Provides device information to which you do not have to respond. – Debug — Provides debugging messages. Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 197 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY If you enable logging, some events are automatically logged, and in addition, you can enable/disable specific types of logging and set their destination. To configure logging: 1 Click System > Logs > Global Parameters in the tree view to display the Global Parameters page. Figure 9-10. Global Parameters 2 Enable/disable logging in the Logging drop-down list. Console logs are enabled by default, and cannot be disabled. 3 If Logging is enabled, select the types of events to be logged in addition to the events that are always logged: – Log Authentication Events — Enable/disable generating logs when users are authenticated. 198 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY – Log Copy Files Events — Enable/disable generating logs when files are copied. – Log Management Access Events — Enable/disable generating logs when the device is accessed using a management method, for example, each time the device is accessed using SSH, a device log is generated. 4 To select the destination of logging messages, according to their severity levels, check the minimum severity level that will be associated with the console log, RAM log, Log file (Flash memory) and remote SYSLOG servers. When a severity level is selected, all severity levels above the selection are selected automatically. Enabling Logs Using CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for setting fields displayed in the Global Parameters page. Table 9-13. Global Log Parameters CLI Commands CLI Command Description logging on no logging Enables error message logging. Turns off error message logging. logging console level no logging console level Limits messages logged to the console, based on severity. Use the no form of this command to disable logging limiting to the console. logging file level no logging file Limits SYSLOG messages stored in flash memory, based on severity. Use the no form of this command to cancel using the buffer. file-system logging {copy|delete-rename} Enables the logging of file system events.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 199 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY The following is an example of the CLI commands: management logging {deny} no management logging {deny} Enables Management Access List (ACL) deny events. Use the no form of this command to disable logging management access list events. aaa logging {login} no aaa logging {login} Enables logging authentication login events. Use the no form of this command to disable logging authentication login events. console# configure console(config)# logging on console(config)# logging console errors console(config)# logging file alerts Table 9-13. Global Log Parameters CLI Commands (Continued) CLI Command Description200 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY RAM Log To manage the RAM log buffer: 1 Click System > Logs > RAM Log in the tree view to display the RAM Log page. Figure 9-11. RAM Log The Max RAM Log Entries (20-400) line, which contains the maximum number of RAM log entries permitted, is displayed. When the log buffer is full, the oldest entries are overwritten. The Current Setting contains how many entries are currently permitted, and you can change this number in the New Setting (after reset) field. The following is displayed for the existing logs: – Log Index — The log number in the RAM Log table.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 201 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY – Log Time — The time at which the log was entered into the RAM Log table. – Severity — The log severity. – Description — The log entry text. 2 To remove all entries from the RAM log, click Clear Log. Viewing and Clearing the RAM Log Table Using the CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for setting the size of the RAM log buffer, viewing, and clearing entries in the RAM log. The following is an example of the CLI commands: Table 9-14. RAM Log Table CLI Commands CLI Command Description logging buffered size no logging buffered Sets the number of SYSLOG messages stored in the internal buffer (RAM). Use the no form of this command to cancel using the buffer. show logging Displays the RAM logging buffer. clear logging Clears the RAM logging buffer. console(config)# logging buffered 300 04-Oct-2010 09:47:04 %SYSLOG-N-LOGGINGBFRSIZE: the number of syslog messages stored in the internal buffer will be changed to 300 (after reboot).202 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Log File (in Flash) To view and/or clear the flash memory log file: 1 Click System > Logs > Log File in the tree view to display the Log File page. Figure 9-12. Log File The following is displayed for the existing logs: – Log Index — The log number in the Log file. – Log Time — The time at which the log was entered. – Severity — The log severity. – Description — The log entry text. 2 To remove all entries from the log file, click Clear Log.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 203 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Displaying the Log File Table Using the CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for setting fields displayed in the Log File page. The following is an example of the CLI commands: Login History Use the Login History page to monitor users, including the time a user logged in, and the protocol used to log on to the device. Table 9-15. Log File Table CLI Commands CLI Command Description show logging file Displays the logging state and the SYSLOG messages stored in the logging file. console# show logging file Logging is enabled. Console Logging: Level info. Console Messages: 0 Dropped. Buffer Logging: Level info. Buffer Messages: 62 Logged, 62 Displayed, 200 Max. File Logging: Level debug. File Messages: 11 Logged, 51 Dropped. SysLog server 1.1.1.1 Logging: info. Messages: 0 Dropped. 01-Jan-2000 01:12:01 :%COPY-W-TRAP: The copy operation was completed successfully 01-Oct-2010 01:11:49 :%LINK-I-Up: gi/1/0/11 01-Oct-2010 01:11:46 :%LINK-I-Up: gi/1/0/12204 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY To enable user history logging and view user login history: 1 Click System > Logs > Login History in the tree view to display the Login History page. Figure 9-13. Login History The login history for the selected user or all users is displayed. 2 Enable/disable Login History to File to record login history. 3 Select a user or All from the User Name drop-down list. The login history for this user is displayed in the following fields: • Login Time — The time the selected user logged on to the device. • User Name — The user that logged on to the device. • Protocol — The means by which the user logged on to the device. • Location — The IP address of the station from which the device was accessed.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 205 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Displaying the Device Login History Using CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for viewing and setting fields displayed in the Login History page. The following is an example of the CLI commands: Table 9-16. Login History CLI Commands CLI Command Description aaa login-history file no aaa login-history file Enables writing to the login history file. Use the no form of this command to disable writing to the login history file. show users login-history [username] Displays the user’s login history. console (config)# aaa login-history file console# show users login-history Login Time Username Protocol Location ----------- -------- -------- ---------- 01-Oct-2010 23:58:17 admin HTTP 172.16.1.8 01-Oct-2010 07:59:23 admin Telnet 172.16.0.8206 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Remote Log Server Log messages can be sent to remote log servers, using the SYSLOG protocol. To add a remote log server: 1 Click System > Logs > Remote Server Settings in the tree view to display the Remote Log Server: Summary page. Figure 9-14. Remote Log Server: Summary The previously-defined remote servers are displayed. 2 To add a remote log server, click Add, and enter the fields: – Supported IP Format — Select whether the IPv4 or IPv6 format is supported. – IPv6 Address Type — When the server supports IPv6, this specifies the type of static address supported. The possible options are: • Link Local — A Link Local address that is non-routable and used for communication on the same network only.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 207 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY • Global — A globally unique IPv6 address; visible and reachable from different subnets. – Link Local Interface — When the server supports an IPv6 Link Local address, this specifies the Link Local interface. The possible options are: • VLAN — The VLAN on which the IPv6 interface is configured. • ISATAP — The IPv6 interface is configured on an ISATAP tunnel. – New Log Server IP Address — Enter the IP address of the remote SYSLOG server. – UDP Port (1-65535) — Enter the UDP port to which the logs are sent for the selected server. – Facility — Select a user-defined application from which system logs are sent to the remote server. Only a single facility can be assigned to a single server. If a second facility level is assigned, the first facility level is overridden. All applications defined for a device utilize the same facility on a server. – Description (0-64 Characters) — Enter a server description. – Severity to Include — Check the severity levels to be logged to the remote server. The event severity levels are listed on this page in descending order from the highest severity to the lowest. When a severity level is selected to appear in a log, all higher severity events are automatically selected to appear in the log. When a security level is not selected, no lower severity events appear in the log. 208 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Working with Remote Server Logs Using the CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI command for working with remote log servers. The following is an example of the CLI commands: Table 9-17. Remote Log Server CLI Commands CLI Command Description logging host {ipv4-address|ipv6- address|hostname} [port port-id] [severity level] [facility facility] [description text] no logging host {ipv4- address|ipv6-address|hostname} Logs messages to a remote server with this IP address. Use the no form of this command to delete the SYSLOG server with the specified address from the list of SYSLOGs. show syslog-servers Displays list of SYSLOG servers. console (configure) # logging host 1.1.1.1 console# show syslog-servers Device Configuration --------------------------------------------------------- IP Address Port Facility Severity Description ----------- ----- -------- ----------- ----------- 1.1.1.1 514 local7 info 1.1.1.2 514 local7 info 1.1.1.3 514 local7 info 1.1.1.4 514 local7 infoDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 209 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY IP Addressing This section describes how to configure IP addresses on the switch, and contains the following topics: • IP Addressing Overview • IPv4 Interface Parameters • DHCP IPv4 Interface • IPv4 Static Routing • IPv6 Interfaces • IPv6 Default Gateway • ISATAP Tunnel • IPv6 Neighbors • IPv6 Routes Table • Domain Name System • Default Domain Names • Host Name Mapping • ARP • UDP Relay IP Addressing Overview The device functions as an IPv6-compliant host, as well as an IPv4-host (also known as dual stack). This enables device operation in a pure-IPv6 network, as well as in a combined IPv4/IPv6 network. Difference Between IPv4 and IPv6 Addressing The primary difference between IPv4 to IPv6 is the length of network addresses. IPv6 addresses are 128 bits, whereas IPv4 addresses are 32 bits. Thus, IPv6 addresses enable the use of many more unique addresses. The 128-bit IPv6 address format is divided into eight groups of four hexadecimal digits. Abbreviation of this format by replacing a group of zeros with double colons (::) is acceptable. IPv6 address representation can be further simplified by suppressing the leading zeros.210 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY All IPv6 address formats are acceptable, yet for display purposes, the system displays the most abbreviated form, which replaces groups of zeros with double colons and removes the leading zeros. IPv6 Prefixes While Unicast IPv6 addresses written with their prefix lengths are permitted, in practice their prefix lengths are always 64 bits, and therefore are not required to be expressed. Any prefix that is less than 64 bits is a route or address range that summarizes a portion of the IPv6 address space. For every assignment of an IP address to an interface, the system runs the Duplicate Address Detection (DAD) algorithm to ensure uniqueness. An intermediary transition mechanism is required for IPv6-only nodes to communicate with IPv6 nodes over an IPv4 infrastructure. The tunneling mechanism implemented is the Intra-Site Automatic Tunnel Addressing Protocol (ISATAP). This protocol treats the IPv4 network as a virtual IPv6 local-link, with each IPv4 address mapped to a Link Local IPv6 address. IPv4 Interface Parameters You can assign IP addresses to the interface in the following ways: • Manual Assignment — Described below • DHCP Server Assignment — Described in "DHCP IPv4 Interface" on page 214 Multiple IP addresses can be configured in the IPv4 Interface Parameters pages. These IP addresses can be assigned to a port, LAG, or VLAN interface. When an IP address is assigned, it is checked for uniqueness in the following way: • A gratuitous ARP request is sent three times every three seconds. • If after (3+1)*3 = 12 seconds the switch has not received the ARP response, the IP address is considered to be unique. • During the procedure the switch has to reply to gratuitous ARP and probe ARP requests with the validated IP address.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 211 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY The IP address is assigned even if the above validation procedure concludes that the IP address in question is not unique, but a SYSLOG message is generated. In addition to the above validation procedure every time a switch receives an ARP request with a sender IP address that is equal to its IP address defined on the input interface it sends a SYSLOG message informing of IP duplication, containing the sender IP and MAC addresses, from the received ARP message. To assign an IP address to an interface, and to define subnets to which traffic can be routed: 1 Click System > IP Addressing > IPv4 Interface Parameters in the tree view to display the IP Interface Parameters: Summary page. Figure 9-15. IPv4 Interface Parameters: Summary212 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY The previously-assigned IP addresses are displayed. 2 To add an IP address to an interface, click Add, and enter the fields: – IP Address — Enter the IP address assigned to the interface. – Network Mask — Select the subnetwork mask to which traffic can be routed. – Prefix Length — Enter the number of bits that comprise the IP address prefix of the subnetwork. – Interface — Select the interface for which the IP address is defined. Select an interface type Port, LAG, or VLAN and the specific interface number. Defining IPv4 Interfaces Using CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for setting fields displayed in the IPv4 Interfaces Parameters page. Table 9-18. IPv4 Interface Parameters CLI Commands CLI Command Description ip address ip-address {mask|prefix-length} no ip address [ip-address] Sets an IP address. Use the no form of the command to remove an IP address. show ip interface [[gigabitethernet|tengigabitet hernet]port-number|vlan vlanid|port-channel LAG-number] Displays the usability status of interfaces configured for IP.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 213 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY The following are sample procedures to configure a static IPv4 address on an interface using CLI and then to remove it: Table 9-19. Sample CLI Script to Configure IPv4 Statically on a VLAN CLI Command Description console#config Enter Global Configuration mode. console(config)# interface vlan 1 Enter Interface mode for VLAN 1. console(config-if)# ip address 10.5.225.40 /27 Set the routing interface with prefix length of 27. console(config-if)# ip defaultgateway 10.5.225.33 Set the address of the default gateway console(config-if)# no ip address Remove the address (if required). Table 9-20. Sample CLI Script to Configure IPv4 Statically on a Port CLI Command Description console#config Enter Global Configuration mode. console(config)# interface gi1/0/1 Enter Interface mode for port 1 on unit 1. console(config)# no switchport Enable the port to work as an IP interface (Layer 3 mode). console(config-if)# ip address 10.5.225.40 /27 Configure an IP address with prefix length of 27. console(config-if)# ip defaultgateway 10.5.225.33 Set the address of the default gateway console(config-if)# no ip address Remove the address (if required).214 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY DHCP IPv4 Interface The switch can operate in the following ways: • It can function as a DHCP client that obtains its own IP from a DHCP server, as described in this section • It can function as a DHCP server that allocates IP addresses to other devices, as described in "DHCP Server" on page 297 When the interface is configured as a DHCP client, it keeps requesting an IP address from the DHCP server, until it receives one. It then sends Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) packets to confirm the uniqueness of the IP address. If the ARP response shows that the IP address is in use, the switch sends a DHCPDECLINE message to the DHCP server, and sends another DHCPDISCOVER packet that restarts the process. IP address collisions occur when the same IP address is used in the same IP subnet by more than one device. Address collisions require administrative actions on the DHCP server and/or the devices that collide. Up to 32 interfaces (ports, LAGs, and/or VLAN) on the switch can be configured with a static or dynamic IP address. The IP subnets to which these IP addresses belong are known as directly connected/attached IP subnets. The IP address assignment rules for the switch are as follows: • If the IP address on the switch is changed, the switch issues gratuitous ARP packets to the corresponding VLAN, to check IP address collisions. • When a client must renew its lease, prior to its expiration date, a DHCPREQUEST message is sent. • A specific interface can have either a static IP address or a dynamic IP address, but not both.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 215 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY To define the switch as a DHCP client: 1 Click System > IP Addressing > DHCP IPv4 Interface in the tree view to display the DHCP IPv4 Interface: Summary page. Figure 9-16. DHCP IPv4 Interface: Summary216 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY The previously-configured DHCP IPv4 interfaces are displayed. 2 To add an interface that can receive an IP address, click Add and select the whether the interface is a port, LAG or VLAN in the Interface field. Defining DHCP IPv4 Interfaces Using CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for setting fields in the DHCP IPv4 Interface pages. Table 9-21. DHCP IPv4 Interface CLI Commands CLI Command Description ip address dhcp no ip address dhcp Acquires an IP address on an Ethernet interface from the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP). Use the no form of this command to release an acquired IP address.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 217 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Configuring DHCP IPv4 Interfaces Using CLI The following is a sample CLI script to configure a dynamic IPv4 address on an interface and then to remove it: IPv4 Static Routing IPv4 static routes can be configured for IP addresses that are not on directly connected networks. These are defined in the IPv4 Static Routing pages. Table 9-22. Sample CLI Script to Configure IPv4 Dynamically on a VLAN CLI Command Description console#config Enter Global Configuration mode. console(config)# interface vlan 1 Enter VLAN mode for VLAN 1. console(config)# no switchport Enable the port to work as an IP interface (Layer 3 mode). console(config-if)# ip address dhcp Use the DHCP protocol to acquire the IP address. console(config-if)# no ip address dhcp Remove the address (if required). Table 9-23. Sample CLI Script to Configure IPv4 Dynamically on a Port CLI Command Description console#config Enter Global Configuration mode. console(config)# interface vlan 1 Enter VLAN mode for VLAN 1. console(config-if)# ip address dhcp Use the DHCP protocol to acquire the IP address. console(config-if)# no switchport Enable the port to work as an IP interface (Layer 3 mode). console(config-if)# no ip address dhcp Remove the address (if required).218 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY When routing traffic, the next hop is determined according to the longest prefix match (LPM algorithm). A destination IPv4 address may match multiple routes in the IPv4 Static Route table. The switch uses the matched route with the longest prefix match. To add an IPv4 static route: 1 Click System > IP Addressing > IPv4 Static Routing in the tree view to display the IPv4 Static Routing: Summary page. Figure 9-17. IPv4 Static Routing: Summary 2 Click Add to add a destination, and enter the fields: – Destination IP Prefix — Enter the destination IPv4 prefix. If all zeros are entered, this represents a default route. – Network Mask — Select the destination IPv4 mask. – Prefix Length — Select the length of the destination IPv4 address prefix. Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 219 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY – Next Hop — Enter the IP address to which the packet is forwarded on the route to the destination address. This is typically the address of a neighboring switch. – Route Type — Select the route type. The possible options are: • Reject — Rejects the route and stops routing to the destination network via all gateways. This ensures that if a frame arrives with the destination IP of this route, it is dropped. • Remote — The route is a remote path. – Metric (1-255) — Enter the administrative distance (cost) to the destination. Defining IPv4 Static Routing Using CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for configuring IPv4 static routing. The following is an example of the CLI command: Table 9-24. IPv4 Static Routing CLI Commands CLI Command Description ip routing no ip routing Enables IPv4 Routing. Use the no format of the command to disable IPv4 Routing. ip route prefix {mask|prefixlength} ip-address-next-hop [metric distance] [reject-route] no ip route prefix {mask|prefixlength} [ip-address-next-hop] Configures static routes. Use the no form of this command to remove static routes. show ip route Displays the current routing table state. console(config)# ip route prefix 192.168.1.1 /8 10.5.234.255 metric 3 reject-route220 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Configuring Two IP Networks on Two Different VLANS Using CLI The following shows how to configure two IP networks on two different VLANS using CLI: To test this setup described in Figure 9-18: 1 Connect a host whose address is 1.1.1.2 to interface 1/0/1 (default route 1.1.1.1) 2 Connect a host whose address 2.1.1.2 to port 1/0/2 (default route 2.1.1.1) 3 Ping from 1.1.1.2 to 2.1.1.2 to verify the configuration Table 9-25. Sample CLI Script to Configure Two IP Networks on Two Different VLANSs CLI Command Description console#config Enter Global Configuration mode. console(config)# vlan database Enter VLAN mode. console(config-vlan)# vlan 100-150 Create VLANs number 100 to 150. console(config-vlan)# exit Exit VLAN mode. console(config)#interface gi1/0/1 Enter Interface mode for port 1 on unit 1. console(config-if)# switchport access vlan 100 Make port a member of VLAN 100. console(config-if)# ip address 1.1.1.1 255.255.255.0 Set the IP address with mask. console(config-vlan)# exit Exit Interface mode for port. console(config)#interface gi1/0/2 Enter Interface mode for port 2 on unit 1. console(config-if)# switchport access vlan 150 Make port a member of VLAN 150. console(config-if)# ip address 2.1.1.1 255.255.255.0 Set the IP address with mask. console(config-vlan)# exit Exit Interface mode for port.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 221 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Figure 9-18. IP Routing Setup IPv6 Interfaces The system supports IPv6-addressable hosts. To define IPv6 interfaces: 1 Click System > IP Addressing > IPv6 Interface in the tree view to open the IPv6 Interface: Summary page. Figure 9-19. IPv6 Interface: Summary PC 1.1.1.1 Switch PC 2.1.1.1 VLAN 100 VLAN 150222 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY 2 Select an interface. The IPv6 addresses defined on the interface are displayed. In addition to the fields described in the Add pages, the following fields are displayed: – ICMP Error Rate Limit Interval (0-2147483647) — Enter the rate-limit interval for ICMPv6 error messages in milliseconds. The value of this parameter together with the Bucket Size parameter (below) determines how many ICMP error messages may be sent per time interval, for example, a rate-limit interval of 100 ms and a bucket size of 10 messages translates to 100 ICMP error messages per second. – ICMP Error Rate Limit Bucket Size (1-200) — Enter the bucket size for ICMPv6 error messages. The value of this parameter together with the ICMP Error Rate Limit Interval parameter determines how many ICMP error messages may be sent per time interval, for example, a rate-limit interval of 100 ms and a bucket size of 10 messages translates to 100 ICMP error messages per second. 3 To add a new IPv6 interface, click Add IPv6 Interface, and enter the fields: – Interface — Select an IPv6 interface to be configured. – Number of DAD Attempts — Enter the number of consecutive neighbor solicitation messages that are sent on an interface while Duplicate Address Detection (DAD) is performed on Unicast IPv6 addresses on this interface. New addresses remain in a tentative state while duplicate address detection is performed. A field value of 0, disables duplicate address detection processing on the specified interface. A field value of 1, indicates a single transmission without follow up transmissions. – Autoconfiguration — Enable/disable stateless auto configuration of IPv6 address assignment. When enabled, the router solicitation ND procedure is initiated. This discovers a router in order to assign an IP address to the interface, based on prefixes received with RA messages. When auto configuration is disabled, no automatic assignment of IPv6 global Unicast addresses is performed, and existing, automatically-assigned IPv6 global Unicast addresses are removed from the interface. Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 223 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY – Send ICMP Unreachable — Enable/disable transmission of ICMPv6 address Unreachable messages. When enabled, unreachable messages are generated for any packet arriving on the interface with unassigned TCP/UDP port. 4 To add an address to an IPv6 interface, click Add IPv6 Address, and enter the fields for the selected interface: – IPv6 Address Type — Check the means by which the IP address was added to the interface. The possible options are: • Link Local — The IP address is link local; non-routable and can be used for communication on the same network only. A Link Local address has a prefix of 'FE80'. • Global Unicast — The IP address is a globally unique IPv6 Unicast address; visible and reachable from different subnets. • Global Anycast — The IP address is a globally unique IPv6 Anycast address; visible and reachable from different subnets. – IPv6 Address — Enter the IPv6 address assigned to the interface. The address must be a valid IPv6 address, specified in hexadecimal using 16-bit values between colons. An example of an IPv6 address is 2031:0:130F:0:0:9C0:876A:130D and the compressed version is represented as 2031:0:130F::9C0:876A:130D. Up to five IPv6 addresses (not including Link Local addresses) can be set per interface, with the limitation of up to128 addresses per system. – Prefix Length — For global Unicast or Anycast, enter the length of the IPv6 prefix. The length is a decimal value that indicates how many of the high-order contiguous bits of the address comprise the prefix (the network portion of the address). The Prefix field is applicable only on a static IPv6 address defined as a Global IPv6 address. – EUI-64 — For global Unicast or Anycast, check to use the EUI-64 option.224 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Defining IPv6 Interfaces Using CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for setting fields displayed in the IPv6 Interface pages. Table 9-26. IPv6 Interfaces CLI Commands CLI Command Description ipv6 enable [no-autoconfig] no ipv6 enable Enables the IPv6 addressing mode on an interface. Use the no form of this command to disable the IPv6 addressing mode on an interface ipv6 address autoconfig no ipv6 address autoconfig Enables automatic configuration of IPv6 addresses, using stateless auto configuration on an interface. Addresses are configured depending on the prefixes received in Router Advertisement messages. Use the no form of this command to disable address auto configuration on the interface. ipv6 icmp error-interval milliseconds [bucketsize] no ipv6 icmp error-interval Configures the rate limit interval and bucket size parameters for IPv6 Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) error messages. Use the no form of this command to return the interval to its default setting. ipv6 address ipv6- address/prefix-length [eui-64] [anycast] no ipv6 address [ipv6- address/prefix-length] [eui- 64] Configures an IPv6 address for an interface. Use the no form of this command to remove the address from the interface.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 225 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY ipv6 address ipv6- address/prefix-length linklocal no ipv6 address link-local Configures an IPv6 link-local address for an interface. Use the no form of this command to return to the default link local address on the interface. ipv6 unreachables no ipv6 unreachables Enables the generation of ICMP for IPv6 (ICMPv6) unreachable messages for packets arriving on a specified interface. Use the no form of this command to prevent the generation of unreachable messages. ipv6 nd dad attempts attempt Configures the number of consecutive neighbor solicitation messages that are sent on an interface while Duplicate Address Detection (DAD) is performed on the unicast IPv6 addresses of the interface. show ipv6 interface [[gigabitethernet|tengigabite thernet] port-number|vlan vlan-id|port-channel LAGnumber] Displays the usability status of interfaces configured for IPv6. show ipv6 icmp error-interval Displays the IPv6 ICMP error interval. Table 9-26. IPv6 Interfaces CLI Commands (Continued) CLI Command Description226 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY The following is a sample script to configure IPv6 using CLI: IPv6 Default Gateway Use the IPv6 Default Gateway pages to configure and view the default IPv6 router addresses. This list contains routers that are candidates to become the switch default router for non-local traffic. The switch randomly selects a router from the list. The switch supports one static IPv6 default router. Dynamic default routers are routers that have sent router advertisements to the switch IPv6 interface. When adding or deleting IP addresses, the following events occur: • When removing an IP interface, all of its default gateway IP addresses are removed. • Dynamic IP addresses cannot be removed. • An alert message is displayed after a user attempts to insert more than one IP address. • An alert message is displayed when attempting to insert a non-Link Local type address. Table 9-27. Sample CLI Script to Configure IPv6 on a Port CLI Command Description console#config Enter Global Configuration mode. console(config)# interface vlan 1 Enter VLAN mode for VLAN 1. console(config-if)# ipv6 enable Enable IPv6 (dynamic). console(config-if)# ipv6 address 5::1/64 Set the IPv6 address (static)Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 227 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY To configure a router: 1 Click System > IP Addressing > IPv6 Default Gateway in the tree view to display the IPv6 Default Gateway: Summary page. Figure 9-20. IPv6 Default Gateway: Summary The previously-defined routers are displayed with the following fields: – IPv6 Default IPv6 Address — The router’s address. – Interface — The interface on which the router is accessed. – Type — The means by which the default gateway was configured. The possible options are: • Static — The default gateway is user-defined. • Dynamic — The default gateway is dynamically configured through router advertisement.228 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY – State — The router’s status. The possible options are: • Incomplete — Address resolution is in progress and the link-layer address of the default gateway has not yet been determined. • Reachable — The default gateway is known to have been reachable recently (within tens of seconds ago). • Stale — The default gateway is no longer known to be reachable but until traffic is sent to the default gateway, no attempt is made to verify its reachability. • Delay — The default gateway is no longer known to be reachable, and traffic has recently been sent to the default gateway. Rather than probe the default gateway immediately, however, there is a delay sending probes for a short while in order to give upper-layer protocols a chance to provide reachability confirmation. • Probe — The default gateway is no longer known to be reachable, and Unicast Neighbor Solicitation probes are being sent to verify reachability. • Unreachable — No reachability confirmation was received. 2 To add an IPv6 default gateway, click Add, and enter the fields: – IPv6 Address Type — Displays that the IP address was added to the interface through a link local address. – Link Local Interface — Displays the outgoing interface through which the default gateway can be reached. – Default Gateway IPv6 Address — Enter the Link Local IPv6 address of the default gateway. Defining IPv6 Default Gateway Parameters Using CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for setting fields displayed in the IPv6 Default Gateway pages . Table 9-28. IPv6 Default Gateway CLI Commands CLI Command Description ipv6 default-gateway ipv6- address Defines an IPv6 default gateway.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 229 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY The following are examples of these CLI command: ISATAP Tunnel To deliver IPv6 addresses in an IPv4 network, a tunneling process must be defined that encapsulates IPv6 packets in IPv4 packets. The Intra-Site Automatic Tunnel Addressing Protocol (ISATAP) is an IPv6 transition mechanism that is used to transmit IPv6 packets between dual-stack nodes (nodes that can accept both IPv4 and IPv6 addresses) on top of an IPv4 network. When enabling ISATAP on a tunnel interface, an explicit IPv4 address is configured as the tunnel source, or an automatic mode exists, where the lowest IPv4 address is assigned to an IP interface. This source IPv4 address is used for setting the tunnel interface identifier according to ISATAP addressing conventions. When a tunnel interface is enabled for ISATAP, the tunnel source must be set for the interface in order for the interface to become active. An ISATAP address is represented using the [64-bit prefix]:0:5EFE:w.x.y.z, where 5EFE is the ISATAP identifier and w.x.y.z is a public or private IPv4 address. Thus, a Link Local address will be represented as FE80::5EFE:w.x.y.z show ipv6 route Displays the current state of the IPv6 routing table. console(config)# ipv6 default-gateway fe80::abcd console(config-if)# do show ipv6 route Codes: L - Local, S - Static, I - ICMP, ND - Router Advertisement The number in the brackets is the metric. L 3000::/64 is directly connected, VLAN 20 Lifetime Infinite L 4003::/64 is directly connected, VLAN 20 Lifetime Infinite L 5003::/64 is directly connected, VLAN 20 Lifetime Infinite L 6003::/64 is directly connected, VLAN 20 Lifetime Infinite Table 9-28. IPv6 Default Gateway CLI Commands (Continued) CLI Command Description230 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY After the last IPv4 address is removed from the interface, the ISATAP IP interface state becomes inactive and is represented as Down, however the Admin state remains Enabled. When defining tunneling, note the following: • An IPv6 Link Local address is assigned to the ISATAP interface. The initial IP address is assigned to the interface, and the interface state becomes Active. • If an ISATAP interface is active, the ISATAP router IPv4 address is resolved via DNS by using ISATAP-to-IPv4 mapping. If the ISATAP DNS record is not resolved, the ISATAP host name-to-address mapping is searched in the host name cache. • When an ISATAP router IPv4 address is not resolved via the DNS process, the status of the ISATAP IP interface remains Active. The system does not have a default gateway for ISATAP traffic until the DNS procedure is resolved. • In order for an ISATAP Tunnel to work properly over an IPv4 network, an ISATAP router is must be set up.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 231 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY To define an IPv6 ISATAP tunnel: 1 Click System > IP Addressing > IPv6 ISATAP Tunnel in the tree view to display the ISATAP Tunnel page. Figure 9-21. IPv6 ISATAP Tunnel 2 Enter the fields: – ISATAP Status —Enable/disable the status of ISATAP on the device. – IPv4 Address Type — Enter the source of the IPv4 address used by the tunnel. The options are: • Auto —Use the dynamic address. • None —Disable the ISATAP tunnel • Manual —Use the manual address assigned. – IPv4 Address — Enter the local (source) IPv4 address of a tunnel interface. 232 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY – Tunnel Router's Domain Name — Enter a specific automatic tunnel router domain name. – Domain Name Query Interval(10 - 3600) — Enter the interval between DNS queries (before the IP address of the ISATAP router is known) for the automatic tunnel router domain name. – ISATAP Router Solicitation Interval(10 - 3600) — Enter the interval between router solicitations messages when there is no active router. – ISATAP Robustness (1 - 20) — Enter the number of DNS Query/Router Solicitation refresh messages that the device sends per second. Select the Use Default option to use the default setting of a field. Defining ISATAP Tunnel Parameters Using CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for setting fields displayed in the ISATAP Tunnel pages. Table 9-29. ISATAP Tunnel CLI Commands CLI Command Description interface tunnel number Enters tunnel interface configuration mode. tunnel mode ipv6ip {isatap} no tunnel mode ipv6ip Configures an IPv6 transition mechanism global support mode. Use the no form of this command to remove an IPv6 transition mechanism. tunnel isatap router router_name no tunnel isatap router Configures a global string that represents a specific automatic tunnel router domain name. Use the no form of this command to remove the string associated with the router domain name and restore the default configuration. tunnel source {auto|ip-address ipv4-address} no tunnel source Sets the local (source) IPv4 address of a tunnel interface. Use the no form of the command to delete the tunnel local address.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 233 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY The following is an example of a CLI script to create a tunnel: tunnel isatap query-interval seconds no tunnel isatap query-interval Configures the interval between DNS Queries (before the IP address of the ISATAP router is known) for the automatic tunnel router domain name. Use the no form of this command to restore the default configuration. tunnel isatap solicitationinterval seconds no tunnel isatap solicitationinterval Configures the interval between ISATAP router solicitations messages (when there is no active ISATAP router). Use the no form of this command to restore the default configuration. tunnel isatap robustness number no tunnel isatap robustness Configures the number of DNS Query/Router Solicitation refresh messages that the device sends. Use the no form of this command to restore the default configuration. show ipv6 tunnel Displays information on the ISATAP tunnel. Table 9-30. ISATAP Tunnel CLI Script CLI Command Description console#config Enter Global Configuration mode. console(config)# interface vlan 1 Enter Interface mode for VLAN 1. console(config-if)# ip address 10.5.225.40 /27 Configure an IP address with prefix length of 27. console(config-if)# ip default-gateway 10.5.225.33 console(config-if)#exit Set the address of the default gateway and exit Interface mode. Table 9-29. ISATAP Tunnel CLI Commands (Continued) CLI Command Description234 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY console (config)# ip domain lookup Enable DNS lookup console(config)# ip name-server 176.16.1.18 Define DNS server console(config)# interface tunnel 1 Enter tunnel mode console(config-tunnel)#tunnel mode ipv6ip isatap Enable tunnel. console(config-tunnel)#tunnel source auto The system minimum IPv4 address will be used as the source address for packets sent on the tunnel interface. console(config-tunnel)# do show ipv6 tunnel Display tunnel configuration Table 9-30. ISATAP Tunnel CLI Script CLI Command DescriptionDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 235 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY IPv6 Neighbors The Neighbors feature is similar in functionality to the IPv4 Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) feature. It enables detecting Link Local addresses within the same subnet, and includes a database for maintaining reachability information about active neighbors. The device supports a total of up to 64 neighbors, obtained statically or dynamically. When removing an IPv6 interface, all neighbors entered statically or learned dynamically, are removed. To add an IPv6 neighbor: 1 Click System > IP Addressing > IPv6 Neighbors in the tree view to display the IPv6 Neighbors: Summary page. Figure 9-22. IPv6 Neighbors: Summary236 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY The previously-defined neighbors are displayed along with their states. The possible states are: – Incomplete — An address resolution is in progress, and the link-layer address of the neighbor has not yet been determined. – Reachable — The neighbor is known to have been reachable recently (within tens of seconds). – Stale — The neighbor is no longer known to be reachable, but until traffic is sent to the neighbor, no attempt is made to verify its reachability. – Delay — The neighbor is no longer known to be reachable, and traffic has recently been sent to the neighbor. Rather than probe the neighbor immediately, however, there is a delay sending probes for a short while, in order to give upper-layer protocols a chance to provide reachability confirmation. – Probe — The neighbor is no longer known to be reachable, and Unicast Neighbor Solicitation probes are being sent to verify reachability. 2 To clear the Neighbors table, select one of the following options: – None — Does not clear any entries. – Static Only — Clears the static entries. – Dynamic Only — Clears the dynamic entries. – All Dynamic and Static — Clears the static and dynamic address entries. 3 To add a new IPv6 neighbor, click Add, and enter the fields: – IPv6 Interface — Displays the interface on which IPv6 Interface is defined. – IPv6 Address — Enter the neighbor IPv6 address. – MAC Address — Enter the MAC address assigned to the interface.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 237 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY 4 To modify or remove an IPv6 neighbor, click Edit, and enter the fields described on the Add page. 5 If an entry for the specified IPv6 address already exists in the neighbor discovery cache, as learned through the IPv6 neighbor discovery process, you can convert the entry to a static entry. To do this, select Static in the Type field. Defining IPv6 Neighbors Using CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for setting fields displayed in the IPv6 Neighbors pages. Table 9-31. IPv6 Neighbors CLI Commands CLI Command Description ipv6 neighbor ipv6_addr {[gigabitethernet|tengigabitethernet] port-number|vlan vlan-id|port-channel LAG-number]} mac_addr no ipv6 neighbor ipv6_addr {[gigabitethernet|tengigabitethernet] port-number|vlan vlan-id|port-channel LAG-number]} Configures a static entry in the IPv6 neighbor discovery cache. Use the no form of this command to remove a static IPv6 entry from the IPv6 neighbor discovery cache. show ipv6 neighbors {static|dynamic}[ipv6-address ipv6- address] [mac-address mac-address] [[gigabitethernet|tengigabitethernet] port-number|vlan vlan-id|port-channel LAG-number]] Displays IPv6 neighbor discovery cache information. clear ipv6 neighbors Deletes all entries in the IPv6 neighbor discovery cache.238 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY The following is an example of the CLI commands: console# config console(config)# ipv6 neighbor 3000::a31b vlan 1 001b.3f9c.84ea console# show ipv6 neighbors dynamic Interface IPv6 Address HW Address State Router --------- ------------ ---------- ----- ----- VLAN 1 3000::a31b 0001b.3f9c.84ea Reachable YesDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 239 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY IPv6 Routes Table The IPv6 Routes Table describes how to reach IPv6 destinations. The routing table is used to determine the next-hop address and the interface used for forwarding. Each dynamic entry also has an associated invalidation timer value (extracted from Router Advertisements). This timer is used to delete entries that are no longer advertised. To view IPv6 destinations and how they are reached: • Click System > IP Addressing > IPv6 Routes Table in the tree view to display the IPv6 Routes Table page. Figure 9-23. IPv6 Routes Table The following is displayed for each IP address: – IPv6 Address — The destination IPv6 address.240 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY – Prefix Length — The length of the IPv6 prefix. This field is applicable only when the destination address is defined as a global IPv6 address. – Interface — The interface that is used to forward the packet. Interface refers to any Port, LAG or VLAN. – Next Hop — The address to which the packet is forwarded on the route to the Destination address (typically the address of a neighboring router). This can be either a Link Local or Global IPv6 address. – Metric — The value used for comparing this route to other routes with the same destination in the IPv6 route table. This is an administrative distance with the range of 0-255. – Life-Time — The timeout interval of the route if no activity takes place. Infinite means the address is never deleted. – RouteType — Specifies whether the destination is directly-attached and the means by which the entry was learned. The possible options are: • Local — A directly-connected route entry. • Static — Manually configured route, supported only for default gateway, learned through the Neighbor Discover (ND) process. • ICMP — The route was learned through ICMP Redirect messages, sent by the router. • ND — Route was learned by the ND protocol from Router Advertisement messages. Viewing IPv6 Routes Table Parameters Using CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for setting fields displayed in the IPv6 Routes Table page. Table 9-32. IPv6 Routes Table CLI Commands CLI Command Description show ipv6 route Displays the current state of the ipv6 routing table.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 241 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY The following is an example of the CLI commands: console> show ipv6 route Codes: L - Local, S - Static, I - ICMP, ND - Router Advertisement The number in the brackets is the metric. S::/0 via fe80::77 [0] VLAN 1 Lifetime Infinite ND::/0 via fe80::200:cff:fe4a:dfa8 [0] VLAN 1 Lifetime 1784 sec L 2001::/64 is directly connected, g2 Lifetime Infinite L 2002:1:1:1::/64 is directly connected, VLAN 1 Lifetime 2147467 sec L 3001::/64 is directly connected, VLAN 1 Lifetime Infinite L 4004::/64 is directly connected, VLAN 1 Lifetime Infinite L 6001::/64 is directly connected, g2 Lifetime Infinite242 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Domain Name System The Domain Name System (DNS) converts user-defined domain names into IP addresses. Each time a domain name is assigned, the DNS service translates the name into a numeric IP address, for example, www.ipexample.com is translated into 192.87.56.2. DNS servers maintain domain name databases and their corresponding IP addresses. To add a DNS server and specify the active DNS server: 1 Click System > IP Addressing > Domain Name System in the tree view to display the Domain Name System: Summary page. Figure 9-24. Domain Name System: Summary The list of previously-defined DNS servers is displayed. 2 To enable mapping of host names into IP addresses through a DNS server, select DNS Status. 3 To activate one of the currently-defined DNS servers, enable Active Server.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 243 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY 4 To add a DNS server, click Add, and enter the fields: – Supported IP Format — Select whether the IPv4 or IPv6 format is supported. – IPv6 Address Type — When the server supports IPv6, this specifies the type of static address supported. The possible options are: • Link Local — A Link Local address that is non-routable and used for communication on the same network only. • Global — A globally unique IPv6 address; visible and reachable from different subnets. – Link Local Interface — When the server supports an IPv6 Link Local address, this specifies the Link Local interface. The possible options are: • VLAN — The VLAN on which the IPv6 interface is configured. • ISATAP — The IPv6 interface is configured on an ISATAP tunnel. – DNS Server — Enter the IP address of the DNS server being added. – DNS Server Currently Active — Displays the DNS server that is currently active. – Set DNS Server Active — Check to activate the selected DNS server. Configuring DNS Servers Using the CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for configuring the fields in the Domain Name System pages. Table 9-33. DNS CLI Commands CLI Command Description ip domain lookup Enables DNS system for translating host names to IP addresses. ip name-server {server1- ipv4-address|server1-ipv6- address} [server-address2 …server-address8] no ip name-server [serveraddress … server-address8] Sets the available name servers. Up to eight name servers can be set. The no form of the command removes a name server.244 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY The following is an example of the CLI commands: clear host Deletes entries from the host name-toaddress cache. clear host dhcp {name|*} Deletes entries from the host name-toaddress mapping received from DHCP. show hosts Displays the default domain name, the list of name server hosts, the static and the cached list of host names and addresses console (config)# ip domain lookup console(config)# ip name-server 176.16.1.18 Table 9-33. DNS CLI Commands (Continued) CLI Command DescriptionDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 245 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Default Domain Names A default domain name is used when an IP address cannot be mapped to a known domain name. This domain name is applied to all unqualified host names. To define the default domain name: 1 Click System > IP Addressing > Default Domain Name to display the Default Domain Name page. Figure 9-25. Default Domain Name If there is a currently-defined default domain name, it is displayed. 2 Enter the Default Domain Name (1 - 160 Characters). Its Type is displayed, and has one of the following options: – Dynamic — The IP address was created dynamically. – Static — The IP address is a static IP address.246 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Defining Default Domain Names Using the CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for configuring the default domain name: The following is an example of the CLI commands: Table 9-34. Default Domain Name CLI Commands CLI Command Description ip domain-name name no ip domain-name Defines a default domain name that the software uses to complete unqualified host names. The no form of the command disables the use of the Domain Name System (DNS). console(config)# ip domain-name dell.com Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 247 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Host Name Mapping Host names can be dynamically mapped to IP addresses through the Domain Name System pages, or statically through the Host Name Mapping page. To assign IP addresses to static host names. 1 Click System > IP Addressing > Host Name Mapping in the tree view to display the Host Name Mapping: Summary page. Figure 9-26. Host Name Mapping: Summary The currently-defined host names are displayed. 2 Click Add to add a new host name. Up to four IP addresses can be added. 3 For each IP address, enter the fields: – Supported IP Format — Select whether the IPv4 or IPv6 format is supported. 248 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY – IPv6 Address Type — When the server supports IPv6, this specifies the type of static address supported. The possible options are: • Link Local — A Link Local address that is non-routable and used for communication on the same network only. • Global — A globally unique IPv6 address; visible and reachable from different subnets. – Link Local Interface — When the server supports an IPv6 Link Local address, this specifies the Link Local interface. The possible options are: • VLAN — The VLAN on which the IPv6 interface is configured. • ISATAP — The IPv6 interface is configured on an ISATAP tunnel. • Host Name (1-160 Characters) — Enter the host name to be associated with the IP address entered below. • IP Address — Enter the IP address of the domain. Four addresses can be entered. 4 Click Remove to delete a host name. All addresses for this host name are deleted at the same time. Mapping IP Addresses to Domain Host Names Using the CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for mapping domain host names to IP addresses. Table 9-35. Domain Host Name CLI Commands CLI Command Description ip host name address [address2 address3 address4] Defines the static host name-to-address mapping in the host cache no ip host name Removes the name-to-address mapping. clear host {name|*} Deletes entries from the host name-to-address cache. show hosts [name] Displays the default domain name, list of name server hosts, the static and the cached list of host names and addresses.Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 249 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY The following is an example of the CLI commands: ARP The Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) converts IP addresses into physical MAC addresses. ARP enables a host to communicate with other hosts when their IP addresses are known. To add an IP/MAC address mapping: 1 Click System > IP Addressing > ARP in the tree view to display the ARP: Summary page. Figure 9-27. ARP: Summary console(config)# ip host accounting.abc.com 176.10.23.1250 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY The entries in the table are displayed. 2 Enter the parameters: • ARP Entry Age Out (1 - 40000000) — Enter the amount of time in seconds that can pass between ARP requests for this address. After this period, the entry is deleted from the table. • Clear ARP Table Entries — Select the type of ARP entries that are cleared on all devices. The possible options are: • None — ARP entries are not cleared. • All — All ARP entries are cleared. • Dynamic — Only learned ARP entries are cleared. • Static — Only static ARP entries are cleared. 3 To add a mapping, click Add, and enter the fields: – Interface — Select an interface to be associated with the addresses. – IP Address — Enter the station IP address, which is associated with the MAC address filled in below. – MAC Address — Enter the station MAC address, which is associated in the ARP table with the IP address. 4 To change the status of a mapping from static to dynamic or vice versa, click Edit and enter the field: – Status — Select the entry’s status. The possible options are: • Static — The entry was statically entered. • Dynamic — The entry was dynamically learned. Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 251 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Configuring ARP Using the CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for setting fields displayed in the ARP pages. The following is an example of the CLI commands: Table 9-36. ARP CLI Commands CLI Command Description arp ip_addr mac_addr {[gigabitethernet|tengigabit ethernet] port-number|vlan vlan-id|port-channel LAGnumber} Adds a permanent entry in the ARP cache. no arp ip-address Removes an ARP entry from the ARP Table. arp timeout seconds Configures how long an entry remains in the ARP cache. This command can be used in Global Configuration mode for all interfaces, or in Interface Configuration mode for a specific interface. clear arp-cache Deletes all dynamic entries from the ARP cache show arp Displays entries in the ARP Table. show arp configuration Displays the global and interface configuration of the ARP protocol console(config)# arp 198.133.219.232 00-00-0c-40-0f-bc console(config)# arp timeout 12000 console(config)# exit console# show arp ARP timeout: 12000 Seconds Interface IP Address HW Address Status --------- ---------- ---------- ------ gi1/0/11 10.7.1.102 00:10:B5:04:DB:4B dynamic gi1/0/12 10.7.1.135 00:50:22:00:2A:A4 static252 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY UDP Relay Switches do not typically route IP Broadcast packets between IP subnets. However, if configured, the switch can relay specific UDP Broadcast packets received from its IPv4 interfaces to specific destination IP addresses. To configure the relaying of UDP packets received from a specific IPv4 interface with a destination UDP port: 1 Click System > IP Addressing > UDP Relay in the tree view to display the UDP Relay: Summary page. Figure 9-28. UDP Relay: SummaryDell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 253 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY The UDP relays are displayed. 2 To add a UDP relay, click Add, and enter the fields: – Source IP Address — Select the source IP address to where the switch is to relay UDP Broadcast packets, based on a configured UDP destination port. The interface must be one of the IPv4 interfaces configured on the switch. Select All for all addresses. – UDP Port (1 - 65535) — Check Default Services to select all of the following default ports: • IEN-116 Name Service (port 42) • DNS (port 53) • NetBIOS Name Server (port 137) • NetBIOS Datagram Server (port 138) • TACACS Server (port 49) • Time Service (port 37) If Default Services are not selected, check the text box and enter a UDP port. – Destination IP Address — Enter the IP address that receives the UDP packet relays. If this field is 0.0.0.0, UDP packets are discarded. If this field is 255.255.255.255, UDP packets are flooded to all IP interfaces. Configuring UDP Relay Using the CLI Commands The following table summarizes the CLI commands for setting fields displayed in the UDP Relay pages. Table 9-37. UDP Relay CLI Commands CLI Command Description ip helper-address {ipinterface|all} address [udpport-list] no ip helper-address {ipinterface|all} address Enables the forwarding of User Datagram Protocol (UDP) broadcast packets received on an interface to a specific (helper) address. Use the no form of this command to disable the forwarding of broadcast packets to a specific (helper) address.254 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY The following is an example of the CLI commands: console (config)# ip helper-address all 172.16.9.9 49 53 console (config)# do show ip helper-address Interface Helper Address UDP Ports ----------- --------------- -------------------------- All 172.16.9.9 49,53Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 255 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Diagnostics This section describes how to perform cable tests on copper and fiber optic cables. It contains the following sections: • Integrated Cable Test • Optical Transceiver Diagnostics256 Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR PROOF ONLY Integrated Cable Test Time Domain Reflectometry (TDR) technology is used to test the quality and characteristics of a copper cable attached to a port. Cables up to 120 meters long can be tested. Cables can only be tested when the ports are in the down state, with the exception of Approximated Cable Length test. This test can only be performed when the port is up and operating at 1 Gbps. To perform a cable test and view the results: 1 Click System > Diagnostics > Integrated Cable Test: Summary in the tree view to display the Integrated Cable Test: Summary page. Figure 9-29. Integrated Cable Test: Summary 2 Select a unit in the stack in the Unit ID field. Results from previously-run tests on that unit are displayed. 3 Ensure that both ends of the copper cable are connected to a device. Dell PowerConnect 55xx Systems User Guide 257 FILE LOCATION: C:\Users\gina\Desktop\Checkout_new\Maintenance Projects\Dell Contax\sources\CxUGSystemConfig.fm DELL CONFIDENTIAL – PRELIMINARY 3/11/13 - FOR P